all-fired (adj.) Look up all-fired at
1837, U.S. slang euphemism for hell-fired.
all-inclusive (adj.) Look up all-inclusive at
1813, from all + inclusive. Related: All-inclusively; all-inclusiveness.
all-over (adj.) Look up all-over at
"covering every part," 1859, from all + over. All-overish "generally, indefinitely indisposed" is from 1820.
all-purpose (adj.) Look up all-purpose at
1877, from all + purpose (n.).
all-round (adj.) Look up all-round at
1728, from all + round (adj.). All-rounder is from 1855 as a type of men's collar; 1875 as a person who is good at everything.
all-star (adj.) Look up all-star at
1893, originally of theatrical casts, from all + star (n.) in the "celebrated person" sense. From 1898 in reference to sports teams.
all-time (adj.) Look up all-time at
"during recorded time," 1910, American English, from all + time (n.). Earlier it had been used in a sense "full-time," of employment, or in opposition to one-time (1883).
Allah Look up Allah at
1702, Arabic name for the Supreme Being, from Arabic Allahu, contraction of al-Ilahu, from al "the" + Ilah "God;" related to Hebrew Elohim.
allative (n.) Look up allative at
grammatical case expressing "motion towards," 1860, from Latin allatus "brought to," used as past participle of adferre, affere "to bring to," from ad "to" (see ad-) + latus "borne, carried" (see oblate (n.)).
allay (v.) Look up allay at
Old English alecgan "to put down, remit, give up," a Germanic compound (cognates: Gothic uslagjan, Old High German irleccan, German erlegen), from a- "down, aside" + lecgan "to lay" (see lay (v.)).

Early Middle English pronunciations of -y- and -g- were not always distinct, and the word was confused in Middle English with various senses of Romanic-derived alloy and allege, especially the latter in an obsolete sense of "to lighten," from Latin ad "to" + levis (see lever).
Amid the overlapping of meanings that thus arose, there was developed a perplexing network of uses of allay and allege, that belong entirely to no one of the original vbs., but combine the senses of two or more of them. [OED]
The double -l- is 17c., a mistaken Latinism. Related: Allayed; allaying.
allegation (n.) Look up allegation at
early 15c., "action of alleging," from Middle French allégation, from Latin allegationem (nominative allegatio) "a sending, despatching," noun of action from past participle stem of allegare (see allege).
allege (v.) Look up allege at
c. 1300. It has the form of one French verb and the meaning of another. The form is Anglo-French aleger, Old French eslegier "to clear at law," from Latin ex "out of" (see ex-) and litigare "bring suit" (see litigate); however eslegier meant "acquit, clear of charges in a lawsuit." It somehow acquired the meaning of French alléguer, from Latin allegare "send for, bring forth, name, produce in evidence," from ad "to" (see ad-) + legare "to depute, send" (see legate). Related: Alleged; alleging.
alleged (adj.) Look up alleged at
mid-15c., "quoted," past participle adjective from allege. Attested from 1610s in sense of "brought forth in court;" 1670s as "asserted but not proved."
allegedly (adv.) Look up allegedly at
1828, from alleged + -ly (2).
alleger (n.) Look up alleger at
1570s, agent noun from allege. The Latinate form, allegator (1680s) rarely was used, for some reason.
allegiance (n.) Look up allegiance at
late 14c., from Anglo-French legaunce "loyalty of a liege-man to his lord," from Old French legeance, from liege (see liege); erroneously associated with Latin ligare "to bind;" corrupted in spelling by confusion with the now-obsolete legal term allegeance "alleviation." General figurative sense of "recognition of claims to respect or duty" is attested from 1732.
allegorical (adj.) Look up allegorical at
1520s, from French allégorique, from Latin allegoricus, from Greek allegorikos (see allegory). Earlier form was allegoric (late 14c.). Related: Allegorically.
allegory (n.) Look up allegory at
late 14c., from Old French allegorie (12c.), from Latin allegoria, from Greek allegoria "figurative language, description of one thing under the image of another," literally "a speaking about something else," from allos "another, different" (see alias (adv.)) + agoreuein "speak openly, speak in the assembly," from agora "assembly" (see agora).
allegretto Look up allegretto at
1740, from Italian allegretto, diminutive of allegro (q.v.).
allegro Look up allegro at
1680s as a musical term, from Italian allegro "cheerful, gay," from Latin alacrem (nominative alacer) "lively, cheerful, brisk" (see alacrity).
allele (n.) Look up allele at
1931, from German allel, abbreviation of allelomorph (1902), coined from Greek allel- "one another" (from allos "other;" see alias (adv.)) + morphe "form" (see Morpheus).
alleluia Look up alleluia at
late 14c., from Latin alleluja, from Greek allelouia, from Hebrew hallelu-yah "praise Jehovah" (see hallelujah).
allemande (n.) Look up allemande at
a German dance, 1775, from French Allemande, fem. of allemand "German" (see Alemanni). As a move in country or square dancing, from 1808.
Allen Look up Allen at
masc. proper name, variant of Alan (q.v.). In reference to wrench, key, screw, etc. with hexagonal socket or head, 1913, from the Allen Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
allergen (n.) Look up allergen at
substance causing allergy, 1912, from allergy on model of antigen.
allergic (adj.) Look up allergic at
1911, from allergy + -ic; perhaps modeled on French allergique (1906). Figurative use, "antipathetic, repulsed" is from 1936.
allergy (n.) Look up allergy at
1911, from German Allergie, coined 1906 by Austrian pediatrician Clemens E. von Pirquet (1874-1929) from Greek allos "other, different, strange" (see alias (adv.)) + ergon "activity" (see organ).
alleviate (v.) Look up alleviate at
late 15c., from Middle French allevier or directly from Late Latin alleviatus, past participle of alleviare "to lighten," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + levis "light" in weight (see lever). Related: Alleviated; alleviating.
alleviation (n.) Look up alleviation at
early 15c., from Middle French aleviacion or directly from Medieval Latin alleviationem (nominative alleviatio), noun of action from past participle stem of alleviare (see alleviate).
alley (n.) Look up alley at
mid-14c., "passage in a house; open passage between buildings; walkway in a garden," from Old French alee (13c., Modern French allée) "a path, passage, way, corridor," also "a going," from fem. of ale, past participle of aler "to go," which ultimately may be a contraction of Latin ambulare "to walk," or from Gallo-Roman allari, a back-formation from Latin allatus "having been brought to" [Barnhart]. Compare sense evolution of gate. Applied by c. 1500 to "long narrow enclosure for playing at bowls, skittles, etc." Used in place names from c. 1500.

The word is applied in American English to what in London is called a mews, and also is used there especially of a back-lane parallel to a main street (1729). To be up someone's alley "in someone's neighborhood" (literally or figuratively) is from 1931; alley-cat attested by 1890.
alley-way (n.) Look up alley-way at
1788, from alley + way (n.).
alliance (n.) Look up alliance at
c. 1300, "bond of marriage" (between ruling houses or noble families), from Old French aliance (12c., Modern French alliance) "alliance, bond; marriage, union," from aliier (Modern French allier) "combine, unite" (see ally (v.)). As a bond or treaty between rulers, late 14c.
allied (adj.) Look up allied at
c. 1300, past participle adjective from ally (v.). Originally of kindred; in reference to a league or formal treaty, it is first recorded late 14c.
alligator (n.) Look up alligator at
1560s, lagarto (modern form attested from 1620s, with unetymological -r as in tater, feller, etc.), a corruption of Spanish el lagarto (de Indias) "the lizard (of the Indies)," from Latin lacertus (see lizard). Alligarter was an early variant. The slang meaning "non-playing devotee of swing music" is attested from 1936; the phrase see you later, alligator is from a 1956 song title.
Allison Look up Allison at
fem. proper name, a diminutive of Alice (q.v.), via Old French Alison. Popular in U.S. as a girl's name from 1990s, but all but unknown there before 1946; it was popular in England and Scotland 13c.-17c. As a surname, it could represent "Alice's son."
alliterate (v.) Look up alliterate at
"to use alliteration," 1776 (implied in alliterated), back-formation from alliteration, on analogy of obliterate. Related: Alliterating.
alliteration (n.) Look up alliteration at
1650s, "a begining with the same letter," from Modern Latin alliterationem (nominative alliteratio), noun of action from past participle stem of alliterare "to begin with the same letter," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + littera (also litera) "letter, script" (see letter). Formed on model of obliteration, etc. Related: Alliterational.
alliterative (adj.) Look up alliterative at
1764, from alliterate + -ive. Related: Alliteratively.
allo- Look up allo- at
word-forming element meaning "other," from Greek allo-, comb. form of allos "other, different" (see alias (adv.)).
allocate (v.) Look up allocate at
1630s, from verbal used of adjective allocate (mid-15c. in legal use), from Medieval Latin allocate (the common first word of writs authorizing payment), imperative plural of allocare "allocate," from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + locare "to place," from locus "a place" (see locus). Related: Allocated; allocating.
allocation (n.) Look up allocation at
mid-15c., from Middle French allocacion, from Medieval Latin allocationem (nominative allocatio), noun of action from past participle stem of allocare (see allocate).
allogenic (adj.) Look up allogenic at
1888, from Greek allogenes "of another race, stranger," from allos "other, different" (see allo-) + -genes "born" (see -gen) + -ic.
allograph (n.) Look up allograph at
"writing made by another person," by 1916 (implied in allographic), from allo- + -graph "something written."
allons Look up allons at
"well!" French, literally "let us go," first person plural imperative of aller "to go."
allopath (n.) Look up allopath at
1830, back-formation from allopathy.
allopathic (adj.) Look up allopathic at
1830, from French allopathique, from allopathie (see allopathy). Related: Allopathically.
allopathy (n.) Look up allopathy at
1842, "treatment of disease by remedies that produce effects opposite to the symptoms," from German Allopathie (Hahnemann), from Greek allos "other" (see alias (adv.)) + -patheia, "suffering, disease, feeling" (see -pathy). The term applied by homeopathists to traditional medicine.
allot (v.) Look up allot at
late 15c., from Old French aloter (Modern French allotir) "to divide by lots, to divide into lots," from à "to" (see ad-) + loter "lot," a word of Germanic origin (cognates: Gothic hlauts, Old High German hloz, Old English hlot; see lot). Related: Allotted; allotting.
allotment (n.) Look up allotment at
1570s, "action of allotting," from Middle French allotement, from Old French aloter (see allot). Or else a native formation from allot + -ment. Meaning "portion assigned to someone or some purpose" is from 1670s.
allotrope (n.) Look up allotrope at
1847, back-formation from allotropy "variation of physical properties without change of substance," from allo- + -tropy "manner" (see -trope). Related: Allotropic.