analyst (n.) Look up analyst at
1650s, "mathematician skilled in algebraic geometry," from French analyste "a person who analyzes," from analyser (see analysis). As a short form of psychoanalyst, attested from 1914. Greek analyter meant "a deliverer."
analytic (adj.) Look up analytic at
c. 1600, from Medieval Latin analyticus, from Greek analytikos "analytical," from analytos "dissolved" (see analysis).
analytical (adj.) Look up analytical at
1520s, from Medieval Latin analyticus (see analytic) + -al (1). Related: Analytically.
analytics (n.) Look up analytics at
1590s as a term in logic, from Latin analytica from Greek analytika (see analytic); also see -ics.
analyze (v.) Look up analyze at
c. 1600, "to dissect," from French analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. General sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909. Related: Analyzed; analyzing.
anamnesis (n.) Look up anamnesis at
"recollection, remembrance," 1650s, from Greek anamnesis "a calling to mind, remembrance," noun of action from stem of anamimneskein "to remember, to remind (someone) of (something), make mention of," from ana "back" (see ana-) + mimneskesthai "to recall, cause to remember" (see amnesia). Related: Anamnestic.
anamorphic (adj.) Look up anamorphic at
1904, in geology; see anamorphosis + -ic. Cinematographic use dates from 1954.
anamorphism (n.) Look up anamorphism at
"distorted projection or perspective," 1836; see anamorphosis + -ism.
anamorphosis (n.) Look up anamorphosis at
"distorted projection or drawing that looks normal from a particular angle or with a certain mirror," 1727, from Greek anamorphosis "transformation," noun of action from anamorphoein "to transform," from ana "up" (see ana-) + morphosis, from morphe "form" (see Morpheus).
ananda (n.) Look up ananda at
in Hindu theology, "bliss," from Sanskrit ananda- "joy, happiness, bliss," from stem of nandati "he rejoices," which is of unknown origin.
Ananias Look up Ananias at
"liar," a reference to Acts v.3-5.
ananym (n.) Look up ananym at
real name written backwards, 1867, from Greek ana "back" (see ana-) + onyme "name" (see name (n.)).
anapest (n.) Look up anapest at
also anapaest, "two short syllables followed by a long one," 1670s, from Latin anapestus, from Greek anapaistos "struck back, rebounding," verbal adjective from anapaiein "to strike back," from ana- "back" (see ana-) + paiein "to strike," from PIE *pau- "to cut, strike, stamp" (see pave). So called because it reverses the dactyl.
anapestic (adj.) Look up anapestic at
1690s, from Latin anapaesticus, from Greek anapaistikos, from anapaistos (see anapest).
anaphase (n.) Look up anaphase at
1887, coined in German (1884), from Greek ana- (see ana-) + phase (n.).
anaphora (n.) Look up anaphora at
"repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses," 1580s, from Latin, from Greek anaphora "reference," literally "a carrying back," from anapherein "to carry back, to bring up," from ana "back" (see ana-) + pherein "to bear" (see infer).
anaphoric (adj.) Look up anaphoric at
1914, coined by Danish linguist Otto Jespersen (1860-1943) in the grammatical sense; see anaphora + -ic. In the sentence, "Here are some apples; take one," the one is anaphoric.
anaphylactic (adj.) Look up anaphylactic at
1905, with -ic + medical Latin noun anaphylaxis "exaggerated susceptibility," from French anaphylaxie (1902), from Greek ana- (see ana-) + phylaxis "watching, guarding" (compare prophylactic). Anaphylactic shock is attested by 1916.
anaphylaxis (n.) Look up anaphylaxis at
see anaphylactic.
anarch (n.) Look up anarch at
"leader of leaderlessness," 1660s, a deliciously paradoxical word used by Milton, Pope, Byron; see anarchy.
anarchic (adj.) Look up anarchic at
1755, "chaotic, without order or rule," from Greek anarkhos "without head or chief" (see anarchy) + -ic. An older word in this sense was anarchical (1590s). Differentiated from anarchistic (1845) which tends to refer to the political philosophy of anarchism. Anarchial is from 1710; Landor used anarchal (1824).
anarchism (n.) Look up anarchism at
1640s; see anarchy + -ism.
anarchist (n.) Look up anarchist at
1670s; see anarchy + -ist. The word got a boost into modernity from the French Revolution.
anarchistic (adj.) Look up anarchistic at
1845; see anarchy + -istic. Also see anarchic. Related: Anarchistically.
anarcho-syndicalist Look up anarcho-syndicalist at
also anarchosyndicalist, 1911, from anarcho-, comb. form of anarchist (adj.) + syndicalist (see syndicalism). Earlier anarchist syndicalist (1907). Related: Anarcho-syndicalism.
anarchy (n.) Look up anarchy at
1530s, from French anarchie or directly from Medieval Latin anarchia, from Greek anarkhia "lack of a leader, the state of people without a government" (in Athens, used of the Year of Thirty Tyrants, 404 B.C., when there was no archon), abstract noun from anarkhos "rulerless," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + arkhos "leader" (see archon).
Either the State for ever, crushing individual and local life, taking over in all fields of human activity, bringing with it its wars and its domestic struggles for power, its palace revolutions which only replace one tyrant by another, and inevitably at the end of this development there is ... death! Or the destruction of States, and new life starting again in thousands of centers on the principle of the lively initiative of the individual and groups and that of free agreement. The choice lies with you! [Prince Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)]
anasarca (n.) Look up anasarca at
"subcutaneous dropsy," late 14c., medical Latin, from Greek ana "up, throughout" (see ana-) + sarx (genitive sarkos) "flesh" (see sarcasm). Abbreviation of Greek phrase hydrops ana sarka "dropsy throughout the flesh."
Anasazi Look up Anasazi at
Name applied by their Navajo neighbors to modern Pueblo peoples of the U.S. southwest, and to various landscape features associated with them, from Navajo anaasazi "ancestors of the enemies." Said to first have been applied to the ancient Pueblo ruins of southwestern United States in the Mesa Verde region c. 1889 by rancher and trader Richard Wetherill, who began exploration of the sites in the area; established in archaeological terminology 1927.
Anastasia Look up Anastasia at
fem. proper name, from fem. of Late Latin Anastasius, from Greek Anastasios, from anastasis "resurrection," literally "a standing or rising up," from ana "up; again" (see ana-) + histanai "to cause to stand, to stand up" from PIE root *stā- "to stand" (see stet).
anastomosis (n.) Look up anastomosis at
1610s, medical or Modern Latin, from Greek anastomosis "outlet, opening," from anastomoein "to furnish with a mouth," from stoma "mouth" (see stoma). Related: Anastomotic.
anastrophe (n.) Look up anastrophe at
"inversion of usual word order," 1570s, from Greek anastrophe "a turning back, a turning upside down," from anastrephein "to turn up or back, to turn upside down," from ana "back" (see ana-) + strephein "to turn" (see strophe).
anathema (n.) Look up anathema at
1520s, "an accursed thing," from Latin anathema "an excommunicated person; the curse of excommunication," from Greek anathema "a thing accursed," originally "a thing devoted," literally "a thing set up (to the gods)," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme).

Originally simply a votive offering, by the time it reached Latin the meaning had progressed through "thing devoted to evil," to "thing accursed or damned." Later applied to persons and the Divine Curse. Meaning "formal act or formula of consigning to damnation" is from 1610s.

Anathema maranatha, taken as an intensified form, is a misreading of the Syriac maran etha "the Lord hath come," which follows anathema in I Corinthians xvi.22, but is not connected with it (see Maranatha).
anathematization (n.) Look up anathematization at
1590s, from Medieval Latin anathematizationem (nominative anathematizatio), noun of action from past participle stem of anathematizare (see anathematize). Earlier was anathemization (1540s).
anathematize (v.) Look up anathematize at
"to pronounce an anathema against," 1560s, from French anathématiser (Old French anatemer), from Latin anathematizare, from Greek anathematizein "to devote (to evil)," from stem of anathema. Alternative anathemize (1670s) is less correct and more rare. Related: Anathematized; anathematizing.
Anatolia Look up Anatolia at
ancient name of Asia Minor, from Medieval Latin Anatolia, from Greek anatole "the east," originally "sunrise" (which of course happens in the east), literally "a rising above (the horizon)," from anatellein "to rise," from ana "up" (see ana-) + tellein "to accomplish, perform."
anatomic (adj.) Look up anatomic at
1712, from Latin anatomicus, from Greek anatomikos "relating to anatomy," from anatomia (see anatomy). Anatomical is older.
anatomical (adj.) Look up anatomical at
1580s; see anatomy + -ical.
anatomically (adv.) Look up anatomically at
1640s, from anatomical + -ly (2). Anatomically correct, of dolls and meaning "with genitalia," is attested 1968, perhaps 1967, American English, in reference to Petit Frère, an imported French boy doll.
anatomize (v.) Look up anatomize at
"to dissect, investigate by dissection," early 15c., from Medieval Latin anatomizare or French anatomiser (16c.), from Greek anatomia (see anatomy). Related: Anatomized; anatomizing.
anatomy (n.) Look up anatomy at
late 14c., "study of the structure of living beings;" c. 1400, "anatomical structures," from Old French anatomie, from Late Latin anatomia, from Greek anatomia, from anatome "dissection," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + temnein "to cut" (see tome). "Dissection" (1540s), "mummy" (1580s), and "skeleton" (1590s) were primary senses of this word in Shakespeare's day; meaning "the science of the structure of organized bodies" predominated from 17c. Often mistakenly divided as an atomy or a natomy.
The scyence of the Nathomy is nedefull and necessarye to the Cyrurgyen [1541]
ancestor (n.) Look up ancestor at
c. 1300, ancestre, antecessour, from Old French ancestre (12c., Modern French ancêtre), from Late Latin antecessor "predecessor," literally "foregoer," agent noun from past participle stem of Latin antecedere "to precede," from ante- "before" (see ante) + cedere "to go" (see cede). Current form from early 15c. Feminine form ancestress recorded from 1570s.
ancestral (adj.) Look up ancestral at
1520s, from Old French ancestrel (Anglo-French auncestrel), from ancestre (see ancestor). Related: Ancestrally.
ancestry (n.) Look up ancestry at
early 14c., from Old French ancesserie "ancestry, ancestors, forefathers," from ancestre (see ancestor); spelling modified in English by influence of ancestor.
anchor (n.) Look up anchor at
Old English ancor, borrowed 9c. from Latin ancora "anchor," from or cognate with Greek ankyra "anchor, hook" (see ankle). A very early borrowing and said to be the only Latin nautical term used in the Germanic languages. The -ch- form emerged late 16c., a pedantic imitation of a corrupt spelling of the Latin word. The figurative sense of "that which gives stability or security" is from late 14c. Meaning "host or presenter of a TV or radio program" is from 1965, short for anchorman.
anchor (v.) Look up anchor at
c. 1200, from anchor (n.). Related: Anchored; anchoring.
anchorage (n.) Look up anchorage at
mid-14c., "toll or charge for anchoring" (see anchor (v.) + -age. Meaning "act of dropping anchor, being at anchor" is from 1610s; that of "place suitable for anchoring" is from 1706. The Alaska city of Anchorage was founded 1914.
anchoress (n.) Look up anchoress at
"female recluse, nun," late 14c.; see anchorite + -ess.
anchorite (n.) Look up anchorite at
mid-15c., "hermit (especially those of the Eastern deserts), recluse, one who withdraws from the world for religious reasons," from Medieval Latin anchorita, from Greek anakhoretes, literally "one who has retired," agent noun from anakhorein "to retreat, go back, retire," from ana- "back" (see ana-) + khorein "withdraw, give place," from khoros "place, space, free space, room." Replaced Old English ancer, from Late Latin anchoreta.
anchorman (n.) Look up anchorman at
"last man of a tug-of-war team," 1909, from anchor + man (n.). Later, "one who runs last in a relay race" (1934). Transferred sense "host or presenter of a TV or radio program" is from 1958.
anchovy (n.) Look up anchovy at
1590s, from Portuguese anchova, from Genoese or Corsican dialect, perhaps ultimately from either Latin apua "small fish" (from Greek aphye "small fry") [Gamillscheg, Diez], or from Basque anchu "dried fish," from anchuva "dry" [Klein, citing Mahn].