ancient (n.) Look up ancient at
"standard-bearer," 1550s, a corruption of ensign. Archaic, but preserved in Shakespeare's character Aunchient Pistoll in "Henry V."
ancient (adj.) Look up ancient at
mid-14c., auncyen, from Old French ancien "old, long-standing, ancient," from Vulgar Latin *anteanus, literally "from before," adjectivization of Latin ante "before, in front of, against" (from PIE *anti "against," locative singular of *ant- "front, forehead;" see ante). The parasitic -t dates from 15c. by influence of words in -ent.

Specifically, in history, "belonging to the period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire" (and contrasted with medieval and modern). In English law, "from before the Norman Conquest." Ancient of Days is from Daniel vii.9. Related: Anciently.
ancillary (adj.) Look up ancillary at
1660s, "subservient, subordinate," from Latin ancillaris "relating to maidservants," from ancilla "handmaid," fem. diminutive of anculus "servant," literally "he who bustles about," from root of ambi- "about" (see ambi-) + PIE *kwol-o-, from root *kwel- (1) "move round, turn about, be much about" (see cycle (n.)).
and (conj.) Look up and at
Old English and, ond, originally meaning "thereupon, next," from Proto-Germanic *unda (source also of Old Saxon endi, Old Frisian anda, Middle Dutch ende, Old High German enti, German und, Old Norse enn), from PIE *en; cognate with Latin ante, Greek anti (see ante). Phrase and how as an exclamation of emphatic agreement dates from early 1900s.
Andalusia Look up Andalusia at
former name of southern Spain, from Spanish, from Arabic al Andalus, name for the entire peninsula, from Late Latin *Vandalicia "the country of the Vandals," in reference to one of the Germanic tribes that overran the Western Empire 3c.-4c. and for a time settled in southern Spain. See vandal.
andante Look up andante at
musical direction, "moderately slow," 1742, from Italian andante, present participle of andare "to go," from Vulgar Latin ambitare (source of Spanish andar "to go"), from Latin ambitus, past participle of ambire "to go round, go about" (see ambient).
Andes Look up Andes at
from Quechua andi "high crest."
andiron (n.) Look up andiron at
c. 1300, from Old French andier, which is of unknown origin, perhaps from Gaulish *andero- "a young bull" (source also of Welsh anner "heifer"), which would make sense if they once had bull's heads cast onto them. Altered by influence of Middle English iren (see iron (n.)).
Andorra Look up Andorra at
probably from indigenous (Navarrese) andurrial "shrub-covered land."
andouille (n.) Look up andouille at
type of sausage, c. 1600, from French andouille (12c.), from Latin inductilia, neuter plural of inductilis, from inducere "to load or put in" (see induct). The original notion was perhaps of the filling "introduced" into the sausage.
Andrew Look up Andrew at
masc. proper name, from Old French Andreu (Modern French André), from Latin Andreas, from Greek Andreas, from andreios "manly," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-). Andrew Millar (1590s) for some forgotten reason became English naval slang for "government authority," and especially "the Royal Navy." St. Andrew (feast day Nov. 30) has long been regarded as patron saint of Scotland. The Andrew's cross (c. 1400) supposedly resembles the one St. Andrew was crucified on.
andro- Look up andro- at
word-forming element meaning "man, male," from Greek andro-, comb. form of aner (genitive andros) "man, male" (see anthropo-).
androcentric (adj.) Look up androcentric at
1887, from andro- + -centric.
androcentricity (n.) Look up androcentricity at
1907; see androcentric + -ity.
androcentrism (n.) Look up androcentrism at
1915; see androcentric + -ism.
androcracy (n.) Look up androcracy at
"rule or supremacy of men," 1883; see andro- + -cracy. Related: Androcratic.
androgen (n.) Look up androgen at
male sex hormone, 1936, from andro- + -gen.
androgyne (n.) Look up androgyne at
"hermaphrodite," mid-12c., from Medieval Latin androgyne, from Greek androgyne (see androgynous).
androgynous (adj.) Look up androgynous at
1620s, from Latin androgynus, from Greek androgynos "hermaphrodite, male and female in one; womanish man;" as an adjective (of baths) "common to men and women," from andros, genitive of aner "male" (see anthropo-) + gyne "woman" (see queen).
androgyny (n.) Look up androgyny at
1833; see androgynous.
android (n.) Look up android at
"automaton resembling a human being," 1837, in early use often in reference to automated chess players, from Modern Latin androides (itself attested as a Latin word in English from 1727), from Greek andro- "male" (see andro-) + -eides "form, shape" (see -oid). Greek androdes meant "like a man, manly;" compare also Greek andrias "image of a man, statue." Listed as "rare" in OED 1st edition (1879), popularized from c. 1951 by science fiction writers.
Andromache Look up Andromache at
wife of Hector, Latin Andromache, from Greek Andromakhe, perhaps literally "whose husband excells in fighting," fem. of andromakhos "fighting with men;" see anthropo- + -machy.
Andromeda Look up Andromeda at
constellation, 1667 (earlier Andromece, mid-15c.); in classical mythology the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, from Greek, literally "mindful of her husband," from andros, genitive of aner "man" (see anthropo-) + medesthai "to be mindful of, think on," related to medea (neuter plural) "counsels, plans, devices, cunning" (and source of the name Medea).
andron (n.) Look up andron at
men's apartment in a house, from Greek andron, collateral form of andronitis "men's apartment," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-).
androphobia (n.) Look up androphobia at
"morbid fear of the male sex" (sometimes, rather, "of the human race" or "of crowds), 1844, from andro- + -phobia. Related: Androphobic.
Andy Look up Andy at
familiar shortening of masc. proper name Andrew (q.v.).
anear (adv.) Look up anear at
"nearly," c. 1600, from a- (1) + near.
anecdotage (n.) Look up anecdotage at
"anecdotes collectively," 1823, from anecdote + -age. As a jocular coinage meaning "garrulous old age" it is recorded from 1835, and led to anecdotard.
anecdotal (adj.) Look up anecdotal at
1794, from anecdote + -al (1). Related: Anecdotally. Anecdotical is attested from 1744.
anecdote (n.) Look up anecdote at
1670s, "secret or private stories," from French anecdote (17c.) or directly from Greek anekdota "things unpublished," neuter plural of anekdotos, from an- "not" (see an-) + ekdotos "published," from ek- "out" + didonai "to give" (see date (n.1)).

Procopius' 6c. Anecdota, unpublished memoirs of Emperor Justinian full of court gossip, gave the word a sense of "revelation of secrets," which decayed in English to "brief, amusing stories" (1761).
anechoic (adj.) Look up anechoic at
1948, in electronics, from an- (1) "not" + echoic.
anemia (n.) Look up anemia at
alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemia (q.v.). See ae. As a genus of plants, Modern Latin, from Greek aneimon "unclad," from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + eima "a dress, garment" (see wear (v.)).
anemic (adj.) Look up anemic at
alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemic (q.v.). See ae.
anemo- Look up anemo- at
before vowels anem-, word-forming element meaning "wind," from comb. form of Greek anemos (see anemone).
anemometer (n.) Look up anemometer at
1727, from anemo- "wind" + -meter.
anemone (n.) Look up anemone at
flowering plant genus, 1550s, from Middle French anemone (16c.) and directly from Latin anemone, from Greek anemone "wind flower," literally "daughter of the wind," from anemos "wind" (cognate with Latin anima; see animus) + -one feminine patronymic suffix. According to Asa Gray, so called because it was thought to open only when the wind blows. Klein suggests the flower name perhaps originally is from Hebrew (compare na'aman, in nit'e na'amanim, literally "plants of pleasantness," in Is. xvii:10, from na'em "was pleasant"). Applied to a type of sea creature (sea anemone) from 1773.
anencephalic (adj.) Look up anencephalic at
"having no brain" (biology), 1839, from Greek anenkephalos, from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + enkephalos "brain" (see encephalitis) + -ic.
anent (prep.) Look up anent at
"concerning, about," early 13c., onont "on level with," also "in the company of, fronting against," from Old English on efn "near to, close by," originally "on even (ground) with;" the parasitic -t added 12c. A northern form (in Midlands, anenst, with adverbial genitive), affected by English writers in Scottish sense of "in respect or reference to." Compare German neben "near to, by the side of," short for in eben, from Old High German ebani "equality."
anesthesia (n.) Look up anesthesia at
1721, "loss of feeling," Modern Latin, from Greek anaisthesia "want of feeling, lack of sensation (to pleasure or pain)," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + aisthesis "feeling," from PIE root *au- "to perceive" (see audience). With abstract noun ending -ia. As "a procedure for the prevention of pain in surgical operations," from 1846.
anesthesiologist (n.) Look up anesthesiologist at
1943, American English, from anesthesiology + -ist.
anesthesiology (n.) Look up anesthesiology at
1908, from anesthesia + -ology.
Anesthesiology. This is the new term adopted by the University of Illinois defining "the science that treats of the means and methods of producing in man or animal various degrees of insensibility with or without hypnosis." ["Medical Herald," January, 1912]
anesthetic (adj.) Look up anesthetic at
1846, "insensible," from Greek anaisthetos "insensate, without feeling; senseless, stupid" (see anesthesia). Noun meaning "agent that produces anesthesia" first used in modern sense 1848 by Scottish doctor James Young Simpson (1811-1870), discoverer of the surgical uses of chloroform.
anesthetist (n.) Look up anesthetist at
1861; see anesthesia + -ist.
anesthetize (v.) Look up anesthetize at
1848, from Greek anaisthetos (see anesthesia) + -ize. Related: Anesthetized; anesthetizing.
aneuploidy (n.) Look up aneuploidy at
abnormal number of chromosomes, 1934, from aneuploid (1931), Modern Latin, coined 1922 by G. Täckholm from an- (1) "not" + euploid, from Greek eu- "well, good" (see eu-) + -ploid, from ploos "fold" (see -plus) + -oid.
aneurism (n.) Look up aneurism at
the less correct, but more popular, spelling of aneurysm (q.v.), by influence of words in -ism. The -y- is etymologically correct; the spelling with -i- suggests a meaning "nervelessness."
aneurysm (n.) Look up aneurysm at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin aneurisma, from Greek aneurysmos "dilation," from aneurynein "to dilate," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + eurynein "widen," from eurys "broad, wide" (see eury-).
anew (adv.) Look up anew at
c. 1300, a neue, from Old English of-niowe; see a- (1) + new. One-word form dominant from c. 1400.
anext (adv.) Look up anext at
"next to," c. 1400, from a- (1) + next.
anfractuous (adj.) Look up anfractuous at
"full of windings and turnings," 1620s, from Latin anfractuous, from anfractus "a winding, a turning, bending round," especially "a circuitous route," from am(bi)- "around" (see ambi-) + fractus, past participle of frangere "to break" (see fraction). Related: Anfractuosity.