Angus Look up Angus at
masc. proper name, Scottish, related to Irish Aonghus, a compound that may be rendered in English as "one choice." Also the name of a county in Scotland, hence a breed of cattle (1842) associated with that region.
anhedonia (n.) Look up anhedonia at
"inability to feel pleasure," 1897, from French anhédonie, coined 1896 by French psychologist Theodule Ribot (1839-1916) as an opposite to analgesia, from Greek an-, privative prefix (see an- (1)), + hedone "pleasure" (see hedonist) + abstract noun ending -ia.
anhinga (n.) Look up anhinga at
American fishing bird (also called the snake-bird), 1769, from a Tupi word which sometimes is said to mean "snake-bird."
anhydrous (adj.) Look up anhydrous at
"containing no water," 1809, a modern coinage from Greek an-, privative prefix (see an- (1)), + hydor "water" (see water (n.1)). Greek did have anhydros "waterless," used of arid lands or corpses that had not been given proper funeral rites.
ani (n.) Look up ani at
black bird of the cuckoo family, 1829, from Spanish or Portuguese ani, from Tupi.
anigh (adv.) Look up anigh at
"nearby," c. 1200, from a- (1) + nigh.
anil (n.) Look up anil at
West Indian shrub, 1580s, from French or Portuguese anil (see aniline).
aniline (n.) Look up aniline at
chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1843, coined 1841 by German chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (1808-1871) and adopted by Hofmann, ultimately from Portuguese anil "the indigo shrub," from Arabic an-nil "the indigo," assimilated from al-nil, from Persian nila, ultimately from Sanskrit nili "indigo," from nilah "dark blue." With suffix -ine indicating "derived substance" (see -ine (1); also see -ine (2) for the later, more precise, use of the suffix in chemistry).
anima (n.) Look up anima at
Jung's term for the inner part of the personality, or the female component of a masculine personality, 1923, from fem. of Latin animus "the rational soul; life; the mental powers, intelligence" (see animus).
anima mundi Look up anima mundi at
1670s, Medieval Latin, literally "soul of the world;" used by Abelard to render Greek psyche tou kosmou.
animadversion (n.) Look up animadversion at
1590s, "criticism, blame," also sometimes in early use simply "notice, attention" (now obsolete), from Latin animadversionem (nominative animadversio) "investigation, inquiry; perception, observation," noun of action from past participle stem of animadverte "to take cognizance of," literally "to turn the mind to," from animum, accusative of animus "mind" (see animus), + advertere "to turn to" (see advertise). The sense of "to take notice of as a fault" was in Latin; in fact animadverto at times was a euphemism for "to punish with death."
animadvert (v.) Look up animadvert at
early 15c., "to take notice of," from Latin animadvertere "to notice, to take cognizance of," also "to censure, blame, punish," literally "to turn the mind to" (see animadversion). Sense of "to criticize, blame, censure" in English is from 1660s. Related: Animadverted; animadverting.
animal (n.) Look up animal at
early 14c. (but rare before c. 1600, and not in KJV, 1611), "any living creature" (including humans), from Latin animale "living being, being which breathes," neuter of animalis "animate, living; of the air," from anima "breath, soul; a current of air" (see animus, and compare deer). Drove out the older beast in common usage. Used of brutish humans from 1580s.
animal (adj.) Look up animal at
late 14c., from animal (n.). Animal rights is attested from 1879; animal liberation from 1973. Animal magnetism originally (1784) referred to mesmerism.
animalcule (n.) Look up animalcule at
"very small animal," especially a microscopic one, 1590s, from Late Latin animalculum, diminutive of Latin animal (see animal (n.)). Related: Animalcular.
animalism (n.) Look up animalism at
"the doctrine that man is a mere animal," 1857, from animal + -ism. Earlier, "exercise of animal faculties; physical exercise" (1831).
animalistic (adj.) Look up animalistic at
1877; see animal (n.) + -istic.
animate (v.) Look up animate at
1530s, "to fill with boldness or courage," from Latin animatus past participle of animare "give breath to," also "to endow with a particular spirit, to give courage to," from anima "life, breath" (see animus). Sense of "give life to" in English attested from 1742. Related: Animated; animating.
animate (adj.) Look up animate at
"alive," late 14c., from Latin animatus (see animate (v.)).
animated (adj.) Look up animated at
1530s, "alive," past participle adjective from animate (v.). Meaning "mentally excited" is from 1530s; "full of activity" from 1580s. The "moving pictures" sense is attested from 1895; of cartoons from 1897. Related: Animatedly.
animation (n.) Look up animation at
1590s, "action of imparting life," from Latin animationem (nominative animatio) "an animating," noun of action from past participle stem of animare (see animate (v.)). Meaning "vitality" is from 1610s. Cinematographic sense is from 1912.
animator (n.) Look up animator at
1630s, "one who enlivens or inspires," from Latin animator, agent noun from animare (see animate (v.)). Cinematographic sense is from 1919.
anime (n.) Look up anime at
c. 1985, Japanese for "animation," a term that seems to have arisen in the 1970s, apparently based on French animé "animated, lively, roused," from the same root as English animate (adj.). Probably taken into Japanese from a phrase such as dessin animé "cartoon," literally "animated design," with the adjective abstracted or mistaken, due to its position, as a noun.

Manga (q.v.) is Japanese for "comic book, graphic novel," but anime largely are based on manga and until 1970s, anime were known in Japan as manga eiga or "TV manga." The two terms are somewhat confused in English.
animism (n.) Look up animism at
1866, reintroduced by English anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Taylor (1832-1917), who defined it (1871) as the "theory of the universal animation of nature," from Latin anima "life, breath, soul" (see animus) + -ism.

Earlier sense was of "doctrine that animal life is produced by an immaterial soul" (1832), from German Animismus, coined c. 1720 by physicist/chemist Georg Ernst Stahl (1660-1734) based on the concept of the anima mundi. Animist is attested from 1819, in Stahl's sense; animisic is first recorded 1871.
animosity (n.) Look up animosity at
early 15c., "vigor," from Middle French animosité (14c.) or directly from Latin animositatem (nominative animositas) "boldness, vehemence," from animosus "bold, spirited," from animus (see animus). Sense of "hostile feeling" is first recorded c. 1600, from a secondary sense in Latin (see animus).
animus (n.) Look up animus at
1820, "temper" (usually in a hostile sense), from Latin animus "rational soul, mind, life, mental powers; courage, desire," related to anima "living being, soul, mind, disposition, passion, courage, anger, spirit, feeling," from PIE root *ane- "to blow, to breathe" (source also of Greek anemos "wind," Sanskrit aniti "breathes," Old Irish anal, Welsh anadl "breath," Old Irish animm "soul," Gothic uzanan "to exhale," Old Norse anda "to breathe," Old English eðian "to breathe," Old Church Slavonic vonja "smell, breath," Armenian anjn "soul"). It has no plural. As a term in Jungian psychology for the masculine component of a feminine personality, it dates from 1923.
anion (n.) Look up anion at
"a negatively charged ion, which moves toward the anode (q.v.) during electrolysis," 1834, proposed by the Rev. William Whewell (1794-1866), English polymath, and published by English physicist Michael Faraday, from Greek anion "(thing) going up," neuter past participle of anienai "go up," from ana "up" (see ana-) + ienai "go" (see ion).
anise (n.) Look up anise at
Levantine plant cultivated for its seeds, which were important sources of chemical oils and flavoring, c. 1300, from Old French anis (13c.), from Latin anisum, from Greek anison. By the Ancients somewhat confused with dill.
aniseed (n.) Look up aniseed at
late 14c., a contraction of anise seed (n.).
anisette (n.) Look up anisette at
"liqueur flavored with aniseed," 1837, from French Anisette de Bordeaux, from diminutive of anis (see anise).
anisotropic (adj.) Look up anisotropic at
1854; see an- (1) "not" + isotropic.
anker (n.) Look up anker at
also anchor, liquid measure in North Sea and Baltic trade, early 14c., from Dutch, related to German Anker, Swedish ankare, Medieval Latin anceria "keg, vat," which is of unknown origin. That of Rotterdam, once used in England, equaled 10 old wine or 8.5 imperial gallons.
ankh (n.) Look up ankh at
tau cross with an oval at the top, Egyptian symbol of life, 1873, from Egyptian ankh, literally "life, soul." Also known as crux ansata.
ankle (n.) Look up ankle at
Old English ancleow "ankle," from PIE root *ang-/*ank- "to bend" (see angle (n.)). The modern form seems to have been influenced by Old Norse ökkla or Old Frisian ankel, which are immediately from the Proto-Germanic form of the root (source also of Middle High German anke "joint," German Enke "ankle"); the second element in the Old English, Old Norse and Old Frisian forms perhaps suggests claw (compare Dutch anklaauw), or it may be from influence of cneow "knee," or it may be diminutive suffix -el. Middle English writers distinguished inner ankle projection (hel of the ancle) from the outer (utter or utward).
anklet (n.) Look up anklet at
"ring for an ankle," 1810, from ankle, with diminutive suffix -let, after bracelet, etc.
ankylosaurus (n.) Look up ankylosaurus at
Cretaceous armored dinosaur, 1907, Modern Latin, from Greek ankylos "crooked" (see angle (n.)) + -saurus.
ankylosis (n.) Look up ankylosis at
stiffening of joints after injury or surgery, alternative (and more etymological) spelling of anchylosis (q.v.).
anlage (n.) Look up anlage at
"basis of a later development" (plural anlagen), 1892, from German anlage "foundation, basis," from anlagen (v.) "to establish," from an "on" + legen "to lay" (see lay (v.)).
Ann Look up Ann at
fem. proper name, alternative form of Anna, from Latin Anna, from Greek, from Hebrew Hannah (see Hannah). In African-American vernacular, "white woman," also "a black woman who is considered to be acting 'too white;' " also Miss Ann. She is the spouse of Mr. Charlie.
Anna Look up Anna at
fem. proper name, from Latin Anna, from Greek Anna, from Hebrew Hannah, literally "grace, graciousness" (see Hannah).
annal (n.) Look up annal at
rare singular of annals (q.v.).
annalist (n.) Look up annalist at
"one who keeps a chronicle of events by year," 1610s, from French analiste; see annals + -ist.
annalize (v.) Look up annalize at
"record in annals," 1610s, from annals + -ize. Related: Annalized; annalizing.
annals (n.) Look up annals at
1560s, from Latin annales libri "chronicles," literally "yearlies, yearly books," noun use of plural of annalis "pertaining to a year," from annus "year" (see annual (adj.)).
Annam Look up Annam at
old alternative name for Vietnam, literally "pacified south," the name given to Nam Viet by the Chinese after they conquered it 111 B.C.E. From Chinese an "peace" + nan "south." It was discarded upon restoration of Viet independence in 939 C.E., but it stuck in Western geographies and was reapplied to the region c. 1790 by the French.
Anne Look up Anne at
alternative form of the fem. proper name Anna (q.v.). In Christian tradition, the name of the mother of the Virgin Mary.
anneal (v.) Look up anneal at
Old English onælan "to set on fire, kindle," from on- "on" + ælan "to burn, bake," from Proto-Germanic *ailan, "probably" [Watkins] from PIE *ai- (2) "to burn" (see ash (n.1)); related to Old English æled "fire, firebrand," Old Norse eldr, Danish ild "fire." Related: Annealed; annealing.
annelid (n.) Look up annelid at
"segmented worm," 1834, from French annélide, source of the phylum name Annelida, coined in Modern Latin 1801 by French naturalist J.B.P. Lamarck (1744-1829), from annelés "ringed ones" (from Latin anulus "little ring," a diminutive of anus; see anus) + Greek eidos "form, shape" (see -oid).
annex (v.) Look up annex at
late 14c., "to connect with," from Old French annexer "to join" (13c.), from Medieval Latin annexare, frequentative of Latin annecetere "to bind to," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + nectere "to tie, bind" (see nexus). Almost always meaning "to join in a subordinate capacity." Of nations or territories, c. 1400. Related: Annexed; annexing.
annex (n.) Look up annex at
1540s, "an adjunct, accessory," from French annexe, from annexer (see annex (v.)). Meaning "supplementary building" is from 1861.