anciently (adv.) Look up anciently at
c. 1500, from ancient (adj.) + -ly (2).
ancillary (adj.) Look up ancillary at
"subservient, subordinate, serving as an aid," 1660s, from Latin ancillaris "relating to maidservants," from ancilla "handmaid," fem. diminutive of anculus "servant," literally "he who bustles about," from root of ambi- "around" (from PIE root *ambhi- "around") + PIE *kwol-o-, from root *kwel- (1) "revolve, move round."
and (conj.) Look up and at
Old English and, ond, originally meaning "thereupon, next," from Proto-Germanic *unda (source also of Old Saxon endi, Old Frisian anda, Middle Dutch ende, Old High German enti, German und, Old Norse enn), from PIE root *en "in."

Introductory use (implying connection to something previous) was in Old English. To represent vulgar or colloquial pronunciation often written an', 'n'. Phrase and how as an exclamation of emphatic agreement dates from early 1900s.
Andalusia Look up Andalusia at
former name of southern Spain, from Spanish, from al Andalus, Arabic name for the entire peninsula, which probably is from Late Latin *Vandalicia "the country of the Vandals" (see vandal) in reference to the Germanic tribe that, with others, overran the Western Empire 3c.-4c., and for a time settled in southern Spain. See vandal. Related: Andalusian.
andante (adj., n.) Look up andante at
musical direction, "moderately slow," 1742, from Italian andante, suggesting "walking," present participle of andare "to go," from Vulgar Latin ambitare (source of Spanish andar "to go"), from Latin ambitus, past participle of ambire "to go round, go about," from amb- "around" (from PIE root *ambhi- "around") + ire "go" (from PIE root *ei- "to go").
Andes Look up Andes at
great mountain system along the Pacific coast of South America, from Quechua andi "high crest." Related: Andean.
andiron (n.) Look up andiron at
"fire-dog, one of the pair of metallic stands used to support wood burned on an open hearth," c. 1300, from Old French andier "andiron," which is of unknown origin, perhaps from Gaulish *andero- "a young bull" (source also of Welsh anner "heifer"), which would make sense if they once had bull's heads cast onto them. Altered by influence of Middle English iren (see iron (n.)).
Andorra Look up Andorra at
small republic in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, probably from indigenous (Navarrese) andurrial "shrub-covered land." Related: Andorran.
andouille (n.) Look up andouille at
type of sausage, c. 1600, from French andoille "sausage" (12c.), from Latin inductilia, neuter plural of inductilis, from inducere "to load or put in" (see induct). The original notion was perhaps of the filling "introduced" into the sausage.
Andrew Look up Andrew at
masc. proper name, from Old French Andreu (Modern French André), from Late Latin Andreas (source also of Spanish Andrés, Italian Andrea, German Andreas, Swedish and Danish Anders), from Greek Andreas, a personal name equivalent to andreios (adj.) "manly, masculine, of or for a man; strong; stubborn," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man").

Nearly equivalent to Charles. Andrew Millar (1590s) for some forgotten reason became English naval slang for "government authority," and especially "the Royal Navy." St. Andrew (feast day Nov. 30) has long been regarded as patron saint of Scotland; the Andrew's cross (c. 1400) supposedly resembles the one on which he was crucified.
andro- Look up andro- at
word-forming element meaning "man, male, masculine," from Greek andro-, combining form of aner (genitive andros) "a man, a male" (as opposed to a woman, a youth, or a god), from PIE root *ner- (2) "man," also "vigorous, vital, strong."

Equivalent to Latin vir (see virile). Sometimes in later use equivalent to anthropos, Latin homo "a person, a human being," and the compounds in it often retain this genderless sense (e.g. androcephalous "having a human head," said of monsters including the Sphinx, which in Greece was female).
androcentric (adj.) Look up androcentric at
"having males as the center," 1887, from andro- "man, male" + -centric.
androcentricity (n.) Look up androcentricity at
1907; see androcentric + -ity.
androcentrism (n.) Look up androcentrism at
1915; see androcentric + -ism.
androcracy (n.) Look up androcracy at
"rule or supremacy of men," 1883; see andro- "man, male" + -cracy "rule or government by." Related: Androcratic.
androgen (n.) Look up androgen at
"male sex hormone," 1936, from andro- "man, male" + -gen "thing that produces or causes."
androgyne (n.) Look up androgyne at
"a hermaphrodite," mid-12c., from Medieval Latin androgyne (fem.), from Greek androgynos "a hermaphrodite, a woman-man" (see androgynous). Related: Androgynism.
androgynous (adj.) Look up androgynous at
1620s, "womanish" (of a man); 1650s, "having two sexes, being both male and female," from Latin androgynus, from Greek androgynos "hermaphrodite, male and female in one; womanish man;" as an adjective (of baths) "common to men and women," from andros, genitive of aner "male" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man") + gyne "woman" (from PIE root *gwen- "woman"). Related: Androgynal (1640s).
androgyny (n.) Look up androgyny at
"state of being androgynous, union of sexes in one individual," 1833; see androgynous.
android (n.) Look up android at
"automaton resembling a human being in form and movement," 1837, in early use often in reference to automated chess players, from Modern Latin androides (itself attested as a Latin word in English from 1727), from Greek andro- "man" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man") + -eides "form, shape" (see -oid). Greek androdes meant "like a man, manly;" compare also Greek andrias "image of a man, statue." Listed as "rare" in OED 1st edition (1879), popularized from c. 1950 by science fiction writers.
Andromache Look up Andromache at
wife of Hector, Latin Andromache, from Greek Andromakhe, perhaps literally "whose husband excells in fighting," fem. of andromakhos "fighting with men;" see anthropo- + -machy.
Andromeda Look up Andromeda at
northern constellation, 1667 (earlier Andromece, mid-15c.), from Greek, literally "mindful of her husband," from andros, genitive of aner "man" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man") + medesthai "to be mindful of, think on," related to medea (neuter plural) "counsels, plans, devices, cunning" (and source of the name Medea). In classical mythology the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, she was bound to a rock to be destroyed by the sea monster Cetus, but was rescued by Perseus, mounted on Pegasus. The whole group was transferred to the Heavens (except the rock).
andron (n.) Look up andron at
men's apartment in a house, from Greek andron, collateral form of andronitis "men's apartment," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man"). The female equivalent was a gynaeceum.
androphagous (adj.) Look up androphagous at
"man-eating," 1847; see andro- "man" + -phagous "eating."
androphobia (n.) Look up androphobia at
"morbid fear of the male sex" (sometimes, rather, "of the human race" or "of crowds"), 1844, from andro- "man, male" + -phobia. Related: Androphobic.
Andy Look up Andy at
familiar shortening of masc. proper name Andrew (q.v.).
anear (adv.) Look up anear at
"nearly," c. 1600, from a- (1) + near (adv.). Meaning "close by" (opposite of afar) is from 1798. As a preposition, "near to," 1732.
anecdotage (n.) Look up anecdotage at
1823, "anecdotes collectively," from anecdote + -age. As a jocular coinage meaning "garrulous old age" it is recorded from 1835, and spawned anecdotard (1894).
anecdotal (adj.) Look up anecdotal at
"pertaining to anecdotes, of the nature of an anecdote," 1794, from anecdote + -al (1). Related: Anecdotally. Anecdotical is attested from 1744.
anecdote (n.) Look up anecdote at
1670s, "secret or private stories," from French anecdote (17c.) or directly from Medieval Latin anecdota, from Greek anekdota "things unpublished," neuter plural of anekdotos, from an- "not" (see an- (1)) + ekdotos "published," from ek- "out" (see ex-) + didonai "to give" (from PIE root *do- "to give").

Procopius' 6c. Anecdota, unpublished memoirs of Emperor Justinian full of court gossip, gave the word a sense of "revelation of secrets," which decayed in English to "brief, amusing story" (1761).
anechoic (adj.) Look up anechoic at
1948, in electronics, from an- (1) "not" + echoic.
anemia (n.) Look up anemia at
"deficiency of blood in a living body," alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemia (q.v.); also see æ (1). As a genus of plants, Modern Latin, from Greek aneimon "unclad," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + eima "a dress, garment" (see wear (v.)).
anemic (adj.) Look up anemic at
"affected with anemia, deficient in blood," alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemic (q.v.); also see æ (1).
anemo- Look up anemo- at
before vowels anem-, word-forming element meaning "wind," from Greek anemos "wind," from PIE root *ane- "to breathe."
anemometer (n.) Look up anemometer at
"wind-gage, instrument for indicating the velocity of the wind," 1727, from anemo- "wind" + -meter. Related: Anemometry; anemometric.
anemone (n.) Look up anemone at
flowering plant genus, 1550s, from Middle French anemone (16c., corrected from Old French anemoine) and directly from Latin anemone, from Greek anemone "wind flower," literally "daughter of the wind," from anemos "wind" (cognate with Latin anima, from PIE root *ane- "to breathe") + -one feminine patronymic suffix.

According to Asa Gray it was so called because it was thought to open only when the wind blows. Klein suggests the flower name perhaps originally is from Hebrew (compare na'aman, in nit'e na'amanim, literally "plants of pleasantness," in Isaiah xvii.10, from na'em "was pleasant"). In zoology, applied to a type of sea creature (sea anemone) from 1773. Related: Anemonic.
anencephalic (adj.) Look up anencephalic at
"having no brain" (biology), 1821, with -ic + Latinized form of Greek anenkephalos, from an- "not, without" (see an- (1)) + enkephalos "brain," "the brain," literally "within the head," from en "in" (see en- (2)) + kephale "head;" see cephalo-. Related: Anencephalous (1834); anencephalia; anencephaly.
anent (prep.) Look up anent at
"concerning, about, in respect or reference to," c. 1200, onont "on level with, beside," also "in the company of, fronting against," a contraction of Old English on efn "near to, close by," literally "on even (ground with);" see a- (1) + even (adj.).

Sometimes anents, with adverbial genitive. The unetymological -t was added 12c. Compare German neben "near to, by the side of," short for in eben, from Old High German ebani "equality."
anesthesia (n.) Look up anesthesia at
1721, "loss of feeling," medical Latin, from Greek anaisthesia "want of feeling or perception, lack of sensation (to pleasure or pain)," abstract noun from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + aisthesis "feeling," from PIE root *au- "to perceive." For the abstract noun ending, see -ia. As "a procedure for the prevention of pain in surgical operations," from 1846. Aesthesia "capacity for feeling" is attested in English from 1853, perhaps a back-formation.
anesthesiologist (n.) Look up anesthesiologist at
1943, American English, from anesthesiology + -ist.
anesthesiology (n.) Look up anesthesiology at
1908, from anesthesia + -ology.
Anesthesiology. This is the new term adopted by the University of Illinois defining "the science that treats of the means and methods of producing in man or animal various degrees of insensibility with or without hypnosis." ["Medical Herald," January, 1912]
anesthetic (adj.) Look up anesthetic at
1846, "insensible;" 1847, "producing temporary loss of sensation," with -ic + Latinized form of Greek anaisthetos "insensate, without feeling; senseless, tactless, stupid" (see anesthesia). Noun meaning "agent that produces anesthesia" first used in modern sense 1848 by Scottish doctor James Young Simpson (1811-1870), pioneer in the surgical use of chloroform.
anesthetist (n.) Look up anesthetist at
"one who administers anesthetics," 1861, from stem of anesthesia + -ist.
anesthetize (v.) Look up anesthetize at
"bring under the influence of an anesthetic," 1848, from Latinized form of Greek anaisthetos "insensate, without feeling" (see anesthesia) + -ize. Related: Anesthetized; anesthetizing; anesthetization.
aneuploidy (n.) Look up aneuploidy at
abnormal number of chromosomes, 1934, from adjective aneuploid (1931), Modern Latin, coined 1922 by G. Täckholm from Greek an- "not, without" (see an- (1)) + euploid, from Greek eu "well, good" (see eu-) + -ploid, from -ploos "fold" (from PIE root *pel- (2) "to fold").
aneurism (n.) Look up aneurism at
the less correct, but more popular, spelling of aneurysm (q.v.), by influence of words in -ism. The -y- is etymologically correct; the spelling with -i- suggests a meaning "nervelessness."
aneurysm (n.) Look up aneurysm at
"dilation of an artery," early 15c., from Medieval Latin aneurisma, from Greek aneurysmos "dilation," from aneurynein "to dilate," from ana "up" (see ana-) + eurynein "widen," from eurys "broad, wide" (see eury-). Related: Aneurysmal; aneurysmic.
anew (adv.) Look up anew at
"over again, once more, afresh," c. 1300, a neue, from Old English of-niowe; see a- (1) + new. One-word form dominant from c. 1400.
anext (adv.) Look up anext at
"next to," c. 1400, from a- (1) + next.
anfractuous (adj.) Look up anfractuous at
1620s, "full of windings and turnings," from Latin anfractuosus "roundabout, winding," from anfractus "a winding, turning, a bending round," especially "a circuitous route," also figuratively, in rhetoric, "circumlocution," from am(bi)- "around" (from PIE root *ambhi- "around") + fractus, past participle of frangere "to break" (from PIE root *bhreg- "to break"). T.S. Eliot uses it in the French sense "craggy," which probably he got from Laforgue. Related: Anfractuosity (1590s).