antipasto (n.) Look up antipasto at Dictionary.com
1934, from Italian antipasto, from anti- "before" (see ante) + pasto "food," from Latin pascere "to feed" (see pastor). Earlier anglicized as antepast (1590).
antipathetic (adj.) Look up antipathetic at Dictionary.com
1630s "having an antipathy for," from an adjectival construction from Greek antipathein (see antipathy). Related: antipathetical (c.1600); antipathetically.
antipathic (adj.) Look up antipathic at Dictionary.com
1830, from French antipathique; see antipathy + -ic. It tends to be used in medicine in place of antipathetic.
antipathy (n.) Look up antipathy at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin antipathia, from Greek antipatheia, noun of state from antipathes "opposed in feeling, having opposite feeling; in return for suffering; felt mutually," from anti- "against" (see anti-) + root of pathos "feeling" (see pathos).
antiperspirant (adj.) Look up antiperspirant at Dictionary.com
by 1946, from anti- + perspire + adjectival suffix -ant.
antiphon (n.) Look up antiphon at Dictionary.com
c.1500, "a versicle sung responsively," from Middle French antiphone "hymn" or directly from Medieval Latin antiphona, from Greek antiphona, from anti- "over against" (see anti-) + phone "voice" (see fame (n.)). A re-adoption of the word which had become anthem in English and lost its original meaning.
antiphonal (adj.) Look up antiphonal at Dictionary.com
1719, from antiphon + -al. Related: Antiphonally.
antiphony (n.) Look up antiphony at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Greek antiphonos (see antiphon) + -y (1).
antiphrasis (n.) Look up antiphrasis at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Latin antiphrasis, from Greek antiphrasis, from antiphrazein "to express (something) by the opposite," from anti- (see anti-) + phrazein "to consider, to express" (see phrase (n.)).
antipodes (n.) Look up antipodes at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "persons who dwell on the opposite side of the globe;" 1540s as "place on the opposite side of the earth," from Latin antipodes "those who dwell on the opposite side of the earth," from Greek antipodes, plural of antipous "with feet opposite (ours)," from anti- "opposite" (see anti-) + pous "foot" (see foot (n.)); thus, people who live on the opposite side of the world.
Yonde in Ethiopia ben the Antipodes, men that haue theyr fete ayenst our fete. ["De Proprietatibus Rerum Bartholomeus Anglicus," translated by John of Trevisa, 1398]
Not to be confused with antiscii "those who live on the same meridian on opposite side of the equator," whose shadows fall at noon in the opposite direction, from Greek anti- + skia "shadow." Related: Antipodal (adj.); antipodean (1630s, n.; 1650s, adj.).
antipope (n.) Look up antipope at Dictionary.com
also anti-pope, early 15c. (mid-13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Medieval Latin antipapa, from Greek anti- "against" (see anti-) + papa (see pope).
antipyretic Look up antipyretic at Dictionary.com
"reducing fever; that which reduces fever," 1680s, from anti- + Greek pyretos "fever, burning heat," related to pyr "fire" (see fire (n.)) + -ic.
antiquarian (n.) Look up antiquarian at Dictionary.com
"one who studies or is fond of antiquities," c.1600, from Latin antiquarius "pertaining to antiquity," from antiquus (see antique (adj.)) + -an. As an adjective from 1771.
antiquated (adj.) Look up antiquated at Dictionary.com
1620s, past participle adjective from antiquate (1530s) "to make old or obsolete," from Latin antiquatus, past participle of antiquare (see antique (adj.)). An older adjective in the same sense was antiquate (early 15c.), from Latin.
antiquation (n.) Look up antiquation at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Late Latin antiquationem (nominative antiquatio), noun of action from past participle stem of antiquare (see antique (adj.)).
antique (adj.) Look up antique at Dictionary.com
1530s, "aged, venerable," from Middle French antique "old" (14c.), from Latin antiquus (later anticus) "ancient, former, of olden times; old, long in existence, aged; venerable; old-fashioned," from PIE *anti in sense of "before" (see ante) + *okw- "appearance" (see eye (n.)). Originally pronounced in English like its parallel antic, but French pronunciation and spelling were adopted from c.1700.
antique (n.) Look up antique at Dictionary.com
"an old and collectible thing," 1771, from antique (adj.).
antique (v.) Look up antique at Dictionary.com
"to give an antique appearance to," 1896, from antique (adj.). Related: Antiqued; antiquing.
antiquity (n.) Look up antiquity at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "olden times," from Old French antiquitet (11c.; Modern French antiquité) "olden times; great age; old age," from Latin antiquitatem (nominative antiquitas) "ancient times, antiquity, venerableness," noun of quality from antiquus (see antique (adj.)). Specific reference to ancient Greece and Rome is from mid-15c.; meaning "quality of being old" is from about the same time. Antiquities "relics of ancient days" is from 1510s.
antiscorbutic (n.) Look up antiscorbutic at Dictionary.com
also anti-scorbutic, 1690s, from anti- + Modern Latin scorbutus "scurvy" (see scorbutic). From 1725 as an adjective.
antiseptic (adj.) Look up antiseptic at Dictionary.com
1750, coined from anti- "against" + septic. Figurative use by 1820. As a noun meaning "an antiseptic substance" by 1803.
antistrophe (n.) Look up antistrophe at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin, from Greek antistrophe "a turning about, a turning back," from antistrephein, from anti- "against" (see anti-) + strephein "to turn" (see strophe).
antitheism (n.) Look up antitheism at Dictionary.com
also anti-theism, 1788; see anti- + theism.
antitheist (n.) Look up antitheist at Dictionary.com
also anti-theist, "one opposed to belief in the existence of a god," 1813; see anti- + theist. Related: Antitheistic.
antitheses (n.) Look up antitheses at Dictionary.com
plural of antithesis.
antithesis (n.) Look up antithesis at Dictionary.com
1520s, from Late Latin antithesis, from Greek antithesis "opposition, resistance," literally "a placing against," also a term in logic and rhetoric, noun of action from antitithenai "to set against, oppose," a term in logic, from anti- "against" (see anti-) + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme).
antithetic (adj.) Look up antithetic at Dictionary.com
"containing an antithesis," c.1600, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition," from antithesis (see antithesis).
antithetical (adj.) Look up antithetical at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition" (see antithetic) + -al (1). Related: Antithetically.
antitoxic Look up antitoxic at Dictionary.com
1860 (n.); 1862 (adj.), from anti- + toxic.
antitoxin (n.) Look up antitoxin at Dictionary.com
"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892, from anti- + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic in this sense is from 1860.
antitrust (adj.) Look up antitrust at Dictionary.com
also anti-trust, 1890, U.S., from anti- + trust (n.) in the economic monopoly sense.
antitype (n.) Look up antitype at Dictionary.com
also anti-type, 1610s, from Greek antitypos "corresponding in form," literally "struck back, responding as an impression to a die," from anti- (see anti-) + typos "a blow, mark" (see type (n.)).
antivenin (n.) Look up antivenin at Dictionary.com
1894, from anti- + venin, from venom + chemical suffix -in (2). Perhaps immediately from French antivenin.
antivirus (n.) Look up antivirus at Dictionary.com
1903, from anti- + virus.
antler (n.) Look up antler at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Anglo-French auntiler, Old French antoillier (14c., Modern French andouiller) "antler," perhaps from Gallo-Roman cornu *antoculare "horn in front of the eyes," from Latin ante "before" (see ante) + ocularis "of the eyes" (see ocular). This etymology is doubted by some because no similar word exists in any other Romance language, but compare German Augensprossen "antlers," literally "eye-sprouts," for a similar formation.
Antonia Look up Antonia at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Latin Antonia, fem. of Antonius (see Anthony).
Antonine (adj.) Look up Antonine at Dictionary.com
1680s, in reference to Roman emperors Antoninus Pius (ruled 138-161 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (161-180).
antonomasia (n.) Look up antonomasia at Dictionary.com
use of an epithet for a proper name (or vice versa; as in His Holiness for the name of a pope), 1580s, from Latin, from Greek antonomasia, from antonomazein "to name instead, call by a new name," from anti "instead" (see anti-) + onomazein "to name," from onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
Antony Look up Antony at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Latin Antonius, name of a Roman gens (see Anthony).
antonym (n.) Look up antonym at Dictionary.com
1867, coined to serve as opposite of synonym, from Greek anti- "equal to, instead of, opposite" (see anti-) + -onym "name" (see name (n.)). Perhaps introduced to English in the book "Synonyms and Antonyms" (1867) by the Ven. C.J. Smith, M.A.
UNDER the head of Synonyms and Antonyms, Archdeacon Smith arranges words which form an antithesis to one another. The word "antonym" is, we believe, a new formation but useful. ["Journal of Sacred Literature," July 1867]
French antonyme (1842), German antonym (by 1859) are older. The un-Greek alternative counterterm has been left to fade.
antrum (n.) Look up antrum at Dictionary.com
"a cave or cavity," late 14c., medical Latin, from Greek antron "cave."
antsy (adj.) Look up antsy at Dictionary.com
1838, American English, from plural of ant + -y (2); probably reflecting the same image as the slang expression have ants in (one's) pants "be restless and fidgety" from a century later. Related: Antsiness.
Antwerp Look up Antwerp at Dictionary.com
port city in Belgium, French Anvers, from a Germanic compound of *anda "at" + *werpum "wharf" (see wharf). Folk etymology connects the first word with hand.
Anubis Look up Anubis at Dictionary.com
jackal-headed god of Egyptian religion, from Greek Anoubis, from Egyptian Anpu.
anuria (n.) Look up anuria at Dictionary.com
1838, medical Latin, from Greek an-, privative prefix (see an- (1)), + ouron "urine" (see urine).
anus (n.) Look up anus at Dictionary.com
"inferior opening of the alimentary canal," 1650s, from Old French anus, from Latin anus "ring, anus," from PIE root *ano- "ring." So called for its shape; compare Greek daktylios "anus," literally "ring (for the finger)," from daktylos "finger."
anvil (n.) Look up anvil at Dictionary.com
Old English anfilt, a Proto-Germanic compound (cognates: Middle Dutch anvilt, Old High German anafalz, Dutch aanbeeld, Danish ambolt "anvil") from *ana- "on" + *filtan "hit" (see felt (n.)). The ear bone so called from 1680s. Anvil Chorus is based on the "Gypsy Song" that opens Act II of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," first performed in Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853.
anxiety (n.) Look up anxiety at Dictionary.com
1520s, from Latin anxietatem (nominative anxietas) "anguish, anxiety, solicitude," noun of quality from anxius (see anxious). Psychiatric use dates to 1904. Age of Anxiety is from Auden's poem (1947). For "anxiety, distress," Old English had angsumnes, Middle English anxumnesse.
anxious (adj.) Look up anxious at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Latin anxius "solicitous, uneasy, troubled in mind" (also "causing anxiety, troublesome"), from angere, anguere "choke, squeeze," figuratively "torment, cause distress" (see anger (v.)). The same image is in Serbo-Croatian tjeskoba "anxiety," literally "tightness, narrowness." Related: Anxiously; anxiousness.
any (adj.) Look up any at Dictionary.com
Old English ænig "any, anyone," literally "one-y," from Proto-Germanic *ainagas (cognates: Old Saxon enig, Old Norse einigr, Old Frisian enich, Dutch enig, German einig), from PIE *oi-no- "one, unique" (see one). The -y may have diminutive force here.

Emphatic form any old ______ (British variant: any bloody ______) is recorded from 1896. At any rate is recorded from 1847. Among the large family of compounds beginning with any-, anykyn "any kind" (c.1300) did not survive, and Anywhen (1831) is rarely used, but OED calls it "common in Southern [British] dialects."