antitheism (n.) Look up antitheism at
also anti-theism, 1788; see anti- + theism.
antitheist (n.) Look up antitheist at
also anti-theist, "one opposed to belief in the existence of a god," 1813; see anti- + theist. Related: Antitheistic.
antitheses (n.) Look up antitheses at
plural of antithesis.
antithesis (n.) Look up antithesis at
1520s, from Late Latin antithesis, from Greek antithesis "opposition, resistance," literally "a placing against," also a term in logic and rhetoric, noun of action from antitithenai "to set against, oppose," a term in logic, from anti- "against" (see anti-) + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme).
antithetic (adj.) Look up antithetic at
"containing an antithesis," c. 1600, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition," from antithesis (see antithesis).
antithetical (adj.) Look up antithetical at
1580s, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition" (see antithetic) + -al (1). Related: Antithetically.
antitoxic Look up antitoxic at
1860 (n.); 1862 (adj.), from anti- + toxic.
antitoxin (n.) Look up antitoxin at
"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892, from anti- + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic in this sense is from 1860.
antitrust (adj.) Look up antitrust at
also anti-trust, 1890, U.S., from anti- + trust (n.) in the economic monopoly sense.
antitype (n.) Look up antitype at
also anti-type, 1610s, from Greek antitypos "corresponding in form," literally "struck back, responding as an impression to a die," from anti- (see anti-) + typos "a blow, mark" (see type (n.)).
antivenin (n.) Look up antivenin at
1894, from anti- + venin, from venom + chemical suffix -in (2). Perhaps immediately from French antivenin.
antivirus (n.) Look up antivirus at
1903, from anti- + virus.
antler (n.) Look up antler at
late 14c., from Anglo-French auntiler, Old French antoillier (14c., Modern French andouiller) "antler," perhaps from Gallo-Roman cornu *antoculare "horn in front of the eyes," from Latin ante "before" (see ante) + ocularis "of the eyes" (see ocular). This etymology is doubted by some because no similar word exists in any other Romance language, but compare German Augensprossen "antlers," literally "eye-sprouts," for a similar formation.
Antonia Look up Antonia at
fem. proper name, from Latin Antonia, fem. of Antonius (see Anthony).
Antonine (adj.) Look up Antonine at
1680s, in reference to Roman emperors Antoninus Pius (ruled 138-161 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (161-180).
antonomasia (n.) Look up antonomasia at
use of an epithet for a proper name (or vice versa; as in His Holiness for the name of a pope), 1580s, from Latin, from Greek antonomasia, from antonomazein "to name instead, call by a new name," from anti "instead" (see anti-) + onomazein "to name," from onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
Antony Look up Antony at
masc. proper name, from Latin Antonius, name of a Roman gens (see Anthony).
antonym (n.) Look up antonym at
1867, coined to serve as opposite of synonym, from Greek anti- "equal to, instead of, opposite" (see anti-) + -onym "name" (see name (n.)). Perhaps introduced to English in the book "Synonyms and Antonyms" (1867) by the Ven. C.J. Smith, M.A.
UNDER the head of Synonyms and Antonyms, Archdeacon Smith arranges words which form an antithesis to one another. The word "antonym" is, we believe, a new formation but useful. ["Journal of Sacred Literature," July 1867]
French antonyme (1842), German antonym (by 1859) are older. The un-Greek alternative counterterm has been left to fade.
antrum (n.) Look up antrum at
"a cave or cavity," late 14c., medical Latin, from Greek antron "cave."
antsy (adj.) Look up antsy at
1838, American English, from plural of ant + -y (2); probably reflecting the same image as the slang expression have ants in (one's) pants "be restless and fidgety" from a century later. Related: Antsiness.
Antwerp Look up Antwerp at
port city in Belgium, French Anvers, from a Germanic compound of *anda "at" + *werpum "wharf" (see wharf). Folk etymology connects the first word with hand.
Anubis Look up Anubis at
jackal-headed god of Egyptian religion, from Greek Anoubis, from Egyptian Anpu.
anuria (n.) Look up anuria at
1838, medical Latin, from Greek an-, privative prefix (see an- (1)), + ouron "urine" (see urine) + abstract noun ending -ia.
anus (n.) Look up anus at
"inferior opening of the alimentary canal," 1650s, from Old French anus, from Latin anus "ring, anus," from PIE root *ano- "ring." So called for its shape; compare Greek daktylios "anus," literally "ring (for the finger)," from daktylos "finger."
anvil (n.) Look up anvil at
Old English anfilt, a Proto-Germanic compound (cognates: Middle Dutch anvilt, Old High German anafalz, Dutch aanbeeld, Danish ambolt "anvil") from *ana- "on" + *filtan "hit" (see felt (n.)). The ear bone so called from 1680s. Anvil Chorus is based on the "Gypsy Song" that opens Act II of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," first performed in Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853.
anxiety (n.) Look up anxiety at
1520s, from Latin anxietatem (nominative anxietas) "anguish, anxiety, solicitude," noun of quality from anxius (see anxious). Psychiatric use dates to 1904. Age of Anxiety is from Auden's poem (1947). For "anxiety, distress," Old English had angsumnes, Middle English anxumnesse.
anxious (adj.) Look up anxious at
1620s, from Latin anxius "solicitous, uneasy, troubled in mind" (also "causing anxiety, troublesome"), from angere, anguere "choke, squeeze," figuratively "torment, cause distress" (see anger (v.)). The same image is in Serbo-Croatian tjeskoba "anxiety," literally "tightness, narrowness." Related: Anxiously; anxiousness.
any (adj.) Look up any at
Old English ænig "any, anyone," literally "one-y," from Proto-Germanic *ainagas (source also of Old Saxon enig, Old Norse einigr, Old Frisian enich, Dutch enig, German einig), from PIE *oi-no- "one, unique" (see one). The -y may have diminutive force here.

Emphatic form any old ______ (British variant: any bloody ______) is recorded from 1896. At any rate is recorded from 1847. Among the large family of compounds beginning with any-, anykyn "any kind" (c. 1300) did not survive, and Anywhen (1831) is rarely used, but OED calls it "common in Southern [British] dialects."
anybody (n.) Look up anybody at
c. 1300, ani-bodi, from any + body. One-word form is attested by 1826. Phrase anybody's game (or race, etc.) is from 1840.
anyhow (adv.) Look up anyhow at
1740, from any + how (adv.). Unlike the cases of most other any + (interrogative) compounds, there is no record of it in Old or Middle English. Emphatic form any old how is recorded from 1900, American English.
anymore (adv.) Look up anymore at
one-word form by 1865, from any + more.
anyone (n.) Look up anyone at
Old English, two words, from any + one. Old English also used ænigmon in this sense. One-word form from 1844.
anyplace (n.) Look up anyplace at
1911, from any + place.
anything (n.) Look up anything at
late Old English aniþing, from any + thing. But Old English ænig þinga apparently also meant "somehow, anyhow" (glossing Latin quoquo modo).
anythingarian (n.) Look up anythingarian at
"one indifferent to religious creeds," c. 1704, originally dismissive, from anything on model of trinitarian, unitarian, etc.
anytime (adv.) Look up anytime at
one-word form by 1854, from any + time (n.).
anyway (adv.) Look up anyway at
1560s, any way "in any manner;" variant any ways (with adverbial genitive) attested from c. 1560, prepositional phrase by any way is from late 14c.; see any + way (n.). One-word form predominated from 1830s. As an adverbial conjunction, from 1859. Middle English in this sense had ani-gates "in any way, somehow" (c. 1400).
anyways (adv.) Look up anyways at
see anyway.
anywhere (adv.) Look up anywhere at
late 14c., from any + where. Earlier words in this sense were owhere, oughwhere, aywhere, literally "aught where" (see aught (1)).
anywise (adv.) Look up anywise at
Old English ænige wisan, from any + wise (n.). One-word form from c. 1200.
Anzac Look up Anzac at
1915, acronym of Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. First used in reference to the Gallipoli campaign.
AOL Look up AOL at
dominant online service of the late 1990s, initialism (acronym) of America Online, company name from late 1989.
aorist (n.) Look up aorist at
1580s, the simple past tense of Greek verbs, from Greek aoristos (khronos) "indefinite (tense)," from privative prefix a- "not" (see a- (3)) + horistos "limited, defined," verbal adjective from horizein "to limit, define," from horos "boundary, limit, border" (see horizon).
aorta (n.) Look up aorta at
1570s, from Medieval Latin aorta, from Greek aorte, term applied by Aristotle to the great artery of the heart, literally "what is hung up," from aeirein "to lift, heave, raise," which is of uncertain origin; related to the second element in meteor. Used earlier by Hippocrates of the bronchial tubes. Related: Aortal; aortic.
AP Look up AP at
abbreviation of Associated Press, first recorded 1879; the organization was founded May 1848 as co-operative news gathering effort among New York City newspaper publishers covering the war with Mexico.
ap- (2) Look up ap- at
patronymic prefix in Welsh names, earlier map "son," cognate with Gaelic mac. Since 17c. merged into surnames (Ap Rhys = Price, Ap Evan = Bevan, etc.).
It is said that a Welshman who evidently was not willing to be surpassed in length of pedigree, when making out his genealogical tree, wrote near the middle of his long array of 'aps' -- "about this time Adam was born." ["Origin and Significance of our Names," "The Chautauquan," Oct. 1887-July 1888]
ap- (1) Look up ap- at
form of Latin ad- before words beginning in -p-; see ad-.
apace (adv.) Look up apace at
mid-14c., from a pace, literally "at a pace," but usually with a sense of "at a good pace," from a- (1) "on" + pace (n.).
Apache Look up Apache at
1745, from American Spanish (1598), probably from Yavapai (a Yuman language) 'epache "people." Sometimes derived from Zuni apachu "enemy" (see F.W. Hodge, "American Indians," 1907), but this seems to have been the Zuni name for the Navajo.

French journalistic sense of "Parisian gangster or thug" first attested 1902. Apache dance was the World War I-era equivalent of 1990s' brutal "slam dancing." Fenimore Cooper's Indian novels were enormously popular in Europe throughout the 19c., and comparisons of Cooper's fictional Indian ways in the wilderness and underworld life in European cities go back to Dumas' "Les Mohicans de Paris" (1854-1859). It is probably due to the imitations of Cooper (amounting almost to plagiarisms) by German author Karl May (1842-1912) that Apaches replaced Mohicans in popular imagination. Also compare Mohawk.
apanage (n.) Look up apanage at
see appanage.