antioxidant Look up antioxidant at
1920 (n.); 1932 (adj.), from anti- + oxidant.
antipasto (n.) Look up antipasto at
1934, from Italian antipasto, from anti- "before" (from Latin ante; see ante-) + pasto "food," from Latin pascere "to feed" (see pastor). Earlier Englished as antepast "something taken before a meal to whet the appetite" (1580s).
antipathetic (adj.) Look up antipathetic at
1630s "having an antipathy for," from an adjectival construction from Greek antipathein (see antipathy). Related: antipathetical (c. 1600); antipathetically.
antipathic (adj.) Look up antipathic at
1830, from French antipathique; see antipathy + -ic. It tends to be used in medicine in place of antipathetic.
antipathy (n.) Look up antipathy at
c. 1600, from Latin antipathia, from Greek antipatheia, abstract noun from antipathes "opposed in feeling, having opposite feeling; in return for suffering; felt mutually," from anti "against" (see anti-) + root of pathos "feeling" (see pathos).
antiperspirant (adj.) Look up antiperspirant at
by 1946, from anti- + perspire + adjectival suffix -ant.
antiphon (n.) Look up antiphon at
c. 1500, "a versicle sung responsively," from Middle French antiphone "hymn" or directly from Medieval Latin antiphona, from Greek antiphona, from anti "against, opposite, instead of" (see anti-) + phone "voice," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say" (see fame (n.)). A re-adoption of the word which had become anthem in English and lost its original meaning.
antiphonal (adj.) Look up antiphonal at
1719, from antiphon + -al. Related: Antiphonally.
antiphony (n.) Look up antiphony at
1590s, from Greek antiphonos (see antiphon) + -y (1).
antiphrasis (n.) Look up antiphrasis at
1530s, from Latin antiphrasis, from Greek antiphrasis, from antiphrazein "to express (something) by the opposite," from anti "against, opposite, instead of" (see anti-) + phrazein "to consider, to express" (see phrase (n.)).
antipodes (n.) Look up antipodes at
late 14c., "persons who dwell on the opposite side of the globe;" 1540s as "place on the opposite side of the earth," from Latin antipodes "those who dwell on the opposite side of the earth," from Greek antipodes, plural of antipous "with feet opposite (ours)," from anti "opposite" (see anti-) + pous "foot," from PIE root *ped- (1) "a foot" (see foot (n.)); thus, people who live on the opposite side of the world.
Yonde in Ethiopia ben the Antipodes, men that haue theyr fete ayenst our fete. ["De Proprietatibus Rerum Bartholomeus Anglicus," translated by John of Trevisa, 1398]
Not to be confused with antiscii "those who live on the same meridian on opposite side of the equator," whose shadows fall at noon in the opposite direction, from Greek anti- + skia "shadow." Related: Antipodal (adj.); antipodean (1630s, n.; 1650s, adj.).
antipope (n.) Look up antipope at
also anti-pope, early 15c. (mid-13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Medieval Latin antipapa, from Greek anti "against, opposite, instead of" (see anti-) + papa (see pope).
antipyretic Look up antipyretic at
"reducing fever; that which reduces fever," 1680s, from anti- + Greek pyretos "fever, burning heat," related to pyr "fire," from PIE root *paəwr- "fire" (see fire (n.)) + -ic.
antiquarian (n.) Look up antiquarian at
"one who studies or is fond of antiquities," c. 1600, from Latin antiquarius "pertaining to antiquity," from antiquus (see antique (adj.)) + -an. As an adjective from 1771.
antiquated (adj.) Look up antiquated at
1620s, past participle adjective from antiquate (1530s) "to make old or obsolete," from Latin antiquatus, past participle of antiquare (see antique (adj.)). An older adjective in the same sense was antiquate (early 15c.), from Latin.
antiquation (n.) Look up antiquation at
1640s, from Late Latin antiquationem (nominative antiquatio), noun of action from past participle stem of antiquare (see antique (adj.)).
antique (n.) Look up antique at
"an old and collectible thing," 1771, from antique (adj.).
antique (v.) Look up antique at
"to give an antique appearance to," 1896, from antique (adj.). Related: Antiqued; antiquing.
antique (adj.) Look up antique at
1530s, "aged, venerable," from Middle French antique "old" (14c.), from Latin antiquus (later anticus) "ancient, former, of olden times; old, long in existence, aged; venerable; old-fashioned," from PIE *anti in sense of "before" (see ante-) + *okw- "appearance" (see eye (n.)). Originally pronounced in English like its parallel antic, but French pronunciation and spelling were adopted from c. 1700.
antiquity (n.) Look up antiquity at
late 14c., "olden times," from Old French antiquitet (11c.; Modern French antiquité) "olden times; great age; old age," from Latin antiquitatem (nominative antiquitas) "ancient times, antiquity, venerableness," noun of quality from antiquus (see antique (adj.)). Specific reference to ancient Greece and Rome is from mid-15c.; meaning "quality of being old" is from about the same time. Antiquities "relics of ancient days" is from 1510s.
antiscorbutic (n.) Look up antiscorbutic at
also anti-scorbutic, 1690s, from anti- + Modern Latin scorbutus "scurvy" (see scorbutic). From 1725 as an adjective.
antiseptic (adj.) Look up antiseptic at
1750, coined from anti- "against" + septic. Figurative use by 1820. As a noun meaning "an antiseptic substance" by 1803.
antistrophe (n.) Look up antistrophe at
c. 1600, from Latin, from Greek antistrophe "a turning about, a turning back," from antistrephein, from anti "against, opposite, instead of" (see anti-) + strephein "to turn" (see strophe).
antitheism (n.) Look up antitheism at
also anti-theism, 1788; see anti- + theism.
antitheist (n.) Look up antitheist at
also anti-theist, "one opposed to belief in the existence of a god," 1813; see anti- + theist. Related: Antitheistic.
antitheses (n.) Look up antitheses at
plural of antithesis.
antithesis (n.) Look up antithesis at
1520s, from Late Latin antithesis, from Greek antithesis "opposition, resistance," literally "a placing against," also a term in logic and rhetoric, noun of action from antitithenai "to set against, oppose," a term in logic, from anti "against" (see anti-) + tithenai "to put, place" (see theme).
antithetic (adj.) Look up antithetic at
"containing an antithesis," c. 1600, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition," from antithesis (see antithesis).
antithetical (adj.) Look up antithetical at
1580s, from Greek antithetikos "setting in opposition," from antithetos "placed in opposition" (see antithetic) + -al (1). Related: Antithetically.
antitoxic Look up antitoxic at
1860 (n.); 1862 (adj.), from anti- + toxic.
antitoxin (n.) Look up antitoxin at
"substance neutralizing poisons," 1892, from anti- + toxin. Coined in 1890 by German bacteriologist Emil von Behring (1854-1917). Antitoxic in this sense is from 1860.
antitrust (adj.) Look up antitrust at
also anti-trust, 1890, U.S., from anti- + trust (n.) in the economic monopoly sense.
antitype (n.) Look up antitype at
also anti-type, 1610s, from Greek antitypos "corresponding in form," literally "struck back, responding as an impression to a die," from anti "against, opposite, instead of" (see anti-) + typos "a blow, mark" (see type (n.)).
antivenin (n.) Look up antivenin at
1894, from anti- + venin, from venom + chemical suffix -in (2). Perhaps immediately from French antivenin.
antivirus (n.) Look up antivirus at
1903, from anti- + virus.
antler (n.) Look up antler at
late 14c., from Anglo-French auntiler, Old French antoillier (14c., Modern French andouiller) "antler," perhaps from Gallo-Roman cornu *antoculare "horn in front of the eyes," from Latin ante "before" (see ante-) + ocularis "of the eyes" (see ocular). This etymology is doubted by some because no similar word exists in any other Romance language, but compare German Augensprossen "antlers," literally "eye-sprouts," for a similar formation.
Antonia Look up Antonia at
fem. proper name, from Latin Antonia, fem. of Antonius (see Anthony).
Antonine (adj.) Look up Antonine at
1680s, in reference to Roman emperors Antoninus Pius (ruled 138-161 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (161-180).
antonomasia (n.) Look up antonomasia at
use of an epithet for a proper name (or vice versa; as in His Holiness for the name of a pope), 1580s, from Latin, from Greek antonomasia, from antonomazein "to name instead, call by a new name," from anti "instead" (see anti-) + onomazein "to name," from onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
Antony Look up Antony at
masc. proper name, from Latin Antonius, name of a Roman gens (see Anthony).
antonym (n.) Look up antonym at
1867, coined to serve as opposite of synonym, from Greek anti "opposite, against" (see anti-) + -onym "name" (see name (n.)). Perhaps introduced to English in the book "Synonyms and Antonyms" (1867) by the Ven. C.J. Smith, M.A.
UNDER the head of Synonyms and Antonyms, Archdeacon Smith arranges words which form an antithesis to one another. The word "antonym" is, we believe, a new formation but useful. ["Journal of Sacred Literature," July 1867]
French antonyme (1842), German antonym (by 1859) are older. The un-Greek alternative counterterm has been left to fade.
antrum (n.) Look up antrum at
"a cave or cavity," late 14c., medical Latin, from Greek antron "cave."
antsy (adj.) Look up antsy at
1838, American English, from plural of ant + -y (2); probably reflecting the same image as the slang expression have ants in (one's) pants "be restless and fidgety" from a century later. Related: Antsiness.
Antwerp Look up Antwerp at
port city in Belgium, French Anvers, from a Germanic compound of *anda "at" + *werpum "wharf" (see wharf). Folk etymology connects the first word with hand.
Anubis Look up Anubis at
jackal-headed god of Egyptian religion, from Greek Anoubis, from Egyptian Anpu.
anuria (n.) Look up anuria at
1838, medical Latin, from Greek an- "not, without" (see an- (1)) + ouron "urine" (see urine) + abstract noun ending -ia.
anus (n.) Look up anus at
"inferior opening of the alimentary canal," 1650s, from Old French anus, from Latin anus "ring, anus," from PIE root *ano- "ring." So called for its shape; compare Greek daktylios "anus," literally "ring (for the finger)," from daktylos "finger."
anvil (n.) Look up anvil at
Old English anfilt, a Proto-Germanic compound (cognates: Middle Dutch anvilt, Old High German anafalz, Dutch aanbeeld, Danish ambolt "anvil") from *ana- "on" + *filtan "hit" (see felt (n.)). The ear bone so called from 1680s. Anvil Chorus is based on the "Gypsy Song" that opens Act II of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," first performed in Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853.
anxiety (n.) Look up anxiety at
1520s, from Latin anxietatem (nominative anxietas) "anguish, anxiety, solicitude," noun of quality from anxius (see anxious). Psychiatric use dates to 1904. Age of Anxiety is from Auden's poem (1947). For "anxiety, distress," Old English had angsumnes, Middle English anxumnesse.
anxious (adj.) Look up anxious at
1620s, from Latin anxius "solicitous, uneasy, troubled in mind" (also "causing anxiety, troublesome"), from angere, anguere "choke, squeeze," figuratively "torment, cause distress" (see anger (v.)). The same image is in Serbo-Croatian tjeskoba "anxiety," literally "tightness, narrowness." Related: Anxiously; anxiousness.