caroline (adj.) Look up caroline at Dictionary.com
1650s, "of or pertaining to a Charles," from French, from Latin Carolus "Charles" (see Charles). Especially of Charlemagne, or, in English history, Charles I and Charles II.
Caroline Look up Caroline at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from French, from Italian Carolina, originally a fem. adjective from Medieval Latin Carolus "Charles" (see Charles).
caroling (n.) Look up caroling at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, verbal noun from carol (v.).
Carolingian (adj.) Look up Carolingian at Dictionary.com
1881, "belonging to the dynasty founded by Carl the Great" (French Charlemagne), from Latin Carolus "Charles;" also compare Carlovingian.
carom (n.) Look up carom at Dictionary.com
1779, earlier carambole (1775), from French carambole "the red ball in billiards," from Spanish carombola "the red ball in billiards," perhaps originally "fruit of the tropical Asian carambola tree," which is round and orange and supposed to resemble a red billiard ball; from Marathi (southern Indian) karambal. Originally a type of stroke involving the red ball:
If the Striker hits the Red and his Adversary's Ball with his own Ball he played with, he wins two Points; which Stroke is called a Carambole, or for Shortness, a Carrom. ["Hoyle's Games Improved," London, 1779]
carom (v.) Look up carom at Dictionary.com
1860, from carom (n.). Related: Caromed; caroming.
carotene (n.) Look up carotene at Dictionary.com
hydrocarbon found in carrots and other plants, 1861, from German carotin, coined 1831 by German chemist H.W.F. Wackenroder (1789-1854) from Latin carota "carrot" (see carrot) + German form of chemical suffix -ine (2), denoting a hydrocarbon.
carotenoid (n.) Look up carotenoid at Dictionary.com
1913, from German carotinoïde (1911), from carotin (see carotene) + -oid.
carotid (adj.) Look up carotid at Dictionary.com
1540s, "pertaining to the two great arteries of the neck," from Greek karotides "great arteries of the neck," plural of karotis, from karoun "plunge into sleep or stupor," because compression of these arteries was believed to cause unconsciousness (Galen). But if this is folk etymology, the Greek word could be from kara "head," related to kranion "skull, upper part of the head," from PIE root *ker- (1) "horn; head."
carousal (n.) Look up carousal at Dictionary.com
1735, from carouse (v.) + -al (2). The earlier noun was simply carouse "a drinking bout" (1550s).
carouse (v.) Look up carouse at Dictionary.com
1550s, from Middle French carousser "drink, quaff, swill," from German gar aus "quite out," from gar austrinken; trink garaus "to drink up entirely." Frequently also as an adverb in early English usage (to drink carouse).
carousel (n.) Look up carousel at Dictionary.com
"merry-go-round," 1670s, earlier "playful tournament of knights in chariots or on horseback" (1640s), from French carrousel "a tilting match," from Italian carusiello, possibly from carro "chariot," from Latin carrus (see car).
A new and rare invencon knowne by the name of the royalle carousell or tournament being framed and contrived with such engines as will not only afford great pleasure to us and our nobility in the sight thereof, but sufficient instruction to all such ingenious young gentlemen as desire to learne the art of perfect horsemanshipp. [letter of 1673]
carp (n.) Look up carp at Dictionary.com
type of freshwater fish, late 14c., from Old French carpe "carp" (13c.) and directly from Vulgar Latin carpa (source also of Italian carpa, Spanish carpa), from a Germanic source (compare Middle Dutch carpe, Dutch karper, Old High German karpfo, German Karpfen "carp"); possibly the immediate source is Gothic *karpa. A Danube fish (hence the proposed East Germanic origin of its name), introduced in English ponds 14c. Lithuanian karpis, Russian karp are Germanic loan words.
carp (v.) Look up carp at Dictionary.com
"complain," early 13c., originally "to talk," from Old Norse karpa "to brag," which is of unknown origin; meaning turned toward "find fault with" (late 14c.), probably by influence of Latin carpere "to slander, revile," literally "to pluck" (see harvest (n.)). Related: Carped; carping.
carpaccio (n.) Look up carpaccio at Dictionary.com
raw meat or fish served as an appetizer, late 20c., from Italian, often connected to the name of Renaissance painter Vittore Carpaccio (c. 1460-1526) but without any plausible explanation except perhaps that his pictures often feature an orange-red hue reminiscent of some raw meat.
carpal (adj.) Look up carpal at Dictionary.com
"of the wrist," 1743, from Modern Latin carpalis, from carpus "wrist" (see carpus). Carpal tunnel syndrome attested by 1970, from carpal tunnel, the tunnel-like passage that carries nerves through the wrist.
Carpathian Look up Carpathian at Dictionary.com
1670s, in reference to the mountain range of Eastern Europe, from Thracian Greek Karpates oros, literally "Rocky Mountain;" related to Albanian karpe "rock."
carpe diem Look up carpe diem at Dictionary.com
1786, Latin, "enjoy the day," literally "pluck the day (while it is ripe)," an aphorism from Horace ("Odes" I.xi), from PIE *kerp- "to gather, pluck, harvest" (see harvest (n.)).
carpel (n.) Look up carpel at Dictionary.com
1835, from Modern Latin carpellum (1817 in French), a diminutive form from Greek karpos "fruit" (also "returns, profit"), literally "that which is plucked," from PIE root *kerp- "to gather, pluck, harvest" (see harvest (n.)).
carpenter (n.) Look up carpenter at Dictionary.com
"wood-worker," c. 1300 (attested from early 12c. as a surname), from Anglo-French carpenter, Old North French carpentier (Old French and Modern French charpentier), from Late Latin (artifex) carpentarius "wagon (maker)," from Latin carpentum "wagon, two-wheeled carriage, cart," from Gaulish, from Old Celtic *carpentom (compare Old Irish carpat, Gaelic carbad "carriage"), which is probably related to Gaulish karros "chariot," from PIE root *kers- "to run."

Also from the Late Latin word are Spanish carpintero, Italian carpentiero. Replaced Old English treowwyrhta, literally "tree-wright." German Zimmermann "carpenter" is from Old High German zimbarman, from zimbar "wood for building, timber," cognate with Old Norse timbr (see timber). First record of carpenter bee is from 1795. A carpenter's rule (1690s) is foldable, suitable for carrying in the pocket.
carpentry (n.) Look up carpentry at Dictionary.com
late 14c., carpentrie, from Old French carpenterie, charpenterie "carpentry" (Modern French charpenterie), from Latin carpentaria (fabrica) "carriage-maker's (workshop);" see carpenter.
carper (n.) Look up carper at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "talker," agent noun from carp (v.).
carpet (n.) Look up carpet at Dictionary.com
late 13c., "coarse cloth;" mid-14c., "tablecloth, bedspread;" from Old French carpite "heavy decorated cloth, carpet," from Medieval Latin or Old Italian carpita "thick woolen cloth," probably from Latin carpere "to card, pluck," probably so called because it was made from unraveled, shreded, "plucked" fabric; from PIE *kerp- "to gather, pluck, harvest" (see harvest (n.)). Meaning shifted 15c. to floor coverings.

From 16c.-19c. as an adjective often with a tinge of contempt, when used of men (as in carpet-knight, 1570s) by association with luxury, ladies' boudoirs, and drawing rooms. On the carpet "summoned for reprimand" is 1900, U.S. colloquial (but compare carpet (v.) "call (someone) to be reprimanded," 1823, British servants' slang). To sweep or push something under the carpet in the figurative sense is first recorded 1953.
carpet (v.) Look up carpet at Dictionary.com
"to cover with a carpet," 1620s, from carpet (n.). Meaning "call to reprimand" is from 1840. Related: Carpeted; carpeting.
carpetbag (n.) Look up carpetbag at Dictionary.com
also carpet-bag, "soft-cover traveling case made of carpet fabric," 1830, from carpet (n.) + bag (n.).
carpetbagger (n.) Look up carpetbagger at Dictionary.com
also carpet-bagger, 1868, American English, scornful appellation for Northerners who went South after the fall of the CSA seeking private gain or political advancement. The name is based on the image of men arriving with all their worldly goods in a big carpetbag. Sense later extended to any opportunist from out of the area.
carpeting (n.) Look up carpeting at Dictionary.com
1758, verbal noun from carpet (v.).
carpo- (1) Look up carpo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "fruit," from Latinized form of Greek karpo-, comb. form of karpos "fruit" (see carpel).
carpo- (2) Look up carpo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "wrist," from comb. form of Latin carpus, from Greek karpos "wrist" (see carpus).
carport (n.) Look up carport at Dictionary.com
also car-port, 1939, American English, from car + port (n.1).
carpus (n.) Look up carpus at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Modern Latin carpus, from Greek karpos "wrist," from PIE *kwerp- "to turn, revolve" (see wharf).
carrack (n.) Look up carrack at Dictionary.com
merchant ship, late 14c., from Old French caraque "large, square-rigged sailing vessel," from Spanish carraca, related to Medieval Latin carraca, Italian caracca, all of uncertain origin, perhaps from Arabic qaraqir, plural of qurqur "merchant ship." The Arabic word perhaps was from Latin carricare (see charge (v.)) or Greek karkouros "boat, pinnacle."
carrefour (n.) Look up carrefour at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "place where four ways meet," from Old French carrefor (13c., quarrefour), from Latin quadrifurcus "four-forked," from quatuor "four" (from PIE root *kwetwer- "four") + furca "two-pronged fork" (a word of unknown etymology). "Formerly quite naturalized, but now treated only as French" [OED]. Englished variant carfax is from Middle English carfourkes.
carrel (n.) Look up carrel at Dictionary.com
1590s, "study in a cloister," from Medieval Latin carula "small study in a cloister," which is of unknown origin; perhaps from Latin corolla "little crown, garland," used in various senses of "ring" (for example, a c. 1330 description of Stonehenge: "þis Bretons renged about þe feld, þe karole of þe stones beheld"); extended to precincts and spaces enclosed by rails, etc. Specific sense of "private cubicle in a library" is from 1919.
carriage (n.) Look up carriage at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "act of carrying, means of conveyance; wheeled vehicles collectively," from Anglo-French and Old North French cariage "cart, carriage, action of transporting in a vehicle" (Old French charriage, Modern French charriage), from carier "to carry," from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrus "two-wheeled wagon" (see carry (v.)).

Meaning "individual wheeled vehicle" is c. 1400; specific sense of "horse-drawn, wheeled vehicle for hauling people" first attested 1706; extended to railway cars by 1830. Meaning "way of carrying one's body" is 1590s. Carriage-house attested from 1761.
carrier (n.) Look up carrier at Dictionary.com
late 14c., agent noun from carry (v.). Meaning "person or animal that carries and disseminates infection without suffering obvious disease" is from 1899; genetic sense is 1933. As a short form of aircraft carrier it dates from 1917. Carrier pigeon is from 1640s.
carrion (n.) Look up carrion at Dictionary.com
early 13c., carione, from Anglo-French carogne (Old North French caroigne; Old French charogne, 12c., "carrion, corpse," Modern French charogne), from Vulgar Latin *caronia "carcass" (source of Italian carogna, Spanish carroña "carrion"), from Latin caro "meat, flesh," originally "a piece of flesh," from PIE root *sker- (1) "to cut."
carrot (n.) Look up carrot at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Middle French carrotte, from Latin carota, from Greek karoton "carrot," probably from PIE *kre-, from root *ker- (1) "horn; head," and so called for its horn-like shape.

Originally white-rooted and a medicinal plant to the ancients, who used it as an aphrodisiac and to prevent poisoning. Not entirely distinguished from parsnips in ancient times. Reintroduced in Europe by Arabs c. 1100. The orange carrot, which existed perhaps as early as 6c., probably began as a mutation of the Asian purple carrot and was cultivated into the modern edible plant 16c.-17c. in the Netherlands. Thus the word is used as a color name but not before 1670s in English, originally of red hair.
carroty (adj.) Look up carroty at Dictionary.com
1690s, "red-haired," from carrot (n.) + -y (2).
carrousel (n.) Look up carrousel at Dictionary.com
variant of carousel.
carry (n.) Look up carry at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, "vehicle for carrying," from carry (v.). U.S. football sense attested by 1949.
carry (v.) Look up carry at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from Anglo-French carier "to transport in a vehicle" or Old North French carrier "to cart, carry" (Modern French charrier), from Gallo-Roman *carrizare, from Late Latin carricare, from Latin carrum originally "two-wheeled Celtic war chariot," from Gaulish (Celtic) karros, from PIE *krsos, from root *kers- "to run."

Meaning "take by force" is from 1580s. Sense of "gain victory in an election" is from 1610s. Of sound, "to be heard at a distance" by 1896. Carrying capacity is attested from 1836. Carry on "continue to advance" is from 1640s; carryings-on "questionable doings" is from 1660s. Carry-castle (1590s) was an old descriptive term for an elephant.
carry-all (n.) Look up carry-all at Dictionary.com
1714 as a type of carriage; in the baggage sense from 1884; from carry (v.) + all (n.).
carry-out (adj.) Look up carry-out at Dictionary.com
1935, from the verbal phrase, from carry (v.) + out (adv.).
carsick (adj.) Look up carsick at Dictionary.com
also car-sick, 1908, on model of seasick, from car (n.) + sick (adj.). Related: Carsickness.
cart (n.) Look up cart at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, from Old Norse kartr or a similar Scandinavian source, akin to and replacing Old English cræt "cart, wagon, chariot," perhaps originally "body of a cart made of wickerwork, hamper" and related to Middle Dutch cratte "woven mat, hamper," Dutch krat "basket," Old English cradol (see cradle (n.)). To put the cart before the horse in a figurative sense is from 1510s in those words; the image in other words dates to mid-14c.
cart (v.) Look up cart at Dictionary.com
"to carry in a cart," late 14c., from cart (n.). Related: Carted; carting.
cart-way (n.) Look up cart-way at Dictionary.com
also cart-way, mid-14c., from cart (n.) + way (n.).
cartage (n.) Look up cartage at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from cart + -age.
carte blanche (n.) Look up carte blanche at Dictionary.com
1707, blank paper, French, literally "white paper" (see card (n.) + blank (adj.)); figurative sense of "full discretionary power" is from 1766.