correct (adj.) Look up correct at Dictionary.com
1670s, from French correct "right, proper," from Latin correctus, past participle of corrigere "to put straight; to reform" (see correct (v.)). Related: Correctly; correctness.
correct (v.) Look up correct at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "to set right, rectify" (a fault or error), from Latin correctus, past participle of corrigere "to put straight, reduce to order, set right;" in transferred use, "to reform, amend," especially of speech or writing, from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + regere "to lead straight, rule" (from PIE root *reg- "move in a straight line," with derivatives meaning "to direct in a straight line," thus "to lead, rule"). Originally of persons; with reference to writing, etc., attested from late 14c. Related: Corrected; correcting.
correction (n.) Look up correction at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "action of correcting," from Old French correccion (13c.) "correction, amendment; punishment, rebuke," from Latin correctionem (nominative correctio), noun of action from past participle stem of corrigere "to put straight; to reform" (see correct (v.)). Meaning "chastisement" is from late 14c. Meaning "an instance of correction" is from 1520s. House of correction was in a royal statute from 1575.
corrective Look up corrective at Dictionary.com
16c., adjective and noun, from French correctif, from Latin correct-, past participle stem of corrigere "to put straight; to reform" (see correct (v.)).
correlate (v.) Look up correlate at Dictionary.com
1742, back-formation from correlation, or else a verbal use of the noun. Related: Correlated; correlating; correlative.
correlate (n.) Look up correlate at Dictionary.com
1640s, perhaps a back-formation from correlation.
correlation (n.) Look up correlation at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Middle French corrélation, from cor- "together" (see com-) + relation (see relation).
correspond (v.) Look up correspond at Dictionary.com
1520s, "to be in agreement, to be in harmony with," from Middle French correspondre (14c.) or directly from Medieval Latin correspondere, from assimilated form of com "together, with (each other)" (see com-) + respondere "to answer" (see respond).

Originally in Medieval Latin of two things in mutual action, but by later Medieval Latin it could be used of one thing only. In English, sense of "to be similar" (to) is from 1640s; that of "to hold communication with" is from c. 1600; specifically "to communicate by means of letters" from 1640s (in mid-18c. it also could mean "have sex"). Related: Corresponded; corresponding.
correspondence (n.) Look up correspondence at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "harmony, agreement," from Medieval Latin correspondentia, from correspondentem (nominative correspondens), present participle of correspondere, from assimilated form of com "together, with (each other)" (see com-) + respondere "to answer" (see respond). Sense of "communication by letters" is first attested 1640s.
correspondent (n.) Look up correspondent at Dictionary.com
"one who communicates with another by letters," 1620s, from correspondent (adj.). The newspaper sense is from 1711.
THE life of a newspaper correspondent, as may naturally be supposed, is one of alternate cloud and sunshine--one day basking in an Andalusian balcony, playing a rubber at the club on the off-nights of the Opera, being very musical when the handsome Prima Donna sings, and very light fantastic toeish when the lively Prima Ballerina dances; another day roughing it over the Balkan, amid sleet and snow, or starving at the tail of an ill-conditioned army, and receiving bullets instead of billets-doux. ["New Monthly Magazine," vol. xci, 1852, p.284]
correspondent (adj.) Look up correspondent at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "having an analogous relationship" (to), a sense taken up since 19c. by corresponding; from Medieval Latin correspondentem, present participle of correspondere (see correspond).
corresponding (adj.) Look up corresponding at Dictionary.com
1570s, past participle adjective from correspond. Not common until 19c., when it took on the adjectival function of correspondent. Related: Correspondingly (1836).
corridor (n.) Look up corridor at Dictionary.com
1590s, from French corridor (16c.), from Italian corridore "a gallery," literally "a runner," from correre "to run," from Latin currere "to run" (from PIE root *kers- "to run"). Originally of fortifications, meaning "long hallway" is first recorded 1814.
corrigendum (n.) Look up corrigendum at Dictionary.com
1850, from Latin corrigendum (plural corrigenda) "that which is to be corrected," neuter gerundive of corrigere "to correct" (see correct (v.)).
corrigible (adj.) Look up corrigible at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French corrigible, from Medieval Latin corrigibilis "that which can be corrected," from Latin corrigere "to put straight; to reform" (see correct (v.)). Related: Corrigibility.
corroborate (v.) Look up corroborate at Dictionary.com
1530s, "to give (legal) confirmation to," from Latin corroboratus, past participle of corroborare "to strengthen, invigorate," from assimilated form of com "with, together," here perhaps as "thoroughly" (see com-) + roborare "to make strong," from robur, robus "strength," (see robust).

Meaning "to strengthen by evidence, to confirm" is from 1706. Sometimes in early use the word also has its literal Latin sense, especially of medicines. Related: Corroborated; corroborating; corroborative.
corroboration (n.) Look up corroboration at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "strengthening, support," from Late Latin corroborationem (nominative corroboratio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin corroborare "to strengthen, invigorate," from assimilated form of com "with, together," here perhaps as "thoroughly" (see com-) + roborare "to make strong," from robur, robus "strength," (see robust). Meaning "confirmation" attested by 1768.
corrode (v.) Look up corrode at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, from Old French corroder (14c.) or directly from Latin corrodere "to gnaw to bits, wear away," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + rodere "to gnaw" (possibly from an extended form of PIE root *red- "to scrape, scratch, gnaw"). Related: Corroded; corroding.
corrosion (n.) Look up corrosion at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, from Middle French corrosion or directly from Latin corrosionem (nominative corrosio), noun of action from past participle stem of corrodere "to gnaw to bits, wear away," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + rodere "to gnaw" (possibly from an extended form of PIE root *red- "to scrape, scratch, gnaw").
corrosive (adj.) Look up corrosive at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French corrosif (13c.), from corroder "to wear away" (see corrode).
corrugate (v.) Look up corrugate at Dictionary.com
1620s; implied earlier as a past participle adjective (early 15c.), from Latin corrugatus, past participle of corrugare "to wrinkle very much," from assimilated form of com, here as an intensive prefix (see com-), + rugare "to wrinkle," which is of unknown origin.
corrugated (adj.) Look up corrugated at Dictionary.com
1620s, "wrinkled" (of skin, etc.), past participle adjective from corrugate. Meaning "bent into curves or folds" (of iron, cardboard, etc., for elasticity and strength) is from 1853.
corrugation (n.) Look up corrugation at Dictionary.com
1520s, from Latin *corrugationem, noun of action from past participle stem of corrugare (see corrugate).
corrupt (v.) Look up corrupt at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "contaminate, impair the purity of," from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpere (see corrupt (adj.)). Late 14c. as "pervert the meaning of," also "putrefy." Related: Corrupted; corrupting.
corrupt (adj.) Look up corrupt at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French corropt "unhealthy, corrupt; uncouth" (of language), and directly from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpere "to destroy; spoil," figuratively "corrupt, seduce, bribe," from com-, intensive prefix (see com-), + rup-, past participle stem of rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.)). Related: Corruptly; corruptness.
corruptible (adj.) Look up corruptible at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., of material things, from Old French corroptible (14c.) or directly from Late Latin corruptibilis "liable to decay, corruptible," from past participle stem of corrumpere (see corrupt (adj.)). Of persons, from 1670s.
corruption (n.) Look up corruption at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., of material things, especially dead bodies, also of the soul, morals, etc., from Latin corruptionem (nominative corruptio), noun of action from past participle stem of corrumpere (see corrupt). Of public offices from early 15c.; of language from late 15c.
corsage (n.) Look up corsage at Dictionary.com
late 15c., "size of the body," from Old French cors "body," from Latin corpus "body" (from PIE root *kwrep- "body, form, appearance"). The meaning "body of a woman's dress, bodice" is from 1818 in fashion plates translated from French; 1843 in a clearly English context. Sense of "a bouquet worn on the bodice" is 1911, American English, apparently from French bouquet de corsage "bouquet of the bodice."
corsair (n.) Look up corsair at Dictionary.com
1540s, from Middle French corsaire (15c.), from Provençal cursar, Italian corsaro, from Medieval Latin cursarius "pirate," from Latin cursus "course, a running," from currere "to run" (from PIE root *kers- "to run"). Meaning of the Medieval Latin verb evolved from "course" to "journey" to "expedition" to an expedition specifically for plunder.
corse (n.) Look up corse at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., from Old French cors, from Latin corpus "body" (from PIE root *kwrep- "body, form, appearance"). Archaic from 16c.
corset (n.) Look up corset at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "kind of laced bodice," from Old French corset (13c.) "bodice, tunic," diminutive of cors "body," from Latin corpus "body" (from PIE root *kwrep- "body, form, appearance"). Meaning "stiff supporting and constricting undergarment" is from 1795.
cort (n.) Look up cort at Dictionary.com
obsolete form of court.
cortege (n.) Look up cortege at Dictionary.com
1640s, "train of attendants," from French cortège (16c.), from Italian corteggio "retinue," from corte "court," from Latin cohortem "enclosure," from com- "with" (see co-) + root akin to hortus "garden," from PIE *ghr-ti-, from PIE root *gher- (1) "to grasp, enclose."
cortes (n.) Look up cortes at Dictionary.com
1660s, legislative houses of Spain or Portugal, from Spanish and Portuguese plural of corte, from Latin cortem (see court (n.)).
cortex (n.) Look up cortex at Dictionary.com
1650s, "outer shell, husk," from Latin cortex "bark of a tree" (see corium). Specifically of the brain, first recorded 1741.
cortical (adj.) Look up cortical at Dictionary.com
1670s, from Modern Latin corticalis, from cortex "bark of a tree" (see cortex).
corticosteroid (n.) Look up corticosteroid at Dictionary.com
by 1945, from cortico-, word-forming element from comb. form of Latin cortex "bark of a tree" (see cortex), applied since c. 1890 to various surface structures of plants, animals, or organs + steroid. So called because they are produced in the adrenal cortex. Related: Corticosterone.
cortisol (n.) Look up cortisol at Dictionary.com
hydrocortisone, 1953, from cortisone + -ol.
cortisone (n.) Look up cortisone at Dictionary.com
1949, coined by its discoverer, Dr. Edward C. Kendall, shortening of chemical name, 17-hydroxy-11 dehydrocorticosterone, ultimately from Latin corticis (genitive of cortex; see cortex). So called because it was obtained from the "cortex" of adrenal glands; originally called Compound E (1936).
corundum (n.) Look up corundum at Dictionary.com
"very hard mineral," 1728, from Anglo-Indian, from Tamil kurundam "ruby sapphire" (Sanskrit kuruvinda), which is of unknown origin.
coruscate (v.) Look up coruscate at Dictionary.com
1705, from Latin coruscatus, past participle of coruscare "to vibrate, glitter," perhaps from PIE *(s)ker- (2) "leap, jump about" (compare scherzo), but de Vaan considers this "a long shot." Related: Coruscated; coruscating.
coruscation (n.) Look up coruscation at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Latin coruscationem (nominative coruscatio), noun of action from past participle stem of coruscare "to vibrate, glitter" (see coruscate).
corvee (n.) Look up corvee at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "day's unpaid labor due to a lord by vassals under French feudal system" (abolished 1776), from Old French corvee (12c.), from Late Latin corrogata (opera) "requested work," from fem. past participle of Latin corrogare, from assimilated form of com "with" (see com-) + rogare "to ask," apparently a figurative use of a PIE verb meaning literally "to stretch out (the hand)," from PIE *rog-, variant of the root *reg- "move in a straight line."
corvette (n.) Look up corvette at Dictionary.com
1630s, also corvet, from French corvette "small, fast frigate" (15c.), perhaps from Middle Dutch korver "pursuit ship," or Middle Low German korf meaning both a kind of boat and a basket, or from Latin corbita (navis) "slow-sailing ship of burden, grain ship" from corbis "basket" (Gamillscheg is against this). The U.S. sports car was so named September 1952, after the warship, on a suggestion by Myron Scott, employee of Campbell-Ewald, Chevrolet's advertising agency. Italian corvetta, Spanish corbeta are French loan-words.
Corydon Look up Corydon at Dictionary.com
traditional poetic name for a shepherd or rustic swain, from Latin Corydon, from Greek Korydon, name of a shepherd in Theocritus and Virgil.
coryza (n.) Look up coryza at Dictionary.com
1630s, from medical Latin, from Greek koryza "running at the nose."
cosa nostra Look up cosa nostra at Dictionary.com
1963, "the Mafia in America," from Italian, literally "this thing of ours."
cosecant (n.) Look up cosecant at Dictionary.com
1706, from co, short for complement, + secant.
cosh (n.) Look up cosh at Dictionary.com
"stout stick," 1869, of unknown origin.
cosher (n.) Look up cosher at Dictionary.com
1630s, phonetic spelling of Irish coisir "feast, entertainment."