emigrant (n.) Look up emigrant at Dictionary.com
"one who quits a country or region to settle in another," 1754, from Latin emigrantem (nominative emigrans), present participle of emigrare "move away" (see emigration). As an adjective in English from 1794.
emigrate (v.) Look up emigrate at Dictionary.com
1778, a back-formation from emigration, or else from Latin emigratus, past participle of emigrare "move away." In 19c. U.S., "to remove from one state to another state or territory." Related: Emigrated; emigrating.
emigration (n.) Look up emigration at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Late Latin emigrationem (nominative emigratio) "removal from a place," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin emigrare "move away, depart from a place," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + migrare "to move" (see migration).
emigre (n.) Look up emigre at Dictionary.com
1792, from French émigré "an emigrant," noun use of past participle of émigrer "emigrate" (18c.), from Latin emigrare "depart from a place" (see emigration). Originally used of royalist refugees from the French Revolution; extended 1920s to refugees from the Russian Revolution, then generally to political exiles.
ÉMIGRÉS Earned their livelihood by giving guitar lessons and mixing salads.
[Flaubert, "Dictionary of Received Ideas"]
Emil Look up Emil at Dictionary.com
masc. personal name, from German Emil, from French Emilé, from Latin Aemilius, name of a Roman gens, from aemulus "imitating, rivaling" (see emulation).
Emily Look up Emily at Dictionary.com
also Emilia, fem. proper name, from French Émilie, from Latin Aemilia; see Emil.
eminence (n.) Look up eminence at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, "projection, protuberance;" early 15c., "high or exalted position," from Old French eminence or directly from Latin eminentia "a distinctive feature, conspicuous part," from eminentem (nominative eminens) "standing out, projecting," figuratively, "prominent, distinctive" (see eminent).

As a title of honor (now only of cardinals) it is attested from 1650s. The original Éminence grise (French, literally "gray eminence") was François Leclerc du Trembley (1577-1638), confidential agent of Richelieu.
eminent (adj.) Look up eminent at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French éminent "prominent" (13c.) or directly from Latin eminentem (nominative eminens) "standing out, projecting, prominent, high," figuratively "distinguished, distinctive," present participle of eminere "stand out, project; be prominent, be conspicuous," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + -minere, which is related to mons "hill" (see mount (n.1)). Related: Eminently. Legal eminent domain recorded from 1738.
emir (n.) Look up emir at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Arabic amir "commander" (see admiral).
emirate (n.) Look up emirate at Dictionary.com
"rule or territory of an emir," 1847; see emir + -ate (1).
emissary (n.) Look up emissary at Dictionary.com
1620s, from French émissaire (17c.) or directly from Latin emissarius "a scout, a spy," literally "that is sent out," from emissus, past participle of emittere "send forth" (see emit).
emission (n.) Look up emission at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "something sent forth," from Middle French émission (14c.) and directly from Latin emissionem (nominative emissio) "a sending out, a projecting, hurling, letting go, releasing," noun of action from past participle stem of emittere "send out" (see emit). Meaning "a giving off or emitting" is from 1610s.
emit (v.) Look up emit at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Latin emittere "send forth," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + mittere "to send" (see mission). Related: Emitted; emitting.
Emma Look up Emma at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from German Emma, from Erma, contraction of Ermentrude or some similar name. With lower-case -e-, as British telephone and radio enunciation of M to avoid confusion with N, attested by 1891.
Emmanuel Look up Emmanuel at Dictionary.com
masc. personal name, from Greek form of Hebrew 'Immanu'el, literally "God is with us," from 'immanu "with us," from 'im "with," + first person plural pronominal suffix, + El "God."
Emmaus Look up Emmaus at Dictionary.com
Biblical town (Luke xxiv.13), from Aramaic (Semitic) hammat "hot spring."
emmer (n.) Look up emmer at Dictionary.com
species of wheat, 1908, from German Emmer, variant of Amelkorn, from amel "starch," from Latin amylum (see amyl).
emmet (n.) Look up emmet at Dictionary.com
"ant," from Old English æmete (see ant), surviving as a dialect word in parts of England; also, according to OED, in Cornwall a colloquial name for holiday tourists.
Emmy (n.) Look up Emmy at Dictionary.com
statuette awarded by the American Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, 1949, said to be an alteration of Immy, from image.
emollient (adj.) Look up emollient at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French émollient (16c.), from Latin emollientem (nominative emolliens), present participle of emollire "to make soft, soften," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + mollire "soften," from mollis "soft" (see melt (v.)). The noun is recorded from 1650s.
emolument (n.) Look up emolument at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Old French émolument "advantage, gain, benefit; income, revenue" (13c.) and directly from Latin emolumentum "profit, gain, advantage, benefit," perhaps originally "payment to a miller for grinding corn," from emolere "grind out," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + molere "to grind" (see mallet).
emote (v.) Look up emote at Dictionary.com
1909, American English, back-formation from emotion. Related: Emoted; emoting.
emoticon (n.) Look up emoticon at Dictionary.com
by 1994, apparently from emotion + icon.
emotion (n.) Look up emotion at Dictionary.com
1570s, "a (social) moving, stirring, agitation," from Middle French émotion (16c.), from Old French emouvoir "stir up" (12c.), from Latin emovere "move out, remove, agitate," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + movere "to move" (see move (v.)). Sense of "strong feeling" is first recorded 1650s; extended to any feeling by 1808.
emotional (adj.) Look up emotional at Dictionary.com
1821, "pertaining to emotion," from emotion + -al (1). Meaning "characterized by or subject to emotions" is attested by 1857. Related: Emotionally. Emotional intelligence coined by mid-1960s, popular from mid-1980s.
emotionless (adj.) Look up emotionless at Dictionary.com
1921, from emotion + -less.
emotive (adj.) Look up emotive at Dictionary.com
1735, "causing movement," from Latin emot-, past participle stem of emovere "to move out, move away" (see emotion) + -ive. Meaning "capable of emotion" is from 1881; that of "evoking emotions" is from 1923, originally in literary criticism. Related: Emotively; emotiveness.
empanada (n.) Look up empanada at Dictionary.com
1939, American English, from Spanish empanada, past participle adjective (fem.) of empanar "to roll and fry."
empanel (v.) Look up empanel at Dictionary.com
late 15c., originally of juries, from Anglo-French empaneller, Old French empaneller; see en- (1) + panel (n.).
empath (n.) Look up empath at Dictionary.com
"person with a high degree of empathic ability," by 1980, from empathic, etc. (compare psychpath/psychopathic.
empathetic (adj.) Look up empathetic at Dictionary.com
1909, from empathy on model of sympathetic and meant to be distinct from empathic. Related: Empathetically.
empathic (adj.) Look up empathic at Dictionary.com
1909 [Titchener], from empathy + -ic. Related: Empathically. Treated as a coinage of Titchener's when it appeared in psychological writing; there are dozens of uses of empathic in printed material from the late 19th century but most of these appear to be errors for emphatic.
empathise (v.) Look up empathise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of empathize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Empathised; empathising.
empathize (v.) Look up empathize at Dictionary.com
1894, from empathy + -ize. By 1919 in psychology. Related: Empathized; empathizing.
empathy (n.) Look up empathy at Dictionary.com
1908, modeled on German Einfühlung (from ein "in" + Fühlung "feeling"), which was coined 1858 by German philosopher Rudolf Lotze (1817-1881) as a translation of Greek empatheia "passion, state of emotion," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + pathos "feeling" (see pathos). A term from a theory of art appreciation that maintains appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the viewed object.
Not only do I see gravity and modesty and pride and courtesy and stateliness, but I feel or act them in the mind's muscles. This is, I suppose, a simple case of empathy, if we may coin that term as a rendering of Einfühlung; there is nothing curious or idiosyncratic about it; but it is a fact that must be mentioned. [Edward Bradford Titchener, "Lectures on the Experimental Psychology of the Thought Processes," 1909]



... there is no doubt that the facts are new and that they justify their name: the art work is a thing of "empathy" (Titchener, Ward), of "fellow feeling" (Mitchell), of "inner sympathy" (Groos), of "sympathetic projection" (Urban), of "semblance of personality" (Baldwin), all terms suggested by different writers as renderings of the German Einfühlung. ["The American Yearbook," 1911]
emperor (n.) Look up emperor at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French empereor "emperor, leader, ruler" (11c.; accusative; nominative emperere; Modern French empereur), from Latin imperiatorem (nominative imperiator) "commander, emperor," from past participle stem of imperare "to command" (see empire).

Originally a title conferred by vote of the Roman army on a successful general, later by the Senate on Julius and Augustus Caesar and adopted by their successors except Tiberius and Claudius. In the Middle Ages, applied to rulers of China, Japan, etc.; non-historical European application in English had been only to the Holy Roman Emperors (who in German documents are called kaiser), from late 13c., until in 1804 Napoleon took the title "Emperor of the French."
emphasis (n.) Look up emphasis at Dictionary.com
1570s, "intensity of expression," from Latin emphasis, from Greek emphasis "an appearing in, outward appearance;" in rhetoric, "significance, indirect meaning," from emphainein "to present, exhibit, display, let (a thing) be seen; be reflected (in a mirror), become visible," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + phainein "to show" (see phantasm). In Greek and Latin, originally a figure of expression implying more than would ordinarily be meant by the words, it developed a sense of "extra stress" given to a word or phrase in speech as a clue that it implies something more than literal meaning. In pure Latin, significatio.
emphasise (v.) Look up emphasise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of emphasize; for spelling, see -ize. Related: Emphasised; emphasising.
emphasize (v.) Look up emphasize at Dictionary.com
1765, from emphasis + -ize. Related: Emphasized; emphasizing.
emphatic (adj.) Look up emphatic at Dictionary.com
1708, from Latinized form of Greek emphatikos, variant of emphantikos, from stem of emphainein (see emphasis). Emphatical is earlier (1550s in rhetorical sense, 1570s as "strongly expressive"). Related: Emphatically (1580s).
emphysema (n.) Look up emphysema at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Modern Latin, from Greek emphysema "swelling, inflation" (of the bowels, etc.), from emphysan "to blow in, inflate; to play the flute," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + physan "to blow," from physa "breath, blast" (see pustule). Related: Emphysematous (adj.).
empire (n.) Look up empire at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from Old French empire "rule, authority, kingdom, imperial rule" (11c.), from Latin imperium "a rule, a command; authority, control, power; supreme power, sole dominion; military authority; a dominion, realm," from imperare "to command," from assimilated form of in- "in" (see in- (2)) + parare "to order, prepare" (see pare).
[P]roperly an empire is an aggregate of conquered, colonized, or confederated states, each with its own government subordinate or tributary to that of the empire as a whole. [Century Dictionary]
Not etymologically restricted to "territory ruled by an emperor," but used that way. The Empire, meaning "the British Empire," first recorded 1772 (it officially devolved into "The Commonwealth" in 1931); before that it meant the Holy Roman Empire (1670s). Empire as the name of a style (especially in reference to a style of dresses with high waistlines) is by 1869, in reference to the affected classicism prevailing in France during the reign of Napoleon I (1804-15). Second Empire is in reference to the rule of Napoleon III of France (1852-70). New York has been called the Empire State since 1834.
empiric (adj.) Look up empiric at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, empirical, from Latin empiricus (n.) "a physician guided by experience," from Greek empeirikos "experienced," from empeiria "experience; mere experience or practice without knowledge," especially in medicine, from empeiros "experienced (in a thing), proven by use," from assimilated form of en "in" (see en- (2)) + peira "trial, experiment," from PIE *per-ya-, suffixed form of root *per- (3) "to try, risk" (see peril (n.)). Originally a school of ancient physicians who based their practice on experience rather than theory. Earlier as a noun (1540s) in reference to the sect, and earliest (1520s) in a sense "quack doctor" which was in frequent use 16c.-19c.
empirical (adj.) Look up empirical at Dictionary.com
1560s, originally in medicine, "pertaining to or derived from experience or experiments," from empiric + -al (1). In a general sense of "guided by mere experience" from 1757. Related: Empirically (1640s as "by means of observation and experiment").
empiricism (n.) Look up empiricism at Dictionary.com
1650s, in the medical sense, from empiric + -ism. Later in a general sense of "reliance on direct observation rather than theory," especially an undue reliance on mere individual experience; in reference to a philosophical doctrine which regards experience as the only source of knowledge from 1796.
Were I obliged to give a short name to the attitude in question, I should call it that of radical empiricism, in spite of the fact that such brief nicknames are nowhere more misleading than in philosophy. I say 'empiricism' because it is contented to regard its most assured conclusions concerning matters of fact as hypotheses liable to modification in the course of future experience; and I say 'radical,' because it treats the doctrine of monism itself as an hypothesis, and, unlike so much of the half way empiricism that is current under the name of positivism or agnosticism or scientific naturalism, it does not dogmatically affirm monism as something with which all experience has got to square. The difference between monism and pluralism is perhaps the most pregnant of all the differences in philosophy. [William James, preface to "The Sentiment of Rationality" in "The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy," 1897]
empiricist (n.) Look up empiricist at Dictionary.com
"one who believes in philosophical empiricism," c. 1700, from empiric + -ist.
emplace (v.) Look up emplace at Dictionary.com
1832, in modern use a back-formation from emplacement. Related: Emplaced.
emplacement (n.) Look up emplacement at Dictionary.com
1742, formerly also implacement; from French emplacement "place, situation," from verb emplacer, from assimilated form of en- "in" (see en- (1)) + placer "to place" (see place (v.)). Gunnery sense attested from 1811.
emplane (v.) Look up emplane at Dictionary.com
1923, from em- (1) + plane (n.2).
emplore (v.) Look up emplore at Dictionary.com
variant of implore. Related: Emplored; emploring.