elopement (n.) Look up elopement at Dictionary.com
1540s, from elope + -ment. (The word was in Anglo-French in 14c. as alopement).
eloquence (n.) Look up eloquence at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French eloquence (12c.), from Latin eloquentia, from eloquentem (nominative eloquens) "eloquent," present participle of eloqui "speak out," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + loqui "to speak" (see locution). Earlier in same sense was eloquency (mid-14c.).
eloquent (adj.) Look up eloquent at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French eloquent, from Latin eloquentem (nominative eloquens) "speaking, having the faculty of speech; eloquent," present participle of eloqui "to speak out" (see eloquence). Related: Eloquently.
Elsa Look up Elsa at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from German diminutive of Elisabet (see Elizabeth).
else (adv.) Look up else at Dictionary.com
Old English elles "in another manner, other, otherwise, besides, different," from Proto-Germanic *aljaz (cognates: Gothic aljis "other," Old High German eli-lenti, Old English el-lende, both meaning "in a foreign land;" see also Alsace), an adverbial genitive of the neuter of PIE root *al- (1) "beyond" (cognates: Greek allos "other," Latin alius; see alias (adv.)). As a quasi-adjective, synonymous with other, from 1660s; the nuances of usage are often arbitrary.

Productive of a number of handy compounds that somehow never got traction or have been suffered to fall from use: elsehow (1660s) "somehow or other;" elsewards (adv.), 1882, "somewhere else;" Old English elsewhat (pron.) " something else, anything else;" elsewhen (adv.), early 15c., "at another time; elsewhence (c. 1600); elsewho (1540s). Among the survivors are elsewhere, elsewise. Menacing or else, with omitted but implied threat, is from 1833.
Elsevier (n.) Look up Elsevier at Dictionary.com
early 18c., Elzevir (via French Elzévir), from Dutch Elsevier, the name of a family of Dutch printers famed for the accuracy and elegance of their work; especially in reference to editions of the classics and other works published by them c. 1580-1680.
elsewhere (n.) Look up elsewhere at Dictionary.com
"in another place, in other places," c. 1400, elswher, from Old English elles hwær (see else + where). Related: Elsewhither (Old English elleshwider.
elsewise (adv.) Look up elsewise at Dictionary.com
"in a different manner, otherwise," 1540s, from else + -wise.
elucidate (v.) Look up elucidate at Dictionary.com
1560s, perhaps via Middle French élucider (15c.) or directly from Late Latin elucidatus, past participle of elucidare "make light or clear," from assimilated form of ex- "out, away" (see ex-) + lucidus "clear" (see lucid). Related: Elucidated; elucidates; elucidating.
elucidation (n.) Look up elucidation at Dictionary.com
1560s, "act of making intelligible," noun of action from elucidate. As "an explanation" from 1660s.
elude (v.) Look up elude at Dictionary.com
1530s, "delude, make a fool of," from Latin eludere "finish play, win at play; escape from or parry (a blow), make a fool of, mock, frustrate; win from at play," from assimilated form of ex- "out, away" (see ex-) + ludere "to play" (see ludicrous). Sense of "evade" is first recorded 1610s in a figurative sense, 1630s in a literal one. Related: Eluded; eludes; eluding.
elusion (n.) Look up elusion at Dictionary.com
"deception, escape by artifice or deceit," 1540s, noun of action from elude, or from Medieval Latin elusionem (nominative elusio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin eludere.
elusive (adj.) Look up elusive at Dictionary.com
1719, from Latin elus-, past participle stem of eludere "elude, frustrate" (see elude) + -ive. Related: Elusiveness.
elution (n.) Look up elution at Dictionary.com
"washing, purification," 1610s, from Late Latin elutionem (nominative elutio) "a washing out," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin eluere "to wash out, wash off, clean," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + luere "to wash" (see lave). Especially in reference to a process of obtaining sugar from molasses.
elven (adj.) Look up elven at Dictionary.com
Old English -ælfen (n.) "an elf or fairy," usually a female one (see elf). Not a pure adjective in Middle English (elvish was used), but used in phrases such as elven land (c. 1300). Apparently revived as an adjective by Tolkien (1937).
elver (n.) Look up elver at Dictionary.com
"young eel," 1640s, variant or corruption of eelfare (1530s), literally "passage of young eels up a river;" see eel + fare (n.).
Elvira Look up Elvira at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Spanish, of Germanic origin.
elvish (adj.) Look up elvish at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, aluisc, "belonging to or pertaining to the elves; supernatural," from elf + -ish. Old English used ilfig in this sense.
Elysian (adj.) Look up Elysian at Dictionary.com
1570s, "pertaining to Elysium (q.v.), the abode of the blessed after death." Hence, "exquisitely happy, full of the highest bliss."
Elysium (n.) Look up Elysium at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Latin Elysium, from Greek Elysion (pedion) "Elysian field," abode of the blessed after death, where heroes and the virtuous dwell, which is of unknown origin, perhaps from a pre-Greek language. Also used figuratively of a situation of complete happiness.
elytra (n.) Look up elytra at Dictionary.com
1774, plural of elytron "hardened wing of an insect," from Greek elytron "sheath," from elyein "to roll round," from PIE root *wel- (3) "to turn, roll," with derivatives referring to curved, enclosing objects (see volvox). Related: Elytroid.
elytro- Look up elytro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element used for "vagina" in medical terms, from Greek elytron, literally "sheath" (see elytra). Related: Elytral.
em (n.) Look up em at Dictionary.com
name of the letter M, c. 1200, from Latin; the Greek name was mu. In printing, originally the square corresponding in dimensions to the capital M of that type.
em- Look up em- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "put in or into, bring to a certain state," sometimes intensive, from French assimilation of en- "in, into" (see en- (1)) to following labial stop (-b-, -p-, and often -m-), or from the same development in later Latin in- (to im-). "This rule was not fully established in spelling before the 17th c." [OED], but it is likely the pronunciation shift was in Old French and Middle English and spelling was slow to conform. Also a living prefix in English used to form verbs from adjectives and nouns (embitter, embody). In words such as emancipate, emerge, emit, emotion the e- is a reduced form of Latin ex- (see ex-) before -m-.
emaciate (v.) Look up emaciate at Dictionary.com
1620s "cause to lose flesh" (implied in emaciating), from Latin emaciatus, past participle of emaciare "make lean, cause to waste away," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + macies "leanness," from macer "thin" (see macro-). Intransitive meaning "become lean, waste away" is from 1640s. Related: Emaciated.
emaciated (adj.) Look up emaciated at Dictionary.com
1660s, past participle adjective from emaciate.
emaciation (n.) Look up emaciation at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Latin emaciationem, noun of state from past participle stem of emaciare (see emaciate), or perhaps a native formation from emaciate.
emaculate (v.) Look up emaculate at Dictionary.com
"remove blemishes from," 1620s, from Latin emaculatus "freed from blemishes," past participle of emaculare, from assimilated form of ex- (see ex-) + maculare (see maculate (adj.)).
email (n.) Look up email at Dictionary.com
type of pottery design pattern, 1877, from French email, earlier esmail (12c.), literally "enamel" (see enamel (n.)). Also now a variant of e-mail.
emanant (n.) Look up emanant at Dictionary.com
1852, in mathematics, from Latin emanantem (nominative emanans), present participle of emanare (see emanate).
emanate (v.) Look up emanate at Dictionary.com
1680s, "to flow out," from Latin emanatus, past participle of emanare "flow out," figuratively "arise from, proceed from" (see emanation). Related: Emanated; emanating.
emanation (n.) Look up emanation at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Late Latin emanationem (nominative emanatio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin emanare "flow out, spring out of," figuratively "arise, proceed from," from assimilated form of ex- "out" (see ex-) + manare "to flow," from PIE root *ma- (3) "damp."
emancipate (v.) Look up emancipate at Dictionary.com
1620s, "set free from control," from Latin emancipatus, past participle of emancipare "put (a son) out of paternal authority, declare (someone) free, give up one's authority over," in Roman law, the freeing of a son or wife from the legal authority (patria potestas) of the pater familias, to make his or her own way in the world; from assimilated form of ex- "out, away" (see ex-) + mancipare "deliver, transfer or sell," from mancipum "ownership," from manus "hand" (see manual (adj.)) + capere "take" (see capable). Related: Emancipated; emancipating.

Not used by the Romans in reference to the freeing of slaves, the verb for this being manumittere. The English word was adopted in the jargon of the cause of religious toleration (17c.), then anti-slavery (1776). Also used in reference to women who free themselves from conventional customs (1850).
emancipated (adj.) Look up emancipated at Dictionary.com
1726, "set free," past participle adjective from emancipate (v.). Meaning "freed from custom or social restraints" is from 1850.
emancipation (n.) Look up emancipation at Dictionary.com
1630s, "a setting free," from French émancipation, from Latin emancipationem (nominative emancipatio), noun of action from past participle stem of emancipare (see emancipate). In modern use especially of the freeing of a minor from parental control. Specifically with reference to U.S. slavery from 1785 (the Emancipation Proclamation was issued July 22, 1862, effective Jan. 1, 1863). In Britain, with reference to easing of restrictions on Catholics, etc.
emancipator (n.) Look up emancipator at Dictionary.com
1782, agent noun in Latin form from emancipate. Emancipationist "one who favors emancipation" in any sense is from 1822.
emancipatory (adj.) Look up emancipatory at Dictionary.com
1650s; see emancipate + -ory.
emarginate (adj.) Look up emarginate at Dictionary.com
"having the margin or extremity notched," 1731 (implied in emarginated), from Latin emarginatus, past participle of emarginare, from assimilated form of ex- (see ex-) + margo "edge, brink, border, margin" (see margin (n.)). Related:" Emargination.
emasculate (v.) Look up emasculate at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from Latin emasculatus, past participle of emasculare "castrate," from assimilated form of ex- "out, away" (see ex-) + masculus "male, manly" (see masculine). Originally and usually in a figurative sense in English. Related: Emasculated; emasculating.
emasculation (n.) Look up emasculation at Dictionary.com
1620s, noun of action from emasculate.
embalm (v.) Look up embalm at Dictionary.com
late 14c., embaumen "to apply balm or ointment; to embalm a corpse," from Old French embaumer, earlier embausmer, "preserve (a corpse) with spices," from assimilated form of en- "in" (see en- (1)) + baume "balm" (see balm) + verbal suffix -er. The -l- inserted in English 1500s in imitation of Latin. Related: Embalmed; embalming.
embankment (n.) Look up embankment at Dictionary.com
1786, from embank "to enclose with a bank" (1570s; see em- (1) + bank (n.2)) + -ment.
embargo (n.) Look up embargo at Dictionary.com
"order forbidding ships from certain other nations from entering or leaving a nation's ports," 1590s, from Spanish embargo "seizure, arrest; embargo," noun of action from embargar "restrain, impede, arrest, embargo," from Vulgar Latin *imbarricare, from assimilated form of in- "into, upon" (see in- (2)) + *barra (see bar (n.1)). As a verb, from 1640s. Related: Embargoed.
embark (v.) Look up embark at Dictionary.com
1540s (transitive); 1570s (intransitive), from Middle French embarquer, from assimilated form of en- "in" (see en- (1)) + barque "small ship" (see bark (n.)). Related: Embarked; embarking.
embarkation (n.) Look up embarkation at Dictionary.com
1640s, from French embarcation, noun of action from embarquer (see embark) or from Spanish embarcacion.
embarras (n.) Look up embarras at Dictionary.com
"embarrassment," 1660s, from French embarras "obstacle;" see embarrass.
embarrass (v.) Look up embarrass at Dictionary.com
1670s, "perplex, throw into doubt," from French embarrasser (16c.), literally "to block," from Italian imbarrazzo, from imbarrare "to bar," from assimilated form of in- "into, upon" (see in- (2)) + Vulgar Latin *barra "bar" (see bar (n.1)).

Meaning "to hamper, hinder" is from 1680s. Meaning "make (someone) feel awkward" first recorded 1828. Original sense preserved in embarras de richesse (1751), from French (1726): the condition of having more wealth than one knows what to do with. Related: Embarrassed; embarrassing; embarrassingly.
embarrassed (adj.) Look up embarrassed at Dictionary.com
"perplexed, confused," 1680s, past participle adjective from embarrass.
embarrassment (n.) Look up embarrassment at Dictionary.com
1670s, "state of being impeded, obstructed, or entangled" (of affairs, etc.), from embarrass + -ment, or from French embarrassement, from embarrasser.

As "a mental state of unease," from 1774. Meaning "thing which embarrasses" is from 1729. Earlier words expressing much the same idea include baishment "embarrassment, confusion" (late 14c.); baishednesse (mid-15c.).
embassador (n.) Look up embassador at Dictionary.com
identified by OED 2nd ed. print as a variant of ambassador "still preferred" in the U.S., though Craigie (1940) points out this is "no longer true."