fraternal (adj.) Look up fraternal at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French fraternel and directly from Medieval Latin fraternalis, from Latin fraternus "brotherly" (see fraternity). The noun meaning "fraternal twin" is recorded by 1911.
fraternally (adv.) Look up fraternally at Dictionary.com
1610s, from fraternal + -ly (2).
fraternity (n.) Look up fraternity at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "body of men associated by common interest," from Old French fraternité (12c.), from Latin fraternitatem (nominative fraternitas) "brotherhood," from fraternus "brotherly," from frater "brother," from PIE *bhrater (see brother). Meaning "state or condition of being as brothers" is from late 15c. College Greek-letter organization sense is from 1777, first in reference to Phi Beta Kappa.
fraternization (n.) Look up fraternization at Dictionary.com
1792, "act of uniting as brothers," from French fraternization (see fraternity); of relations between occupying soldiers and occupied civilians, from mid-19c; explicitly from 1944 (see fraternize).
fraternize (v.) Look up fraternize at Dictionary.com
1610s, "to sympathize as brothers," from French fraterniser, from Medieval Latin fraternizare, from fraternus "brotherly" (see fraternity). Military sense of "cultivate friendship with enemy troops" is from 1897 (used in World War I with reference to the Christmas Truce). Used oddly by World War II armed forces to mean "have sex with women from enemy countries."
A piece of frat, Wren-language for any attractive young woman -- ex-enemy -- in occupied territory. [John Irving, "Royal Navalese," 1946]
Related: Fraternized; fraternizing.
fratricidal (adj.) Look up fratricidal at Dictionary.com
1804, from fratricide + -al (1).
fratricide (n.) Look up fratricide at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "person who kills a brother;" 1560s, "act of killing a brother," from Latin fratricida "brother-slayer," from frater "brother" (see brother) + cida "killer," or cidum "a killing," both from caedere "to kill, to cut down" (see -cide). Among several Old English words for this were broðorbana "one who kills a brother;" broðorcwealm "act of killing a brother."
frau (n.) Look up frau at Dictionary.com
"married woman," 1813, from German Frau "woman, wife," from Middle High German vrouwe "lady, mistress," from Old High German frouwa "mistress, lady" (9c.), from Proto-Germanic *frowo- "lady," fem. of *frawan "lord," from PIE root *per- (1) "beyond, forward," in extended senses "chief, first" (see per).
fraud (n.) Look up fraud at Dictionary.com
"criminal deception," early 14c., from Old French fraude "deception, fraud" (13c.), from Latin fraudem (nominative fraus) "deceit, injury." The noun meaning "impostor, humbug" is attested from 1850. Pious fraud "deception practiced for the sake of what is deemed a good purpose" is from 1560s.
fraudster (n.) Look up fraudster at Dictionary.com
1975, from fraud + -ster. Earlier words were fraudsman (1610s); frauditor (1550s).
fraudulent (adj.) Look up fraudulent at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French fraudulent, from Latin fraudulentus "cheating, deceitful," from fraus (see fraud). Related: Fraudulently.
frauendienst (n.) Look up frauendienst at Dictionary.com
"excessive chivalry toward women," from the title of a work by Ulrich von Lichtenstein (13c.), from German frauen, plural of frau + dienst "service."
fraught (v.) Look up fraught at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "laden" (of vessels), past participle of Middle English fraughten "to load (a ship) with cargo," from fraght "cargo, lading of a ship" (early 13c.), variant of freight; influenced by Middle Dutch vrachten "to load or furnish with cargo," from Proto-Germanic *fra-aihtiz (see freight (n.)). Figurative sense is first attested 1570s.
fraulein (n.) Look up fraulein at Dictionary.com
German Fräulein "unmarried woman" (Middle High German vrouwelin), diminutive of Frau "lady" (see frau).
fray (n.) Look up fray at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "feeling of alarm," shortening of affray (q.v.; see also afraid). Meaning "a brawl, a fight" is from early 15c. (but late 14c. in Anglo-Latin). Fraymaker "fighter, brawler" is an excellent word from a 1530s statute.
fray (v.) Look up fray at Dictionary.com
"wear out by rubbing," c.1400, from Middle French frayer "to rub against," from Old French froiier "rub, scrape," from Latin fricare "to rub, rub down" (see friction). Related: Frayed; fraying.
frayed (adj.) Look up frayed at Dictionary.com
"worn by rubbing," 1814, past participle adjective from fray (v.).
frazzle (v.) Look up frazzle at Dictionary.com
c.1825, "to unravel" (of clothing), from East Anglian variant of 17c. fasel "to unravel, fray" (as the end of a rope), from Middle English facelyn "to fray" (mid-15c.), from fasylle "fringe, frayed edge," diminutive of Old English fæs "fringe." Related: Frazzled, frazzling. Compare German Faser "thread, fiber, filament," Middle Dutch vese "fringe, fiber, chaff." Probably influenced in form by fray (v.). As a noun, from 1865, American English.
freak (n.) Look up freak at Dictionary.com
1560s, "sudden turn of mind," of unknown origin, perhaps related to Old English frician "to dance" (not recorded in Middle English, but the word may have survived in dialect) [OED, Barnhart], or perhaps from Middle English frek "bold, quickly," from Old English frec "greedy, gluttonous" (compare German frech "bold, impudent").

Sense of "capricious notion" (1560s) and "unusual thing, fancy" (1784) preceded that of "strange or abnormal individual" (first in freak of nature, 1847; compare Latin lusus naturæ, which was used in English from 1660s). The sense in health freak, ecology freak, etc. is attested from 1908 (originally Kodak freak, a camera buff). Freak show attested from 1887.
freak (v.) Look up freak at Dictionary.com
"change, distort," 1911, from freak (n.). Earlier, "to streak or fleck randomly" (1630s). Related: Freaked; freaking.
freak out (n.) Look up freak out at Dictionary.com
also freakout "bad psychedelic drug trip or something comparable to one," 1966 (despite an amusing coincidental appearance of the phrase dug up by the OED in "Fanny Hill" from 1749), from verbal phrase freak out, attested from 1965 in the drug sense (from 1902 in a sense "change, distort, come out of alignment"); see freak (n.). Freak (n.) "drug user" is attested from 1945.
She had had her freak out, and had pretty plentifully drowned her curiosity in a glut of pleasure .... [Cleland, "Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure," 1749]
freakish (adj.) Look up freakish at Dictionary.com
1650s, "capricious," from freak (n.) + -ish. Meaning "grotesque" is recorded from 1805. Related: Freakishly; freakishness.
freaky (adj.) Look up freaky at Dictionary.com
1824, from freak (n.) + -y (2). Psychedelic sense is from 1966.
freckle (n.) Look up freckle at Dictionary.com
late 14c., also frecken, probably from Old Norse freknur (plural) "freckles" (cognates: Icelandic frekna, Danish fregne, Swedish frägne "freckle"), from PIE *(s)preg- "to jerk, scatter" (see sprout (v.)). Related: Freckles.
freckle (v.) Look up freckle at Dictionary.com
late 14c. (implied in fracled "spotted," from freckle (n.); freckle as a verb is recorded from 1610s. Related: Freckled; freckling.
Freddie Mac Look up Freddie Mac at Dictionary.com
by 1992, vaguely from Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.
Frederick Look up Frederick at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from French Frédéric, from German Friedrich, from Old High German Fridurih, from Proto-Germanic *Frid-ric, literally "peace-rule." Not a common name in medieval England, found mostly in the eastern counties.
free (adj.) Look up free at Dictionary.com
Old English freo "free, exempt from, not in bondage," also "noble; joyful," from Proto-Germanic *frijaz (cognates: Old Frisian fri, Old Saxon and Old High German vri, German frei, Dutch vrij, Gothic freis "free"), from PIE *prijos "dear, beloved," from root *pri- "to love" (cognates: Sanskrit priyah "own, dear, beloved," priyate "loves;" Old Church Slavonic prijati "to help," prijatelji "friend;" Welsh rhydd "free").

The primary sense seems to have been "beloved, friend, to love;" which in some languages (notably Germanic and Celtic) developed also a sense of "free," perhaps from the terms "beloved" or "friend" being applied to the free members of one's clan (as opposed to slaves; compare Latin liberi, meaning both "free" and "children").

Compare Gothic frijon "to love;" Old English freod "affection, friendship," friga "love," friðu "peace;" Old Norse friðr, German Friede "peace;" Old English freo "wife;" Old Norse Frigg "wife of Odin," literally "beloved" or "loving;" Middle Low German vrien "to take to wife," Dutch vrijen, German freien "to woo."

Of nations, "not subject to foreign rule or to despotism," it is recorded from late 14c. (Free world "non-communist nations" attested from 1950.) Sense of "given without cost" is 1580s, from notion of "free of cost." Free lunch, originally offered in bars to draw in business, by 1850, American English. Free pass on railways, etc., attested by 1850. Free speech in Britain used of a privilege in Parliament since the time of Henry VIII. In U.S., as a civil right, it became a prominent phrase in the debates over the Gag Rule (1836).

Free enterprise recorded from 1890; free trade is from 1823. Free will is from early 13c. Free association in psychology is from 1899. Free love "sexual liberation" attested from 1822. Free range (adj.) is attested by 1960. Free and easy "unrestrained" is from 1690s.
free (v.) Look up free at Dictionary.com
Old English freogan "to free, liberate, manumit," also "to love, think of lovingly, honor," from freo (see free (adj.)). Compare Old Frisian fria "to make free;" Old Saxon friohan "to court, woo;" German befreien "to free," freien "to woo;" Old Norse frja "to love;" Gothic frijon "to love." Related: Freed; freeing.
free verse (n.) Look up free verse at Dictionary.com
1908; see vers libre.
free-born (adj.) Look up free-born at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from free (adj.) + born.
free-for-all (n.) Look up free-for-all at Dictionary.com
"mass brawl" (one in which all may participate), 1881.
free-hand (adv.) Look up free-hand at Dictionary.com
of drawing, from 1848; see free (adj.) + hand.
free-spirited (adj.) Look up free-spirited at Dictionary.com
also freespirited, 1670s, from free (adj.) + spirited.
free-thinker (n.) Look up free-thinker at Dictionary.com
1690s, from free (adj.) + agent noun from think (v.).
freebase Look up freebase at Dictionary.com
1980 (noun and verb), in reference to cocaine. As a chemical process, it returns a salt form of an alkaloid to its pure form. Related: Freebased; freebasing.
freebie Look up freebie at Dictionary.com
also freeby, 1942 (adj.); 1946 (n.); perhaps as early as 1900; formed "arbitrarily" [OED] from free (adj.).
freebooter (n.) Look up freebooter at Dictionary.com
1560s, loan-translation of Dutch vrijbuiter "plunderer, robber," from vrijbuiten "to rob, plunder," from vrijbuit "plunder," literally "free booty," from vrij "free" + buit "booty," from buiten "to exchange or plunder," from Middle Dutch buten, related to Middle Low German bute "exchange" (see booty). See filibuster. The back-formed verb freeboot is recorded from 1590s.
freedman (n.) Look up freedman at Dictionary.com
"manumitted slave," c.1600, from past participle of free (adj.) + man (n.). Also see freeman.
freedom (n.) Look up freedom at Dictionary.com
Old English freodom "freedom, state of free will; charter, emancipation, deliverance;" see free (adj.) + -dom. Freedom-rider recorded 1961, in reference to civil rights activists in U.S. trying to integrate bus lines.
It has been said by some physicians, that life is a forced state. The same may be said of freedom. It requires efforts, it presupposes mental and moral qualities of a high order to be generally diffused in the society where it exists. [John C. Calhoun, speech, U.S. House of Representatives, Jan. 31, 1816]



Freedom Rider Situation Cuts Into Montgomery Juke, Game Revenues [headline, "Billboard," July 24, 1961]
Freedom fighter attested by 1903 (originally with reference to Cuba).
freefall Look up freefall at Dictionary.com
also free fall, free-fall, 1919, originally of parachutists and in rocketry, from free (adj.) + fall (v.).
freehold (n.) Look up freehold at Dictionary.com
early 15c. (implied in freeholder), translating Anglo-French fraunc tenement; see free (adj.) + hold (n.). Related: Freeholder.
freelance (n.) Look up freelance at Dictionary.com
also free lance, free-lance, "medieval mercenary warrior," 1820 ("Ivanhoe"), from free (adj.) + lance (n.); apparently a coinage of Sir Walter Scott's. Figurative sense is from 1864; specifically of journalism by 1882.
freelance (v.) Look up freelance at Dictionary.com
1902, from freelance (n.). Related: Freelancer (1898); freelanced; freelancing.
freeloader (n.) Look up freeloader at Dictionary.com
also free-loader, by 1939, from free (adj.) + agent noun from load (v.). Related: Freeloading. As a verb, freeload is attested by 1967.
freely (adv.) Look up freely at Dictionary.com
Old English freolice; see free (adj.) + -ly (2).
freeman (n.) Look up freeman at Dictionary.com
Old English freoman; see free (adj.) + man (n.).
Freemason (n.) Look up Freemason at Dictionary.com
late 14c., originally a traveling guild of masons with a secret code; in the early 17c. they began accepting honorary members and teaching them the secrets and lore, which by 1717 had developed into the fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons.

The exact origin of the free- is a subject of dispute. Some [such as Klein] see a corruption of French frère "brother," from frèremaçon "brother mason;" others say it was because the masons worked on "free-standing" stones; still others see them as "free" from the control of local guilds or lords [OED].
Freemasonry (n.) Look up Freemasonry at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from freemason + -ry.
freer (n.) Look up freer at Dictionary.com
"one who sets free," c.1600, from free + -er (1).