fate (n.) Look up fate at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin fata, neuter plural of fatum "prophetic declaration, oracle, prediction," thus "that which is ordained, destiny, fate," literally "thing spoken (by the gods)," from neuter past participle of fari "to speak," from PIE *bha- (2) "speak" (see fame (n.)).

The Latin sense evolution is from "sentence of the Gods" (Greek theosphaton) to "lot, portion" (Greek moira, personified as a goddess in Homer), also "one of the three goddesses (Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos) who determined the course of a human life." The native word was wyrd (see weird).
fate (v.) Look up fate at Dictionary.com
"to preordain as if by fate; to be destined by fate," c.1600, from fate (n.). Related: Fated; fating. Earlier it meant "to destroy" (c.1400).
fateful (adj.) Look up fateful at Dictionary.com
1710s, "prophetic," from fate + -ful. Meaning "of momentous consequences" is from c.1800. Related: Fatefully.
father (n.) Look up father at Dictionary.com
Old English fæder "father, male ancestor," from Proto-Germanic *fader (cognates: Old Saxon fadar, Old Frisian feder, Dutch vader, Old Norse faðir, Old High German fater, German vater), from PIE *pəter (cognates: Sanskrit pitar-, Greek pater, Latin pater, Old Persian pita, Old Irish athir "father"), presumably from baby-speak sound like pa.

The classic example of Grimm's Law, where PIE "p-" becomes Germanic "f-." Spelling with -th- (15c.) reflects widespread phonetic shift in Middle English that turned -der to -ther in many words; spelling caught up to pronunciation in 1500s (compare burden, murder, mother, weather).
father (v.) Look up father at Dictionary.com
c.1400, from father (n.). Related: Fathered; fathering.
Father's Day Look up Father's Day at Dictionary.com
1910, begun in Spokane, Washington, U.S., but not widespread until 1943; an imitation of Mother's Day.
fatherhood (n.) Look up fatherhood at Dictionary.com
early 14c., faderhade; see father (n.) + -hood.
fatherland (n.) Look up fatherland at Dictionary.com
1620s, from father (n.) + land (n.). In modern use often a loan-translation of German Vaterland, itself a loan-translation of Latin patria (terra), literally "father's land." Late Old English/Middle English fæderland (c.1100) meant "parental land, inheritance."
fatherless (adj.) Look up fatherless at Dictionary.com
Old English fæderleas; see father (n.) + -less.
fatherly (adj.) Look up fatherly at Dictionary.com
Old English fæderlic; see from father (n.) + -ly (1).
fathom (n.) Look up fathom at Dictionary.com
Old English fæðm "length of the outstretched arm" (a measure of about six feet), also "arms, grasp," and, figuratively "power," from Proto-Germanic *fathmaz "embrace" (cognates: Old Norse faðmr "embrace, bosom," Old Saxon fathmos "the outstretched arms," Dutch vadem "a measure of six feet"), from PIE *pot(e)-mo-, from root *pete- "to spread, stretch out" (see pace (n.)). There are apparent cognates in Old Frisian fethem, German faden "thread," which OED explains by reference to "spreading out."
fathom (v.) Look up fathom at Dictionary.com
Old English fæðmian "to embrace, surround, envelop;" see fathom (n.). The meaning "take soundings" is from c.1600; its figurative sense of "get to the bottom of, understand" is 1620s. Related: Fathomed; fathoming.
fathomable (adj.) Look up fathomable at Dictionary.com
1630s, figurative; 1690s, literal; from fathom (v.) + -able.
fathomless (adj.) Look up fathomless at Dictionary.com
1630s, literal; 1640s, figurative; from fathom + -less.
fatigue (n.) Look up fatigue at Dictionary.com
1660s, "that which causes weariness," from French fatigue "weariness," from fatiguer "to tire," from Latin fatigare, originally "to cause to break down," later, "to weary, fatigue, tire out," from pre-Latin adj. *fati-agos "driving to the point of breakdown," from Old Latin *fatis (of unknown origin, related to adv. affatim "sufficiently" and to fatisci "crack, split") + root of agere "to drive" (see act (n.)). Meaning "weariness from exertion" is from 1719.
fatigue (v.) Look up fatigue at Dictionary.com
1690s, from French fatiguer (15c.), from fatigue (see fatigue (n.). Earlier in same sense was fatigate (1530s). Related: Fatigued; fatiguing.
fatigues (n.) Look up fatigues at Dictionary.com
"extra duties of a soldier," 1776, from fatigue. As a military clothing outfit, from 1836, short for fatigue dress (1833).
Fatimid Look up Fatimid at Dictionary.com
Arab dynasty that ruled 908-1171 in North Africa and sometimes Egypt and Syria, from Fatima, daughter of Muhammad by his first wife, Khadija; Fatima married Ali, and from them the dynasty claimed descent.
fatten (v.) Look up fatten at Dictionary.com
1550s, from fat + -en (1). Related: Fattened. The earlier verb was simply fat (Old English fættian "to become fat, fatten"), as in fatted calf.
fattening (adj.) Look up fattening at Dictionary.com
"that makes fat," 1690s, present participle adjective from fatten. Earlier word was fatting (1530s).
fatty (adj.) Look up fatty at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from fat + -y (2). As a name for a fat person, attested by 1797 (with -y (3)).
fatuity (n.) Look up fatuity at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Middle French fatuité (14c.), from Latin fatuitatem (nominative fatuitas) "foolishness," from fatuus "foolish, insipid," of uncertain origin.
fatuous (adj.) Look up fatuous at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Latin fatuus "foolish, insipid, silly;" of uncertain origin (Buck suggests originally "stricken" in the head). Related: Fatuously; fatuousness.
fatwa (n.) Look up fatwa at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Arabic fetwa "a decision given by a mufti," related to fata "to instruct by a legal decision." Popularized 1989 when Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran issued a ruling sentencing author Salman Rushdie to death for publishing "The Satanic Verses" (1988). It was lifted 1998.
faubourg (n.) Look up faubourg at Dictionary.com
"suburb," late 15c., from Middle French faux bourg, said by French authorities to be from Old French forsbourc (12c.) "suburbs, outskirts," literally "that which is outside the town," from fors "outside" (from Latin foris) + bourc "town," of Frankish origin (cognate with English borough), altered in Middle French by folk-etymology to faux bourg "false town" (suburbs were seen as inauthentic).
faucet (n.) Look up faucet at Dictionary.com
c.1400, from Old French fausset (14c.) "breach, spigot, stopper, peg (of a barrel)," of unknown origin; perhaps diminutive of Latin faux, fauces "upper part of the throat, pharynx, gullet." Barnhart and others suggest the Old French word is from fausser "to damage, break into," from Late Latin falsare (see false).

Spigot and faucet was the name of an old type of tap for a barrel or cask, consisting of a hollow, tapering tube, which was driven at the narrow end into a barrel, and a screw into the tube which regulated the flow of the liquid. Properly, it seems, the spigot was the tube, the faucet the screw, but the senses have merged or reversed over time. Faucet is now the common word in American English for the whole apparatus.
fault (n.) Look up fault at Dictionary.com
late 13c., faute, "deficiency," from Old French faute (12c.) "opening, gap; failure, flaw, blemish; lack, deficiency," from Vulgar Latin *fallita "a shortcoming, falling," noun use of fem. past participle, from Latin falsus "deceptive, feigned, spurious," past participle of fallere "deceive, disappoint" (see fail (v.)).

The -l- was restored 16c., probably in imitation of Latin, but was not pronounced till 18c. Sense of "physical defect" is from early 14c.; that of "moral culpability" is first recorded late 14c. Geological sense is from 1796. The use in tennis (c.1600) is closer to the etymological sense.
fault (v.) Look up fault at Dictionary.com
late 14c., Scottish, "be deficient;" see fault (n.). Meaning "find fault with" is from mid-15c. Related: Faulted; faulter; faulting.
faultless (adj.) Look up faultless at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "having no blemishes or imperfections," from fault (n.) + -less. Meaning "having no blame, culpability, or guilt" is from 1570s. Related: Faultlessly; faultlessness.
faulty (adj.) Look up faulty at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from fault (n.) + -y (2). Related: Faultiness.
faun (n.) Look up faun at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin Faunus, a word of unknown origin. A god of the countryside, worshipped especially by farmers and shepherds, equivalent of Greek Pan. Formerly men with goat horns and tails, later with goat legs, which caused them to be assimilated to satyrs, but they have diverged again lately.
The faun is now regarded rather as the type of unsophisticated & the satyr of unpurified man; the first is man still in intimate communion with Nature, the second is man still swayed by bestial passions. [Fowler]
The plural is fauni.
fauna (n.) Look up fauna at Dictionary.com
1771, collective name for animals of a certain region or time, from Late Latin Fauna, a Roman fertility goddess, wife, sister, or daughter (or some combination thereof) of Faunus (see faun).

Popularized by Linnaeus, who adopted it as a companion word to flora and used it in the title of his 1746 catalogue of the animals of Sweden, "Fauna Suecica." First used in English by naturalist Gilbert White.
faunal (adj.) Look up faunal at Dictionary.com
1877, from fauna + -al (1).
Fauntleroy Look up Fauntleroy at Dictionary.com
in various usages, from the gentle boy hero of Frances Hodgson Burnett's popular novel "Little Lord Fauntleroy" (1885). The family name is from mid-13c., literally "son of the king" (Anglo-French Le Enfant le Roy).
Faustian Look up Faustian at Dictionary.com
1876, in reference to Johann Faust (c.1485-1541), German wandering astrologer and wizard, who was reputed to have sold his soul to the Devil. Fantastic tales of his life were told as early as the late 16c., and he was the hero of dramas by Marlowe and Goethe. The Latinized form of his name, faustus, means "of favorable omen."
Fauvist (n.) Look up Fauvist at Dictionary.com
movement in painting associated with Henri Matisse, 1915, from French fauve, "wild beast" (12c., in Old French "fawn-colored horse, dark-colored thing, dull," from Frankish *falw-, from the Germanic root of fallow (adj.)). Coined by French art critic Louis Vauxcelles at Autumn Salon of 1905. It was a reaction against impressionism, featuring vivid use of colors. Related: Fauvism.
faux (adj.) Look up faux at Dictionary.com
from French faux "false" (12c., see false). Used with English words at least since 1676 (Etheredge, faux-prude). Used by itself, with French pronunciation, from 1980s to mean "fake."
faux pas (n.) Look up faux pas at Dictionary.com
1670s, French, literally "false step."
fave Look up fave at Dictionary.com
1938, slang shortening of favorite.
Favonius Look up Favonius at Dictionary.com
personification of the west wind in Roman mythology, OED says from Latin favere "to favor;" Klein says by dissimilation from *fovonius, literally "the warming wind," from fovere "to warm" (see fever). This is the source (via Old High German phonno, 10c., via Vulgar Latin contraction *faonius) of German Föhn "warm, dry wind blowing down Alpine valleys."
favor (n.) Look up favor at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "attractiveness, charm," from Old French favor (13c., Modern French faveur) "favor, approval, partiality," from Latin favorem (nominative favor) "good will, inclination, partiality, support," coined by Cicero from stem of favere "to show kindness to," from PIE *ghow-e- "to honor, revere, worship." Meaning "act of kindness" is from late 14c. Meaning "thing given as a mark of favor" is from 1580s. Phrase in favor of recorded from 1560s.
favor (v.) Look up favor at Dictionary.com
"to regard with favor, indulge, treat with partiality," mid-14c., from Old French favorer, from favor (see favor (n.)). Related: Favored; favoring.
favorable (adj.) Look up favorable at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French favorable "well-disposed, favorable, partial," from Latin favorabilis "favored, in favor," from favor (see favor (n.)). Related: Favorably.
favorite (n.) Look up favorite at Dictionary.com
1580s, from Middle French favorit, perhaps via Italian favorito, past participle of favorire, from favore, from Latin favorem (see favor (n.)). In racing, attested from 1813. As an adjective, by 1711.
favoritism (n.) Look up favoritism at Dictionary.com
1763, from favorite + -ism.
favour Look up favour at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of favor (q.v.); for spelling, see -or. Related: Favourite; favouritism.
favourable (adj.) Look up favourable at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of favorable; for spelling, see -or. Related: Favourably.
favous (adj.) Look up favous at Dictionary.com
"resembling a honeycomb," 1670s, from Latin favus "honeycomb."
fawn (n.) Look up fawn at Dictionary.com
"young deer," mid-14c., from Anglo-French (late 13c.), Old French faon, feon "young animal" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *fetonem (nominative *feto), from Latin fetus "an offspring" (see fetus). Still used of the young of any animal in King James I's private translation of the Psalms, but mainly of deer from 15c. Color use is 1881.
fawn (v.) Look up fawn at Dictionary.com
Old English fægnian "rejoice, be glad, exult," from fægen "glad" (see fain); used in Middle English to refer to expressions of delight, especially a dog wagging its tail (early 13c.), hence "court favor, grovel, act slavishly" (early 14c.). Related: Fawned; fawning.