godforsaken (adj.) Look up godforsaken at Dictionary.com
1816, from God + forsaken.
Godfrey Look up Godfrey at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Old French Godefrei (Modern French Godefroi), from Old High German Godafrid (German Gottfried), literally "the peace of God," from Old High German got "God" (see god) + fridu "peace" (see Frederick). In early 20c., the name sometimes was used as a slang euphemism for "God."
godhead (n.) Look up godhead at Dictionary.com
c.1200, from god + Middle English -hede (see -head). Along with maidenhead, this is the sole survival of this form of the suffix. Old English had godhad "divine nature."
Godiva Look up Godiva at Dictionary.com
died 1067, Lady of Coventry and wife of Leofric, Earl of Mercia. Her legend is first recorded 100 years after her death, by Roger of Wendover. "Peeping Tom" aspect added by 1659. The name is a typical Anglo-Saxon compound, apparently *God-gifu "good gift."
godless (adj.) Look up godless at Dictionary.com
1520s, from god + -less. Related: Godlessness. Phrase godless communism attested by 1851.
godlike (adj.) Look up godlike at Dictionary.com
1510s, from god + -like (adj.).
godliness (n.) Look up godliness at Dictionary.com
1530s, from godly + -ness.
godly (adj.) Look up godly at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from god + -ly (1).
godmother (n.) Look up godmother at Dictionary.com
woman who sponsors one at baptism, late 13c., from god + mother (n.1); modifying or replacing Old English godmodor.
godsend (n.) Look up godsend at Dictionary.com
1814, "a shipwreck" (from the perspective of people living along the coast), from Middle English Godes sonde (c.1200) "God's messenger; what God sends, gift from God, happening caused by God," from god + Middle English sonde "that which is sent, message," from Old English sand, from sendan (see send (v.)). Sense of "happy chance" is from 1831.
godson (n.) Look up godson at Dictionary.com
"male child one sponsors at baptism," c.1200, from God + son.
godspeed Look up godspeed at Dictionary.com
also God speed, early 14c., "quickly, speedily" (late 13c. as a surname), from god + speed (v.). As a parting salutation, from mid-15c.
goer (n.) Look up goer at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "one who goes on foot, a walker," agent noun of go. From mid-13c. as a surname. Of a horse, especially of one that goes fast (1690s); hence transferred use, of persons, "one who lives loosely" (c.1810).
goes Look up goes at Dictionary.com
third person singular of go, Old English gaæs (Northumbrian), displacing alternative goeth (Old English gaeþ) except in archaic and liturgical use.
gofer (n.) Look up gofer at Dictionary.com
"errand-runner," 1956, American English coinage from go for (coffee, spare parts, etc.), with a pun on gopher.
goggle (v.) Look up goggle at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Middle English gogelen "to roll (the eyes) about" (late 14c.), influenced by Middle English gogel-eyed "squint-eyed, one-eyed" (late 14c.), of uncertain origin, perhaps somehow imitative. As a surname (Robert le Gogel) attested from c.1300. Related: Goggled; goggling. As a noun, 1650s, "goggling look;" earlier "person who goggles" (1610s).
goggle-eyed (adj.) Look up goggle-eyed at Dictionary.com
late 14c.; see goggle (v.).
goggles (n.) Look up goggles at Dictionary.com
"spectacles, protective eyeglasses," 1715; see goggle.
Goidelic (adj.) Look up Goidelic at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to the branch of Celtic languages that includes Irish, Gaelic, and Manx," 1882, coined by Sir John Rhys (and first used in his "Celtic Britain"), from Old Irish Goidel "Gael" (see Gael).
going (n.) Look up going at Dictionary.com
verbal noun from go (v.), c.1300. Going to "be about to" is from late 15c. To go while the going is good is from 1916. Goings-on attested from 1775; going over is 1872 as "scolding," 1919 as "inspection."
goiter (n.) Look up goiter at Dictionary.com
1620s, from French goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from Old Provençal goitron "throat, gullet," from Vulgar Latin *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from Latin guttur "throat" (see guttural).
goitre (n.) Look up goitre at Dictionary.com
alternative spelling of goiter.
gold (n.) Look up gold at Dictionary.com
Old English gold, from Proto-Germanic *gulth- (cognates: Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Old High German gold, German Gold, Middle Dutch gout, Dutch goud, Old Norse gull, Danish guld, Gothic gulþ), from PIE root *ghel- (2) "to shine," with derivatives referring to bright materials and gold (compare Old Church Slavonic zlato, Russian zoloto, Sanskrit hiranyam, Old Persian daraniya-, Avestan zaranya- "gold;" see glass).

As an adjective from c.1200. In reference to the color of the metal, it is recorded from c.1400. Gold rush is attested from 1859, originally in an Australian context. Gold medal as first prize in a contest is from 1908.
gold digger (n.) Look up gold digger at Dictionary.com
also gold-digger, "woman who pursues men for their money," first recorded 1915. Literal sense attested from 1830.
gold-mine (n.) Look up gold-mine at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from gold + mine (n.). Figurative use by 1882.
goldbrick (n.) Look up goldbrick at Dictionary.com
"shirker," 1914, World War I armed forces slang, from earlier verb meaning "to swindle, cheat" (1902) from the old con game of selling spurious "gold" bricks (attested by 1882).
golden (adj.) Look up golden at Dictionary.com
c.1300, "made of gold," from gold + -en (2); replacing Middle English gilden, from Old English gyldan. Gold is one of the few Modern English nouns that form adjectives meaning "made of ______" by adding -en (as in wooden, leaden, waxen, olden); Old English also had silfren "made of silver," stænen "made of stone."

As a color from late 14c. Figurative sense of "excellent, precious, best" is from late 14c. Golden mean "avoidance of excess" translates Latin aurea mediocritas (Horace). Golden age, period of past perfection, is from 1550s, from a concept found in Greek and Latin writers; in sense of "old age" it is from 1961. The moralistic golden rule earlier was the golden law, so called from 1670s.
Do not do unto others as you would that they should do unto you. Their tastes may not be the same. [George Bernard Shaw, 1898]
goldenrod (n.) Look up goldenrod at Dictionary.com
1560s, from golden + rod.
goldfinch (n.) Look up goldfinch at Dictionary.com
from Old English goldfinc; see gold + finch.
goldfish (n.) Look up goldfish at Dictionary.com
1690s, from gold + fish (n.); introduced into England from China, where they are native. A goldfish bowl, figurative of a situation of no privacy, was in use by 1935.
Goldilocks Look up Goldilocks at Dictionary.com
name for a person with bright yellow hair, 1540s, from adj. form of gold + lock in the hair sense. The story of the Three Bears first was printed in Robert Southey's miscellany "The Doctor" (1837), but the central figure there was a bad-tempered old woman. Southey did not claim to have invented the story, and older versions have been traced, either involving an old woman or a "silver-haired" girl (though in at least one version it is a fox who enters the house). The identification of the girl as Goldilocks is attested only from c.1875.
goldsmith (n.) Look up goldsmith at Dictionary.com
Old English gold-smith, from gold + smith.
Goldwynism (n.) Look up Goldwynism at Dictionary.com
1937, in reference to the many malaprop remarks credited to U.S. film producer Samuel G. Goldwyn (1882-1974); the best-known, arguably, being "include me out."
golem (n.) Look up golem at Dictionary.com
"artificial man, automaton," 1897, from Hebrew golem [Psalm cxxxix:16] "shapeless mass, embryo," from galam "he wrapped up, folded."
golf (n.) Look up golf at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., Scottish gouf, usually taken as an alteration of Middle Dutch colf, colve "stick, club, bat," from Proto-Germanic *kulth- (cognates: Old Norse kolfr "clapper of a bell," German Kolben "mace, club"). The game is from 14c., the word is first mentioned (along with fut-bol) in a 1457 Scottish statute on forbidden games. Golf ball attested from 1540s. Despite what you read on the Internet, "golf" is not an acronym. Golf widow is from 1890.
Oh! who a golfer's bride would be,
Fast mated with a laddie
Who every day goes out to tee
And with him takes the caddie.

["The Golf Widow's Lament," in "Golf," Oct. 31, 1890]
golf (v.) Look up golf at Dictionary.com
c.1800, golf (n.). Related: Golfed; golfing.
golfer (n.) Look up golfer at Dictionary.com
early 15c., agent noun from golf.
Golgotha Look up Golgotha at Dictionary.com
hill near Jerusalem, via Latin and Greek, from Aramaic gulgulta, literally "(place of the) skull," cognate with Hebrew gulgoleth "skull." So called in reference to its shape (see Calvary).
Goliath Look up Goliath at Dictionary.com
Late Latin Goliath, from Hebrew Golyath, name of the Philistine giant slain by David [I Sam. xvii].
golliwog (n.) Look up golliwog at Dictionary.com
"grotesque blackface doll," 1895, coined by English children's book author and illustrator Florence K. Upton (1873-1922), perhaps from golly + polliwog.
golly Look up golly at Dictionary.com
euphemism for God, first recorded 1775, in a source that refers to it as "a sort of jolly kind of oath, or asseveration much in use among our carters, & the lowest people."
Gomorrah Look up Gomorrah at Dictionary.com
Biblical site, from Hebrew 'omer "sheaf" (of corn, etc.), probably a reference to the fertility of the region.
gonad (n.) Look up gonad at Dictionary.com
1880, from Modern Latin gonas (plural gonades), coined from Greek gone, gonos "seed, act of generation, race, family," from gignesthai "be born," related to genos "race, birth, descent" (see genus). Related: gonads.
gondola (n.) Look up gondola at Dictionary.com
1540s, from Italian (Venetian) gondola, earlier in English as goundel, from Old Italian gondula, of unknown origin; according to Barnhart, perhaps a diminutive of gonda, name of a kind of boat. Meaning "cabin of an airship" is 1896, though it was used hypothetically in 1881 in a prediction piece titled "300 Years Hence":
You step into an aerial gondola ... and are at once borne upwards.
gondolier (n.) Look up gondolier at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from French gondolier and directly from Italian gondoliere, from gondola (see gondola).
Gondwana Look up Gondwana at Dictionary.com
name of a region in north central India, from Sanskrit gondavana, from vana "forest" + Gonda, name of a Dravidian people, literally "fleshy navel, outie belly-button." The name was extended by geologists to a series of sedimentary rocks found there (1873), then to identical rocks in other places; the fossils found in this series were used by geologists to reconstruct the ancient southern supercontinent, which therefore was called Gondwanaland (1896), from German, where it was coined by German geologist Eduard Suess (1831-1914) in 1885.
gone Look up gone at Dictionary.com
past participle of go.
goner (n.) Look up goner at Dictionary.com
"something dead or about to die," 1850, from gone + -er (1). From earlier expressions such as gone goose (1830), gone coon, etc.
gonfalon Look up gonfalon at Dictionary.com
1590s, variant of Middle English gonfanon (c.1300), from Old French gonfanon "knight's pennon" (12c.), from Old High German guntfano "battle flag," from Proto-Germanic *gunthja- "war," from PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill" (see bane) + *fano "banner" (compare Gothic fana "cloth"). Cognate with Old English guþfana, Old Norse gunnfani. Change of -n- to -l- by dissimilation.
gong (n.) Look up gong at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from Malay gong, probably imitative of its sound when struck. As a verb from 1903.