grand prix Look up grand prix at
1863, French, literally "great prize," originally in English in reference to the Grand Prix de Paris, international horse race for three-year-olds, run every June at Longchamps beginning in 1863.
grandad (n.) Look up grandad at
also granddad, 1819, from grand (adj.) + dad. Grandaddy is attested from 1769; figuratively (in grandaddy of all _____) from 1956. Grand dada attested from 1690s.
grandame (n.) Look up grandame at
c.1200, "a grandmother; an old woman," from grand (adj.) + dame. Compare Anglo-French graund dame. Contracted form grannam attested from 1590s.
grandchild (n.) Look up grandchild at
1580s, graundchilde, from grand (adj.) + child. Related: Grandchildren.
granddaughter (n.) Look up granddaughter at
also grand daughter, 1610s, from grand (adj.) + daughter.
grandee (n.) Look up grandee at
1590s, from Spanish grande "nobleman of the first rank," originally an adjective, "great," from Latin grandis "big, great" (see grand (adj.)).
grandeur (n.) Look up grandeur at
c.1500, "loftiness, height," from Middle French grandeur "grandness, greatness," Old French grandor (12c.), from grand "great" (see grand (adj.)). Extended sense of "majesty, stateliness" is first recorded 1660s.
grandfather (n.) Look up grandfather at
early 15c., from grand (adj.) + father (n.), probably on analogy of French grand-père. Replaced grandsire and Old English ealdefæder. Grandfather clause originally (1899) referred to exemptions from post-Reconstruction voting restrictions (literacy, property tax) in the U.S. South for men whose forebears had had the right to vote before 1867 (thus allowing poor and illiterate whites to continue to vote). Grandfather clock is c.1880, from the popular song; they were previously known as tall case clocks or eight-day clocks.
grandfatherly (adj.) Look up grandfatherly at
1824, from grandfather + -ly (1).
grandiloquence (n.) Look up grandiloquence at
1580s, from Latin grandiloquentia, from grandiloquus "using lofty speech, bombastic," from grandis "big" (see grand (adj.)) + -loquus "speaking," from loqui "to speak" (see locution).
grandiloquent (adj.) Look up grandiloquent at
1590s, probably a back-formation from grandiloquence. Related: Grandiloquently.
grandiose (adj.) Look up grandiose at
1828 (earlier as a French word in English), from French grandiose "impressive" (18c.), from Italian grandioso, from Latin grandis "big" (see grand (adj.)). Related: Grandiosely.
grandiosity (n.) Look up grandiosity at
1814, from French grandiose (see grandiose) + -ity.
The author now and then makes a word for his own use, as complicate, for complicated; and, still less fortunately 'grandiosity' (p. 343). [review of Joseph Forsyth's "Remarks on Italy," "Edinburgh Review," January 1814]
grandly (adv.) Look up grandly at
1650s, from grand (adj.) + -ly (2).
grandma (n.) Look up grandma at
1793, childish or familiar form of grandmother (see ma). Grandmama is recorded from 1749.
grandmaster (n.) Look up grandmaster at
as a chess title, 1927, from grand (adj.) + master (n.). Earlier as a title in Freemasonry (1724) and in military orders of knighthood (1550s).
grandmother (n.) Look up grandmother at
early 15c., from grand (adj.) + mother (n.1), probably on analogy of French grand-mère. Replaced earlier grandame (c.1200) and Old English ealdemodor.
grandmotherly (adj.) Look up grandmotherly at
1842, from grandmother + -ly (1).
grandness (n.) Look up grandness at
1722, from grand (adj.) + -ness.
grandpa (n.) Look up grandpa at
1814, childish or familiar form of grandfather (see pa). Grandpappa is recorded from 1753, grandpop from 1860, grandpappy from 1853.
grandparent (n.) Look up grandparent at
1802, from grand (adj.) + parent (n.). Related: Grandparents.
grandsire (n.) Look up grandsire at
late 13c., from Anglo-French graunt sire; see grand (adj.) + sire (n.).
grandson (n.) Look up grandson at
1580s, from grand + son.
grandstand (n.) Look up grandstand at
"main seating for spectators at an outdoor event," 1834, from grand (adj.)+ stand. The verb meaning "to show off" is student slang from 1895, from grandstand player, attested in baseball slang from 1888.
It's little things of this sort which makes the 'grand stand player.' They make impossible catches, and when they get the ball they roll all over the field. [M.J. Kelly, "Play Ball," 1888]
Compare British gallery hit (1882) "showy play by a batsman in cricket, 'intended to gain applause from uncritical spectators'" [OED]. Related: grandstanding.
grange (n.) Look up grange at
"small farm," mid-15c.; mid-13c. in place names (and compare granger), from Anglo-French graunge, Old French grange "barn, granary; farmstead, farm house" (12c.), from Medieval Latin or Vulgar Latin granica "barn or shed for keeping grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). Sense evolved to "outlying farm" (late 14c.), then "country house" (1550s). Meaning "local lodge of the Patrons of Husbandry" (a U.S. farmers' cooperative and agricultural interest promotion organization) is from 1867.
granger (n.) Look up granger at
"farm steward, man in charge of a grange," late 12c., also as a surname, from Old French grangier, from grange (see grange). From 1873, American English in reference to members of the Patrons of Husbandry farmers' association.
granite (n.) Look up granite at
1640s, from French granit(e) (17c.) or directly from Italian granito "granite," originally "grained," past participle of granire "granulate, make grainy," from grano "grain," from Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)). In reference to the appearance of the rock. Used figuratively for "hardness" (of the heart, head, etc.) from 1839. New Hampshire, U.S., has been the Granite State since at least 1825.
granitic (adj.) Look up granitic at
1794, from granite + -ic.
granny (n.) Look up granny at
1660s, according to OED, most likely a diminutive and contraction of grannam, shortened form of grandame, rather than from grandmother. The sailor's granny knot (by 1803), originally granny's knot, readily jammed and insecure, so called because "it is the natural knot tied by women or landsmen" [Smyth, "Sailor's Word-Book," 1867]. Granny Smith apples (1895) named for Maria Ann Smith (d.1870) of Australia, who originated them.
granola (n.) Look up granola at
1970, American English, probably from Italian grano "grain," or from granular, with commercial suffix -ola. Earlier, with a capital G-, it was a proprietary name (reg. 1886 by W.K. Kellogg, in use into early 20c.) for a kind of breakfast cereal.
grant (n.) Look up grant at
c.1200, "allowance, consent, permission," from Anglo-French graunter, from Old French granter, collateral variant of creanter "to promise, guarantee, confirm, authorize," from Latin credentem (nominative credens), present participle of credere "to believe, to trust" (see credo).
grant (v.) Look up grant at
early 13c., "to allow, consent, permit," from Old French granter (see grant (n.)). Meaning "admit, acknowledge" is from c.1300; hence to take (something) for granted (1610s). Related: Granted; granting.
grantee (n.) Look up grantee at
late 15c., from grant (n.) + -ee.
grantor (n.) Look up grantor at
1620s, from Anglo-French grantor, agent noun from granter (see grant). Native form granter (n.) is attested from c.1400.
granular (adj.) Look up granular at
1794, from Late Latin granulum "granule," diminutive of Latin granum "grain, seed" (see corn (n.1)) + -ar. Replaced granulous (late 14c.). Related: Granularity.
granulate (v.) Look up granulate at
1660s, back-formation from granulation. Related: Granulated; granulating.
granulation (n.) Look up granulation at
1610s, from Late Latin granulum (see granular) + -ation.
granule (n.) Look up granule at
1650s, from French granule or directly from Late Latin granulum "small grain," diminutive of Latin granum "grain" (see corn (n.1)).
granuloma (n.) Look up granuloma at
from Latin granulum (see granular) + -oma, on model of glaucoma, etc.
granulose (n.) Look up granulose at
part of starch convertible into sugar, 1875, from Late Latin granulum "small grain," diminutive of granum "grain" (see grain) + chemical suffix -ose (2).
grape (n.) Look up grape at
mid-13c., from Old French grape "bunch of grapes, grape" (12c.), probably a back-formation from graper "steal; grasp; catch with a hook; pick (grapes)," from a Frankish or other Germanic word, from Proto-Germanic *krappon "hook" (cognates: Middle Dutch crappe, Old High German krapfo "hook;" also see cramp (n.2)). The original notion perhaps was "vine hook for grape-picking." The vine is not native to England. The word replaced Old English winberige "wine berry." Spanish grapa, Italian grappa also are Germanic loan-words.
grapefruit (n.) Look up grapefruit at
1814, from grape + fruit. So called because it grows in clusters. The fruit itself was known since 1693 (in Hans Sloane's catalogue of Jamaican plants); presumably it originated in Jamaica from chance hybrids between other cultivated citrus. It was known by various names before the current one emerged. An ornamental plant chiefly at first, not much eaten until late 19c.
grapeshot (n.) Look up grapeshot at
also grape-shot, 1747, from grape + shot (n.). So called for its appearance. Originally simply grape (1680s), a collective singular. The whiff of grapeshot was popularized in English from 1837, from Carlyle's history of the French Revolution (in which it was a chapter title).
grapevine (n.) Look up grapevine at
1736, from grape + vine. Meaning "a rumor; a secret or unconventional method of spreading information" (1863) is from the use of grapevine telegraph as "secret source of information and rumor" in the American Civil War; in reference to Southerners under northern occupation but also in reference to black communities and runaway slaves.
The false reports touching rebel movements, which incessantly circulated in Nashville, brings us to the consideration of the "grapevine telegraph"--a peculiar institution of rebel generation, devised for the duplex purpose of "firing the Southern heart," and to annoy the "Yankees." It is worthy of attention, as one of the signs of the times, expressing the spirit of lying which war engenders. But it is no more than just to say that there is often so little difference between the "grapevine" and the associated press telegraph, that they might as well be identical. ["Rosecrans' Campaign with the Fourteenth Corps," Cincinnati, 1863]
graph (n.) Look up graph at
1878, shortening of graphic formula (see graphic). The verb meaning "charted on a graph" is from 1889. Related: Graphed; graphing.
grapheme (n.) Look up grapheme at
1937, American English, from graph "letter, symbol" (see -graphy) + -eme "unit of language structure."
graphic (adj.) Look up graphic at
"vivid," 1570s (implied in graphically), from Latin graphicus "picturesque," from Greek graphikos "of or for writing, belonging to drawing, picturesque," from graphe "writing, drawing," from graphein "to write" (see -graphy). Meaning "of or pertaining to drawing" is from 1756. Related: Graphically. Graphic design is attested by 1956. Graphic equalizer is from 1969.
graphics (n.) Look up graphics at
1889, in reference to the use of diagrams, from graphic; also see -ics. Layout and typography sense attested from 1960; of computers by 1966.
graphite (n.) Look up graphite at
1796, from German Graphit "black lead," coined 1789 by German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner (1750-1817) from Greek graphein "write" (see -graphy) + mineral suffix -ite. So called because it was used in pencils. Related: Graphitic.
graphology (n.) Look up graphology at
"study of handwriting," 1882, from French graphologie, coined 1868 by Abbé Jean-Hippolyte Michon (1806-1881) from Greek graphein "to write" (see -graphy) + -ologie (see -ology). Especially, "character study based on handwriting" (1886).