griot Look up griot at Dictionary.com
1820, from French griot (17c.), of unknown origin.
grip (v.) Look up grip at Dictionary.com
Old English grippan "to grip, seize, obtain" (class I strong verb; past tense grap, past participle gripen), from West Germanic *gripjan (cognates: Old High German gripfen "to rob," Old English gripan "to seize;" see gripe). Related: Gripped; gripping. French gripper "to seize," griffe "claw" are Germanic loan-words.
grip (n.) Look up grip at Dictionary.com
fusion of Old English gripe "grasp, clutch" and gripa "handful, sheaf" (see grip (v.)). Meaning "stage hand" is from 1888, from their work shifting scenery.
gripe (v.) Look up gripe at Dictionary.com
Old English gripan "grasp at, lay hold, attack, take, seek to get hold of," from Proto-Germanic *gripan (cognates: Old Saxon gripan, Old Norse gripa, Dutch grijpen, Gothic greipan, Old High German grifan, German greifen "to seize"), from PIE root *ghreib- "to grip" (cognates: Lithuanian griebiu "to seize"). Figurative sense of "complain, grouse" is first attested 1932, probably from earlier meaning "gripping pain in the bowels" (c.1600; compare bellyache). Related: Griped; griping.
gripe (n.) Look up gripe at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from gripe (v.). Figurative sense by 1934.
grippe (n.) Look up grippe at Dictionary.com
1776, probably from French grippe "influenza," originally "seizure," verbal noun from gripper "to grasp, hook," of Frankish origin, from Proto-Germanic *gripanan (see grip (v.), gripe). Supposedly in reference to constriction of the throat felt by sufferers; the word spread through European languages after the influenza epidemic during the Russian occupation of Prussia in the Seven Years' War (c.1760), and Russian chirpu, said to be imitative of the sound of the cough, is sometimes said to be the origin or inspiration for the word.
gripping (adj.) Look up gripping at Dictionary.com
"grasping the emotions," 1896, figurative use of present participle adjective from grip (v.).
grisaille (n.) Look up grisaille at Dictionary.com
painting technique, 1848, from French grisaille (17c.), from gris "gray" (12c.), from a Germanic source (see ambergris).
Griselda Look up Griselda at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Italian, from German Grishilda, from Old High German grisja hilda, literally "gray battle-maid." The English form, Grisilde, provided Chaucer's Grizel, the name of the meek, patient wife in the Clerk's Tale, the story and the name both from Boccaccio.
grisly (adj.) Look up grisly at Dictionary.com
Old English grislic "horrible, dreadful," from root of grisan "to shudder, fear," with cognates in Old Frisian grislik "horrible," Middle Dutch grisen "to shudder," Dutch griezelen, German grausen "to shudder, fear," Old High German grisenlik "horrible;" of unknown origin; Watkins connects it with the PIE root *ghrei- "to rub," on notion of "to grate on the mind." See also gruesome, to which it probably is connected in some way.
grist (n.) Look up grist at Dictionary.com
Old English grist "action of grinding, grain to be ground," perhaps related to grindan "to grind" (see grind), though OED calls the connection "difficult." Meaning "wheat which is to be ground" is early 15c.; the figurative extension from this sense is from the same date.
gristle (n.) Look up gristle at Dictionary.com
Old English gristle "cartilage," related to grost "gristle," from a common West Germanic word (cognates: Old Frisian and Middle Low German gristel, Old High German crostila, Middle High German gruschel) of obscure origin.
gristmill (n.) Look up gristmill at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from grist (n.) + mill (n.).
grit (n.) Look up grit at Dictionary.com
Old English greot "sand, dust, earth, gravel," from Proto-Germanic *greutan "tiny particles of crushed rock" (cognates: Old Saxon griot, Old Frisian gret, Old Norse grjot "rock, stone," German Grieß "grit, sand"), from PIE *ghreu- "rub, grind" (cognates: Lithuanian grudas "corn, kernel," Old Church Slavonic gruda "clod"). Sense of "pluck, spirit" first recorded American English, 1808.
grit (v.) Look up grit at Dictionary.com
"make a grating sound," 1762, probably from grit (n.). Related: Gritted; gritting.
grits (n.) Look up grits at Dictionary.com
plural of grit "coarsely ground grain," Old English grytt (plural grytta) "coarse meal, groats, grits," from Proto-Germanic *grutja-, from the same root as grit, the two words having influenced one another in sound development.

In American English, corn-based grits and hominy (q.v.) were used interchangeably in Colonial times. Later, hominy meant whole kernels that had been skinned but not ground, but in the U.S. South, hominy meant skinned kernels that could be ground coarsely to make grits. In New Orleans, whole kernels are big hominy and ground kernels little hominy.
gritty (adj.) Look up gritty at Dictionary.com
1590s, from grit + -y (2). In sense of "unpleasant" (of literature, etc.), from 1882, in reference to the sensation of eating gritty bread. Related: Grittily; grittiness.
grizzle (adj.) Look up grizzle at Dictionary.com
"gray-colored," early 15c., from Old French grisel (see grizzled) which also meant "gray-haired old man" (a noun sense recorded in Middle English from mid-14c.). The verb, “to make gray,” is attested from 1740.
grizzled (adj.) Look up grizzled at Dictionary.com
"gray in color," early 14c. (in surname Grissel), a past participle adjective from grizzle, or from Old French grisel "gray," diminutive of gris "gray," from a Frankish or other Germanic source (such as Old High German gris "gray;" see gray, also see ambergris). The -zz- spelling is early 15c.
grizzly (adj.) Look up grizzly at Dictionary.com
1590s, from grizzle "gray" (see grizzled) + -y (2). Grizzly bear (ursus horribilis) is first recorded 1807 but belongs rather to grisly.
groan (v.) Look up groan at Dictionary.com
Old English granian "to groan, murmur, lament," from Proto-Germanic *grain- (cognates: Old Norse grenja "to howl"), of imitative origin, or related to grin. Meaning "complain" is from early 13c., especially in Middle English phrase grutchen and gronen. Related: Groaned; groaning.
groan (n.) Look up groan at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from groan (v); earlier grane (early 14c.).
groaner (n.) Look up groaner at Dictionary.com
"one who complains," early 15c., agent noun from groan (v).
groaning (n.) Look up groaning at Dictionary.com
Old English granung, verbal noun from groan (v.). From 16c.-19c., and in dialect, also "a woman's lying in."
groat (n.) Look up groat at Dictionary.com
medieval European coin, late 14c., probably from Middle Dutch groot, elliptical use of adj. meaning "great, big" (in sense of "thick"); see great. Recognized from 13c. in various nations, in 14c. it was roughly one-eighth an ounce of silver; the English groat coined 1351-2 was worth four pence. Also see groschen.
groats (n.) Look up groats at Dictionary.com
"hulled grain coarsely ground or crushed; oatmeal," early 14c., from grot "piece, fragment," from Old English grot "particle," from same root as grit. The word also meant "excrement in pellets" (mid-15c.).
grocer (n.) Look up grocer at Dictionary.com
early 15c. (mid-13c. as a surname), "one who buys and sells in gross," from Anglo-French grosser, Old French grossier, from Medieval Latin grossarius "wholesaler," literally "dealer in quantity," from Late Latin grossus "coarse (of food), great, gross" (see gross). Sense of "a merchant selling individual items of food" is 16c.
groceries (n.) Look up groceries at Dictionary.com
see grocery.
grocery (n.) Look up grocery at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "goods sold by a grocer" (now groceries, 1630s), earlier the name of the Grocer's Hall in London (early 15c.), from Old French grosserie, from grossier (see grocer). Meaning "a grocer's shop" is 1828, American English.
GROCERY. A grocer's shop. This word is not in the English dictionaries except in the sense of grocer's ware, such as tea, sugar, spice, etc.; in which sense we also use it in the plural. [Bartlett, "Dictionary of Americanisms," 1859]
Self-service groceries were a novelty in 1913 when a Montana, U.S., firm copyrighted the word groceteria (with the ending from cafeteria used in an un-etymological sense) to name them. The term existed through the 1920s.
grody (adj.) Look up grody at Dictionary.com
variant of grotty.
grog (n.) Look up grog at Dictionary.com
alcoholic drink diluted with water, 1749, supposedly a reference to Old Grog, nickname of Edward Vernon (1684-1757), British admiral who wore a grogram (q.v.) cloak and who in August 1740 ordered his sailors' rum to be diluted. George Washington's older half-brother Lawrence served under Vernon in the Carribean and renamed the family's Hunting Creek Plantation in Virginia for him in 1740, calling it Mount Vernon.
groggy (adj.) Look up groggy at Dictionary.com
1770, "drunk," from grog + -y (2). Non-alcoholic meaning "shaky, tottering" is from 1832, originally from the fight ring. Related: Groggily; grogginess.
grogram (n.) Look up grogram at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Middle French gros grain "coarse grain or texture;" see gross + grain (n.).
groin (n.) Look up groin at Dictionary.com
1590s, earlier grine (1530s), from Middle English grynde "groin" (c.1400), originally "depression in the ground," from Old English grynde "abyss," perhaps also "depression, hollow," from Proto-Germanic *grundus (see ground). Altered 16c. by influence of loin or obsolete groin "snout." The architectural groin "edge formed by the intersection of two vaults" is from 1725.
grok (v.) Look up grok at Dictionary.com
"to understand empathically," 1961, arbitrary formation by U.S. science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein (1907-1988) in his book "Stranger in a Strange Land." In popular use 1960s; perhaps obsolete now except in internet technology circles.
grommet (n.) Look up grommet at Dictionary.com
1620s, "ring or wreath of rope," from obsolete French gromette "curb of a bridle" (Modern French gourmette), from gourmer "to curb," of uncertain origin. Extended sense of "metal eyelet" first recorded 1769.
groom (n.1) Look up groom at Dictionary.com
c.1200, grome "male child, boy;" c.1300 as "youth, young man." No known cognates in other Germanic languages. Perhaps from Old English *groma, related to growan "grow;" or from Old French grommet "servant" (compare Middle English gromet "ship's boy," early 13c.). Meaning "male servant who attends to horses" is from 1660s.
groom (n.2) Look up groom at Dictionary.com
husband-to-be at a wedding, c.1600, short for bridegroom, in which the second element is Old English guma "man."
groom (v.) Look up groom at Dictionary.com
1809, from groom (n.1) in its secondary sense of "male servant who attends to horses." Transferred sense of "to tidy (oneself) up" is from 1843; figurative sense of "to prepare a candidate" is from 1887, originally in U.S. politics. Related: Groomed; grooming.
groomsman (n.) Look up groomsman at Dictionary.com
attendant on a bridegroom at a wedding, 1690s, from groom (n.1) + man (n.).
groove (n.) Look up groove at Dictionary.com
c.1400, "cave, mine, pit" (late 13c. in place names), from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse grod "pit," or from Middle Dutch groeve "furrow, ditch," both from Proto-Germanic *grobo (cognates: Old Norse grof "brook, river bed," Old High German gruoba "ditch," Gothic groba "pit, cave," Old English græf "ditch"), related to grave (n.). Sense of "long, narrow channel or furrow" is 1650s. Meaning "spiral cut in a phonograph record" is from 1902. Figurative sense of "routine" is from 1842, often deprecatory at first, "a rut."
groove (v.) Look up groove at Dictionary.com
1680s, "make a groove," from groove (n.). Slang sense is from late 1930s. Related: Grooved; grooving.
groovy (adj.) Look up groovy at Dictionary.com
1853 in literal sense of "pertaining to a groove," from groove (n.) + -y (2). Slang sense of "first-rate, excellent" is 1937, American English, from jazz slang phrase in the groove (1932) "performing well (without grandstanding)." As teen slang for "wonderful," it dates from c.1941; popularized 1960s, out of currency by 1980. Related: Grooviness.
grope (v.) Look up grope at Dictionary.com
Old English grapian "to feel about (as one blind or in darkness)," originally "lay hold of, seize, touch, attain," related to gripan "grasp at" (see gripe). Figurative sense is from early 14c. Indecent sense (marked as "obsolete" in OED) is from c.1200. Related: Groped; groping. The noun is Old English grap.
grosbeak (n.) Look up grosbeak at Dictionary.com
1670s, partial translation of French grosbec; see gross + beak.
groschen (n.) Look up groschen at Dictionary.com
1610s, small silver coin formerly used in Germany and Austria, from German groschen, altered from Czech groš, name of a coin (about one-thirtieth of a thaler), from Medieval Latin (denarius) grossus, literally "a thick coin," from Latin grossus "thick" (see gross, and compare groat).
gross (adj.) Look up gross at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "large;" early 15c., "coarse, plain, simple," from Old French gros "big, thick, fat, tall, pregnant; coarse, rude, awkward; ominous, important; arrogant" (11c.), from Late Latin grossus "thick, coarse (of food or mind)," of obscure origin, not in classical Latin. Said to be unrelated to Latin crassus, which meant the same thing, or to German gross "large," but said by Klein to be cognate with Old Irish bres, Middle Irish bras "big." Its meaning forked in English to "glaring, flagrant, monstrous" (1580s) on the one hand and "entire, total, whole" (early 15c.) on the other. Meaning "disgusting" is first recorded 1958 in U.S. student slang, from earlier use as an intensifier of unpleasant things (gross stupidity, etc.). Earlier "coarse in behavior or manners" (1530s) and, of things, "inferior, common" (late 15c.). Gross national product first recorded 1947.
gross (n.) Look up gross at Dictionary.com
"a dozen dozen," early 15c., from Old French grosse douzaine "large dozen;" see gross (adj.). Earlier as the name of a measure of weight equal to one-eighth of a dram (early 15c.). Sense of "total profit" (opposed to net) is from 1520s.
gross (v.) Look up gross at Dictionary.com
"to earn a total of," 1884, from gross (n.). Related: Grossed; grossing.
grossly (adv.) Look up grossly at Dictionary.com
1520s, from gross + -ly (2).