gust (n.) Look up gust at
1580s, possibly a dialectal survival from Old Norse gustr "a cold blast of wind" (related to gusa "to gush, spurt") or Old High German gussa "flood," both from Proto-Germanic *gustiz, from PIE *gheus-, from root *gheu- "to pour" (see found (2)). Probably originally in English as a nautical term. As a verb, from 1813. Related: Gusted; gusting.
gustation (n.) Look up gustation at
"act of tasting," 1590s, from Latin gustationem (nominative gustatio), noun of action from past participle stem of gustare "to taste" (see gusto).
gustatory (adj.) Look up gustatory at
1680s, from Latin gustatus "sense of taste; a taste," noun use of past participle of gustare "to taste" (see gusto) + -ory.
Gustavus Look up Gustavus at
masc. proper name, Latinized form of Swedish Gustaf; first element of unknown origin, second element literally "staff."
gusto (n.) Look up gusto at
1620s, from Italian gusto "taste," from Latin gustus "a tasting," related to gustare "to taste, take a little of," from PIE root *geus- "to taste, choose" (cognates: Sanskrit jus- "enjoy, be pleased," Avestan zaosa- "pleasure," Old Persian dauš- "enjoy"), a root that forms words for "taste" in Greek and Latin, but mostly meaning "try" or "choose" in Germanic and Celtic (such as Old English cosan, cesan "to choose," Gothic kausjan "to test, to taste of," Old High German koston "try," German kosten "taste of"). The semantic development could have been in either direction. In English, guste "organ of taste, sense of taste," is mid-15c., from French.
gusty (adj.) Look up gusty at
c.1600, from gust + -y (2). Related: Gustily; gustiness.
gut (n.) Look up gut at
Old English guttas (plural) "bowels, entrails," related to geotan "to pour," from PIE *gheu- "pour" (see found (v.2)). Related to Middle Dutch gote, Dutch goot, German Gosse "gutter, drain," Middle English gote "channel, stream." Meaning "abdomen, belly" is from c.1400. Meaning "easy college course" is student slang from 1916, probably from obsolete slang sense of "feast" (the connecting notion is "something that one can eat up"). Sense of "inside contents of anything" (usually plural) is from 1570s. To hate (someone's) guts is first attested 1918. The notion of the intestines as a seat of emotions is ancient (see bowel) and probably explains expressions such as gut reaction (1963), gut feeling (by 1970), and compare guts. Gut check attested by 1976.
gut (v.) Look up gut at
"to remove the guts of" (fish, etc.), late 14c., from gut (n.); figurative use by 1680s. Related: Gutted; gutting.
gut-bucket (adj.) Look up gut-bucket at
in reference to jazz, "earthy," by 1929, supposedly originally a reference to the buckets which caught the drippings, or gutterings, from barrels. Which would connect it to gutter (v.).
gutless (adj.) Look up gutless at
"cowardly," 1900, from gut (n.) in the figurative "spirit" sense (see guts) + -less. Literal sense is from c.1600. Related: Gutlessly.
guts (n.) Look up guts at
"spirit, courage," 1893, figurative plural of gut (n.). The idea of the bowels as the seat of the spirit goes back to at least mid-14c.
gutsy (adj.) Look up gutsy at
"tough, plucky," 1936, from guts + -y (2). Earlier it meant "greedy" (1803).
gutta-percha (n.) Look up gutta-percha at
1845, from Malay getah percha, literally "the gum of percha," the name of the tree; the form of the word influenced by Latin gutta "drop." As the name of the tree itself, from 1860.
gutter (n.) Look up gutter at
late 13c., "watercourse, water drainage channel along the side of a street," from Anglo-French gotere, Old French guitere, goutiere (13c., Modern French gouttière) "gutter, spout" (of water), from goute "a drop," from Latin gutta "a drop." Meaning "furrow made by running water" is from 1580s. Meaning "trough under the eaves of a roof to carry off rainwater" is from mid-14c. Figurative sense of "low, profane" is from 1818. In printers' slang, from 1841.
gutter (v.) Look up gutter at
late 14c., "to make or run in channels," from gutter (n.). In reference to candles (1706) it is from the channel that forms on the side as the molten wax flows off. Related: Guttered; guttering.
guttersnipe (n.) Look up guttersnipe at
also gutter-snipe, 1857, from gutter (n.) + snipe (n.); originally Wall Street slang for "streetcorner broker," attested later (1869) as "street urchin," also "one who gathers rags and paper from gutters." As a name for the common snipe, it dates from 1874 but is perhaps earlier.
guttural (adj.) Look up guttural at
"pertaining to the throat," 1590s, from Middle French guttural, from Latin guttur "throat, gullet" (see bowel). The noun, in linguistics, is from 1690s.
guv Look up guv at
1890, shortening of guvner, casual British pronunciation of governor as a title of respect.
guy (n.1) Look up guy at
"rope, chain, wire," mid-14c., "leader," from Old French guie "a guide," from guier (see guide (v.)); or from a similar word in North Sea Germanic. The "rope" sense is nautical, first recorded 1620s.
guy (n.2) Look up guy at
"fellow," 1847, originally American English; earlier (1836) "grotesquely or poorly dressed person," originally (1806) "effigy of Guy Fawkes," leader of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up British king and Parliament (Nov. 5, 1605), paraded through the streets by children on the anniversary of the conspiracy. The male proper name is from French, related to Italian Guido.
Guyana Look up Guyana at
from a native word perhaps meaning "respectable."
guyot (n.) Look up guyot at
"flat-topped submarine mountain," 1946, named for Swiss geographer/geologist Arnold Guyot (1807-1884).
guzzle (v.) Look up guzzle at
1570s, probably related to Old French gosillier "to go down the gullet; to vomit, chatter, talk," from gosier (13c.) "jaws, throat, gullet." Or imitative of the sound of drinking greedily. Related: Guzzled; guzzling. As a noun from 1590s.
guzzler (n.) Look up guzzler at
1704, agent noun from guzzle (v.).
Gwen Look up Gwen at
fem. proper name, typically short for Gwendolyn.
Gwendolyn Look up Gwendolyn at
fem. proper name; the first element is Breton gwenn "white" (cognates: Welsh gwyn, Old Irish find, Gaelic fionn, Gaulish vindo- "white, shining," literally "visible"), from nasalized form of PIE root *weid- "to see, know" (see vision).
gybe (v.) Look up gybe at
alternative spelling of jibe.
gym (n.) Look up gym at
short for gymnasium, 1871, U.S. student slang.
gymkhana (n.) Look up gymkhana at
1861, Anglo-Indian, said to be from Hindustani gend-khana, literally "ball house;" altered in English by influence of gymnasium.
gymnasium (n.) Look up gymnasium at
1590s, "place of exercise," from Latin gymnasium "school for gymnastics," from Greek gymnasion "public place where athletic exercises are practiced; gymnastics school," in plural, "bodily exercises," from gymnazein "to exercise or train," literally or figuratively, literally "to train naked," from gymnos "naked" (see naked). Introduced to German 15c. as a name for "high school" (more or less paralleling a sense in Latin); in English it has remained purely athletic.
gymnast (n.) Look up gymnast at
1590s in the modern sense, a back-formation from gymnastic. Greek gymnastes was "a trainer of professional athletes."
gymnastic (adj.) Look up gymnastic at
1570s, from Latin gymnasticus, from Greek gynmastikos "fond of or skilled in bodily exercise," from gymnazein "to exercise or train" (see gymnasium).
gymnastics (n.) Look up gymnastics at
1650s, from gymnastic; also see -ics.
gymno- Look up gymno- at
before vowels gymn-, word-forming element meaning "naked, stripped, bare," from comb. form of Greek gymnos "naked, unclad; bare, mere" (see naked).
gymnosophist (n.) Look up gymnosophist at
c.1400, from Greek gymnosophistai "the naked philosophers," from gymnos "naked" (see naked) + sophistes "wise man" (see sophist). Ancient Hindu holy men whose self-denial extended to clothes; they were known to the later Greeks through the reports of Alexander the Great's soldiers.
gymnosperm (n.) Look up gymnosperm at
1830, from French gymnosperme and Modern Latin gymnospermus (17c.), literally "naked seed" (i.e., not enclosed in an ovary), from gymno- "naked" + sperma "seed" (see sprout (v.)).
gynarchy (n.) Look up gynarchy at
"government by women or a woman," 1570s, from Greek gyne "woman, wife" (see queen) + -arkhe "rule" (see archon). Gynaecocracy and gyneocracy attested from 1610s.
gyneco- Look up gyneco- at
also gynaeco-, before a vowel gynec-, word-forming element meaning "woman, female," from Latinized form of Greek gynaiko-, comb. form of gyne "woman, female" (see queen).
gynecological (adj.) Look up gynecological at
also gynaecological, 1858, from gynecology + -ical.
gynecologist (n.) Look up gynecologist at
also gynaecologist, 1851, from gynecology + -ist.
gynecology (n.) Look up gynecology at
also gynaecology, 1847, from French gynécologie, from Greek gynaik-, comb. form of gyne "woman, female," from PIE *gwen- "woman" (see queen). Second element is from French -logie "study of," from Greek (see -logy). Another word for it was gyniatrics.
gynecomastia (n.) Look up gynecomastia at
1881, from Greek gyne (see queen) + mazos "breast," variant of mastos (see masto-) + abstract noun ending -ia.
gyno- Look up gyno- at
word-forming element equivalent to gyneco-.
gyp (v.) Look up gyp at
"to cheat, swindle," 1889, American English, probably derived from the colloquial shortening of Gypsy (compare gip). Related: Gypped. As a noun, "fraudulent action, a cheat," by 1914.
Gypsophila (n.) Look up Gypsophila at
genus of the pink family, 1771, Modern Latin, from Greek gypsos "chalk, gypsum" (see gypsum) + philein "to love" (see philo-).
gypsum (n.) Look up gypsum at
substance (hydrated calcium sulphate) used in making plaster, late 14c., from Latin gypsum, from Greek gypsos "chalk," according to Klein, perhaps of Semitic origin (compare Arabic jibs, Hebrew gephes "plaster").
Gypsy (n.) Look up Gypsy at
also gipsy, c.1600, alteration of gypcian, a worn-down Middle English dialectal form of egypcien "Egyptian," from the supposed origin of these people. As an adjective, from 1620s. Compare British gippy (1889) a modern shortened colloquial form of Egyptian.

Cognate with Spanish Gitano and close in sense to Turkish and Arabic Kipti "gypsy," literally "Coptic;" but in Middle French they were Bohémien (see bohemian), and in Spanish also Flamenco "from Flanders." "The gipsies seem doomed to be associated with countries with which they have nothing to do" [Weekley]. Zingari, the Italian and German name, is of unknown origin. Romany is from the people's own language, a plural adjective form of rom "man." Gipsy was the preferred spelling in England. As an adjective from 1620s with a sense "unconventional; outdoor." The name is also in extended use applied to "a person exhibiting any of the qualities attributed to Gipsies, as darkness of complexion, trickery in trade, arts of cajolery, and, especially as applied to a young woman, playful freedom or innocent roguishness of action or manner" [Century Dictionary].
gyrate (v.) Look up gyrate at
1822 (implied in gyrated), back-formation from gyration. Related: Gyrated; gyrating.
gyration (n.) Look up gyration at
1610s, noun of action from Late Latin gyratum, past participle of gyrare, from Latin gyrus "circle" (see gyre).
gyre (n.) Look up gyre at
1560s, "a circular motion;" as a verb, "to turn round," early 15c.; from Latin gyrus "circle, circular course, round, ring," and its derived verb gyrare, from Greek gyros "circle, ring," related to gyrós "rounded," perhaps from PIE root *geu- "to bend, curve" (cognates: Armenian kor "crooked," Lithuanian gurnas "hip, ankle, bone," Norwegian kaure "a curly lock of hair").