highboy (n.) Look up highboy at Dictionary.com
also high-boy, "tall chest of drawers," 1891, American English (see tallboy); a hybrid, the second element is from French bois "wood" (see bush (n.)).
highbrow (n.) Look up highbrow at Dictionary.com
"person of superior intellect and taste," 1884, from high (adj.) + brow (n.). Compare lowbrow. The adjective also is attested from 1884.
higher Look up higher at Dictionary.com
comparative of high (adj.), Old English hierra (West Saxon), hera (Anglian). Higher education is attested by 1839.
The French distinguish l'instruction secondaire, which includes what we term a liberal education, from l'instruction supérieure, which denotes professional education; but I do not think the corresponding English phrases are used with this distinction. [William Whewell, "Of a Liberal Education in General," 1850]
Higher-up (n.) "one in a superior post" is from 1905, American English.
highest Look up highest at Dictionary.com
superlative of high (adj.), Old English hiehst, heahst, heagost. As a noun, "Supreme Being, God," in Old English. Biblical in the highest translates Latin in excelsis, Greek en hypsostois.
highfalutin' (adj.) Look up highfalutin' at Dictionary.com
also high-falutin, 1839, U.S. slang, possibly from high-flying or high-flown, or even fluting. As a noun from 1848.
highland (n.) Look up highland at Dictionary.com
Old English heohlond "mountainous country;" see high (adj.) + land (n.). Highlands "mountainous district of Scotland" first recorded early 15c.
Highlander (n.) Look up Highlander at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Highland + -er (1). Compare Dutch hooglander, German Hochländer.
highlight (n.) Look up highlight at Dictionary.com
1650s, originally of paintings, "the brightest part of a subject," from high (adj.) + light (n.). The figurative sense of "outstanding feature or characteristic" is from 1855. Hairdressing sense is 1941. Related: Highlights.
highlight (v.) Look up highlight at Dictionary.com
1861, from highlight (n.). Hairdressing sense is 1942. Related: Highlighted; highlighting.
highlighter (n.) Look up highlighter at Dictionary.com
"marking pen with transparent ink," 1963, agent noun from highlight (v.).
highly (adv.) Look up highly at Dictionary.com
Old English healice "nobly, gloriously, honorably;" see high (adj.) + -ly (1). Meaning "very, very much, fully" is mid-14c.
highness (n.) Look up highness at Dictionary.com
Old English heanes; see high (adj.) + -ness. Meaning "royalty, excellence, nobility" is early 13c.; Your Highness as a form of address to English royalty is attested from c. 1400.
hight (v.) Look up hight at Dictionary.com
"named, called" (archaic), from levelled past participle of Middle English highte, from Old English hatte "I am called" (passive of hatan "to call, name, command") merged with heht "called," active past tense of the same verb. Hatte was the only survival in Old English of the old Germanic synthetic passive tense. Proto-Germanic *hait- "to call, summon," also is the source of Old Norse heita, Dutch heten, German heißen, Gothic haitan "to call, be called, command," and is perhaps from the PIE root *keie- "to set in motion" (see cite).
highway (n.) Look up highway at Dictionary.com
Old English heahweg "main road from one town to another;" see high (adj.) in sense of "main" + way (n.). High street (Old English heahstræte) was the word before 17c. applied to highways and main roads, whether in the country or town, especially one of the Roman roads. In more recent usage, it generally is the proper name of the street of a town which is built upon a highway and was the principal street of the place. Highway robbery is from 1707; as a trivial expression for something too costly, 1886.
highwayman (n.) Look up highwayman at Dictionary.com
"one who travels the highways with intent to rob people" (often on horseback and thus contrasted to a footpad), 1640s, from highway + man (n.).
hijack (v.) Look up hijack at Dictionary.com
1922, American English, perhaps from high(way) + jacker "one who holds up" (agent noun from jack (v.)). Originally "to rob (a bootlegger, smuggler, etc.) in transit;" sense of "seize an aircraft in flight" is 1968 (also in 1961 variant skyjack), extended 1970s to any form of public transportation. Related: Hijacked; hijacking. Related: Hijacker.
hijinks (n.) Look up hijinks at Dictionary.com
also hi-jinks, high jinks, "boisterous capers, lively or boisterous sport," 1842, from name of games played at drinking parties (1690s). See jink.
hijra (n.) Look up hijra at Dictionary.com
also hijrah, the more correct form of hegira.
hike (v.) Look up hike at Dictionary.com
1809, hyke "to walk vigorously," an English dialectal word of unknown origin. A yike from 1736 answers to the sense. Not in widespread popular use until early 20c.
HIKE, v. to go away. It is generally used in a contemptuous sense. Ex. "Come, hike," i.e. take yourself off; begone. [Rev. Robert Forby, "The Vocabulary of East Anglia," London, 1830]
Sense of "pull up" (as pants) first recorded 1873 in American English, and may be a variant of hitch; extended sense of "raise" (as wages) is 1867. Related: Hiked; hiking.
hike (n.) Look up hike at Dictionary.com
1865, from hike (v.).
hiker (n.) Look up hiker at Dictionary.com
1908, agent noun from hike (v.). Earlier as a type of boat:
The "hiker" or "tuck-up" as it is more generally termed, is a craft peculiar to the Delaware River, and is to the youth residing along the banks of that stream what the racing shell is to the Torontonian .... The origin of the name "hiker" is veiled in mystery. No member of the clubs engaged in sailing these boats can give anything like a satisfactory derivation of the word. The most common explanation is that it is corrupted from the local verb "to hike," which means to run or fly swiftly. ["Harper's Young People," 1885]
hilarious (adj.) Look up hilarious at Dictionary.com
1823, "cheerful," from Latin hilaris "cheerful, lively, merry, joyful, of good cheer" (see hilarity) + -ous. Meaning "boisterously joyful" is from 1835. Related: Hilariously.
hilarity (n.) Look up hilarity at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Latin hilaritatem (nominative hilaritas) "cheerfulness, gaiety, merriment," from hilaris "cheerful, merry," from Greek hilaros "cheerful, merry, joyous," related to hilaos "graceful, kindly," and possibly from a suffixed form of the PIE root *sel- (2) "happy, of good mood" (see silly). In ancient Rome, Hilaria (neuter plural of hilaris) were a class of holidays, times of pomp and rejoicing; there were public ones in honor of Cybele at the spring equinoxes as well as private ones on the day of a marriage or a son's birth.
Hilary Look up Hilary at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Late Latin Hilarius, literally "cheerful," from Latin hilaris "cheerful" (see hilarity). The name was more popular in France than in England. The woman's name (Middle English Hillaria) seems to be this name merged with Eulalia, name of the patron saint of Barcelona, whose name is a Latinization of Greek eulalos "sweetly speaking." The Hilary sessions of British High Court and universities (1577) are from St. Hilarius, Bishop of Poitiers, obit. C.E. 368, eminent Church father and opponent of the Arians, whose feast day is Jan. 13, the Octave of the Epiphany.
Hilda Look up Hilda at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, German, literally "battle-maid," from fem. of Old High German hild "war, battle," from Proto-Germanic *hildiz "battle" (cognates: Old English (poetic) hild "war, battle," Old Saxon hild, Old High German hilt, Old Norse hildr), from PIE *keldh-, from root *kel- (1) "to strike, cut" (see holt). Hild-/-hild was a common Germanic name-forming element; compare Hildebrand, Brunhild, Matilda.
Hildebrand Look up Hildebrand at Dictionary.com
Germanic masc. proper name, Old High German Hildibrand, literally "battle-sword;" for first element see Hilda; for second element see brand (n.). The name of Gregory VII before he was pope (1073-85).
Hildegard Look up Hildegard at Dictionary.com
Germanic fem. proper name, Old High German Hildegard, literally "protecting battle-maid;" for first element see Hilda; for second element see yard (n.1).
hill (n.) Look up hill at Dictionary.com
Old English hyll "hill," from Proto-Germanic *hulni- (cognates: Middle Dutch hille, Low German hull "hill," Old Norse hallr "stone," Gothic hallus "rock," Old Norse holmr "islet in a bay," Old English holm "rising land, island"), from PIE root *kel- (4) "to rise, be elevated, be prominent; hill" (cognates: Sanskrit kutam "top, skull;" Latin collis "hill," columna "projecting object," culmen "top, summit," cellere "raise," celsus "high;" Greek kolonos "hill," kolophon "summit;" Lithuanian kalnas "mountain," kalnelis "hill," kelti "raise"). Formerly including mountains.
In Great Britain heights under 2,000 feet are generally called hills; 'mountain' being confined to the greater elevations of the Lake District, of North Wales, and of the Scottish Highlands; but, in India, ranges of 5,000 and even 10,000 feet are commonly called 'hills,' in contrast with the Himalaya Mountains, many peaks of which rise beyond 20,000 feet. [OED]



The term mountain is very loosely used. It commonly means any unusual elevation. In New England and central New York, elevations of from one to two thousand feet are called hills, but on the plains of Texas, a hill of a few hundred feet is called a mountain. [Ralph S. Tarr, "Elementary Geology," Macmillan, 1903]



Despite the differences in defining mountain systems, Penck (1896), Supan (1911) and Obst (1914) agreed that the distinction between hills, mountains, and mountain systems according to areal extent or height is not a suitable classification. ["Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology," 2004]
Figurative phrase over the hill "past one's prime" is first recorded 1950.
hill (v.) Look up hill at Dictionary.com
"cover with soil in the form of a hill, 1570s; "form into a hill," 1580s, from hill (n.). Related: Hilled; hilling.
hillbilly (n.) Look up hillbilly at Dictionary.com
"southern Appalachian person," by 1892, from hill (n.) + Billy/Billie, popular or pet form of William.
I would hate to see some old railroad man come here and take my job, and then, I don't think it is right to hire some Hill Billy and give him the same right as I just because he was hired the same time I was. ["The Railroad Trainmen's Journal," vol. IX, July 1892]



In short, a Hill-Billie is a free and untrammelled white citizen of Alabama, who lives in the hills, has no means to speak of, dresses as he can, talks as he pleases, drinks whiskey when he gets it, and fires of his revolver as the fancy takes him. ["New York Journal," April 23, 1900]
In reference to a type of U.S. folk music, first attested 1924.
Hillel Look up Hillel at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Hebrew, literally "he praised."
hillock (n.) Look up hillock at Dictionary.com
late 14c., hilloc "small hill, mound or heap of earth" (c. 1200 as a surname), from hill (n.) + Middle English diminutive suffix -oc.
hillside (n.) Look up hillside at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from hill (n.) + side (n.).
hilltop (n.) Look up hilltop at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, from hill (n.) + top (n.).
hilly (adj.) Look up hilly at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from hill (n.) + -y (2).
hilt (n.) Look up hilt at Dictionary.com
Old English hilt "hilt, handle of a sword or dagger," from Proto-Germanic *helt (cognates: Old Norse hjalt, Old High German helza "hilt," Old Saxon helta "oar handle"), of uncertain origin, possibly from PIE root *kel- (1) "to strike, cut" (see holt). Formerly also used in plural in same sense as singular. Up to the hilts "completely" is from 1670s.
hilum (n.) Look up hilum at Dictionary.com
1753 in botany, Latin, "little thing, shred, trifle," of unknown origin, said originally to have meant "the eye of a bean." Related: Hilar.
him (pron.) Look up him at Dictionary.com
Old English him, originally dative masculine and neuter of he, from Proto-Germanic *hi- (see he). Beginning 10c. it replaced hine as masculine accusative, a process completed by 15c. The dative roots of the -m ending are retained in German (ihm) and Dutch (hem). Hine persists, barely, as the southern England dialectal 'un, 'n for "him."
Himalaya Look up Himalaya at Dictionary.com
from Sanskrit himalayah, literally "abode of snow," from hima "snow," from PIE *ghi-mo-, from a possible PIE base for "winter" (see hibernation) + alayah "abode," derivative of layate "sticks, stays," from PIE root *(s)lei- "sticky" (see lime (n.1)). Related: Himalayas; Himalayan.
himself (pron.) Look up himself at Dictionary.com
Old English him selfum, from dative/accusative personal pronoun him + self, here used as an inflected adjective.
hin (pron.) Look up hin at Dictionary.com
Old English hine, accusative of he; replaced by dative him in early Middle English. Cognate with German ihn. It is said to survive somewhat in southwest English and Kentish dialect.
hincty (adj.) Look up hincty at Dictionary.com
"conceited," by 1924 in U.S. black slang. Compare obsolete Scottish hichty (c. 1500), considered an alteration of height-y.
hind (adj.) Look up hind at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "pertaining to the rear, back, posterior," perhaps a back-formation from Old English behindan "back, behind," used as adverb and preposition (see behind), or from or influenced by Old English hindan (adv.) "from behind," from Proto-Germanic *hind- "behind" (cognate with Gothic hindan (prep.) "on that side of, beyond, behind;" German hinten "behind"), of unknown origin. Possibly influenced by Middle English hiner (adv.) "back, rear."
hind (n.) Look up hind at Dictionary.com
"female deer," Old English hind, from Proto-Germanic *hinthjo (cognates: Old Norse hind, Dutch hinde, Old High German hinta, German Hindin (with added fem. suffix) "hind"). This is perhaps from PIE *kemti-, from root *kem- (1) "hornless" (cognates: Greek kemas, Lithuanian smulas "young deer, gazelle," Old Norse skammr "short, brief").
hinder (v.) Look up hinder at Dictionary.com
Old English hindrian "to harm, injure, impair, check, repress," from Proto-Germanic *hinderojan (cognates: Old Norse hindra, Old Frisian hinderia, Dutch hinderen, Old High German hintaron, German hindern "to keep back"), derivative verb from a root meaning "on that side of, behind" (see hind (adj.)); thus the ground sense is "to put or keep back," though this sense in English is recorded only from late 14c. Related: Hindered; hindering.
hinder (adj.) Look up hinder at Dictionary.com
"situated in the rear, pertaining to the rear, toward the back," late 14c., probably from an unrecorded Old English adjective from hinder (adv.) "behind, back, afterward," but treated as a comparative of hind (adj.). Related to Old High German hintar, German hinter, Gothic hindar "behind" (prep.).

Middle English had hinderhede, literally "hinder-hood; posterity in time, inferiority in rank;" and hinderling "person fallen from moral or social respectability, wretch," from an Old English term of contempt for a person devoid of honor. Also compare Scottish hinderlins "the buttocks."
hinderance (n.) Look up hinderance at Dictionary.com
early form of hindrance (q.v.).
hindermost (adj.) Look up hindermost at Dictionary.com
late 14c., hyndermest; see hinder (adj.) + -most. Middle English also had hindermore, which, as a noun, could mean "the hinder parts."
Hindi (adj.) Look up Hindi at Dictionary.com
1825, from Hind "India" (see Hindu) + -i, suffix expressing relationship. As a the name of a modern language of India, 1880.
hindmost (adj.) Look up hindmost at Dictionary.com
"furthest at the rear," late 14c., from hind (adj.) + -most.
Thra. What, if a toy take 'em i' the heels now, and they run all away, and cry, 'The devil take the hindmost'?
Dion. Then the same devil take the foremost too, and souse him for his breakfast! [Beaumont & Fletcher, "Philaster," Act V, Scene 2, 1611]