hookup (n.) Look up hookup at Dictionary.com
also hook up, "connection," 1903; modern slang verbal sense of "to meet for sex" is attested by 2003.
hooky (n.) Look up hooky at Dictionary.com
also hookey, in the truant sense, 1848, American English (New York City), from Dutch hoekje "hide and seek;" or else from hook it, attested since 14c. as "make off, run away," originally "depart, proceed."
hooligan (n.) Look up hooligan at Dictionary.com
1890s, of unknown origin, first found in British newspaper police-court reports in the summer of 1898, almost certainly from the variant form of the Irish surname Houlihan, which figured as a characteristic comic Irish name in music hall songs and newspapers of the 1880s and '90s.
As an "inventor" and adapter to general purposes of the tools used by navvies and hodmen, "Hooligan" is an Irish character who occupies week by week the front of a comic literary journal called Nuggets, one of the series of papers published by Mr. James Henderson at Red Lion House. Previous to publication in London, "Hooligan" appears, I believe, in New York in a comic weekly, and in London he is set off against "Schneider," a German, whose contrainventions and adaptations appear in the Garland (a very similar paper to Nuggets), which also comes from Mr. Henderson's office. "Hooligan" and "Schneider" have been running, I should think, for four or five years. ["Notes and Queries," Oct. 15, 1898]
Internationalized 20c. in communist rhetoric as Russian khuligan, opprobrium for "scofflaws, political dissenters, etc."
hooliganism (n.) Look up hooliganism at Dictionary.com
1898, from hooligan + -ism.
hoop (n.) Look up hoop at Dictionary.com
late 12c., probably from an unrecorded Old English *hop, from Proto-Germanic *hopa-, a Low German-Frisian word (cognates: Old Frisian hop, Middle Dutch and Dutch hoep "hoop," Old Norse hop "a small bay"). As something someone jumps through (on horseback) as a circus trick, by 1793. Figurative use of jump through hoops by 1917. The verb is from mid-15c. Hoop-petticoat is attested from 1711. As a surname, Hooper, literally "maker of hoops" is early 13c.
hoopla Look up hoopla at Dictionary.com
1877, hoop la, American English, earlier houp-la, exclamation accompanying quick movement (1870), of unknown origin, perhaps borrowed from French houp-là "upsy-daisy," also a cry to dogs, horses, etc. (see whoop).
hoopoe (n.) Look up hoopoe at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Latin upupa, imitative of its cry (compare Greek epops "hoopoe").
If anybody smears himself with the blood of this bird on his way to bed, he will have nightmares about suffocating devils. [Cambridge bestiary, 12c.]
hooray Look up hooray at Dictionary.com
see hurrah.
hoosegow (n.) Look up hoosegow at Dictionary.com
"jail," 1911, western U.S., probably from mispronunciation of Mexican Spanish juzgao "tribunal, court," from juzgar "to judge," used as a noun, from Latin judicare "to judge," which is related to judicem (see judge (v.)).
Hoosier Look up Hoosier at Dictionary.com
"native or resident of Indiana," by c.1830, American English, of unknown origin; fanciful explanations were printed in 1830s newspapers. Said to have been first printed Jan. 1, 1833, in the "Indianapolis Journal," in a poem, "The Hoosiers Nest," by John Finely, which poem was said to have been written in 1830 ["The Word Hoosier," "Indiana Historical Society Publications," vol. IV, No. 2, 1907], and to have been in oral use from late 1820s. Seemingly it originated among Ohio River boatmen; perhaps related to English dialectal (Cumberland) hoozer, used of anything unusually large [Barnhart]. For other theories, see the above quoted source.
hoot (v.) Look up hoot at Dictionary.com
"to call or shout in disapproval or scorn," c.1600, probably related to or a variant of Middle English houten, huten "to shout, call out" (c.1200), probably ultimately imitative. First used of bird cries, especially that of the owl, mid-15c. Related: Hooted; hooting. As a noun from mid-15c. Meaning "a laugh, something funny" is first recorded 1942. Slang sense of "smallest amount or particle" (the hoot you don't give when you don't care) is from 1891.
"A dod blasted ole fool!" answered the captain, who, till now, had been merely an amused on-looker. "Ye know all this rumpus wont do nobuddy a hoot o' good--not a hoot." ["Along Traverse Shores," Traverse City, Michigan, 1891]
Hooter in the same sense is from 1839.
HOOTER. Probably a corruption of iota. Common in New York in such phrases as "I don't care a hooter for him." "This note ain't worth a hooter." [John Russell Bartlett, "Dictionary of Americanisms," 1877]
hootenanny (n.) Look up hootenanny at Dictionary.com
"informal session of folk musicians," 1940, American English, earlier "a gadget" (1927), of unknown origin, perhaps a nonsense word.
Another device used by the professional car thief, and one recently developed to perfection, according to a large Chicago lock-testing laboratory, is a "hootenanny," so-called by the criminals using it. ["Popular Mechanics," February 1931]
hooter (n.) Look up hooter at Dictionary.com
by 1823, "anything that hoots," especially an owl, agent noun from hoot (v.). Slang meaning "nose" is from 1958. Meaning "a woman's breast" (usually in plural hooters) attested by 1972. The Hooters restaurant chain began 1983 in Clearwater, Florida, U.S.
hoove Look up hoove at Dictionary.com
cattle disease, 1840, from alternative past tense form of heave.
Hoover Look up Hoover at Dictionary.com
proprietary name for a make of vacuum cleaner (patented 1927); sometimes used generally for "vacuum cleaner." As a verb, meaning "to vacuum," from 1926, in the company’s advertising.
Hooverville Look up Hooverville at Dictionary.com
1933, American English, from U.S. president Herbert C. Hoover (1874-1964), who was in office when the Depression began, + common place-name ending -ville. Earlier his name was the basis of Hooverize "economize on food" (1917) from his role as wartime head of the U.S. Food Administration.
hooya Look up hooya at Dictionary.com
exclamation of triumph or approval, first attested c.1992, perhaps originally U.S. military.
hop (v.) Look up hop at Dictionary.com
Old English hoppian "to spring, leap, dance," from Proto-Germanic *hupnojan (cognates: Old Norse hoppa, Dutch huppen, German hüpfen "to hop"). Related: Hopped; hopping.
hop (n.1) Look up hop at Dictionary.com
usually hops, type of twining vine whose cones are used in brewing, etc., mid-15c., from Middle Dutch hoppe, from Proto-Germanic *hup-nan- (cognates: Old Saxon -hoppo, German Hopfen), of unknown origin.
hop (n.2) Look up hop at Dictionary.com
"opium," 1887, from Cantonese nga-pin (pronounced HAH-peen) "opium," a Chinese folk etymology of the English word opium, literally "crow peelings." Re-folk-etymologized back into English by association with hop (n.1).
hop (n.3) Look up hop at Dictionary.com
"a small jump," c.1500, from hop (v.). Slang sense of "informal dancing party" is from 1731 (defined by Johnson as "a place where meaner people dance"). Meaning "short flight on an aircraft" is from 1909.
hope (v.) Look up hope at Dictionary.com
Old English hopian "wish, expect, look forward (to something)," of unknown origin, a general North Sea Germanic word (cognates: Old Frisian hopia, Middle Low German, Middle Dutch, Dutch hopen; Middle High German hoffen "to hope," borrowed from Low German). Some suggest a connection with hop (v.) on the notion of "leaping in expectation" [Klein]. Related: Hoped; hoping.
hope (n.) Look up hope at Dictionary.com
Old English hopa, from hope (v.). Compare Old Frisian and Middle Dutch hope, Dutch hoop, all from their respective verbs.
hopeful (adj.) Look up hopeful at Dictionary.com
c.1200, from hope + -ful. As a noun, "one on whom hopes are set," from 1720. Related: Hopefulness.
hopefully (adv.) Look up hopefully at Dictionary.com
1630s, "in a hopeful manner," from hopeful + -ly (2). As a replacement for the admittedly awkward it is to be hoped that attested from 1932 but avoided by careful writers.
hopeless (adj.) Look up hopeless at Dictionary.com
1560s, from hope (n.) + -less. Related: Hopelessly; hopelessness.
hophead (n.) Look up hophead at Dictionary.com
"opium addict," 1911, from hop (n.2) + head (n.) in the drug sense.
Hopi Look up Hopi at Dictionary.com
Pueblo people of the U.S. southwest, from Pueblo hopi, literally "well-mannered, civilized."
hoping (n.) Look up hoping at Dictionary.com
c.1300, verbal noun from hope (v.).
hoplite (n.) Look up hoplite at Dictionary.com
"heavy-armed foot soldier of ancient Greece," 1727, from Greek hoplites "heavily armed soldier," literally "heavy armed," from hopla "arms, armor," plural of hoplon "tool, weapon, implement."
hopped (adj.) Look up hopped at Dictionary.com
a word that seems to merge three senses of hop; the meaning "flavored with hops" (hop (n.1)) is first attested 1660s; that of "under the influence of drugs" (hop (n.2)) is from 1924; that of "excited, enthusiastic" (perhaps from hop (v.)) is from 1923. Meaning "performance-enhanced" (of an engine, etc.) is from 1945.
hopper (n.1) Look up hopper at Dictionary.com
"person or animal that hops," mid-13c., agent noun from hop (v.). From c.1200 as a surname, and perhaps existing in Old English (which had hoppestre "female dancer").
hopper (n.2) Look up hopper at Dictionary.com
"container with narrow opening at bottom," late 13c., perhaps an agent noun from hop (v.) via notion of grain juggling in a mill hopper.
hopscotch Look up hopscotch at Dictionary.com
1801 (from 1789 as hop-scot), from hop (v.) + scotch (n.2) "scratch," from the lines scored in the dirt to make the squares for the game.
hoptoad (n.) Look up hoptoad at Dictionary.com
by 1827, American English, from hop (v.) + toad.
Horace Look up Horace at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from French, from Latin Horatius, name of a Roman gens. The poet was Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65-8 B.C.E.). The form Horatio is influenced by the Italian version of the name, Orazio.
Horatian Look up Horatian at Dictionary.com
from Horatius (see Horace) + -an.
horde (n.) Look up horde at Dictionary.com
1550s, from West Turkic (compare Tatar urda "horde," Turkish ordu "camp, army"), to English via Polish, French, or Spanish. The initial -h- seems to have been acquired in Polish. Transferred sense of "uncivilized gang" is from 1610s. Related: Hordes.
hore (n.) Look up hore at Dictionary.com
"dirt, filth," also hor; from Old English horh "phlegm," horu "foulness," from Proto-Germanic *horwo- (cognates: Old Frisian hore, Old High German horo, Old Norse horr), perhaps imitative.
horizon (n.) Look up horizon at Dictionary.com
late 14c., orisoun, from Old French orizon (14c., Modern French horizon), earlier orizonte (13c.), from Latin horizontem (nominative horizon), from Greek horizon kyklos "bounding circle," from horizein "bound, limit, divide, separate," from horos "boundary." The h- was restored 17c. in imitation of Latin. Old English used eaggemearc ("eye-mark") for "limit of view, horizon."
horizontal (adj.) Look up horizontal at Dictionary.com
1550s, "relating to or near the horizon," from French horizontal, from Latin horizontem (see horizon). Meaning "flat" (i.e., "parallel to the horizon") is from 1630s. Related: horizontally.
hormonal (adj.) Look up hormonal at Dictionary.com
1926, from hormone + -al (1). Related: Hormonally.
hormone (n.) Look up hormone at Dictionary.com
1905, from Greek hormon "that which sets in motion," present participle of horman "impel, urge on," from horme "onset, impulse," from PIE *or-sma-, from root *er- "to move, set in motion." Used by Hippocrates to denote a vital principle; modern meaning coined by English physiologist Ernest Henry Starling (1866-1927). Jung used horme (1915) in reference to hypothetical mental energy that drives unconscious activities and instincts. Related: Hormones.
horn (n.) Look up horn at Dictionary.com
Old English horn "horn of an animal," also "wind instrument" (originally made from animal horns), from Proto-Germanic *hurnaz (cognates: German Horn, Dutch horen, Gothic haurn), from PIE *ker- (1) "horn; head, uppermost part of the body," with derivatives refering to horned animals, horn-shaped objects and projecting parts (cognates: Greek karnon "horn," Latin cornu "horn," Sanskrit srngam "horn," Persian sar "head," Avestan sarah- "head," Greek koryphe "head," Latin cervus "deer," Welsh carw "deer"). Reference to car horns is first recorded 1901. Figurative senses of Latin cornu included "salient point, chief argument; wing, flank; power, courage, strength." Jazz slang sense of "trumpet" is by 1921. Meaning "telephone" is by 1945.
horn (v.) Look up horn at Dictionary.com
1690s, "to furnish with horns," from horn (n.). Earlier in figurative sense of "to cuckold" (1540s). Meaning "to push with the horns" (of cattle, buffalo, etc.) is from 1851, American English; phrase horn in "intrude" is by 1880, American English, originally cowboy slang.
hornbeam (n.) Look up hornbeam at Dictionary.com
1570s, from horn (n.) + beam (n.), preserving the original sense of the latter word; so called in reference to its hard wood.
hornbill (n.) Look up hornbill at Dictionary.com
1773, from horn (n.) + bill (n.2).
hornblende (n.) Look up hornblende at Dictionary.com
1796, from German Hornblende, from horn (see horn (n.)) + blende (see blende).
The term "Hornblende" is an old German name for any dark, prismatic crystal found with metallic ores but containing no valuable metal (the word "Blende" indicates "a deceiver") [Herbert Bucksch, "Dictionary Geotechnical Engineering," 1995]
horndog (n.) Look up horndog at Dictionary.com
by 1995, from horn (n.) in the sexual sense (see horny) + dog.
hornet (n.) Look up hornet at Dictionary.com
Old English hyrnet, hurnitu "large wasp, beetle," probably from Proto-Germanic *hurz-nut- (cognates: Old Saxon hornut, Middle Dutch huersel, Dutch horzel, Old High German hornaz, German Hornisse "hornet"), from PIE imitative (buzzing) root *krs-, as preserved in Old Church Slavonic srusa, Lithuanian szirszu "wasp." On this theory, the English word (as well as German Hornisse) was altered by influence of horn, to suggest either "horner" (from the sting) or "horn-blower" (from the buzz). Compare also Old Saxon hornobero "hornet," literally "trumpeter."