homespun (adj.) Look up homespun at
1580s, "spun at home," from home (n.) + spun. Figurative sense of "plain, homely" is from c. 1600. As a noun, from c. 1600.
homestead (n.) Look up homestead at
Old English hamstede "home, town, village," from home (n.) + stead (q.v.). In U.S. usage, "a lot of land adequate for the maintenance of a family" (1690s), defined by the Homestead Act of 1862 as 160 acres. Hence, the verb, first recorded 1872. Homesteader also is from 1872.
hometown (n.) Look up hometown at
1879, from home (n.) + town.
homeward (adv.) Look up homeward at
mid-13c., homward, from Old English ham weard; see home (n.) + -ward. Also Homewards, with adverbial genitive -s (Old English hamweardes).
homework (n.) Look up homework at
1680s, "work done at home," as opposed to work done in the shop or factory, from home (n.) + work (n.). In sense of "lessons studied at home," it is attested from 1889.
homey (adj.) Look up homey at
"home-like," by 1898, from home (n.) + -y (2).
homicidal (adj.) Look up homicidal at
1725, from homicide + -al (1). Related: Homicidally.
homicide (n.) Look up homicide at
"the killing of another person," early 13c., from Old French homicide, from Latin homicidium "manslaughter," from homo "man" (see homunculus) + -cidium "act of killing" (see -cide). The meaning "person who kills another" (late 14c.) also is from French, from Latin homicida "a murderer," from -cida "killer."
homie (n.) Look up homie at
also homey, by 1970s, slang, short for homeboy (q.v.). The identical word is recorded from the 1920s in New Zealand slang in the sense "recently arrived British immigrant."
homiletic (adj.) Look up homiletic at
1640s, "of or having to do with sermons," from Late Latin homileticus, from Greek homiletikos "of conversation, affable," from homelein "associate with," from homilos (see homily).
homiletics (n.) Look up homiletics at
1830, from homiletic; also see -ics.
homilist (n.) Look up homilist at
1610s, from homily + -ist.
homily (n.) Look up homily at
late 14c., omelye, from Old French omelie (12c., Modern French homélie), from Church Latin homilia "a homily, sermon," from Greek homilia "conversation, discourse," used in New Testament Greek for "sermon," from homilos "an assembled crowd," from homou "together" (from PIE *somo-, from root *sem- (1) "one, as one, together with;" see same) + ile "troop" (cognate with Sanskrit melah "assembly," Latin miles "soldier"). Latinate form restored in English 16c.
homing (n.) Look up homing at
"action of going home," 1765, in reference to pigeons, from present participle of home (v.). Homing pigeon attested by 1868.
hominid (n.) Look up hominid at
1889, "family of mammals represented by man," from Modern Latin Hominidæ the biological family name, coined 1825 from Latin homo (genitive hominis) "man" (see homunculus). As an adjective from 1915.
hominoid (adj.) Look up hominoid at
"man-like," 1927, from Latin homo (genitive hominis) "man" (see homunculus) + -oid.
hominy (n.) Look up hominy at
1629, first recorded by Capt. John Smith, probably from Powhatan (Algonquian) appuminneonash "parched corn," probably literally "that which is ground or beaten." See grits.
homo (n.) Look up homo at
short for homosexual (n.), attested by 1929; usually contemptuous.
Homo sapiens (n.) Look up Homo sapiens at
1802, in William Turton's translation of Linnæus, coined in Modern Latin from Latin homo "man" (technically "male human," but in logical and scholastic writing "human being;" see homunculus) + sapiens, present participle of sapere "be wise" (see sapient). Used since in various Latin or pseudo-Latin combinations intended to emphasize some aspect of humanity, as in Henri Bergson's Homo faber "man the tool-maker," in "L'Evolution Créatrice" (1907). Homo as a genus of the order Primates is first recorded 1797.
homo- (1) Look up homo- at
word-forming element meaning "same, the same, equal, like," before vowels hom-, from Greek homos "one and the same," also "belonging to two or more jointly," from PIE *somos (cognates: Sanskrit samah "even, the same," Lithuanian similis "like," Gothic sama "the same," samana "together;" see same).
homo- (2) Look up homo- at
word-forming element meaning "homosexual," abstracted since early 20c. from homosexual, and ultimately identical to homo- (1).
homoerotic (adj.) Look up homoerotic at
also homo-erotic, 1916, from homo- (2) "homosexual" + erotic.
homogamous (adj.) Look up homogamous at
1811, from homogamy + -ous.
homogamy (n.) Look up homogamy at
1805, "condition of bearing flowers that do not differ sexually," from homo- (1) "same" + -gamy.
homogeneity (n.) Look up homogeneity at
1620s, from homogene (see homogeneous) + -ity.
homogeneous (adj.) Look up homogeneous at
1640s, from Medieval Latin homogeneus, from Greek homogenes "of the same kind," from homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + genos "kind, gender, race, stock" (see genus). Earlier in this sense was homogeneal (c. 1600).
homogenise (v.) Look up homogenise at
chiefly British English spelling of homogenize; for suffix, see -ize. Related: Homogenised; homogenising.
homogenization (n.) Look up homogenization at
1803 (from 1905 specifically of milk); see homogenize + -ation.
homogenize (v.) Look up homogenize at
"make similar," 1742, from homogenous + -ize. Sense of "render milk uniform in consistency" is from 1901. Related: Homogenized; homogenizing.
homogenous (adj.) Look up homogenous at
erroneous for homogeneous.
homogeny (n.) Look up homogeny at
1620s, "uniformity of nature;" by 1856 in biological sense, from Greek homogeneia "community of origin," from homogene "of the same race or kind" (see homogeneous).
homograph (n.) Look up homograph at
1810, a method of signaling, from homo- (1) "same" + -graph "something written." Meaning "a word of identical spelling with another, but of different origin and meaning," is from 1873. Related: Homographic; homography.
homoiousian (n.) Look up homoiousian at
1680s, from Greek homoiousios "of the same essence," from homos "one and the same" (see homo- (1)) + ousia "essence" (see Parousia).
homologize (v.) Look up homologize at
1733, "to be homologous;" 1811, "to make homologous;" see homologous + -ize. Related: Homologized; homologizing.
homologous (adj.) Look up homologous at
1650s, from Greek homologos "agreeing, of one mind," from homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + logos "relation, reasoning, computation," related to legein "reckon, select, speak" (see lecture (n.)).
homonym (n.) Look up homonym at
"a word spelled and pronounced the same as another but different in meaning," 1807, from French homonyme and directly from Latin homonymum (Quintilian), from Greek homonymon, neuter of homonymos, from homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + onyma, dialectal form of onoma "name" (see name (n.)).
homonymous (adj.) Look up homonymous at
1620s, from Latin homonymus, from Greek homonymos "having the same name" (see homonym). Homonymy "quality of being homonymous" is from 1590s.
homophile (n.) Look up homophile at
1960, from homo- (2) "homosexual" + -phile. An attempt to coin a word for a homosexual person as part of a social group, rather than a sexual deviant.
homophobic (adj.) Look up homophobic at
by 1971, from homo- (2) "homosexual" + -phobia + -ic. Related: Homophobe; homophobia (which word is said to date from 1969).
homophone (n.) Look up homophone at
"a word pronounced the same as another (whether spelled the same or not) but different in meaning," 1843, from the adjective homophone (1620s), from Greek homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + phone "sound," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say" (see fame (n.)). Related: Homophonic.
homophony (n.) Look up homophony at
1776, from French homophonie, from Greek homophonia (see homophone).
homosexual (adj.) Look up homosexual at
1892, in C.G. Chaddock's translation of Krafft-Ebing's "Psychopathia Sexualis," from German homosexual, homosexuale (by 1880, in Gustav Jäger), from homo-, comb. form of Greek homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + Latin-based sexual.
"Homosexual" is a barbarously hybrid word, and I claim no responsibility for it. It is, however, convenient, and now widely used. "Homogenic" has been suggested as a substitute. [H. Havelock Ellis, "Studies in Psychology," 1897]
Sexual inversion (1883) was an earlier clinical term for it in English. The noun is recorded by 1895. In technical use, either male or female; but in non-technical use almost always male. Slang shortened form homo first attested 1929. See also uranian.
homosexuality (n.) Look up homosexuality at
1892; see homosexual + -ity.
homozygous (adj.) Look up homozygous at
1902, from homo- (1) "same" + zygote + -ous. Related: homozygote.
homuncular (adj.) Look up homuncular at
1822, from homunculus + -ar.
homunculus (n.) Look up homunculus at
1650s, from Latin homunculus, literally "little person," from homo (genitive hominis) "man, human being," the Latin word that means "man, person, a human being" (technically "male human," but in logical and scholastic writing "human being"), also "the human race, mankind," perhaps from PIE *(dh)ghomon-, literally "earthling," from *dhghem- "earth" (see chthonic; also compare human). With -culus, Latin diminutive suffix. Other Latin diminutives from homo included homullus, homuncio.
homy (adj.) Look up homy at
"home-like," 1856, from home (n.) + -y (2). Related: Hominess.
hon Look up hon at
1721 as short for honorable; 1906 as short for honey in the affectionate sense.
honcho (n.) Look up honcho at
1947, American English, "officer in charge," from Japanese hancho "group leader," from han "corps, squad" + cho "head, chief." Picked up by U.S. servicemen in Japan and Korea, 1947-1953.
Honduras Look up Honduras at
Spanish, literally "the depths," probably in reference to coastal waters on the east side. Said to have been called that by Columbus in 1524. Related: Honduran.