homonym (n.) Look up homonym at Dictionary.com
"word pronounced and perhaps spelled the same as another but different in meaning," 1807, from French homonyme and directly from Latin homonymum (Quintilian), from Greek homonymon, neuter of homonymos, from homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + onyma, dialectal form of onoma "name" (see name (n.)). Related: Homonymic.
homonymous (adj.) Look up homonymous at Dictionary.com
1620s, in various senses, from Latin homonymus "having the same name," from Greek homonymos "having the same name" (see homonym). Homonymy "quality of being homonymous" is from 1590s. Related: Homonymously.
homophile (n.) Look up homophile at Dictionary.com
1960, from homo- (2) "homosexual" + -phile. An attempt to coin a word for a homosexual person as part of a social group, rather than a sexual deviant.
homophobic (adj.) Look up homophobic at Dictionary.com
by 1971, from homo- (2) "homosexual" + -phobia + -ic. Related: Homophobe; homophobia (which word is said to date from 1969).
homophone (n.) Look up homophone at Dictionary.com
"a word pronounced the same as another (whether spelled the same or not) but different in meaning and etymology," 1843, from the adjective homophone (1620s), from Greek homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + phone "sound," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say" (see fame (n.)). Related: Homophonic. Greek homophonos meant "speaking the same language; sounding in unison; of the same sound or tone."
homophony (n.) Look up homophony at Dictionary.com
1768, from French homophonie, from Greek homophonia "unison," from homophonos "of the same sound or tone" (see homophone).
homosexual (adj.) Look up homosexual at Dictionary.com
1892, in C.G. Chaddock's translation of Krafft-Ebing's "Psychopathia Sexualis," from German homosexual, homosexuale (by 1880, in Gustav Jäger), from homo-, comb. form of Greek homos "same" (see homo- (1)) + Latin-based sexual.
"Homosexual" is a barbarously hybrid word, and I claim no responsibility for it. It is, however, convenient, and now widely used. "Homogenic" has been suggested as a substitute. [H. Havelock Ellis, "Studies in Psychology," 1897]
Sexual inversion (1883) was an earlier clinical term for it in English. The noun sense "homosexual person" is recorded by 1895. In technical use, either male or female; but in non-technical use almost always male. Slang shortened form homo first attested 1929. See also uranian. Related: Homosexually.
homosexuality (n.) Look up homosexuality at Dictionary.com
1892; see homosexual + -ity.
homozygous (adj.) Look up homozygous at Dictionary.com
1902, from homo- (1) "same" + zygote + -ous. Related: homozygote (1902).
homuncular (adj.) Look up homuncular at Dictionary.com
1822, from homunculus + -ar.
homunculus (n.) Look up homunculus at Dictionary.com
"tiny human being produced artificially," 1650s, from Latin homunculus (plural homunculi), literally "little person," with -culus, diminutive suffix, + homo (genitive hominis), which technically meant "male human," but it also was used with a sense "the human race, mankind;" while in Vulgar Latin it could be used as "one, anyone, they, people" and in logical and scholastic writing as "a human being, person." This is conjectured to be perhaps from PIE *(dh)ghomon-, literally "earthling," from *dhghem- "earth" (see chthonic; also compare human). Other Latin diminutives from homo included homullus, homuncio.
homy (adj.) Look up homy at Dictionary.com
also homey, "home-like, resembling home," 1856, from home (n.) + -y (2). Related: Hominess.
hon Look up hon at Dictionary.com
1721 as short for honorable (adj.); 1906 as short for honey (n.) in the affectionate sense.
honcho (n.) Look up honcho at Dictionary.com
1947, American English, "officer in charge," from Japanese hancho "group leader," from han "corps, squad" + cho "head, chief." Picked up by U.S. servicemen in Japan and Korea, 1947-1953.
Honduras Look up Honduras at Dictionary.com
Spanish, literally "the depths," probably in reference to coastal waters on the east side. Said to have been called that by Columbus in 1524. Related: Honduran.
hone (n.) Look up hone at Dictionary.com
Old English han "a stone, rock, (boundary) stone," from Proto-Germanic *haino (source also of Old Norse hein "hone"), from PIE *ko- "to sharpen, whet." The specific sense "whetstone, stone used for sharpening tools that require a delicate edge" emerged in Middle English (early 14c.). "A hone differs from a whetstone in being of finer grit and more compact texture" [Century Dictionary].
hone (v.) Look up hone at Dictionary.com
"rub or sharpen on or as on a hone," 1788, from hone (n.). Related: Honed; honing. The verb form in Middle English (hene) and Old English (hænan) meant "cast stones at."
honer (n.) Look up honer at Dictionary.com
1826, agent noun from hone (v.); early 13c. as a surname.
honest (adj.) Look up honest at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "respectable, decent, of neat appearance," also "free from fraud," from Old French oneste, honeste "virtuous, honorable; decent, respectable" (12c.; Modern French honnête), from Latin honestus "honorable, respected, regarded with honor," figuratively "deserving honor, honorable, respectable," from honos (see honor (n.)) + suffix -tus. Main modern sense of "dealing fairly, truthful, free from deceit" is c. 1400, as is sense of "virtuous, having the virtue of chastity" (of women). Phrase to make an honest woman of "marry (a woman) after seduction" is from 1620s.
honestly (adv.) Look up honestly at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from honest + -ly (2). As an intensifier or exclamation, from 1898.
honesty (n.) Look up honesty at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "splendor, honor; elegance," later "honorable position; propriety of behavior, good manners; virginity, chastity" (late 14c.), from Old French oneste, honesté "respectability, decency, honorable action" (12c., Modern French uses the variant honnêteté, as if from Latin *honestitatem), from Latin honestatem (nominative honestas) "honor received from others; reputation, character;" figuratively "uprightness, probity, integrity, virtue," from honestus (see honest). Meaning "moral purity, uprightness, virtue, justness" is from c. 1400; in English, the word originally had more to do with honor than honest.
honey (n.) Look up honey at Dictionary.com
Middle English hony, from Old English hunig "honey," from Proto-Germanic *hunagam (cognates: Old Norse hunang, Swedish honung, Old Saxon honeg, Old Frisian hunig, Middle Dutch honich, Dutch honig, Old High German honang, German Honig "honey"), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from PIE *k(e)neko- "yellow, golden" (cognates: Sanskrit kancanum, Welsh canecon "gold"). The more common Indo-European word is represented in Germanic by the Gothic word for "honey," miliþ (from PIE *melith "honey;" see Melissa). A term of endearment from at least mid-14c.; extended form honey-bunch attested by 1904. Meaning "anything good of its kind" is 1888, American English. Honey-locust, North American tree, so called from 1743, said to be named from a sweet pulp made by Native Americans from the tree's beans.
honey (v.) Look up honey at Dictionary.com
"to sweeten, cover with honey," mid-14c., from honey (n.). Related: Honeyed; honeying.
honey-bee (n.) Look up honey-bee at Dictionary.com
also honeybee, c. 1400, from honey (n.) + bee (n.).
honeycomb (n.) Look up honeycomb at Dictionary.com
Old English hunigcamb; see honey (n.) + comb (n). Probably the image is from wool combing. Transferred use, in reference to various structures resembling honeycomb, from 1520s. The image is not found outside English; in other Germanic languages the word for it is "honey-string," "honey-cake," "bee-wafer," etc. Latin has favus, Greek melikerion. As a verb, from 1620s (implied in honeycombed).
honeydew (n.) Look up honeydew at Dictionary.com
also honey-dew, 1570s, "sticky sweet substance found in small drops on trees and plants," from honey (n.) + dew (n.); Similar formation in Dutch honigdaauw, German Honigthau. honeydew melon first recorded 1916, a cross between cantaloupe and a South African melon.
honeyed (adj.) Look up honeyed at Dictionary.com
"sweet with honey," mid-14c., from honey (v.). Middle English also had honey-sweet (adj.) "sweet as honey; pleasurable; spiritually beneficial."
honeymoon (n.) Look up honeymoon at Dictionary.com
"indefinite period of tenderness and pleasure experienced by a newly wed couple," 1540s (hony moone), but probably older, from honey (n.) in reference to the new marriage's sweetness, and moon (n.) "month" in reference to how long it probably will last, or from the changing aspect of the moon: no sooner full than it begins to wane. French has cognate lune de miel, but German version is flitterwochen (plural), from flitter "tinsel" + wochen "week." In figurative use from 1570s. Specific sense of "post-wedding holiday" attested from c. 1800.
honeymoon (v.) Look up honeymoon at Dictionary.com
"take a wedding trip," 1821, from honeymoon (n.). Related: Honeymooned; honeymooning; honeymooner. The first TV "Honeymooners" sketch aired in 1951.
honeypot (n.) Look up honeypot at Dictionary.com
also honey-pot, late 15c., from honey (n.) + pot (n.1).
honeysuckle (n.) Look up honeysuckle at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, hunisuccle "clover, red clover;" c. 1400 in reference to the common climbing vine with abundant fragrant flowers; diminutive of Middle English honeysouke, hunisuge (c. 1300), from Old English hunigsuge, meaning perhaps honeysuckle, clover, wild thyme, or privet, literally "honey-suck" (see honey (n.) + suck) + diminutive suffix -el (2). So called because "honey" can be sucked from it (by bees or persons). In Middle English sometimes a confused rendering of Latin locusta, taken as the name of a plant eaten by St. John the Baptist in the wilderness, thence "a locust."
So eet Baptist eerbis and hony. Sum men seien þat locusta is a litil beest good to ete; Sum seien it is an herbe þat gederiþ hony upon him; but it is licli þat it is an herbe þat mai nurishe men, þat þei clepen hony soukil, but þis þing varieþ in many contrees. ["Wycliffite Sermons," c. 1425]
Hong Kong Look up Hong Kong at Dictionary.com
former British colony in China, from Cantonese pronunciation of Chinese Xianggang, literally "fragrant port." Perhaps so called from the scent of incense factories or opium cargoes, or from the semi-fresh waters of the bay. The Cantonese word hong, literally "row, series" was the general English term for foreign trading establishments in China (warehouse viewed as a row of rooms).
honi soit qui mal y pense Look up honi soit qui mal y pense at Dictionary.com
Middle French, "shame on him who thinks evil of it;" proverbial expression recorded from c. 1300, used as motto of the Order of the Garter.
honk (n.) Look up honk at Dictionary.com
cry of a goose, 1814, American English, imitative. The sense of "sound a horn," especially on an automobile, first recorded 1895 in American English. As a verb by 1854, of geese. Related: Honked; honking.
honker (n.) Look up honker at Dictionary.com
"that which honks," especially the wild goose of North America, agent noun from honk (v.).
honky (n.) Look up honky at Dictionary.com
also honkey, derogatory word for "white person," by 1967, African-American vernacular, of unknown origin, perhaps from late 19c. hunky "East-Central European immigrant," which probably is a colloquial shortening of Hungarian (compare hunk (n.2)). Honky in the sense of "factory hand" is attested by 1946 in blues slang.
honky-tonk (n.) Look up honky-tonk at Dictionary.com
"cheap night club," by 1898 (honk-a-tonk is from 1894), Southern U.S., of unknown origin. As a type of music played in that sort of low saloon, it is attested from 1921.
Honolulu Look up Honolulu at Dictionary.com
chief city of Hawaii, from Hawaiian hono "port" + lulu "calm."
honor (n.) Look up honor at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, onur, "glory, renown, fame earned," from Anglo-French honour, Old French onor, honor "honor, dignity, distinction, position; victory, triumph" (Modern French honneur), from Latin honorem (nominative honos, the form used by Cicero, but later honor) "honor, dignity, office, reputation," of unknown origin. In Middle English, it also could mean "splendor, beauty; excellence." Until 17c., honour and honor were equally frequent; the former now preferred in England, the latter in U.S. by influence of Noah Webster. Meaning "feminine purity, a woman's chastity" first attested late 14c. Honor roll in the scholastic sense attested by 1872.
The initial h in honest, honor, etc., is merely etymological, the sound having already disappeared when the word came into ME use. [Century Dictionary]
It was a Latinate correction that began to be made in early Old French. From c. 1300 as "action of honoring or paying respect to; act or gesture displaying reverence or esteem; state or condition inspiring respect; nobleness of character or manners; high station or rank; a mark of respect or esteem; a source of glory, a cause of good reputation." Meaning "one's personal title to high respect or esteem" is from 1540s.
honor (v.) Look up honor at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., honuren, "to do honor to, show respect to," from Old French onorer, honorer "respect, esteem, revere; welcome; present" (someone with something), from Latin honorare "to honor," from honor "honor, dignity, office, reputation" (see honor (n.)). From c. 1300 as "confer honors on." From c. 1300 as "to respect, follow" (teachings, etc.). In the commercial sense of "accept a bill due, etc.," it is recorded from 1706, via the notion of "perform a duty of respect toward." Related: Honored; honoring.
A custom more honoured in the breach than the observance. Whoever will look up the passage (Hamlet I. iv. 16) will see that it means, beyond a doubt, a custom that one deserves more honour for breaking than for keeping: but it is often quoted in the wrong & very different sense of a dead letter or rule more often broken than kept. [Fowler]
honorable (adj.) Look up honorable at Dictionary.com
mid-14c. (mid-13c. as a surname, Walter le Onorable, also known as Walter Honurable), "worthy of respect or reverence, respectable," also "signifying or rendering distinction or respect; ensuring good repute or honor," from Old French onorable, honorable "respectable, respectful, civil, courteous," from Latin honorabilis "that procures honor, estimable, honorable," from honorare "to honor," from honor (see honor (n.)). Meaning "honest, sincere, in good faith" is from 1540s; sense of "acting justly" is from c. 1600.
"Now, George, you must divide the cake honorably with your brother Charlie."--George: "What is 'honorably,' mother?" "It means that you must give him the largest piece."--George: "Then, mother, I should rather Charlie would cut it." ["Smart Sayings of Bright Children," collected by Howard Paul, 1886]
As an epithet before the name of a peer, Church or civil official, guild officer, etc., from c.1400. As a noun, "honorable person," late 14c. Alternative adjective honorous (Old French honoros) seems not to have survived Middle English. Related: Honorably; honorableness.
honoraria (n.) Look up honoraria at Dictionary.com
Latin plural of honorarium (q.v.).
honorarium (n.) Look up honorarium at Dictionary.com
"fee for services rendered by a professional person such as a physician, barrister, etc.; honorary reward," 1650s, from Latin honorarium (donum), literally "honorary (gift)," but in Latin meaning "bribe paid to get appointed to an honorary post," neuter of adjective honorarius "for the sake of honor," from honos (see honor (n.)).
honorary (adj.) Look up honorary at Dictionary.com
1610s, "bringing honor, done or made to signify honor," from honor (n.) + -ary; possibly influenced by French honoraire, Latin honorarius "pertaining to honor, honorary." Specific sense "done merely to confer honor, without customary obligations or requirements" is from 1660s.
honoree (n.) Look up honoree at Dictionary.com
by 1958, from honor + -ee. Less-used alternative honorand, from Latin honorandus, is from 1950.
Honoria Look up Honoria at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Latin Honoria, fem. of Honorius "man of reputation," from honos (see honor (n.)).
honorific (adj.) Look up honorific at Dictionary.com
"conferring honor," 1640s, from French honorifique (16c.) or directly from Latin honorificus "that which does honor," from honorem (see honor (n.)) + -ficus "making," from stem of facere "make, do" (see factitious). As a noun, "a word used as an honorific term," by 1867.
honors (n.) Look up honors at Dictionary.com
"distinction for eminence in scholarship," by 1782, plural of honor (n.). Earlier in the sense "civilities paid; courtesies rendered" (1650s), which is the sense in do the honors (1650s), which originally meant the customary civilities and courtesies at a public entertainment, etc.
honour Look up honour at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of honor; also see -or. Related: Honoured; honouring; honours.
honourable (adj.) Look up honourable at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of honorable; also see -or. Related: Honourably.