i.e. Look up i.e. at Dictionary.com
abbreviation of Latin id est, literally "that is;" used in English in the sense of "that is to say." Latin id "it" is from PIE pronominal stem *i- (see yon). For est, see is.
I.H.S. Look up I.H.S. at Dictionary.com
Old English, from Medieval Latin, representing Greek abbreviation of IHSOUS "Jesus," in which the character -H- is the capital of the Greek vowel eta. The Roman form would be I.E.S. Mistaken for a Latin contraction in the Middle Ages, after its Greek origin was forgotten, and sometimes treated as short for Iesus Hominum Salvator "Jesus Savior of Men." Alternative version I.H.C. (terminal -s- often was indicated in later Greek with a character resembling -c-) is found on vestments from 950 C.E., and may be the source of the H. in slang Jesus H. Christ.
I.Q. Look up I.Q. at Dictionary.com
1922, abbreviation of intelligence quotient, a 1921 translation of German Intelligenz-quotient, coined 1912 by German psychologist William L. Stern (1871-1938).
Intelligence is a general capacity of an individual consciously to adjust his thinking to new requirements: it is general mental adaptability to new problems and conditions of life. [Stern, "The Psychological Methods of Testing Intelligence," 1914]
I.R.A. (2) Look up I.R.A. at Dictionary.com
also IRA, initialism (acronym) for individual retirement account, attested from 1974.
I.R.A. (1) Look up I.R.A. at Dictionary.com
also IRA, 1921, initialism (acronym) for Irish Republican Army, the full name of which attested from 1919.
iamb (n.) Look up iamb at Dictionary.com
1842, from French iambe (16c.) or directly from Latin iambus "an iambic foot; an iambic poem," from Greek iambos "metrical foot of one unaccented followed by one accented syllable" (see iambic). Iambus itself was used in English in this sense from 1580s.
iambic Look up iambic at Dictionary.com
1570s (n.); 1580s (adj.), from Late Latin iambicus, from Greek iambikos, from iambos "metrical foot of one unaccented followed by one accented syllable; an iambic verse or poem," from iaptein "to assail, attack" (in words), literally "to put forth, send forth" (in reference to missiles, etc.). The meter of invective and lampoon in classical Greek since it was first used 7c. B.C.E. by Archilochos, whose tomb, Gaetulicus says, is haunted by wasps.
Ian Look up Ian at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, Scottish form of John (q.v.).
Iapetus Look up Iapetus at Dictionary.com
a titan, son of Uranus and Gaia.
iatro- Look up iatro- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "a physician; medicine; healing," from Greek iatros "healer, physician" (see -iatric).
iatrogenic (adj.) Look up iatrogenic at Dictionary.com
"induced by a physician," 1920, from iatro- + -genic.
Iberia Look up Iberia at Dictionary.com
from Latin Iberia, the ancient name of the large southwestern peninsula of Europe, from Greek Iberes, the name of a Celtic people of ancient Spain. An identical name was given to an Asiatic people near the Caucasus in what is now Georgia. Of unknown origin in both uses, but the word as applied in Spain is believed to be related to that of the River Ebro. Related: Iberian (c. 1600 as a noun; 1610s as an adjective).
ibex (n.) Look up ibex at Dictionary.com
"chamois, wild goat of the Alps and Apennines," c. 1600, from Latin ibex, which probably is from a pre-Latin Alpine language. The German Steinbock.
ibid. (adv.) Look up ibid. at Dictionary.com
"at the place or in the book already mentioned" (used to avoid repetition of references), 1660s, abbreviation of Latin ibidem "in the same place, just there," from ibi "there," pronominal adverb of place, + demonstrative suffix -dem. Also ibid, but properly with the period.
ibis (n.) Look up ibis at Dictionary.com
stork-like bird, late 14c., from Latin ibis (plural ibes), from Greek ibis, from Egyptian hab, a sacred bird of Egypt.
IBM Look up IBM at Dictionary.com
also (in early use) I.B.M., initialism (acronym) attested by 1921 from International Business Machines Co.; the company name in use from 1918.
ibogaine (n.) Look up ibogaine at Dictionary.com
nerve stimulant, 1901, from French ibogaine, from iboga, Congolese name of the shrub from which the chemical is extracted, + chemical suffix -ine (2).
Icarus Look up Icarus at Dictionary.com
son of Daedalus in Greek mythology, from Latinized form of Greek Ikaros, a name of unknown origin, connected to and the Icarian Sea. He flew too high on artificial wings and so plunged to his death. Used allusively in English from 1580s.
ICBM (n.) Look up ICBM at Dictionary.com
also I.C.B.M., 1955, initialism (acronym) for Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile. IBM in the same sense is from 1954.
ice (n.) Look up ice at Dictionary.com
Old English is "ice, piece of ice" (also the name of the Anglo-Saxon rune for -i-), from Proto-Germanic *is- "ice" (cognates: Old Norse iss, Old Frisian is, Dutch ijs, German Eis), of uncertain origin; possible relatives are Avestan aexa- "frost, ice," isu- "frosty, icy;" Afghan asai "frost." Slang meaning "diamonds" is attested from 1906.

Modern spelling begins to appear 15c. and makes the word look French. On ice "kept out of the way until wanted" is from 1890. Thin ice in the figurative sense is from 1884. Ice age attested from 1832 (also glacial epoch, 1841). To break the ice "to make the first opening to any attempt" is from 1580s, metaphoric of making passages for boats by breaking up river ice though in modern use it usually has implications of "cold reserve." Ice-fishing is from 1869.
ice (v.) Look up ice at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, ysen, "cover with ice," from ice (n.). Related: Iced; icing.
ice-bound (adj.) Look up ice-bound at Dictionary.com
1650s, from ice (n.) + bound (adj.1).
ice-box (n.) Look up ice-box at Dictionary.com
also icebox, 1839, "an ice chest," later "the small compartment in a refrigerator containing the ice," from ice (n.) + box (n.).
ice-cap (n.) Look up ice-cap at Dictionary.com
1859 in geology, from ice (n.) + an extended sense of cap (n.).
Ice-Capade (n.) Look up Ice-Capade at Dictionary.com
1941, originally a film title, from ice (n.) + a punning play on escapade.
ice-chest (n.) Look up ice-chest at Dictionary.com
1839, originally a wooden chest lined with zinc, from ice (n.) + chest (n.).
ice-cold (adj.) Look up ice-cold at Dictionary.com
Old English isceald; see ice (n.) + cold (adj.).
ice-cream (n.) Look up ice-cream at Dictionary.com
1744, earlier iced cream (1680s), from ice (n.) + cream (n.).
ice-cube (n.) Look up ice-cube at Dictionary.com
1904, from ice (n.) + cube (n.).
ice-house (n.) Look up ice-house at Dictionary.com
1680s, from ice (n.) + house (n.).
ice-pick (n.) Look up ice-pick at Dictionary.com
1858, from ice (n.) + pick (n.1).
ice-skate (v.) Look up ice-skate at Dictionary.com
1690s, from ice (n.) + skate (n.2). The verb usually was simply skate until the advent of roller-skating mid-18c. made distinction necessary. A run of severe winters that froze over the Thames in the late 17c. made ice-skating popular in England. Related: ice-skates (1862).
ice-water (n.) Look up ice-water at Dictionary.com
1722, from ice (n.) + water (n.1).
iceberg (n.) Look up iceberg at Dictionary.com
1774, "glacier humped like a hill;" 1820 as "detached piece of a glacier or ice pack at sea," partial loan-translation of Dutch ijsberg, literally "ice mountain," from ijs "ice" (see ice (n.)) + berg "mountain" (see barrow (n.2)). Similar formation in Norwegian isberg, Danish isbjerg. An earlier English term was sea-hill (1690s). Phrase tip of the iceberg in a figurative sense (in allusion to most of it being unseen underwater) first recorded 1962. Iceberg lettuce attested from 1893, apparently originally a trade name.
Iceland Look up Iceland at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, so called for its ice-choked fjords. Related: Icelander; Icelandic.
iceman (n.) Look up iceman at Dictionary.com
"dealer in ice," 1844, from ice (n.) + man (n.).
ichneumon (n.) Look up ichneumon at Dictionary.com
1570s, "weasel-like animal of Egypt," from Latin ichneumon, from Greek ikhneumon "ichneumon," literally "searcher, tracker," perhaps so called because it hunts crocodile eggs, from ikhneuein "hunt for, track," from ikhnos "a track, footstep, trace, clue," of unknown origin. Used by Aristotle for a species of wasp that hunts spiders (a sense attested in English from 1650s).
ichnolite (n.) Look up ichnolite at Dictionary.com
"stone presenting a fossil footprint," 1841, from Latinized form of Greek ikhnos "a track, footprint" + -lite. Ichnite in the same sense is from 1854. Ichnology, "scientific study of fossil footprints," is from 1837.
So numerous have been the discoveries of fossil footmarks in Europe within a few years past, and so many species occur in this country, that it will be at least convenient to have them designated by some appropriate scientific terms, and to arrange them in systematic order. I propose the term Ichnolite ... to include them all and to be the name of the Class. [Edward Hitchcock, LL.D., "Final Report on the Geology of Massachusetts," 1841]
ichnomancy (n.) Look up ichnomancy at Dictionary.com
"the reading of traces of footsteps to determine the nature and peculiarities of what made them," 1855, from Latinized form of Greek ikhnos "a track, footprint" + -mancy.
ichor (n.) Look up ichor at Dictionary.com
"ethereal fluid that serves for blood in the veins of the gods," 1630s, from French ichor (16c.) or Modern Latin ichor, from Greek ikhor, of unknown origin, possibly from a non-Indo-European language. The fluid that serves for blood in the veins of the gods. Related: Ichorous.
ichthyo- Look up ichthyo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "fish," from Latinized form of Greek ikhthys "a fish" (in plural, "a fish-market"), from PIE root *dhghu- "fish" (cognates: Armenian jukn, Lithuanian žuvis).
ichthyology (n.) Look up ichthyology at Dictionary.com
1640s, from ichthyo- "fish" + -ology. Related: Ichthyologist; ichthyological.
ichthyomorphic (adj.) Look up ichthyomorphic at Dictionary.com
"fish-shaped," 1870 in biology, 1879 in mythology, from icthyo- "fish" + -morphic, from Greek morphe "form, shape" (see Morpheus).
ichthyophagous (adj.) Look up ichthyophagous at Dictionary.com
"fish-eating," 1791, from Latinized form of ikhthyophagos "fish-eating;" see ichthyo- + -phagous. Related: Ichthyophagist (1727).
ichthyosaur (n.) Look up ichthyosaur at Dictionary.com
extinct aquatic reptile, 1830, Modern Latin, from Latinized form of Greek ikhthys "fish" (see ichthyo-) + -saurus. Related: Ichthyosaurus (1819); ichthyosaurian.
ichthyosis (n.) Look up ichthyosis at Dictionary.com
1815, coined in Modern Latin (1801); see ichthyo- + -osis. So called for the scales which form.
icicle (n.) Look up icicle at Dictionary.com
early 14c., isykle, from is "ice" (see ice (n.)) + Middle English ikel, a word that by itself meant "icicle," from Old English gicel "icicle, ice" (found in compounds, such as cylegicel "chill ice"), from Proto-Germanic *jekilaz (cognates: Old Norse jaki "piece of ice," diminutive jökull "icicle, ice; glacier;" Old High German ihilla "icicle"), from PIE *yeg- "ice" (cognates: Middle Irish aig "ice," Welsh ia). Dialectal ickle "icicle" survived into 20c.
icing (n.) Look up icing at Dictionary.com
1769 in the confectionery sense, "coating of concreted sugar," verbal noun of ice (v.). Earlier in this sense was simple ice (1723); frosting came later. Meaning "process of becoming covered with ice" is from 1881.
ickle (adj.) Look up ickle at Dictionary.com
childish pronunciation of little (adj.), attested by 1846.
Icknield Way Look up Icknield Way at Dictionary.com
prehistoric trackway from Norfolk to Dorset, Old English Iccenhilde, Icenhylte (903), which is of unknown meaning and origin. There was a Romano-British Iceni tribe in modern Norfolk. The name was transferred 12c. to the ancient Roman road from Burton on the Water to Templeborough.