inevitable (adj.) Look up inevitable at
mid-15c., from Latin inevitabilis "unavoidable," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + evitabilis "avoidable," from evitare "to avoid," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + vitare "shun," originally "go out of the way."
inevitably (adv.) Look up inevitably at
mid-15c., from inevitable + -ly (2).
inexact (adj.) Look up inexact at
1828, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + exact. Related: Inexactly.
inexactitude (n.) Look up inexactitude at
1786, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + exactitude.
inexcusable (adj.) Look up inexcusable at
early 15c., from Latin inexcusabilis, from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + excusabilis, from excusare (see excuse). Related: Inexcusably.
inexhaustible (adj.) Look up inexhaustible at
c. 1600, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + exhaustible (see exhaust). Related: Inexhaustibly.
inexorable (adj.) Look up inexorable at
1550s, from Middle French inexorable and directly from Latin inexorabilis "that cannot be moved by entreaty," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + exorabilis "able to be entreated," from exorare "to prevail upon," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + orare "pray" (see orator). Related: Inexorably; inexorability.
inexpedient (adj.) Look up inexpedient at
c. 1600, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + expedient. Related: Inexpedience; inexpediently.
inexpensive (adj.) Look up inexpensive at
1837 (implied in inexpensively), from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + expensive.
inexperience (n.) Look up inexperience at
1590s, from French inexpérience (mid-15c.), from Late Latin inexperientia, from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + experientia (see experience).
inexperienced (adj.) Look up inexperienced at
1620s, adjective from inexperience.
inexpert (adj.) Look up inexpert at
mid-15c., from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + expert (adj.), or else from Old French inexpert, from Latin inexpertus "without experience, unpracticed." Related: Inexpertly.
inexpiable (adj.) Look up inexpiable at
1560s, from Latin inexpiabilis "that cannot be atoned for," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + expiabilis, from expiare (see expiation).
inexplicable (adj.) Look up inexplicable at
early 15c., from Middle French inexplicable or directly from Latin inexplicabilis "that cannot be unfolded or disentangled, very intricate," figuratively, "inexplicable," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + explicabilis "that may be explained" (see explicable). Related: Inexplicably.
inexplicit (adj.) Look up inexplicit at
1775 (implied in inexplicitly), from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + explicit. Or else from Latin inexplicitus "not to be unfolded; unexplained." Related: Inexplicitly; inexplicitness.
inexpressible (adj.) Look up inexpressible at
1620s, from in- (1) "not" + expressible (see express (v.)). Related: Inexpressibly.
inexpugnable (adj.) Look up inexpugnable at
late 15c., from Latin inexpugnabilis "not to be taken by assault," from in- "not" (see in- (1) + expuglabilis, from expugnare (see expugn).
inextinguishable (adj.) Look up inextinguishable at
c. 1500, from in- (2) "not" + extinguishable (see extinguish). Related: Inextinguishably; inextinguishability.
inextricable (adj.) Look up inextricable at
early 15c., from Latin inextricabilis "that cannot be disentangled," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + extricare (see extricate). Related: Inextricably.
Inez Look up Inez at
fem. proper name, Spanish form of Agnes (q.v.).
infallibility (n.) Look up infallibility at
1610s, from Medieval Latin infallibilitas, from infallibilis (see infallible).
infallible (adj.) Look up infallible at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin infallibilis, from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + Late Latin fallibilis (see fallible). In reference to Popes, attested from 1870. Related: Infallibly.
infamous (adj.) Look up infamous at
"of ill repute," late 14c., from Medieval Latin infamosus, from Latin in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + famosus "celebrated" (see famous). Meaning influenced by Latin infamis "of ill fame" (see infamy). As a legal term, "disqualified from certain rights of citizens in consequence of conviction of certain crimes" (late 14c.). The neutral fameless is recorded from 1590s. Related: Infamously.
infamy (n.) Look up infamy at
early 15c., from Old French infamie (14c.), earlier infame, and directly from Latin infamia "ill fame, bad repute, dishonor, from infamis "of ill fame," from in- "not, without" + fama "reputation" (see fame (n.)).
infancy (n.) Look up infancy at
late 14c., from Anglo-French enfaunce and directly from Latin infantia "early childhood," literally "inability to speak," from infantem (see infant).
infant (n.) Look up infant at
late 14c., "child during earliest period of life" (sometimes extended to age 7 and sometimes including a fetus), from Latin infantem (nominative infans) "young child, babe in arms," noun use of adjective meaning "not able to speak," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + fans, present participle of fari "to speak," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say" (see fame (n.)). As an adjective, 1580s, from the noun.
Infanta (n.) Look up Infanta at
"daughter of a king of Spain or Portugal," c. 1600, from Spanish and Portuguese infanta, fem. of infante, from Latin infantem (see infant).
infanticide (n.) Look up infanticide at
1650s, "the killing of infants;" 1670s, "one who kills an infant," from infant + -cide.
infantile (adj.) Look up infantile at
mid-15c., "pertaining to infants," from Latin infantilis "pertaining to an infant," from infans (see infant). Sense of "infant-like" is from 1772.
infantilism (n.) Look up infantilism at
1894 in a psychological sense; see infantile + -ism. Earlier in a physiological sense, "retarded and imperfect physical development."
infantry (n.) Look up infantry at
1570s, from French infantrie, from older Italian, Spanish infanteria "foot soldiers, force composed of those too inexperienced or low in rank for cavalry," from infante "foot soldier," originally "a youth," from Latin infantem (see infant). Meaning "infants collectively" is recorded from 1610s. A Middle English (c. 1200) word for "foot-soldiers" was going-folc, literally "going-folk."
infantryman (n.) Look up infantryman at
1837, from infantry + man (n.).
infarct (n.) Look up infarct at
1873, from medical Latin infarctus (Latin infartus), past participle of infarcire "to stuff into," from in- + farcire “to stuff” (see farce).
infarction (n.) Look up infarction at
1680s, noun of action from Latin infarcire (see infarct).
infatigable (adj.) Look up infatigable at
c. 1500, from French infatigable (15c.), from Latin infatigabilis, from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + fatigabilis, from fatigare "to weary" (see fatigue).
infatuate (v.) Look up infatuate at
1530s, "turn (something) to foolishness, frustrate," from Latin infatuatus, past participle of infatuare "make a fool of," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + fatuus "foolish." Specific sense of "inspire (in someone) a foolish romantic passion" is from 1620s. Related: Infatuated; infatuating.
infatuation (n.) Look up infatuation at
1640s, noun of action from infatuate, or else from French infatuation or directly from Late Latin infatuationem (nominative infatuatio), from past participle stem of infatuare.
infeasibility (n.) Look up infeasibility at
1650s, from infeasible + -ity.
infeasible (adj.) Look up infeasible at
1530s, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + feasible.
infect (v.) Look up infect at
late 14c., from Latin infectus, past participle of inficere "to spoil, stain," literally "to put in to, dip into," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + facere "to make, do, perform" (see factitious). Related: Infected; infecting.
infection (n.) Look up infection at
late 14c., "infectious disease; contaminated condition;" from Old French infeccion "contamination, poisoning" (13c.) and directly from Late Latin infectionem (nominative infectio), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin inficere (see infect). Meaning "communication of disease by agency of air or water" (distinguished from contagion, which is body-to-body communication), is from 1540s.
infectious (adj.) Look up infectious at
"catching, having the quality of spreading from person to person," 1540s of diseases, 1610s of emotions, actions, etc.; see infect + -ous.
infective (adj.) Look up infective at
late 14c., from Latin infectivus, from infectus (see infect).
infelicitous (adj.) Look up infelicitous at
1754, from in- (1) "not, opposite of" + felicitous. Related: infelicitously.
infelicity (n.) Look up infelicity at
late 14c., from Latin infelicitas "ill luck, misfortune," from infelix (genitive infelicis) "unfruitful, barren; unfortunate, unhappy, causing misfortune, unlucky," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + felix (see felicity).
infer (v.) Look up infer at
1520s, from Latin inferre "bring into, carry in; deduce, infer, conclude, draw an inference; bring against," from in- "in" (see in- (2)) + ferre "carry, bear," from PIE *bher- (1) "to bear, to carry, to take" (cognates: Sanskrit bharati "carries;" Avestan baraiti "carries;" Old Persian barantiy "they carry;" Armenian berem "I carry;" Greek pherein "to carry;" Old Irish beru/berim "I catch, I bring forth;" Gothic bairan "to carry;" Old English and Old High German beran, Old Norse bera "barrow;" Old Church Slavonic birati "to take;" Russian brat' "to take," bremya "a burden"). Sense of "draw a conclusion" is first attested 1520s.
inference (n.) Look up inference at
1590s, from Medieval Latin inferentia, from Latin inferentem (nominative inferens), present participle of inferre (see infer).
inferential (adj.) Look up inferential at
1650s, from Medieval Latin inferentia (see inference) + adj. suffix -al (1).
inferior (adj.) Look up inferior at
early 15c., of land, "low, lower," from Latin inferior "lower, further down" (also used figuratively), comparative of inferus (adj.) "that is below or beneath," from infra "below" (see infra-). Meaning "lower in degree, rank, or importance" is from 1530s; also in an absolute sense, "of low quality or rank."
inferior (n.) Look up inferior at
"person inferior to another in rank, etc.," early 15c., from inferior (adj.).