intellectualism (n.) Look up intellectualism at
1829; see intellectual + -ism. Probably based on German Intellektualismus (said by Klein to have been coined 1803 by Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775-1854) from Late Latin intellectualis). In English, originally with reference to the doctrines of Leibnitz.
intellectuality (n.) Look up intellectuality at
mid-15c., "the part of the mind which understands; understanding, intellect;" from Old French intellectualité and directly from Late Latin intellectualitas, from Latin intellectualis (see intellectual).
intellectualization (n.) Look up intellectualization at
1821, noun of action from intellectualize.
intellectualize (v.) Look up intellectualize at
1819, from intellectual + -ize. Related: Intellectualized; intellectualizing.
intellectually (adv.) Look up intellectually at
late 14c., from intellectual + -ly (2).
intelligence (n.) Look up intelligence at
late 14c., "faculty of understanding," from Old French intelligence (12c.), from Latin intelligentia, intellegentia "understanding, power of discerning; art, skill, taste," from intelligentem (nominative intelligens) "discerning," present participle of intelligere "to understand, comprehend," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + legere "choose, pick out, read" (see lecture (n.)).

Meaning superior understanding, sagacity" is from early 15c. Sense of "information, news" first recorded mid-15c., especially "secret information from spies" (1580s). Intelligence quotient first recorded 1921 (see I.Q.).
intelligencer (n.) Look up intelligencer at
1580s, "spy, informant," agent noun from intelligence. Meaning "bringer of news" is from 1630s; as a newspaper name from 1640s.
intelligent (adj.) Look up intelligent at
c. 1500, a back-formation from intelligence or else from Latin intelligentem (nominative intelligens), present participle of intelligere, earlier intellegere (see intelligence). Intelligent design, as a name for an alternative to atheistic cosmology and the theory of evolution, is from 1999. Related: Intelligently.
intelligentsia (n.) Look up intelligentsia at
"the intellectual class collectively," 1905, from Russian intelligyentsia, from Latin intelligentia (see intelligence). Perhaps via Italian intelligenzia.
intelligibility (n.) Look up intelligibility at
1670s, from intelligible + -ity.
intelligible (adj.) Look up intelligible at
late 14c., "able to understand," from Latin intelligibilis, intellegibilis "that can understand, that can be understood," from intellegere "to understand" (see intelligence). In English, sense of "capable of being understood" first recorded c. 1600. Related: Intelligibly.
intemperance (n.) Look up intemperance at
early 15c., from Middle French intemperance (14c.), from Latin intemperantia "intemperateness, immoderation, excess," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + temperantia (see temperance). Originally of climate; meaning "lack of moderation" in English is from 1540s.
intemperate (adj.) Look up intemperate at
"characterized by excessive indulgence in a passion or appetite," late 14c., from Latin intemperatus "untempered, inclement, immoderate," from in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + temperantia (see temperance). Related: Intemperately.
intend (v.) Look up intend at
c. 1300, "direct one's attention to," from Old French entendre, intendre "to direct one's attention" (in Modern French principally "to hear"), from Latin intendere "turn one's attention, strain," literally "stretch out, extend," from in- "toward" (see in- (2)) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Sense of "have as a plan" (late 14c.) was present in Latin. A Germanic word for this was ettle, from Old Norse ætla "to think, conjecture, propose," from Proto-Germanic *ahta "consideration, attention" (cognates: Old English eaht, German acht). Intended (n.) "one's intended husband or wife" is from 1767.
intendant (n.) Look up intendant at
"one who has charge of some business," 1650s, from French intendant (16c.), from Latin intendantem, present participle of intendere (see intend).
intense (adj.) Look up intense at
c. 1400, from Middle French intense (13c.), from Latin intensus "stretched, strained, tight," originally past participle of intendere "to stretch out, strain" (see intend); thus, literally, "high-strung." Related: Intensely.
intensification (n.) Look up intensification at
1847, noun of action from intensify.
intensify (v.) Look up intensify at
1817, from intense + -ify, first attested in Coleridge, in place of intend, which he said no longer was felt as connected with intense. Middle English used intensen (v.) "to increase (something), strengthen, intensify," early 15c. Related: Intensified; intensifying.
intension (n.) Look up intension at
c. 1600, from Latin intensionem (nominative intensio) "a stretching, straining, effort," noun of action from past participle stem of intendere (see intend).
intensity (n.) Look up intensity at
formed in English 1660s from intense + -ity. Earlier was intenseness (1610s). Sense of "extreme depth of feeling" first recorded 1830.
intensive (adj.) Look up intensive at
mid-15c., from French intensif (14c.), from Latin intens-, past participle stem of intendere (see intend). As a noun, 1813, from the adjective. Alternative intensitive is a malformation. Intensive care attested from 1958. Related: Intensively.
intent (n.) Look up intent at
"purpose," early 13c., from Old French entente, from Latin intentus "a stretching out," in Late Latin "intention, attention," noun use of past participle of intendere "stretch out, lean toward, strain," literally "to stretch out" (see intend).
intent (adj.) Look up intent at
"very attentive," late 14c., from Latin intentus "attentive, eager, waiting, strained," past participle of intendere "to strain, stretch" (see intend). Related: Intently.
intention (n.) Look up intention at
mid-14c., from Old French entencion "stretching, intensity, will, thought" (12c.), from Latin intentionem (nominative intentio) "a stretching out, straining, exertion, effort; attention," noun of action from intendere "to turn one's attention," literally "to stretch out" (see intend).
intentional (adj.) Look up intentional at
1520s, from Medieval Latin intentionalis, from intentionem (see intention). Intentional fallacy recorded from 1946. Related: Intentionality.
intentionally (adv.) Look up intentionally at
"on purpose," 1660s; see intentional + -ly (2).
intentions (n.) Look up intentions at
"one's purposes with regard to courtship and marriage," by 1796; see intention.
intentive (adj.) Look up intentive at
late 13c., from Old French ententif, intentif (12c.), from Late Latin intentivus, from intent-, past participle stem of intendere (see intend).
inter (v.) Look up inter at
c. 1300, from Old French enterer (11c.), from Medieval Latin interrare "put in the earth, bury," from Latin in- "in" (see in- (2)) + terra "earth" (see terrain). Related: Interred; interring.
inter alia Look up inter alia at
Latin, literally "amongst other things." (Latin for "among other persons" is inter alios), from inter "among, between" (see inter-).
inter- Look up inter- at
Latin inter (prep., adv.) "among, between, betwixt, in the midst of," from PIE *enter "between, among" (cognates: Sanskrit antar, Old Persian antar "among, between," Greek entera (plural) "intestines," Old Irish eter, Old Welsh ithr "among, between," Gothic undar, Old English under "under"), a comparative of *en "in" (see in). Also in certain Latin phrases in English, such as inter alia "among other things." A living prefix in English from 15c. Spelled entre- in French, most words borrowed into English in that form were re-spelled 16c. to conform with Latin except entertain, enterprise.
inter-war (adj.) Look up inter-war at
1939, in reference to the period between the world wars, from inter- + war (n.).
interact (v.) Look up interact at
"to act on each other," 1805, from inter- + act (v.). Related: Interacted; interacting.
interaction (n.) Look up interaction at
1812, from inter- + action.
interactive (adj.) Look up interactive at
1832, from interact, probably on model of active. Related: Interactivity.
interbreed (v.) Look up interbreed at
1859, from inter- + breed. Related: Interbred; interbreeding.
intercalary (adj.) Look up intercalary at
1610s, from Latin intercalarius, from intercalare (see intercalate).
intercalate (v.) Look up intercalate at
"to insert a day into the calendar," 1610s, from Latin intercalatus, past participle of intercalare "to proclaim the insertion of an intercalary day," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + calare (see calendar). Related: Intercalated; intercalating.
intercalation (n.) Look up intercalation at
1570s, from Latin intercalationem (nominative intercalatio) "insertion of an intercalary day," noun of action from past participle stem of intercalare (see intercalate).
intercede (v.) Look up intercede at
1570s, a back-formation from intercession, or else from Latin intercedere "intervene, come between, be between," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + cedere "go" (see cede). Related: Interceded; interceding.
intercept (v.) Look up intercept at
c. 1400, from Latin interceptus, past participle of intercipere "take or seize between, to seize in passing," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + -cipere, comb. form of capere "to take, catch" (see capable). Related: Intercepted; intercepting.
interception (n.) Look up interception at
early 15c., "action of intercepting" (the flow of a bodily fluid), from Latin interceptionem (nominative interceptio) "a seizing, taking away," noun of action from intercipere (see intercept). Specific football/rugby sense is attested by 1906. Meaning "action of closing in on and destroying an enemy aircraft, etc." is recorded from 1941.
interceptor (n.) Look up interceptor at
1590s, from Latin interceptor, agent noun from intercipere (see intercept). As a type of fast fighter aircraft, from 1930.
intercession (n.) Look up intercession at
early 15c., "act of interceding," from Latin intercessionem (nominative intercessio) "a going between," noun of action from past participle stem of intercedere (see intercede). The modern sense was not in classical Latin.
intercessor (n.) Look up intercessor at
late 15c., from Latin intercessor "one who intervenes," agent noun from intercedere (see intercede). Related: Intercessory.
interchange (v.) Look up interchange at
late 14c., from Old French entrechangier, from entre- (see inter-) + changier "to change" (see change (v.)). Related: Interchanged; interchanging.
interchange (n.) Look up interchange at
1540s, "act of exchange, from Old French entrechange, from entrechangier (see interchange (v.)). In reference to a type of road junction, 1944.
interchangeable (adj.) Look up interchangeable at
late 14c. (implied in interchangeably), from inter- + changeable. Related: Interchangeability.
intercoastal (adj.) Look up intercoastal at
"within the coasts," 1927, from inter- + coastal.
intercom (n.) Look up intercom at
1940, colloquial shortening of intercommunication (mid-15c., "discussion, conference;" see inter- + communication), which is attested from 1911 in reference to systems of linked telephones.