internationalism (n.) Look up internationalism at
1851, from international + -ism.
internationalization (n.) Look up internationalization at
1860, with reference to law; see international + -ization.
internecine (adj.) Look up internecine at
1660s, "deadly, destructive," from Latin internecinus "very deadly, murderous, destructive," from internecare "kill or destroy," from inter (see inter-) + necare "kill" (see noxious). Considered in the OED as misinterpreted in Johnson's Dictionary [1755], which defined it as "endeavouring mutual destruction," on association of inter- with "mutual" when the prefix supposedly is used in this case as an intensive. From Johnson, wrongly or not, has come the main modern definition of "mutually destructive."
Internet (n.) Look up Internet at
1985, "the linked computer networks of the U.S. Defense Department," shortened from internetwork, from inter- + network (n.).
interneuron Look up interneuron at
1939, from internuncial + neuron.
internist (n.) Look up internist at
1904, American English, from internal medicine + -ist.
internment (n.) Look up internment at
1870, from intern (v.) + -ment. Compare French internement. Internment camp is attested from 1916.
internship (n.) Look up internship at
1904, from intern (n.) + -ship.
interoffice (adj.) Look up interoffice at
by 1934, from inter- + office.
interoperable (adj.) Look up interoperable at
1969, from inter- + operable. Related: Interoperability.
interpellate (v.) Look up interpellate at
1590s, from Latin interpellatus, past participle of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking" (see interpellation). Related: Interpellated; interpellating.
interpellation (n.) Look up interpellation at
late 15c., "an appeal," from Latin interpellationem, noun of action from past participle stem of interpellare "to interrupt by speaking," from inter "between" (see inter-) + pellare, collateral form of pellere "to drive" (see pulse (n.1)).
interpenetrate (v.) Look up interpenetrate at
1809, from inter- + penetrate. Related: Interpenetrated; interpenetrating.
interpenetration (n.) Look up interpenetration at
1809, from inter- + penetration.
interpersonal (adj.) Look up interpersonal at
1842, from inter- + personal. Introduced in a psychological sense 1938 by H.S. Sullivan (1892-1949) to describe "behavior between people in an encounter."
interphase (n.) Look up interphase at
1913, from German interphase (1912); see inter- + phase.
interplanetary (adj.) Look up interplanetary at
1690s, "existing between planets," from inter- + planetary. In reference to travel between planets, attested from 1897.
interplay (n.) Look up interplay at
1862, from inter- + play. "Reciprocal play," thus "free interaction."
Interpol Look up Interpol at
1952, abbreviation of international police, in full, The International Criminal Police Commission, founded 1923 with headquarters in Paris.
interpolate (v.) Look up interpolate at
1610s, "to alter or enlarge (a writing) by inserting new material," from Latin interpolatus, past participle of interpolare "alter, freshen up, polish;" of writing, "falsify," from inter- "up" (see inter-) + polare, related to polire "to smoothe, polish." Sense evolved in Latin from "refurbish," to "alter appearance of," to "falsify (especially by adding new material)." Middle English had interpolen (early 15c.) in a similar sense. Related: Interpolated; interpolating.
interpolation (n.) Look up interpolation at
1610s, from French interpolation (early 17c.), or directly from Latin interpolationem (nominative interpolatio), noun of action from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpolator (n.) Look up interpolator at
1650s, from Latin interpolator, agent noun from past participle stem of interpolare (see interpolate).
interpose (v.) Look up interpose at
1590s, from Middle French interposer (14c.), from inter- (see inter-) + poser (see pose (v.1)). Related: Interposed; interposing.
interposition (n.) Look up interposition at
late 14c., from Old French interposicion (12c.), from Latin interpositionem (nominative interpositio), noun of action from past participle stem of interponere "to put between, place among; put forward," from inter- (see inter-) + ponere "to put, place" (past participle positus; see position (n.)).
interpret (v.) Look up interpret at
late 14c., from Old French interpreter (13c.) and directly from Latin interpretari "explain, expound, understand," from interpres "agent, translator," from inter- (see inter-) + second element of uncertain origin, perhaps related to Sanskrit prath- "to spread abroad," PIE *per- (5) "to traffic in, sell" (see pornography). Related: Interpreted; interpreting.
interpretable (adj.) Look up interpretable at
1610s, from Late Latin interpretabilis, from Latin interpretari (see interpret).
interpretation (n.) Look up interpretation at
mid-14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-French), from Old French interpretacion (12c.) and directly from Latin interpretationem (nominative interpretatio) "explanation, exposition," noun of action from past participle stem of interpretari (see interpret).
interpretative (adj.) Look up interpretative at
1560s, properly formed from past participle stem of Latin interpretari (see interpret). Interpretive means the same thing, but is less correct. Related: Interpretatively.
interpreter (n.) Look up interpreter at
"one who translates spoken languages; a translator of written texts," late 14c., from Old French interpreteor, from Late Latin interpretatorem, agent noun from interpretari (see interpret).
interpretive (adj.) Look up interpretive at
1670s, from interpret + -ive; also see interpretative. Listed by Fowler among the words "that for one reason or another should not have been brought into existence."
interpunction (n.) Look up interpunction at
"punctuation," 1610s, from Latin interpunctionem (nominative interpunctio) "a putting of points between," noun of action from past participle stem of interpungere "to put points between," from inter- (see inter-) + pungere (see pungent).
interracial (adj.) Look up interracial at
also inter-racial, 1883, from inter- + racial.
interregnum (n.) Look up interregnum at
1570s, from Latin interregnum, literally "between-reign," from inter- (see inter-) + regnum (see reign (n.)). In the republic, a vacancy in the consulate.
interrelate (v.) Look up interrelate at
1827 (implied in interrelated), from inter- + relate. Related: Interrelating.
interrelation (n.) Look up interrelation at
1841, from inter- + relation.
interrelationship (n.) Look up interrelationship at
also inter-relationship, 1841, from inter- + relationship.
interrogate (v.) Look up interrogate at
late 15c., a back-formation from interrogation, or else from Latin interrogatus, past participle of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation). Related: Interrogated; interrogating.
interrogation (n.) Look up interrogation at
late 14c., "a question;" c. 1500, "a questioning; a set of questions," from Old French interrogacion (13c.) or directly from Latin interrogationem (nominative interrogatio) "a question, questioning, interrogation," noun of action from past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question, inquire, interrogate," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rogare "ask, to question" (see rogation).
interrogative (adj.) Look up interrogative at
c. 1500, from Late Latin interrogativus "pertaining to a question," from Latin interrogat-, past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation) + -ive.
interrogator (n.) Look up interrogator at
1751, from Late Latin interrogator, agent noun from interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation).
interrogatory (adj.) Look up interrogatory at
1570s, from Late Latin interrogatorius "consisting of questions," from past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation).
interrupt (v.) Look up interrupt at
c. 1400, "to interfere with a legal right," from Latin interruptus, past participle of interrumpere "break apart, break off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.), and compare corrupt (adj.)). Meaning "to break into (a speech, etc.)" is early 15c. Related: Interrupted; interrupting.
interrupt (n.) Look up interrupt at
1957, originally in computers, from interrupt (v.).
interruption (n.) Look up interruption at
late 14c., "a break of continuity," from Old French interrupcion and directly from Latin interruptionem (nominative interruptio) "a breaking off, interruption, interval," noun of action from past participle stem of interrumpere (see interrupt (v.)). Meaning "a breaking in upon some action" is from c. 1400; that of "a pause, a temporary cessation" is early 15c.
intersect (v.) Look up intersect at
1610s, back-formation from intersection, or else from Latin intersectus, past participle of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section (n.)). Related: Intersected; intersecting.
intersect (n.) Look up intersect at
1650s, from Latin intersectum (see intersect (v.)).
intersection (n.) Look up intersection at
"act or fact of crossing," 1550s, from Middle French intersection (14c.) and directly from Latin intersectionem (nominative intersectio) "a cutting asunder, intersection," noun of action from past participle stem of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section). Originally a term in geometry; meaning "crossroads" is from 1864.
intersex (n.) Look up intersex at
"one having characteristics of both sexes," 1917, from German intersexe (1915); see inter- + sex. Coined by German-born U.S. geneticist Richard Benedict Goldschmidt (1878-1958). Related: Intersexual; intersexuality.
interspecific (adj.) Look up interspecific at
1889, from inter- + specific, used here as an adjective from species.
intersperse (v.) Look up intersperse at
1560s, from Latin interspersus "strewn, scattered, sprinkled upon," past participle of *interspergere, from inter- "between" (see inter-) + spargere "to scatter" (see sparse). Related: Interspersed; interspersing.