interpretive (adj.)
1670s, from interpret + -ive; also see interpretative. Listed by Fowler among the words "that for one reason or another should not have been brought into existence."
interpunction (n.)
"punctuation," 1610s, from Latin interpunctionem (nominative interpunctio) "a putting of points between," noun of action from past participle stem of interpungere "to put points between," from inter- (see inter-) + pungere (see pungent).
interracial (adj.)
also inter-racial, 1883, from inter- + racial.
interregnum (n.)
1570s, from Latin interregnum, literally "between-reign," from inter- (see inter-) + regnum (see reign). In the republic, a vacancy in the consulate.
interrelate (v.)
1827 (implied in interrelated), from inter- + relate. Related: Interrelating.
interrelation (n.)
1848, from inter- + relation.
interrelationship (n.)
1861, from interrelation + -ship.
interrogate (v.)
late 15c., a back-formation from interrogation, or else from Latin interrogatus, past participle of interrogare "to ask, question" (see interrogation). Related: Interrogated; interrogating.
interrogation (n.)
late 14c., "a questioning; a set of questions," from Old French interrogacion (13c.) or directly from Latin interrogationem (nominative interrogatio) "a question, questioning, interrogation," noun of action from past participle stem of interrogare "to ask, question, inquire, interrogate," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rogare "ask, to question" (see rogation).
interrogative (adj.)
c.1500, from Late Latin interrogativus "pertaining to a question," from Latin interrogat-, past participle stem of interrogare (see interrogation) + -ive.
interrogator (n.)
1751, from Late Latin interrogator, agent noun from interrogare (see interrogation).
interrogatory (adj.)
1570s, from Late Latin interrogatorius "consisting of questions," from past participle stem of interrogare (see interrogation).
interrupt (v.)
c.1400, "to interfere with a legal right," from Latin interruptus, past participle of interrumpere "break apart, break off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + rumpere "to break" (see rupture (n.), and compare corrupt). Meaning "to break into (a speech, etc.)" is early 15c. Related: Interrupted; interrupting.
interrupt (n.)
1957, originally in computers, from interupt (v.).
interruption (n.)
late 14c., "a break of continuity," from Old French interrupcion and directly from Latin interruptionem (nominative interruptio) "a breaking off, interruption, interval," noun of action from past participle stem of interrumpere (see interrupt). Meaning "a breaking in upon some action" is from c.1400; that of "a pause, a temporary cessation" is early 15c.
intersect (v.)
1610s, back-formation from intersection, or else from Latin intersectus, past participle of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section (n.)). Related: Intersected; intersecting.
intersect (n.)
1650s, from Latin intersectum (see intersect (v.)).
intersection (n.)
"act or fact of crossing," 1550s, from Middle French intersection (14c.) and directly from Latin intersectionem (nominative intersectio) "a cutting asunder, intersection," noun of action from past participle stem of intersecare "intersect, cut asunder," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + secare "to cut" (see section). Originally a term in geometry; meaning "crossroads" is from 1864.
intersex (n.)
"one having characteristics of both sexes," 1917, from German intersexe (1915); see inter- + sex. Coined by German-born U.S. geneticist Richard Benedict Goldschmidt (1878-1958). Related: Intersexual; intersexuality.
interspecific (adj.)
1889, from inter- + specific, used here as an adjective from species.
intersperse (v.)
1560s, from Latin interspersus "strewn, scattered, sprinkled upon," past participle of *interspergere, from inter- "between" (see inter-) + spargere "to scatter" (see sparse). Related: Interspersed; interspersing.
interspersion (n.)
1650s, noun of action from intersperse.
interstate (adj.)
1845, from inter- + state (n.). As "an interstate highway," by 1986, American English.
interstellar (adj.)
1620s, "situated between the stars," from inter- + stellar.
interstice (n.)
early 15c., from Old French interstice (14c.) and directly from Latin interstitium "interval," literally "space between," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + stem of stare "to stand" (see stet). Related: Interstices.
interstitial (adj.)
1640s, from Latin interstitium (see interstice) + -al (1). Related: Interstitially.
intersubjective (adj.)
1899, from inter- + subjective.
intertextuality (n.)
by 1974, from inter- + textuality (see textual). Related: Intertextual.
intertidal (adj.)
1883, from inter- + tidal.
intertwine (v.)
1640s, from inter- + twine (v.). Related: Intertwined; intertwining.
interurban (adj.)
1883, from inter- + urban.
interval (n.)
early 14c., from Old French intervalle (14c.), earlier entreval (13c.), from Late Latin intervallum "space, interval, distance," originally "space between palisades or ramparts," from inter "between" (see inter-) + vallum "rampart" (see wall (n.)). Metaphoric sense of "gap in time" was present in Latin.
intervene (v.)
1580s, back-formation from intervention, or else from Latin intervenire "to come between, intervene, interrupt," from inter "between" (see inter-) + venire "to come" (see venue). Related: Intervened; intervening.
intervent (v.)
"to come between," 1590s, from Latin interventus, past participle of intervenire (see intervention). Related: Intervented; interventing.
intervention (n.)
early 15c., "intercession, intercessory prayer," from Middle French intervention or directly from Late Latin interventionem (nominative interventio) "an interposing," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin intervenire "to come between, interrupt," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + venire "come" (see venue).
interventionism (n.)
1923, from intervention + -ism. Interventionist, as a noun, is recorded from 1839.
interview (n.)
1510s, "face-to-face meeting, formal conference," from Middle French entrevue, verbal noun from s'entrevoir "to see each other, visit each other briefly, have a glimpse of," from entre- "between" (see inter-) + Old French voir "to see" (from Latin videre; see vision). Modern French interview is from English. Journalistic sense is first attested 1869 in American English.
The 'interview,' as at present managed, is generally the joint product of some humbug of a hack politician and another humbug of a newspaper reporter. ["The Nation," Jan. 28, 1869]
interview (v.)
"to have a personal meeting," 1540s, from interview (n.). Related: Interviewed; interviewing.
interviewee (n.)
1884, from interview (v.) + -ee.
interviewer (n.)
1869, agent noun from interview (v.).
interweave (v.)
1570s, hybrid from inter- + weave (v.). Related: Interweaving; interwoven.
interwork (v.)
c.1600, from inter- + work (v.). Related: interworking. Past tense can be either interworked or interwrought.
intestacy (n.)
1767, from intestate + -acy.
intestate (adj.)
late 14c., from Old French intestat (13c.) and directly from Latin intestatus "having made no will," from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + testatus, past participle of testari "make a will, bear witness" (see testament). As a noun, "one who has not made out a will," from 1650s.
intestinal (adj.)
early 15c., from medical Latin intestinalis, from Latin intestinum (see intestine).
intestine (n.)
early 15c., from Middle French intestin (14c.) or directly from Latin intestinum "a gut," in plural, "intestines, bowels," noun use of neuter of adjective intestinus “inward, internal” (see intestines). Distinction of large and small intestines in Middle English was made under the terms gross and subtle. The word also was used as an adjective in English from 1530s with a sense of “internal, domestic, civil.”
intestines (n.)
"bowels," 1590s, from Latin intestina, neuter plural of intestinus (adj.) "internal, inward, intestine," from intus "within, on the inside" (see ento-). Compare Sanskrit antastyam, Greek entosthia "bowels." The Old English word was hropp, literally "rope."
intice (v.)
obsolete spelling of entice.
Intifada (n.)
"Palestinian revolt," 1985, from Arabic, literally "a jumping up" (in reaction to something), from the verb intafada "to be shaken, shake oneself."
intimacy (n.)
1640s, from intimate + -cy. As a euphemism for "sexual intercourse," from 1670s.