interim (n.) Look up interim at
1540s, from Latin interim (adv.) "in the meantime, meanwhile," originally "in the midst of that," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + im, ancient adverb from stem of pronoun is "this, that."
interior (adj.) Look up interior at
late 15c., from Middle French intérieur and directly from Latin interior "inner, interior, middle," comparative adjective of inter "within" (see inter-). Meaning "of the interior parts of a country" is from 1777; meaning "internal affairs of a country or state" (as in U.S. Department of the Interior) is from 1838. Interior decoration first attested 1807. Interior design from 1927.
interior (n.) Look up interior at
"part of a country distant from the coast," 1796, from interior (adj.); meaning "inside of a building or room" is from 1829.
interiority (n.) Look up interiority at
1701, from interior + -ity.
interjacent (adj.) Look up interjacent at
1590s, from Latin interiacentem (nominative interiacens) "lying between," present participle of interiacere "to lie between," from inter- (see inter-) + iacere (see jet (v.)).
interject (v.) Look up interject at
1570s, back-formation from interjection or else from Latin interiectus, past participle of intericere "to throw between, insert, interject" (see interjection). Related: Interjected; interjecting.
interjection (n.) Look up interjection at
early 15c., from Middle French interjection (Old French interjeccion, 13c.), from Latin interiectionem (nominative interiectio) "a throwing or placing between," noun of action from past participle stem of intericere, from inter- "between" (see inter-) + -icere, comb. form of iacere "to throw" (see jet (v.)).
interlace (v.) Look up interlace at
late 14c., from Middle French entrelacer, from entre- (see entre-) + lacer (see lace). Television sense is from 1927. Related: Interlaced; interlacing. The noun is 1904, from the verb.
interlard (v.) Look up interlard at
early 15c., "to mix with alternate layers of fat" (before cooking), from Middle French entrelarder, from entre- "between" (see inter-) + larder "to lard," from Old French lard "bacon fat" (see lard (n.)). Figurative sense of "diversify with something intermixed" first recorded 1560s. Related: Interlarded; interlarding.
interleague (adj.) Look up interleague at
also inter-league, by 1917 in a U.S. baseball sense, from inter- + league. Earlier (1580s) as a verb.
interline (v.) Look up interline at
c. 1400, "make corrections or insertions between the lines of (a document)," from inter- + line; perhaps modeled on Medieval Latin interlineare. Related: Interlined; interlining.
interlinear (adj.) Look up interlinear at
late 14c., from Medieval Latin interlinearis "that which is between the lines," from inter- (see inter-) + Latin linearis (see linear).
interlock (v.) Look up interlock at
1630s, from inter- + lock. Related: Interlocked; interlocking. As a noun, attested by 1874.
interlocution (n.) Look up interlocution at
1530s, from Latin interlocutionem (nominative interlocutio) "a speaking between, interlocution," noun of action from past participle stem of interloqui (see interlocutor).
interlocutor (n.) Look up interlocutor at
1510s, agent noun from Latin interlocut-, past participle stem of interloqui "interrupt," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + loqui "to speak" (see locution). Related: Interlocutory.
interlope (v.) Look up interlope at
early 17c., a back-formation from interloper, or else from inter- + lope (see interloper). Related: Interloped; interloping.
interloper (n.) Look up interloper at
1590s, enterloper, "unauthorized trader trespassing on privileges of chartered companies," probably a hybrid from inter- "between" + -loper (from landloper "vagabond, adventurer," also, according to Johnson, "a term of reproach used by seamen of those who pass their lives on shore"); perhaps a dialectal form of leap, or from Middle Dutch loper "runner, rover," from lopen "to run," from Proto-Germanic *hlaupan "to leap" (see leap (v.)). General sense of "self-interested intruder" is from 1630s.
interlude (n.) Look up interlude at
c. 1300, from Medieval Latin interludium "an interlude," from Latin inter- "between" (see inter-) + ludus "a play" (see ludicrous). Originally farcical episodes introduced between acts of long mystery plays; transferred sense of "interval in the course of some action" is from 1751.
intermarriage (n.) Look up intermarriage at
1570s, from inter- + marriage.
intermarry (v.) Look up intermarry at
1570s, "to marry one another," from inter- + marry. Meaning "to marry across families, castes, tribes, etc." is from 1610s. Related: Intermarried; intermarrying.
intermeddle (v.) Look up intermeddle at
late 14c., from Latin inter- (see inter-) + Anglo-French medler (see meddle (v.)).
intermediary Look up intermediary at
1788 (adj.); 1791 (n.), from French intermédiaire (17c.), from Medieval Latin intermedium, from Latin intermedius (see intermediate).
intermediate (adj.) Look up intermediate at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin intermediatus "lying between," from Latin intermedius "that which is between," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + medius "in the middle" (see medial (adj.)).
intermediate (v.) Look up intermediate at
c. 1600, from inter- + mediate (v.). Related: Intermediated; intermediating.
interment (n.) Look up interment at
early 14c., from Old French enterrement, from enterrer (see inter).
intermesh (v.) Look up intermesh at
1909, from inter- + mesh.
intermezzo (n.) Look up intermezzo at
1834, from Italian intermezzo "short dramatic performance between the acts of a play or opera," literally "that which is between," from Latin intermedius (see intermediate).
interminable (adj.) Look up interminable at
late 14c., from Late Latin interminabilis, from in- "not" (see in- (1)) + terminabilis, from terminalis (see terminal (adj.)). Related: Interminably.
intermingle (v.) Look up intermingle at
late 15c., from inter- + mingle. Related: Intermingled; intermingling.
intermission (n.) Look up intermission at
early 15c., from Latin intermissionem (nominative intermissio) "interruption," noun of action from past participle stem of intermittere "to leave off," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "let go, send" (see mission).
Intermission is used in U.S. for what we call an interval (in a musical or dramatic performance). Under the influence of LOVE OF THE LONG WORD, it is beginning to infiltrate here and should be repelled; our own word does very well. [H.W. Fowler, "Modern English Usage," 1926]
intermit (v.) Look up intermit at
1540s, from Latin intermittere "to leave off, omit, suspend, interrupt, neglect," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + mittere "to send" (see mission). Related: Intermitted; intermitting; intermittingly.
intermittence (n.) Look up intermittence at
1796; see intermittent + -ence.
intermittent (adj.) Look up intermittent at
c. 1600, from Latin intermittentem (nominative intermittens), present participle of intermittere (see intermission). Related: Intermittently.
intermix (v.) Look up intermix at
1550s (implied in intermixed), from inter- + mix (v.). Related: Intermixed; intermixing.
intermixture (n.) Look up intermixture at
1590s; see inter- + mixture.
intermodal (adj.) Look up intermodal at
1963, from inter- + modal.
intermural (adj.) Look up intermural at
1650s, from Latin intermuralis "situated between walls," from inter- "between" (see inter-) + murus (genitive muralis) "wall" (see mural).
intern (v.) Look up intern at
1866, "to confine within set limits," from French interner "send to the interior, confine," from Middle French interne "inner, internal," from Latin internus "within, internal" (see internal; also compare intern (n.)).
intern (n.) Look up intern at
1879, American English, "one working under supervision as part of professional training," especially "doctor in training in a hospital," from French interne "assistant doctor," literally "resident within a school," from Middle French interne "internal" (see intern (v.)). The verb in this sense is attested from 1933. Related: Interned; interning.
internal (adj.) Look up internal at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin internalis, from Latin internus "within, inward, internal," figuratively "domestic," expanded from pre-Latin *interos, *interus "on the inside, inward," from PIE *en-ter- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic anter, Sanskrit antar "within, between," Old High German unter "between," and the "down" sense of Old English under); suffixed (comparative) form of *en "in" (see in). Meaning "of or pertaining to the domestic affairs of a country (as in internal revenue) is from 1795. Internal combustion first recorded 1884. Related: Internally.
internalization (n.) Look up internalization at
1853, from internal + -ization.
internalize (v.) Look up internalize at
1856, American English, from internal + -ize. Related: Internalized; internalizing.
international (adj.) Look up international at
1780, apparently coined by Jeremy Bentham from inter- + national. In communist jargon, as a noun and with a capital -i-, it is short for International Working Men's Association, the first of which was founded in London by Marx in 1864. "The Internationale" (from fem. of French international), the socialist hymn, was written 1871 by Eugène Pottier. International Date Line is from 1910. Related: Internationally.
internationalisation (n.) Look up internationalisation at
chiefly British English spelling of internalization (q.v.). For spelling, see -ize.
internationalism (n.) Look up internationalism at
1851, from international + -ism.
internationalization (n.) Look up internationalization at
1860, with reference to law; see international + -ization.
internecine (adj.) Look up internecine at
1660s, "deadly, destructive," from Latin internecinus "very deadly, murderous, destructive," from internecare "kill or destroy," from inter (see inter-) + necare "kill" (see noxious). Considered in the OED as misinterpreted in Johnson's Dictionary [1755], which defined it as "endeavouring mutual destruction," on association of inter- with "mutual" when the prefix supposedly is used in this case as an intensive. From Johnson, wrongly or not, has come the main modern definition of "mutually destructive."
Internet (n.) Look up Internet at
1985, "the linked computer networks of the U.S. Defense Department," shortened from internetwork, from inter- + network (n.).
interneuron Look up interneuron at
1939, from internuncial + neuron.
internist (n.) Look up internist at
1904, American English, from internal medicine + -ist.