imperforate (adj.) Look up imperforate at Dictionary.com
1670s, from im- + perforate (adj.).
imperial (adj.) Look up imperial at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "having a commanding quality," from Old French imperial (12c.), from Latin imperialis "of the empire or emperor," from imperium (see empire). Meaning "pertaining to an empire" (especially the Roman) is from late 14c. Imperial presidency in a U.S. context traces to Arthur Schlesinger Jr.'s book on the Nixon administration (1974). Related: Imperially.
imperialism (n.) Look up imperialism at Dictionary.com
1826, "advocacy of empire," originally in a Napoleonic context, also of Rome and of British foreign policy, from imperial + -ism. At times in British usage (and briefly in U.S.) with a neutral or positive sense relating to national interests or the spread of the benefits of Western civilization, but from the begining usually more or less a term of reproach. General sense of "one country's rule over another," first recorded 1878. Picked up disparagingly in Communist jargon by 1918.
It is the old story of 1798, when French republicanism sick of its own folly and misdeeds, became metamorphosed into imperialism, and consoled itself for its incapacity to found domestic freedom by putting an iron yoke upon Europe, and covering it with blood and battle-fields. [Francis Lloyd, "St. James's Magazine," January 1842]
imperialist (n.) Look up imperialist at Dictionary.com
c.1600, "an adherent of an emperor," such as the emperor of Germany, France, China, etc., probably modeled on French impérialiste (early 16c.); from imperial + -ist. The shift in meaning to "advocate of imperialism" (1893) came via the British Empire, which involved a worldwide colonial system. See imperialism. As a term of abuse in communist circles, attested by 1918. As an adjective by 1816.
imperialistic (adj.) Look up imperialistic at Dictionary.com
1872, from imperial + -istic. Also see imperialist.
imperil (v.) Look up imperil at Dictionary.com
1590s, from assimilated form of in- "into, in" (see in- (2)) + peril. Related: Imperiled; imperiling.
imperious (adj.) Look up imperious at Dictionary.com
1540s, from Latin imperiosus "commanding, mighty, powerful," from imperium "empire, command" (see empire). Related: Imperiously.
imperishable (adj.) Look up imperishable at Dictionary.com
1640s, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + perishable.
imperium (n.) Look up imperium at Dictionary.com
1650s, from Latin imperium "command, supreme authority, power" (see empire).
impermanence (n.) Look up impermanence at Dictionary.com
1796, from impermanent + -ence. Impermanency is from 1640s.
impermanent (adj.) Look up impermanent at Dictionary.com
1650s, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + permanent.
impermeable (adj.) Look up impermeable at Dictionary.com
1690s, from French imperméable, from Late Latin impermeabilis, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + permeabilis (see permeable).
impermissible (adj.) Look up impermissible at Dictionary.com
1814, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + permissible.
imperscriptable (adj.) Look up imperscriptable at Dictionary.com
"unrecorded, without written authority," 1832, used only with right. From assimilated form of Latin in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + perscribere "to write down."
impersonal (adj.) Look up impersonal at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., a grammatical term, from Late Latin impersonalis, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + personalis "personal" (see personal). Sense of "not connected with any person" is from 1620s; that of "not endowed with personality" is from 1842. Related: impersonally.
impersonality (n.) Look up impersonality at Dictionary.com
1769, from impersonal + -ity.
impersonate (v.) Look up impersonate at Dictionary.com
1620s, "to invest with a personality," from assimilated form of Latin in- "into, in" (see in- (2)) + persona "person." Sense of "to assume the person or character of" is first recorded 1715. Earlier in same sense was personate (1610s). Related: Impersonated; impersonating.
impersonation (n.) Look up impersonation at Dictionary.com
1800, "personification;" 1825 as "an acting of a part or character;" noun of action from impersonate (v.).
impersonator (n.) Look up impersonator at Dictionary.com
"one who assumes the person or character of another," 1853, from impersonate with Latinate agent noun suffix.
impertinence (n.) Look up impertinence at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from French impertinence, from Medieval Latin impertinentia, from Late Latin impertinentem "not belonging" (see impertinent). Impertinency is from 1580s.
impertinent (adj.) Look up impertinent at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "unconnected, unrelated, not to the point," from Old French impertinent (14c.) or directly from Late Latin impertinentem (nominative impertinens) "not belonging," literally "not to the point," from assimilated form of Latin in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + pertinens (see pertinent). Sense of "rudely bold" is 1680s, from earlier sense of "not appropriate to the situation," probably modeled on similar use in French, especially by Molière, from notion of meddling with what is beyond one's proper sphere.
impertinently (adv.) Look up impertinently at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from impertinent + -ly (2).
imperturbable (adj.) Look up imperturbable at Dictionary.com
c.1500, from Middle French imperturbable and directly from Late Latin imperturbabilis "that cannot be disturbed" (Augustine), from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + *perturbabilis, from Latin perturbare "to confuse, disturb" (see perturb). Related: Imperturbably; imperturbability.
impervious (adj.) Look up impervious at Dictionary.com
1640s, from Latin impervius "that cannot be passed through," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + pervius "letting things through," from per "through" + via "road." Related: Imperviously; imperviousness.
impetigo (n.) Look up impetigo at Dictionary.com
pustular disease of the skin, late 14c., from Latin impetigo "skin eruption," from impetere "to attack√Ę" (see impetus). Related: Impetiginous.
impetuosity (n.) Look up impetuosity at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "violent movement, rushing," from Old French impetuosité (13c.), from Medieval Latin impetuositatem (nominative impetuositas), from Late Latin impetuosus (see impetuous).
impetuous (adj.) Look up impetuous at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "hot-tempered, fierce," from Old French impetuos (13c.) and directly from Late Latin impetuosus "impetuous, violent," from Latin impetus "attack" (see impetus). Related: Impetuously; impetuousness.
impetus (n.) Look up impetus at Dictionary.com
early 15c., impetous "rapid movement, rush;" 1640s, with modern spelling, "force with which a body moves, driving force," from Latin impetus "attack, assault, onset, impulse, violence, vigor, force, passion," related to impetere "to attack," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + petere "aim for, rush at" (see petition (n.)).
impiety (n.) Look up impiety at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from Old French impieté (12c.), from Latin impietatem (nominative impietas) "irreverence, ungodliness; disloyalty, treason," noun of quality from impius (see impious).
impinge (v.) Look up impinge at Dictionary.com
1530s, "fasten or fix forcibly," from Latin impingere "drive into, strike against," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + pangere "to fix, fasten" (see pact). Sense of "encroach, infringe" first recorded 1738. Related: Impinged; impinging.
impingement (n.) Look up impingement at Dictionary.com
1670s; see impinge + -ment.
impious (adj.) Look up impious at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Latin impius "without reverence, irreverent, wicked; undutiful, unpatriotic," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + pius (see pious). Related: Impiously; impiousness.
impish (adj.) Look up impish at Dictionary.com
1650s, from imp + -ish. Related: Impishly; impishness.
implacability (n.) Look up implacability at Dictionary.com
1530s, from Late Latin implacabilitas, from Latin implacabilis (see implacable).
implacable (adj.) Look up implacable at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French implacable, from Latin implacabilis "unappeasable," from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + placabilis "easily appeased" (see placate). Related: Implacably.
implant (v.) Look up implant at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from French implanter "to insert, engraft," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + planter "to plant" (see plant (n.)). Related: Implanted; implanting.
implant (n.) Look up implant at Dictionary.com
1890 as "thing implanted;" 1941 as "action of implanting," from implant (v.). Related: Implants, by 1981 as short for breast implants (1976).
implantation (n.) Look up implantation at Dictionary.com
1570s, from French implantation, noun of action from implanter (see implant (v.)).
implausibility (n.) Look up implausibility at Dictionary.com
1630s; see implausible + -ity.
implausible (adj.) Look up implausible at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from assimilated form of in- "not, opposite of" (see in- (1)) + plausible. Related: Implausibly.
implement (n.) Look up implement at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Late Latin implementem "a filling up" (as with provisions), from Latin implere "to fill," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + plere "to fill" (see pleio-). Sense of "tool" is 1530s, from notion of things provided to do work, that which "fills up" or "completes" a household (c.1500).
implement (v.) Look up implement at Dictionary.com
1806, originally chiefly in Scottish, where the noun was a legal term meaning "fulfillment," from implement (n.). It led to the wretched formation implementation, first recorded 1913. Related: Implemented.
implicate (v.) Look up implicate at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "to convey in a fable;" c.1600, "intertwine, wreathe," from Latin implicatus, past participle of implicare "to involve, entwine" (see implication). Meaning "involve a person in a crime, charge, etc.," is from 1797. Related: Implicated; implicating.
implication (n.) Look up implication at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "action of entangling," from Latin implicationem (nominative implicatio) "interweaving, entanglement," from past participle stem of implicare "involve, entangle, connect closely," from assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)) + plicare "to fold" (see ply (v.1)). Meaning "something implied (but not expressed)" is from 1550s.
implications (n.) Look up implications at Dictionary.com
see implication.
implicit Look up implicit at Dictionary.com
1590s, from Middle French implicite and directly from Latin implicitus, later variant of implicatus, past participle of implicare (see implication).
implicitly (adv.) Look up implicitly at Dictionary.com
c.1600, from implicit + -ly (2).
implode (v.) Look up implode at Dictionary.com
1870 (implied in imploded), back-formation from implosion. Related: Imploding.
implore (v.) Look up implore at Dictionary.com
c.1500, from Middle French implorer and directly from Latin implorare "call for help, beseech," originally "invoke with weeping," from assimilated form of in- "on, upon" (see in- (2)) + plorare "to weep, cry out." Related: Implored; imploring; imploringly.
implosion (n.) Look up implosion at Dictionary.com
"a bursting inward," 1829, modeled on explosion, with assimilated form of in- "into, in, on, upon" (see in- (2)).
And to show how entire the neglect and confusion have been, they speak in the same breath of all these explosions, and of the explosion of a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, the result of which, instead of being a gas or an enlargement of bulk, a positive quantity, is a negative one. It is a vacuum, in a popular sense, because the produce is water. The result is an implosion (to coin a word), not an explosion .... ["Gas-light," "Westminster Review," October 1829]
In early use often in reference to effect of deep sea pressures, or in phonetics. Figurative sense is by 1960.