Linotype (n.) Look up Linotype at Dictionary.com
proprietary name of a machine for producing stereotyped lines of type for printing, 1886, American English, trademark name (Mergenthaler Linotype Co.), a contraction of line o' type. Invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler (1854-1899) and in widespread use in U.S. newspaper production early 20c.
linseed (n.) Look up linseed at Dictionary.com
Old English linsæd "seed of flax," from līn "flax" (see linen) + sæd "seed" (see seed (n.)). Used in ancient times as a source of medical treatments, in later use to produce linseed oil, used in paint, ink, varnishes, etc.
linsey-woolsey (n.) Look up linsey-woolsey at Dictionary.com
late 15c., originally a cloth woven from linen (perhaps directly from Middle English line "linen") and wool; the words apparently were altered for the sake of a jingling sound. Linsey by itself is attested from mid-15c., apparently meaning "coarse linen fabric." Some sources suggest a connection or influence from the place name Lindsey in Suffolk.
linstock (n.) Look up linstock at Dictionary.com
also linestock, lintstock, forked staff used for firing a cannon, 1570s, from Dutch lonstok, from lont "match" + stok "stick," from Proto-Germanic *stukkaz-, from PIE root *steu- (1) "to push, stick, knock, beat."
lint (n.) Look up lint at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "flax prepared for spinning," also "refuse of flax used as kindling," somehow from the source of Old English lin "flax" (see linen). Perhaps from or by influence of Middle French linette "grain of flax," diminutive of lin "flax," from Latin linum "flax, linen;" Klein suggests from Latin linteum "linen cloth," neuter of adjective linteus.

Later "flocculent flax refuse used as tinder or for dressing wounds" (c. 1400). Still used for "flax" in Scotland in Burns' time. Applied to stray cotton fluff from 1610s, though in later use this is said to be American English.
lintel (n.) Look up lintel at Dictionary.com
"horizontal piece resting on the jambs of a door or window," early 14c., from Old French lintel "threshold" (13c., Modern French linteau), a word of uncertain origin, probably a variant of lintier, from Vulgar Latin *limitalis "threshold," or a similar unrecorded word, from Latin limitaris (adj.) "that is on the border," from limes (genitive limitis) "border, boundary" (see limit (n.)). Altered by influence of Latin limen "threshold."
Linux Look up Linux at Dictionary.com
computer operating system, named for Linux kernel, written 1991 by software engineer Linus Torvalds (b. 1969) of Finland (who coined the word but did not choose it as the name).
Linzertorte (n.) Look up Linzertorte at Dictionary.com
kind of jam-filled tart, 1906, from German Linzertorte, from Linzer (adj.) "of Linz," the city in Austria, + torte "tart" (see torte). The city name probably is ultimately from the Germanic root for "lime tree."
lion (n.) Look up lion at Dictionary.com
late 12c., from Old French lion "lion," also figuratively "hero" (12c.), from Latin leonem (nominative leo) "lion; the constellation leo," from Greek leon (genitive leontos), a word from a non-Indo-European language, perhaps Semitic (compare Hebrew labhi "lion," plural lebaim; Egyptian labai, lawai "lioness"). Old English had the word straight from Latin as leo (Anglian lea).

The Latin word was borrowed throughout Germanic (compare Old Frisian lawa; Middle Dutch leuwe, Dutch leeuw; Old High German lewo, German Löwe); it is also found in most other European languages, often via Germanic (Old Church Slavonic livu, Polish lew, Czech lev, Old Irish leon, Welsh llew).

Used figuratively from c. 1200 in English of lion-like persons, in an approving sense, "one who is fiercely brave," and a disapproving one, "tyrannical leader, greedy devourer." Extended 17c. to American big cats. Lion's share "the greatest portion" is attested from 1701. The image of the lion's mouth as a place of great danger is from early 13c. Sometimes used ironically of other animals (for example Cotswold lion "sheep" (16c.). In early 19c., to avoid advertising breaches of the game laws, hare, when served as food was listed as lion.
Lionel Look up Lionel at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from French, literally "young lion" (see lion), from Old French lionel, also lioncel.
lioness (n.) Look up lioness at Dictionary.com
"female lion," c. 1300, leoness, from lion + -ess. From late 14c., of persons, "fierce or cruel woman." From 1590s as "woman who is boldly public;" from 1808 as "woman who is a focus of public interest."
lionise (v.) Look up lionise at Dictionary.com
chiefly British English spelling of lionize (q.v.); for suffix, see -ize. Related: Lionised; lionising.
lionize (v.) Look up lionize at Dictionary.com
"to treat (someone) as a celebrity," 1809 (Scott), a hybrid from lion + -ize. It preserves lion in the sense of "person of note who is much sought-after" (1715), a sense said to have been extended from the lions formerly kept in the Tower of London (proverbial from late 16c.) that were objects of general curiosity that every visitor in town was taken to see. Related: Lionized; lionizing.
lip (n.) Look up lip at Dictionary.com
Old English lippa, from Proto-Germanic *lepjon (source also of Old Frisian lippa, Middle Dutch lippe, Dutch lip, Old High German lefs, German Lefze, Swedish läpp, Danish læbe), from PIE *leb- "to lick; lip" (source also of Latin labium).

French lippe is from a Germanic source. Transferred sense of "edge or margin of a cup, etc." is from 1590s. Slang sense "saucy talk" is from 1821, probably from move the lip (1570s) "utter even the slightest word (against someone)." To bite (one's) lip "show vexation" is from early 14c. Stiff upper lip as a sign of courage is from 1833. Lip gloss is attested from 1939; lip balm from 1877. Related: Lips.
lip (v.) Look up lip at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, "to kiss," from lip (n.). Meaning "to pronounce with the lips only" is from 1789. Related: Lipped; lipping.
lip service (n.) Look up lip service at Dictionary.com
"something proffered but not performed," 1640s, from lip (n.) + service (n.1). Earlier in same sense was lip-labour (1530s).
lip-read (v.) Look up lip-read at Dictionary.com
1880, back-formation from lip-reading, which is attested from 1852 in writings on educating deaf-mutes; from lip (n.) + reading.
liparo- Look up liparo- at Dictionary.com
before vowels lipar-, word-forming element meaning "oily," from Greek liparos "oily, fatty, greasy," from lipos "fat" (see lipo-).
lipase (n.) Look up lipase at Dictionary.com
class of enzymes, 1897, from French lipase (1896), from Greek lipos "fat" (see lipo- (v.)) + chemical ending -ase.
lipid (n.) Look up lipid at Dictionary.com
"organic substance of the fat group," from French lipide, coined 1923 by G. Bertrand from Greek lipos "fat, grease" (see lipo-) + chemical suffix -ide.
Lipizzan Look up Lipizzan at Dictionary.com
1911, from Lipizza, home of the former Austrian Imperial Stud; term used to designate horses originally bred there. The city is modern-day Lipica near Trieste in Slovenia (Lipizza is the Italian form of the name).
lipless (adj.) Look up lipless at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, from lip (n.) + -less. Related: Liplessly.
lipo- Look up lipo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "fat" (n.), from Greek lipos "fat" (n.), from PIE root *leip- "to stick, adhere," also used to form words for "fat" (see leave (v.)).
lipoma (n.) Look up lipoma at Dictionary.com
"fatty tumor" (plural lipomata), 1830, medical Latin, from Greek lipos "fat" (n.), see lipo-, + -oma.
liposuction (n.) Look up liposuction at Dictionary.com
1983, from Greek lipos "fat" (see lipo-) + suction (n.).
lipstick (n.) Look up lipstick at Dictionary.com
1880, from lip (n.) + stick (n.).
liquefaction (n.) Look up liquefaction at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from French liquéfaction, from Late Latin liquefactionem (nominative liquefactio), noun of action from past participle stem of liquefacere "to make liquid, melt" (see liquefy).
liquefy (v.) Look up liquefy at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Old French liquefier "liquefy, dissolve," from Latin liquefacere "make liquid, melt," from liquere "be fluid" (see liquid (adj.)) + facere "to make" (see factitious).
liqueur (n.) Look up liqueur at Dictionary.com
"sweetened, flavored alcoholic liquor," 1729, from French liqueur "liquor, liquid," from Old French licor "liquid." See liquor, which is the same word but borrowed earlier.
liquid (adj.) Look up liquid at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Old French liquide "liquid, running," from Latin liquidus "fluid, liquid, moist," figuratively "flowing, continuing," from liquere "be fluid," related to liqui "to melt, flow," from PIE *wleik- "to flow, run." Of sounds, from 1630s (the Latin word also was used of sounds). Financial sense of "capable of being converted to cash" is first recorded 1818.
liquid (n.) Look up liquid at Dictionary.com
"a liquid substance," 1709, from liquid (adj.). Earlier it meant "sound of a liquid consonant" (1520s).
liquidate (v.) Look up liquidate at Dictionary.com
1570s, "to reduce to order, to set out clearly" (of accounts), from Late Latin or Medieval Latin liquidatus, past participle of liquidare "to melt, make liquid or clear, clarify," from Latin liquidus (see liquid). Sense of "clear away" (a debt) first recorded 1755. The meaning "wipe out, kill" is from 1924, possibly from Russian likvidirovat. Related: Liquidated; liquidating.
liquidation (n.) Look up liquidation at Dictionary.com
1570s, noun of action from Late Latin liquidare (see liquidate); originally as a legal term in reference to assets; of inconvenient groups of persons, 1925 in communist writings.
liquidator (n.) Look up liquidator at Dictionary.com
1825, agent noun in Latin form from liquidate.
liquidity (n.) Look up liquidity at Dictionary.com
1610s, "quality of being liquid," from Late Latin liquiditatem (nominative liquiditas), from Latin liquidus (see liquid). Meaning "quality of being financially liquid" is from 1897.
liquidize (v.) Look up liquidize at Dictionary.com
1837, "make liquid," from liquid + -ize. Meaning "to run through a kitchen liquidizer" is from 1954. Related: Liquidized; liquidizing.
liquify (v.) Look up liquify at Dictionary.com
alternative spelling of liquefy.
liquor (n.) Look up liquor at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, likur "any matter in a liquid state," from Old French licor "fluid, liquid; sap; oil" (Modern French liqueur), from Latin liquorem (nominative liquor) "liquidity, fluidity," also "a liquid, the sea," from liquere "be fluid, liquid" (see liquid (adj.)). Narrowed sense of "fermented or distilled drink" (especially wine) first recorded c. 1300. To liquor up "get drunk" is from 1845. The form in English has been assimilated to Latin, but the pronunciation has not changed.
liquorice (n.) Look up liquorice at Dictionary.com
chiefly British alternative spelling of licorice.
lira (n.) Look up lira at Dictionary.com
Italian monetary unit, 1610s, from Italian lira, literally "pound," from Latin libra "pound (unit of weight);" see Libra, and compare livre.
lisle (n.) Look up lisle at Dictionary.com
1851, from French Lisle, earlier spelling of Lille, city in northwest France where the thread was made; the name is apparently originally l'isle "the island," referring to its location.
lisp (v.) Look up lisp at Dictionary.com
late Old English awlyspian "to lisp," from wlisp (adj.) "lisping," probably of imitative origin (compare Middle Dutch, Old High German lispen, Danish læspe, Swedish läspa). Related: Lisped; lisping.
lisp (n.) Look up lisp at Dictionary.com
1620s, from lisp (v.).
lissome (adj.) Look up lissome at Dictionary.com
c. 1800, variant of lithesome.
list (n.1) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"catalogue consisting of names in a row or series," c. 1600, from Middle English liste "border, edging, stripe" (late 13c.), from Old French liste "border, band, row, group," also "strip of paper," or from Old Italian lista "border, strip of paper, list," both from a Germanic source (compare Old High German lista "strip, border, list," Old Norse lista "border, selvage," Old English liste "border"), from Proto-Germanic *liston, from PIE *leizd- "border, band." The sense of "enumeration" is from strips of paper used as a sort of catalogue.
list (v.1) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"tilt, lean," especially of a ship, 1880, earlier (1620s) lust, of unknown origin, perhaps an unexplained spelling variant of Middle English lysten "to please, desire, wish, like" (see list (v.4)) with a sense development from the notion of "leaning" toward what one desires (compare incline). Related: Listed; listing. The noun in this sense is from 1630s.
list (v.2) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"hear, hearken," now poetic or obsolete, from Old English hlystan "hear, hearken," from hlyst "hearing," from Proto-Germanic *khlustiz, from PIE *kleu- "to hear" (see listen). Related: Listed; listing.
list (v.3) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"to put down in a list; to make a list of," 1610s, from list (n.1). Meaning "to place real estate on the market" is from 1904. Attested from c. 1300 as "put an edge around," from list (n.2). Related: Listed; listing.
list (v.4) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"to be pleased, desire" (archaic), mid-12c., lusten, listen "to please, desire," from Old English lystan "to please, cause pleasure or desire, provoke longing," from Proto-Germanic *lustijan (source also of Old Saxon lustian, Dutch lusten "to like, fancy," Old High German lusten, German lüsten, Old Norse lysta); from the root of lust (n.). Related: Listed; listing. As a noun, c. 1200, from the verb. Somehow English has lost listy (adj.) "pleasant, willing (to do something); ready, quick" (mid-15c.).
list (n.2) Look up list at Dictionary.com
"a narrow strip," Old English liste "border, hem, edge, strip," from Proto-Germanic *liston (source also of Old High German lista "strip, border, list," Old Norse lista "border, selvage,"German leiste), from PIE *leizd- "border, band" (see list (n.1)). The Germanic root also is the source of French liste, Italian lista. This was the source of archaic lists "place of combat," originally at the boundary of fields.