lucre (n.) Look up lucre at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from Latin lucrum "gain, advantage, profit; wealth, riches," from PIE root *lau- "gain, profit" (cognates: Greek apo-lanein "to enjoy," Gothic launs, German lohn "wages, reward," and possibly Sanskrit lotam, lotram "booty"). Filthy lucre (Tit. i:11) is Tyndale's rendering of Greek aischron kerdos.
Lucretia Look up Lucretia at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from Latin Lucretia (source also of French Lucrèce), fem. of Lucretius, Roman masc. proper name, originally the name of a Roman gens.
lucubrate (v.) Look up lucubrate at Dictionary.com
"to work at night," 1620s, from Latin lucubratus, past participle of lucubrare "to work by lamplight" (see lucubration). Literally, "to work by artificial light," hence "to work laboriously."
lucubration (n.) Look up lucubration at Dictionary.com
1590s, "literary work showing signs of too-careful elaboration," from Latin lucubrationem (nominative lucubratio) "nocturnal study, night work," noun of action from past participle stem of lucubrare, literally "to work by artificial light," from stem of lucere "to shine" (see light (n.)).
Lucy Look up Lucy at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from French Lucie, from Latin Lucia, fem. of Lucius (see Lucian).
Luddite (n.) Look up Luddite at Dictionary.com
also luddite, 1811, from name taken by an organized band of weavers who destroyed machinery in Midlands and northern England 1811-16 for fear it would deprive them of work. Supposedly from Ned Ludd, a Leicestershire worker who in 1779 had done the same before through insanity (but that story first was told in 1847). Applied to modern rejecters of automation and technology from at least 1961. As an adjective from 1812.
lude (n.) Look up lude at Dictionary.com
slang shortening of quaalude, by 1973.
ludic (adj.) Look up ludic at Dictionary.com
"spontaneously playful," 1940, from French ludique, from Latin ludere "to play" (see ludicrous).
ludicrous (adj.) Look up ludicrous at Dictionary.com
1610s, "pertaining to play or sport," from Latin ludicrus, from ludicrum "a sport, game, toy, source of amusement, joke," from ludere "to play," which, with Latin ludus "a game, play," perhaps is from Etruscan, or perhaps from PIE root *leid- "to play." Sense of "ridiculous" is attested from 1782. Related: Ludicrously; ludicrousness.
Ludwig Look up Ludwig at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Old High German hlud(o)wig, literally "famous in war," from Proto-Germanic *hluda- "heard of, famous" (see loud) + *wiga "war." Compare Louis.
luff (n.) Look up luff at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, in sailing, from Old French lof "spar," or some other nautical device, "point of sail," also "windward side," probably from Germanic (compare Middle Dutch lof "windward side of a ship" (Dutch loef), which might also be the direct source of the English word), from Proto-Germanic *lofo (cognates: Old Norse lofi, Gothic lofa "palm of the hand," Danish lab, Swedish labb "paw"), from PIE *lep- "to be flat" (see glove). As a verb from late 14c., from the noun.
Luftwaffe Look up Luftwaffe at Dictionary.com
German air force in World War II era, 1935, from German Luftwaffe, literally "air-weapon," from Luft (see loft).
lug (v.) Look up lug at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to move (something) heavily or slowly," from Scandinavian (compare Swedish lugga, Norwegian lugge "to pull by the hair"); see lug (n.). Related: Lugged; lugging.
lug (n.) Look up lug at Dictionary.com
1620s, "handle of a pitcher," from lugge (Scottish) "earflap of a cap, ear" (late 15c.; according to OED, the common word for "ear" in 19c. Scotland), probably from Scandinavian (compare Swedish lugg "forelock," Norwegian lugg "tuft of hair"). The connecting notion is "something that can be gripped and pulled." Applied 19c. to mechanical objects that can be grabbed or gripped. Meaning "stupid fellow" is from 1924; that of "lout, sponger" is 1931, American English. Compare lug-nut (1869), nut closed at one end as a cap.
luge (n.) Look up luge at Dictionary.com
kind of small toboggan, 1905, from French luge "small coasting sled," from Savoy dialect, from Medieval Latin sludia "sled" (9c.), perhaps from a Gaulish word from the same root as English sled, slide.
Luger (n.) Look up Luger at Dictionary.com
type of German automatic pistol, 1904, from Georg Luger (1849-1923), Austrian-born firearms expert.
luggage (n.) Look up luggage at Dictionary.com
1590s, from lug (v.) "to drag" + -age; so, literally "what has to be lugged about" (or, in Johnson's definition, "any thing of more weight than value"). In 20c., the usual word for "baggage belonging to passengers."
lugger (n.) Look up lugger at Dictionary.com
"small fishing or coasting boat" (also favored by smugglers), 1757, from lugsail (see lug (n.)) or else from Dutch logger "to fish with a dragnet."
lugubriosity (n.) Look up lugubriosity at Dictionary.com
1839, from Latin lugubris (see lugubrious) + -ity. Sometimes also lugubrosity.
lugubrious (adj.) Look up lugubrious at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from Latin lugubris "mournful, pertaining to mourning," from lugere "to mourn," from PIE root *leug- "to break; to cause pain" (cognates: Greek lygros "mournful, sad," Sanskrit rujati "breaks, torments," Lettish lauzit "to break the heart"). Related: Lugubriously; lugubriousness.
lugworm (n.) Look up lugworm at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from lug, probably a Celtic word (the first recorded use is in a Cornwall context) unrelated to lug (n.) or lug (v.) + worm. But OED suggests connection with lug (v.) on the notion of "heavy, clumsy."
luke (adj.) Look up luke at Dictionary.com
obsolete except in lukewarm (late 14c.), from Middle English leuk "tepid" (c. 1200), of unknown origin; perhaps from Middle Dutch or Old Frisian leuk "tepid, weak," or from Old English hleowe (adv.) "warm," all from Proto-Germanic *khlewaz (see lee).
Luke Look up Luke at Dictionary.com
masc. proper name, from Latin Lucas (Greek Loukas), contraction of Lucanus literally "of Lucania," district in Lower Italy, home of the Lucani, a branch of the Sabelline race.
lukewarm (adj.) Look up lukewarm at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from luke + warm (adj.). Figurative sense of "lacking in zeal" (of persons or their actions) is from 1520s. Related: Lukewarmly; lukewarmness.
lull (v.) Look up lull at Dictionary.com
early 14c., lullen "hush to sleep," probably imitative of lu-lu sound used to lull a child to sleep (compare Swedish lulla "to hum a lullaby," German lullen "to rock," Sanskrit lolati "moves to and fro," Middle Dutch lollen "to mutter"). Figurative use from 1570s. Related: Lulled; lulling.
lull (n.) Look up lull at Dictionary.com
1650s as the name of a soothing drink, from lull (v.). Meaning "period of quiet in a storm" is from 1815.
lullaby (n.) Look up lullaby at Dictionary.com
1560s, lulley by, from Middle English lollai, lullay, from lullen (see lull (v.)). Second element perhaps from by-by "good-by."
lulu (n.) Look up lulu at Dictionary.com
"remarkable person or thing," 1886 (first attested in a baseball article from New Orleans, U.S.), of uncertain origin; some suggest a connection to earlier looly "beautiful girl," of unknown origin. But the reference more likely is to Lulu Hurst (1869-1950), the "Georgia Wonder," who was a popular attraction 1883-85 demonstrating her supposed mysterious "force" that allowed her to effortlessly move, with just a light touch, umbrellas and canes held tight by others. She barnstormed the U.S. and, at 15, was, briefly, one of the most famous women in the land. The skeptics soon explained her trick and burst the bubble, but not before her name was used as a word:
Such [musically uneducated persons] start from the avowed or unavowed supposition that the pianist or violinist's art necessitates no higher qualities than does plate-spinning, dancing, or the feats of a Lulu. ["The Hero as Virtuoso," in "London Society magazine," 1883]
lumbaginous (adj.) Look up lumbaginous at Dictionary.com
1620s, from Latin lumbagin-, from lumbago (see lumbago) + -ous.
lumbago (n.) Look up lumbago at Dictionary.com
1690s, from Late Latin lumbago "weakness of loins and lower back," from Latin lumbus "loin" (usually plural), from PIE *lendh- (1) "loin" (source also of Old Church Slavonic ledvije (plural) "loins; soul," Russian ljadveja "loin;" Old English lendenu "loins," German Lende "loin," Lenden "loins").
lumbar (adj.) Look up lumbar at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to or situated near the loins," 1650s, from Modern Latin lumbaris, from Latin lumbus "loin" (see lumbago).
lumber (n.) Look up lumber at Dictionary.com
"timber sawn into rough planks," 1660s, American English (Massachusetts), earlier "disused bit of furniture; heavy, useless objects" (1550s), probably from lumber (v.), perhaps influenced by Lombard, from the Italian immigrants famous as pawnbrokers and money-lenders in England (see Lombard). Lumbar, Lumbard were old alternative forms of Lombard in English. The evolution of sense then would be because a lumber-house ("pawn shop") naturally accumulates odds and ends of furniture.
Live Lumber, soldiers or passengers on board a ship are so called by the sailors. [Grose, "Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1785]



LUMBER HOUSE. A house appropriated by thieves for the reception of their stolen property. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit, and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]
lumber (v.) Look up lumber at Dictionary.com
"to move clumsily," c. 1300, lomere, probably from a Scandinavian source (compare dialectal Swedish loma "move slowly, walk heavily," Old Norse lami "lame"), ultimately cognate with lame (adj.). Related: Lumbered; lumbering.
lumberjack (n.) Look up lumberjack at Dictionary.com
1831, Canadian English, from lumber (n.) + Jack.
lumbo- Look up lumbo- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "loin, loins," from comb. form of Latin lumbus (see lumbago).
lumen (n.) Look up lumen at Dictionary.com
unit of luminosity, 1897, coined 1894 by French physicist André-Eugène Blondel (1863-1938) from Latin lumen "light," related to lucere "to shine" (see light (n.)).
Lumiere Look up Lumiere at Dictionary.com
in reference to the early color photography process, from the names of French brothers Auguste (1862-1954) and Louis (1864-1948) Lumière, photographers. The name is literally "light, lamp."
luminaire (n.) Look up luminaire at Dictionary.com
electric light, 1921, from French luminaire, from Old French luminarie (see luminary).
Luminal (n.) Look up Luminal at Dictionary.com
trade name of phenobarbitone, used as a sedative and hypnotic, coined 1912 in German from Latin lumen "light," related to lucere "to shine" (see light (n.)), + -al (3), "the root here being used, very irregularly, as an equivalent of pheno- [Flood].
luminal (adj.) Look up luminal at Dictionary.com
"of or pertaining to a lumen," 1897, with -al (1).
luminance (n.) Look up luminance at Dictionary.com
"luminousness," 1862, from Latin luminantem (nominative luminans), present participle of luminare (see luminary).
luminary (n.) Look up luminary at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., "lamp, source of (artificial) light," from Old French luminarie (12c.), "lamp, lights, lighting; candles; brightness, illumination," from Late Latin luminare "light, torch, lamp, heavenly body," literally "that which gives light," from Latin lumen (genitive luminis) "light," related to lucere "to shine" (see light (n.)). Sense of "notable person" is first recorded 1690s, though the Middle English word also had a figurative sense of "source of spiritual light, example of holiness."
luminate (v.) Look up luminate at Dictionary.com
1620s (now obsolete), from Latin luminatus, past participle of luminare (see luminary). Related: Luminated; luminating.
luminescence (n.) Look up luminescence at Dictionary.com
1884, from Latin lumen (genitive luminis) "light" (see luminous) + -escence.
Fluorescence and Phosphorescence -- Prof. E. Wiedmann has made a new study of these phenomena. He proposes the general name luminescence for evolutions of light which do not depend on the temperature of the substance concerned. ["Photographic News," April 20, 1888]
luminescent Look up luminescent at Dictionary.com
1889, from luminescence + -ent.
luminosity (n.) Look up luminosity at Dictionary.com
1630s, "quality of being luminous," from French luminosité or else a native formation from luminous + -ity. In astronomy, "intrinsic brightness of a heavenly body" (as distinguished from apparent magnitude, which diminishes with distance), attested from 1906.
luminous (adj.) Look up luminous at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "full of light," from Latin luminosus "shining, full of light," from lumen (genitive luminis) "light," related to lucere "to shine" (see light (n.)). Related: Luminously.
lummox (n.) Look up lummox at Dictionary.com
1825, East Anglian slang, perhaps from dumb ox, influenced by lumbering; or from E. Anglian dialectal form of verb lummock "move heavily or clumsily," of uncertain origin.
lump (n.) Look up lump at Dictionary.com
early 14c., lumpe (1224 as surname), probably in Old English, perhaps from a Scandinavian source (compare Danish lumpe, 16c.), of unknown origin. Compare also Middle High German lumpe, early modern Dutch lompe. Phrase lump in (one's) throat "feeling of tightness brought on by emotion" is from 1803. Lumps "hard knocks, a beating" is colloquial, from 1934. Lump sum, one covering a number of items, is from 1867.
lump (v.2) Look up lump at Dictionary.com
"endure" (now usually in contrast to like), 1791, apparently an extended sense from an older meaning "to look sulky, dislike" (1570s), of unknown origin, perhaps a symbolic sound (compare grump, harumph, etc.). Related: Lumped; lumping.
LUMPING. Great. A lumping pennyworth; a great qualtity for the money, a bargain. He has got a lumping pennyworth; frequently said of a man who marries a fat woman. [Grose, "Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 3rd edition, 1796]