matchbox (n.) Look up matchbox at Dictionary.com
also match-box, 1786, from match (n.1) + box (n.).
matchcoat (n.) Look up matchcoat at Dictionary.com
fur-skinned mantle worn by Native Americans, 1640s, originally matchco, probably a native word (compare Ojibwa majigoode "petticoat, woman's dress"), altered by influence of coat (n.).
matchless (adj.) Look up matchless at Dictionary.com
"peerless," 1520s, from match (n.2) + -less. Related: Matchlessly; matchlessness.
matchlock (n.) Look up matchlock at Dictionary.com
1690s, from match (n.1), in reference to the firing mechanism, + lock (n.1) in the firearm sense (1540s); probably so called for its resemblance to a door-latching device.
matchmaker (n.) Look up matchmaker at Dictionary.com
also match-maker, "marriage-broker," 1630s, from match (n.2) + maker. Related: Match-making.
mate (n.1) Look up mate at Dictionary.com
"associate, fellow, comrade," mid-14c., also "companion" (late 14c.), from Middle Low German mate, gemate "one eating at the same table, messmate," from Proto-Germanic *ga-maton "having food (*matiz) together (*ga-)," which is etymologically identical with companion. Cognate with Danish and Swedish mat, German Maat "mate," Dutch maat, from German. Meaning "one of a wedded pair" is attested from 1540s. Used as a form of address by sailors, laborers, etc., since at least mid-15c. Meaning "officer on a merchant vessel is from late 15c.
mate (v.2) Look up mate at Dictionary.com
"checkmate," c. 1300, from Old French mater "to checkmate, defeat, overcome," from mat "checkmated" (see checkmate (v.)).
mate (v.1) Look up mate at Dictionary.com
c. 1500, "to equal, rival," 1590s as "to match, couple, marry, join in marriage," from mate (n.1). Also, of animals, "to pair for the purpose of breeding." Related: Mated; mating.
mate (n.2) Look up mate at Dictionary.com
in chess, "a condition of checkmate," c. 1300, mat, from Middle French mat, from Old French mater (see mate (v.2)).
mater- Look up mater- at Dictionary.com
comb. form meaning "mother," from Latin mater (see mother (n.)).
materia medica (n.) Look up materia medica at Dictionary.com
"substances used in medicine," Latin, literally "medical matter."
material (adj.) Look up material at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "real, ordinary; earthly, drawn from the material world;" a term in scholastic philosophy and theology, from Old French material, materiel (14c.) and directly from Late Latin materialis (adj.) "of or belonging to matter," from Latin materia "matter, stuff, wood, timber" (see matter). From late 14c. as "made of matter, having material existence; material, physical, substantial;" from late 15c. as "important, relevant."
material (n.) Look up material at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "substance, matter from which a thing is made," from material (adj.).
materialism (n.) Look up materialism at Dictionary.com
1748, "philosophy that nothing exists except matter" (from French matérialisme); 1851 as "a way of life based entirely on consumer goods." From material (n.) + ism.
materialist (n.) Look up materialist at Dictionary.com
1660s and after in various philosophical and theological senses, on model of French matérialiste, from material (n.) + -ist. Also see materialism.
materialistic (adj.) Look up materialistic at Dictionary.com
1829, from materialist + -ic. Related: Materialistically.
materiality (n.) Look up materiality at Dictionary.com
1520s, "that which is the matter of something," from Modern Latin materialitas, from materialis (see material (adj.)). From 1560s as "quality of being material;" 1640s as "quality of being important to matters at hand."
materialization (n.) Look up materialization at Dictionary.com
1822, noun of action from materialize.
materialize (v.) Look up materialize at Dictionary.com
1710, "represent as material," from material (adj.) + -ize. Meaning "appear in bodily form" is 1880, in spiritualism. Related: Materialized; materializing.
materially (adv.) Look up materially at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from material (adj.) + -ly (2).
materiel (n.) Look up materiel at Dictionary.com
1814, from French matériel "material," noun use of adj. matériel (see material (adj.)). A later borrowing of the same word that became material (n.).
maternal (adj.) Look up maternal at Dictionary.com
late 15c., from Old French maternel (14c.), from Vulgar Latin *maternalis, from Latin maternus "maternal, of a mother," from mater "mother" (see mother (n.1)).
maternity (n.) Look up maternity at Dictionary.com
1610s, "quality or condition of being a mother," from French maternité "motherhood" (15c.), from Medieval Latin maternitatem (nominative maternitas) "motherhood," from Latin maternus (see maternal). Used from 1893 as a quasi-adjective in reference to garments designed for pregnant women.
matey (n.) Look up matey at Dictionary.com
1833, diminutive of mate (n.) in its "male friend" sense + -y (3).
math (n.1) Look up math at Dictionary.com
American English shortening of mathematics, 1890; the British preference, maths, is attested from 1911.
math (n.2) Look up math at Dictionary.com
"a mowing," Old English mæð "mowing, cutting of grass," from Proto-Germanic *mediz (source also of Old Frisian meth, Old High German mad, German Mahd "mowing, hay crop"), from PIE *me- (4) "to cut grass" (see mow (v.)).
mathematic (n.) Look up mathematic at Dictionary.com
late 14c. as singular noun, replaced by early 17c. by mathematics, from Latin mathematica (plural), from Greek mathematike tekhne "mathematical science," feminine singular of mathematikos (adj.) "relating to mathematics, scientific, astronomical; disposed to learn," from mathema (genitive mathematos) "science, knowledge, mathematical knowledge; a lesson," literally "that which is learnt;" related to manthanein "to learn," from PIE root *mendh- "to learn" (source also of Greek menthere "to care," Lithuanian mandras "wide-awake," Old Church Slavonic madru "wise, sage," Gothic mundonsis "to look at," German munter "awake, lively"). As an adjective, 1540s, from French mathématique or directly from Latin mathematicus.
mathematical (adj.) Look up mathematical at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Latin mathematicus (see mathematic) + -al (1). Related: Mathematically.
mathematician (n.) Look up mathematician at Dictionary.com
early 15c., from Middle French mathematicien, from mathematique, from Latin mathematicus (see mathematic).
mathematics (n.) Look up mathematics at Dictionary.com
1580s; see mathematic + -ics. Originally denoting the mathematical sciences collectively, including geometry, astronomy, optics.
maths (n.) Look up maths at Dictionary.com
see math.
Matilda Look up Matilda at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, from French Mathilde, of Germanic origin, literally "mighty in battle;" compare Old High German Mahthilda, from mahti "might, power" + hildi "battle," from Proto-Germanic *hildiz "battle" (see Hilda). The name also was late 19c. Australian slang for "a traveler's bundle or swag," hence the expression waltzing Matilda "to travel on foot" (by 1889).
In my electorate nearly every man you meet who is not "waltzing Matilda" rides a bicycle. ["Parliamentary Debates," Australia, 1907]
The lyrics of the song of that name, sometimes called the unofficial Australian national anthem, are said to date to 1893.
matin (n.) Look up matin at Dictionary.com
see matins.
matinee (n.) Look up matinee at Dictionary.com
"afternoon performance," 1848, from French matinée (musicale), from matinée "morning" (with a sense here of "daytime"), from matin "morning," from Old French matines (see matins). Originally as a French word in English; it lost its foreignness by late 19c.
matins (n.) Look up matins at Dictionary.com
canonical hour, mid-13c., from Old French matines (12c.), from Late Latin matutinas (nominative matutinæ) "morning prayers," originally matutinas vigilias "morning watches," from Latin matutinus "of or in the morning," associated with Matuta, Roman dawn goddess (see manana). The Old English word was uht-sang, from uhte "daybreak."
matri- Look up matri- at Dictionary.com
word-forming element meaning "mother," from comb. form of Latin mater (genitive matris) "mother" (see mother (n.1)).
matriarch (n.) Look up matriarch at Dictionary.com
"mother who heads a family or tribe," c. 1600, from matri- + -arch, abstracted from patriarch.
matriarchal (adj.) Look up matriarchal at Dictionary.com
1780 (in reference to bee colonies); see matriarch + -al (1); "patterned after patriarchy" [Barnhart]. Related: Matriarchally.
matriarchy (n.) Look up matriarchy at Dictionary.com
formed in English 1881 from matriarch + -y (4).
matricide (n.) Look up matricide at Dictionary.com
1590s, "action of killing one's mother," from French matricide, from Latin matricida "mother-killer," and matricidium "mother-killing," from comb. form of mater "mother" (see mother (n.1)) + -cida "killer," and -cidium "a killing," from caedere "to slay" (see -cide). Meaning "one who kills his mother" is 1630s. Related: Matricidal (adj.). Old English had moðorslaga "matricide, mother-slayer."
matriculate (v.) Look up matriculate at Dictionary.com
1570s, "to admit a student to a college by enrolling his name on the register," from Late Latin matriculatus, past participle of matriculare "to register," from Latin matricula "public register," diminutive of matrix (genitive matricis) "list, roll," also "sources, womb" (see matrix).

The connection of senses in the Latin word seems to be via confusion of Greek metra "womb" (from meter "mother;" see mother (n.1)) and an identical but different Greek word metra meaning "register, lot" (see meter (n.2)). Evidently Latin matrix was used to translate both, though it originally shared meaning with only one. Related: Matriculated; matriculating.
matriculation (n.) Look up matriculation at Dictionary.com
1580s, noun of action from matriculate (v.).
matrifocal (adj.) Look up matrifocal at Dictionary.com
1952, a term from sociology, from matri- + focal.
matrilineal (adj.) Look up matrilineal at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to or descended from the mother's side," 1897, from matri- + lineal. Related: Matrilineage; matrilineally.
matrilocal (adj.) Look up matrilocal at Dictionary.com
1897, from matri- + local.
matrimonial (adj.) Look up matrimonial at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from Middle French matrimonial (14c.) and directly from Late Latin matrimonialis, from Latin matrimonium (see matrimony). Earlier as a noun meaning "a marriage" (late 15c.). Related: Matrimonially.
matrimony (n.) Look up matrimony at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from Old French matremoine "matrimony, marriage" and directly from Latin matrimonium "wedlock, marriage," from matrem (nominative mater) "mother" (see mother (n.1)) + -monium, suffix signifying "action, state, condition."
matrix (n.) Look up matrix at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "uterus, womb," from Old French matrice "womb, uterus," from Latin matrix (genitive matricis) "pregnant animal," in Late Latin "womb," also "source, origin," from mater (genitive matris) "mother" (see mother (n.1)). Sense of "place or medium where something is developed" is first recorded 1550s; sense of "embedding or enclosing mass" first recorded 1640s. Logical sense of "array of possible combinations of truth-values" is attested from 1914. As a verb from 1951.
matroclinous (adj.) Look up matroclinous at Dictionary.com
"resembling the mother rather than the father," 1911, from matri- + Greek klinein "to lean" (see lean (v.)).
matron (n.) Look up matron at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "married woman" (usually one of rank), from Old French matrone "married woman; elderly lady; patroness; midwife," and directly from Latin matrona "married woman, wife, matron," from mater (genitive matris) "mother" (see mother (n.1)). Sense of "female manager of a school, hospital, etc." first recorded 1550s.