mire (n.) Look up mire at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse myrr "bog, swamp," from Proto-Germanic *miuzja- (source of Old English mos "bog, marsh"), from PIE *meus- "damp" (see moss).
mirepoix (n.) Look up mirepoix at Dictionary.com
in cookery, 1815, from French, evidently named for Charles Pierre Gaston François, duc de Mirepoix (1699-1757), French diplomat. The concoction supposedly created by his head chef and named in his honor during the reign of Louis XV, one of the grand epochs of French cookery, when it was the style of the aristocracy to have dishes named in their honor.
MIREPOIX.--It is probable that one of these days the common sense of mankind will rise in rebellion against this word and abolish it. What is the Duke of Mirepoix to us because his wife was amiable to Louis XV.?
If she be not fair to me,
What care I how fair she be?
The Duke of Mirepoix made himself convenient to the king, and his name is now convenient to the people--the convenient name for the faggot of vegetables that flavours a stew or a sauce. ["Kettner's Book of the Table," London, 1877]
Miriam Look up Miriam at Dictionary.com
fem. proper name, biblical sister of Moses and Aaron (Exodus xv.20), from Hebrew Miryam (see Mary).
mirror (v.) Look up mirror at Dictionary.com
"to reflect," 1590s, from mirror (n.). Related: Mirrored; mirroring. The Middle English verb mirouren (early 15c.) meant "to be a model" (for conduct, behavior, etc.), while miren (mid-14c., from Old French mirer) meant "to look in a mirror."
mirror (n.) Look up mirror at Dictionary.com
early 13c., from Old French mireoir "a reflecting glass, looking glass; observation, model, example," earlier miradoir (11c.), from mirer "look at" (oneself in a mirror), "observe, watch, contemplate," from Vulgar Latin *mirare "to look at," variant of Latin mirari "to wonder at, admire" (see miracle).

The Spanish cognate, mirador (from mirar "to look, look at, behold"), has come to mean "watch tower." Latin speculum "mirror" (or its Medieval Latin variant speglum) is the source of words for "mirror" in neighboring languages: Italian specchio, Spanish espejo, Old High German spiegal, German Spiegel, Dutch spiegel, Danish spejl, Swedish spegel. An ancient Germanic group of words for "mirror" is represented by Gothic skuggwa, Old Norse skuggsja, Old High German scucar, which are related to Old English scua "shade, shadow."
Words for 'mirror' are mostly from verbs for 'look', with a few words for 'shadow' or other sources. The common use of the word for the material 'glass' in the sense of 'mirror' seems to be peculiar to English. [Carl Darling Buck, "A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages," 1949]
Figurative usage is attested from c. 1300. Used in divination since classical and biblical times; mirrors in modern England are the subject of at least 14 known superstitions, according to folklorists. Belief that breaking one brings bad luck is attested from 1777. Mirror ball attested from 1968.
mirth (n.) Look up mirth at Dictionary.com
Old English myrgð "joy, pleasure," from Proto-Germanic *murgitha (source also of Middle Dutch merchte), noun of quality from *murgjo- (see merry; also see -th (2)). Mirthquake "entertainment that excites convulsive laughter" first attested 1928, in reference to Harold Lloyd movies.
mirthful (adj.) Look up mirthful at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from mirth + -ful. Related: Mirthfully; mirthfulness.
mirthless (adj.) Look up mirthless at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from mirth + -less. Related: Mirthlessly.
miry (adj.) Look up miry at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from mire (n.) + -y (2).
miryachit (n.) Look up miryachit at Dictionary.com
"nervous disorder peculiar to Siberia, in which the patient mimics everything said or done by another," from Russian, literally "to be epileptic."
mis- (1) Look up mis- at Dictionary.com
prefix meaning "bad, wrong," from Old English mis-, from Proto-Germanic *missa- "divergent, astray" (source also of Old Frisian and Old Saxon mis-, Middle Dutch misse-, Old High German missa-, German miß-, Old Norse mis-, Gothic missa-), perhaps literally "in a changed manner," and with a root sense of "difference, change" (compare Gothic misso "mutually"), and thus from PIE *mit-to-, from root *mei- (1) "to change."

Productive as word-forming element in Old English (as in mislæran "to give bad advice, teach amiss"). In 14c.-16c. in a few verbs its sense began to be felt as "unfavorably" and was used as an intensive prefix with verbs already expressing negative feeling (as in misdoubt). Practically a separate word in Old and early Middle English (and often written as such). Old English also had an adjective (mislic "diverse, unlike, various") and an adverb (mislice "in various directions, wrongly, astray") derived from it, corresponding to German misslich (adj.).
mis- (2) Look up mis- at Dictionary.com
in mischief, miscreant, etc., represents Old French mes- "bad, badly, wrong, wrongly," from Vulgar Latin minus-, from Latin minus "less" (from suffixed form of PIE root *mei- (2) "small"), which was not used as a prefix. Perhaps influenced in Old French by *miss-, the Frankish equivalent of mis- (1).
misadventure (n.) Look up misadventure at Dictionary.com
late 13c., misaventure, from Old French mesaventure (12c.) "accident, mishap," from mesavenir "to turn out badly;" see mis- (2) + adventure (n.).
misaligned (adj.) Look up misaligned at Dictionary.com
1903, from mis- (1) + past participle of align.
misalignment (n.) Look up misalignment at Dictionary.com
1891, from mis- (1) + alignment.
misandry (n.) Look up misandry at Dictionary.com
1878, from miso- "hatred" + andros "of man, male human being" (see anthropo-). Related: Misandrist.
misanthrope (n.) Look up misanthrope at Dictionary.com
"one who hates mankind," 1560s, from Greek misanthropos "hating mankind," from misein "to hate" (see miso-) + anthropos "man" (from PIE root *ner- (2) "man"). Alternative form misanthropist is attested from 1650s.
misanthropic (adj.) Look up misanthropic at Dictionary.com
1762, from misanthrope + -ic. Earlier was misanthropical (1620s).
misanthropy (n.) Look up misanthropy at Dictionary.com
1650s, from Greek misanthropia "hatred of mankind," from misanthropos (see misanthrope).
misapplication (n.) Look up misapplication at Dictionary.com
c. 1600, from mis- (1) + application.
misapprehend (v.) Look up misapprehend at Dictionary.com
1640s, from mis- (1) + apprehend "take hold of, grasp" physically or mentally. Related: Misapprehended; misapprehending.
misapprehension (n.) Look up misapprehension at Dictionary.com
1620s; from mis- (1) + apprehension. Related: Misapprehensive.
misappropriate (v.) Look up misappropriate at Dictionary.com
1803, from mis- (1) + appropriate (v.). Related: Misappropriated; misappropriating.
misappropriation (n.) Look up misappropriation at Dictionary.com
1746; from mis- (1) + appropriation.
misattribution (n.) Look up misattribution at Dictionary.com
1865, from mis- (1) + attribution.
misbefall (v.) Look up misbefall at Dictionary.com
"suffer harm, come to grief," mid-13c., from mis- (1) + befall. Related: Misbefell; misbefalling.
misbegotten (adj.) Look up misbegotten at Dictionary.com
"bastard, illegitimate," 1550s, past participle adjective from obsolete misbeget (c. 1300); see mis- (1) + beget.
misbehave (v.) Look up misbehave at Dictionary.com
"conduct oneself improperly," late 15c.; see mis- (1) + behave. Related: Misbehaved; misbehaving.
misbehavior (n.) Look up misbehavior at Dictionary.com
also misbehaviour, late 15c., from mis- (1) + behavior.
misbetide (v.) Look up misbetide at Dictionary.com
"have bad fortune, experience defeat," c. 1400, from mis- (1) + betide.
misborn (adj.) Look up misborn at Dictionary.com
"abortive, premature, mis-shapen from birth," late Old English misboren "abortive, degenerate," from mis- (1) + born. From 1580s as "born of an unlawful union."
miscalculate (v.) Look up miscalculate at Dictionary.com
1705; from mis- (1) + calculate. Related: Miscalculated; miscalculating.
miscalculation (n.) Look up miscalculation at Dictionary.com
1720, from mis- (1) + calculation.
miscall (v.) Look up miscall at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., from mis- (1) + call (v.). Related: Miscalled; miscalling.
miscarriage (n.) Look up miscarriage at Dictionary.com
1580s, "mistake, error;" 1610s, "misbehavior;" see miscarry + -age. Meaning "untimely delivery" is from 1660s. Miscarriage of justice is from 1875.
miscarry (v.) Look up miscarry at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "go astray;" mid-14c., "come to harm, perish;" of persons, "to die," of objects, "to be lost or destroyed," from mis- (1) "wrongly" + caryen "to carry" (see carry (v.)). Meaning "deliver unviable fetus" first recorded 1520s; that of "fail, come to naught" (of plans or designs) is from c. 1600. Related: Miscarried; miscarrying.
miscast (v.) Look up miscast at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to cast (a glance, an 'eye') with evil intent" see mis- (1) + cast (v.). Theatrical sense of "to place an actor in an unsuitable roll" is first recorded 1927. Related: Miscasting.
miscegenate (v.) Look up miscegenate at Dictionary.com
1864; see miscegenation. Related: Miscegenated; miscegenating.
miscegenation (n.) Look up miscegenation at Dictionary.com
"interbreeding of races," 1864, coined irregularly in American English from Latin miscere "to mix" (see mix (v.)) + genus "race," from PIE root *gene- "give birth, beget," with derivatives referring to procreation and familial and tribal groups.
miscellaneous (adj.) Look up miscellaneous at Dictionary.com
1630s, from Latin miscellaneus "mixed, miscellaneous," from miscellus "mixed," from miscere "to mix" (see mix (v.)). Related: Miscellaneously.
miscellany (n.) Look up miscellany at Dictionary.com
"a mixture, medley," 1590s, from Latin miscellanea "a writing on miscellaneous subjects," originally "meat hash, hodge-podge" (food for gladiators), neuter plural of miscellaneus (see miscellaneous).
mischance (v.) Look up mischance at Dictionary.com
1540s, from mis- (1) + chance (v.). Related: Mischanced; mischancing.
mischance (n.) Look up mischance at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from Old French mescheance "misfortune, mishap, accident; wickedness, malice," from Vulgar Latin *minuscadentiam; see mis- (2) + chance (n.). Now usually "bad luck;" formerly much stronger: "calamity, disaster."
mischief (n.) Look up mischief at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, "evil condition, misfortune, need, want," from Old French meschief "misfortune, harm, trouble; annoyance, vexation" (12c., Modern French méchef), verbal noun from meschever "come or bring to grief, be unfortunate" (opposite of achieve), from mes- "badly" (see mis- (2)) + chever "happen, come to a head," from Vulgar Latin *capare "head," from Latin caput "head" (see capitulum). Meaning "harm or evil considered as the work of some agent or due to some cause" is from late 15c. Sense of "playful malice" first recorded 1784.

Mischief Night in 19c. England was the eve of May Day and of Nov. 5, both major holidays, and perhaps the original point was pilfering for the next day's celebration and bonfire; but in Yorkshire, Scotland, and Ireland the night was Halloween. The useful Middle English verb mischieve (early 14c.) has, for some reason, fallen from currency.
mischievous (adj.) Look up mischievous at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "unfortunate, disastrous," probably from mischief + -ous. Sense of "playfully malicious or annoying" first recorded 1670s. Related: Mischievously; mischievousness.
miscible (adj.) Look up miscible at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Medieval Latin miscibilis "mixable," from Latin miscere "to mix" (see mix (v.)).
miscommunication (n.) Look up miscommunication at Dictionary.com
by 1959, from mis- (1) + communication. Related: Miscommunicate; miscommunicated.
misconceive (v.) Look up misconceive at Dictionary.com
late 14c., "to have a wrong notion of;" see mis- (1) + conceive. Related: Misconceived; misconceiving.
misconception (n.) Look up misconception at Dictionary.com
1660s, from mis- (1) + conception. Related: Misconceptions.
misconduct (n.) Look up misconduct at Dictionary.com
1710, "bad management, neglect;" see mis- (1) + conduct (n.). Meaning "wrong conduct" is attested from 1729.