overshoot (v.) Look up overshoot at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., "to shoot, run, or pass beyond (a point or limit)," over- + shoot (v.). Related: Overshot; overshooting.
overshot (adj.) Look up overshot at Dictionary.com
1530s, in reference to water-wheels, "driven by water shot over from above," past participle adjective from overshoot.
oversight (n.) Look up oversight at Dictionary.com
"supervision," early 14c., from over- + sight. Meaning "omission of notice, fact of passing over without seeing" attested from late 15c.; compare oversee.
oversimplification (n.) Look up oversimplification at Dictionary.com
also over-simpification, 1835, from over- + simplification.
oversimplify (v.) Look up oversimplify at Dictionary.com
1908, from over- + simplify. Related: Oversimplified; oversimplifying.
oversized (adj.) Look up oversized at Dictionary.com
1788, past participle adjective from oversize "make too large" (1670s), from over- + size (v.).
oversleep (v.) Look up oversleep at Dictionary.com
late 14c., from over- + sleep (v.). Related: Overslept; oversleeping. Old English had a noun oferslæp "too much sleep."
overspend (v.) Look up overspend at Dictionary.com
1610s, "to wear out," from over- + spend. Meaning "to spend more than is necessary" is attested from 1857. Related: Overspent; overspending.
overspread (v.) Look up overspread at Dictionary.com
c. 1200, "to spread throughout," from over- + spread (v.). Related: Overspread (past tense); overspreading. Old English had ofersprædan "to overlay, cover."
overstand (v.) Look up overstand at Dictionary.com
"to stand over or beside," from Old English oferstandan; see over- + stand (v.).
overstate (v.) Look up overstate at Dictionary.com
1630s, "assume too much grandeur;" see over- + state (n.1). Meaning "state too strongly" is attested from 1798, from state (v.). Related: Overstated, overstating.
overstatement (n.) Look up overstatement at Dictionary.com
1803, from over- + statement.
overstep (v.) Look up overstep at Dictionary.com
Old English ofersteppan "to step over or beyond, cross, exceed;" see over- + step (v.). From the beginning used in figurative senses. Related: Overstepped; overstepping.
overstock (v.) Look up overstock at Dictionary.com
1640s, from over- + stock (v.). Related: Overstocked; overstocking. The noun is attested from 1710.
overstrong (adj.) Look up overstrong at Dictionary.com
"too powerful, too harsh," early 13c., from over- + strong (adj.).
overt (adj.) Look up overt at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "open to view," from Old French overt (Modern French ouvert), past participle of ovrir "to open," from Latin aperire "to open, uncover," from PIE compound *ap-wer-yo- from *ap- "off, away" (see abo-) + base *wer- (5) "to cover" (see weir). Compare Latin operire "to cover," from the same root with PIE prefix *op- "over;" and Lithuanian atveriu "open," uzveriu "shut."
overtake (v.) Look up overtake at Dictionary.com
"to come up to, to catch in pursuit," early 13c., from over- + take (v.). According to OED, originally "the running down and catching of a fugitive or beast of chase"; it finds the sense of over- in this word "not so clear." Related: Overtaken; overtaking. Old English had oferniman "to take away, carry off, seize, ravish."
overtax (v.) Look up overtax at Dictionary.com
1640s, "to demand too much of," from over- + tax (v.). Related: Overtaxed; overtaxing.
overthrow (v.) Look up overthrow at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "to knock down," from over- + throw (v.). Figurative sense of "to cast down from power, defeat" is attested from late 14c. Related: Overthrown; overthrowing. Earlier in same senses was overwerpen "to overturn (something), overthrow; destroy," from Old English oferweorpan (see warp (v.)).
overthrow (n.) Look up overthrow at Dictionary.com
1510s, "act of overthrowing," from over- + throw (n.).
overtime (n.) Look up overtime at Dictionary.com
"time above the regular hours of work," 1846, from over- + time (n.). Sporting sense first attested 1921, in an ice hockey context.
overtire (v.) Look up overtire at Dictionary.com
1550s, from over- + tire (v.). Related: Overtired; overtiring.
overtly (adv.) Look up overtly at Dictionary.com
early 14c., from overt + -ly (2).
overtone (n.) Look up overtone at Dictionary.com
1867, in literal sense, from over + tone (n.); a loan-translation of German Oberton, first used by German physicist Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821-1894) as a contraction of Overpartialton "upper partial tone." Figurative sense of "subtle implication" is from 1890, first attested in writings of William James.
overtop (v.) Look up overtop at Dictionary.com
1560s, from over- + top (v.). Related: Overtopped; overtopping.
overtower (v.) Look up overtower at Dictionary.com
1830, from over- + tower (v.). Related: Overtowered; overtowering.
overture (n.) Look up overture at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., "opening, aperture;" early 15c. as "an introductory proposal," from Old French overture "opening; proposal" (Modern French ouverture), from Latin apertura "opening," from aperire "to open, uncover" (see overt). Orchestral sense first recorded in English 1660s.
overturn (v.) Look up overturn at Dictionary.com
early 13c., of a wheel, "to rotate, roll over," from over- + turn (v.). Attested from c. 1300 in general transitive sense "to throw over violently;" figurative meaning "to ruin, destroy" is from late 14c. Of judicial decisions, "to reverse," it is attested from 1826. Related: Overturned; overturning.
overuse (n.) Look up overuse at Dictionary.com
also over-use, 1862, from over- + use (n.).
overview (n.) Look up overview at Dictionary.com
"survey, summary," 1934, American English, from over- + view (n.). In 17c. it meant "inspection, supervision," but this became obsolete.
overweening (adj.) Look up overweening at Dictionary.com
mid-14c., from present participle of verb overwenen "be conceited, presume, be presumptuous, be over-confident," from Old English oferwenian "to be proud, become insolent or presumptuous;" see over- + ween.
overweight (adj.) Look up overweight at Dictionary.com
"in excess of proper or ordinary weight," 1630s, from over- + weight (n.). Of persons, as a noun, "obesity" from 1917.
overwhelm (v.) Look up overwhelm at Dictionary.com
early 14c., "to turn upside down, to overthrow," from over- + Middle English whelmen "to turn upside down" (see whelm). Meaning "to submerge completely" is mid-15c. Perhaps the connecting notion is a boat, etc., washed over, and overset, by a big wave. Figurative sense of "to bring to ruin" is attested from 1520s. Related: Overwhelmed; overwhelming; overwhelmingly.
overwhelmed (adj.) Look up overwhelmed at Dictionary.com
mid-15c., past participle adjective from overwhelm.
overwinter (v.) Look up overwinter at Dictionary.com
Old English oferwintran; see over- + winter (v.). Related: Overwintered; overwintering.
overwork (v.) Look up overwork at Dictionary.com
"to cause to work too hard," 1520s, from over- + work (v.). Old English oferwyrcan meant "to work all over," i.e. "to decorate the whole surface of." Related: Overworked; overworking.
overwork (n.) Look up overwork at Dictionary.com
"work beyond a person's strength," 1819; see overwork (v.). Old English oferweorc meant "a superstructure, sarcophagus, tomb."
overwrite (v.) Look up overwrite at Dictionary.com
1690s, "to write over other writing," from over- + write (v.). Of computers, it is attested from 1959. Meaning "to write too elaborately or ornately" is from 1923. Related: Overwriting; overwritten.
overwrought (adj.) Look up overwrought at Dictionary.com
"worked up to too high a pitch," 1825, literally "over-worked," from over- + wrought. Earlier it meant "exhausted by work" (1660s) as a literal past participle of overwork.
overzealous (adj.) Look up overzealous at Dictionary.com
also over-zealous, 1630s, from over- + zealous. Related: Overzealously; overzealousness.
Ovid Look up Ovid at Dictionary.com
Publius Ovidius Nasso, Roman poet (43 B.C.E.-17 C.E.). Related: Ovidian.
oviduct (n.) Look up oviduct at Dictionary.com
1757, from Modern Latin oviductus, from ovi ductus "channel of an egg;" see egg (n.) + duke (n.).
oviform (adj.) Look up oviform at Dictionary.com
"egg-shaped," 1680s, from ovi-, comb. form of Latin ovus "egg" (see ovum) + forma "form, shape" (see form (n.)).
ovine (adj.) Look up ovine at Dictionary.com
"pertaining to or of the nature of sheep," 1828, from Latin ovinus, from ovis "sheep," from PIE Related: *owi- "sheep" (see ewe).
oviparous (adj.) Look up oviparous at Dictionary.com
"producing eggs that are hatched outside the body of the female," 1640s, from Latin oviparus, from ovum "egg" (see egg (n.)) + stem of parere "to bring forth" (see pare).
ovoid (adj.) Look up ovoid at Dictionary.com
"egg-shaped," 1828, from Modern Latin ovoides, a hybrid from Latin ovum (see ovum) + Greek -oeides "like" (see -oid). Related: Ovoidal.
ovoviviparous (adj.) Look up ovoviviparous at Dictionary.com
1801, from comb. form of ovum + viviparous.
ovular (adj.) Look up ovular at Dictionary.com
1855, from ovule + -ar.
ovulate (v.) Look up ovulate at Dictionary.com
1888, back-formation from ovulation. Related: Ovulated; ovulating.
ovulation (n.) Look up ovulation at Dictionary.com
1848, from Modern Latin ovulum (see ovule) + -ation.