omnium gatherum (n.) Look up omnium gatherum at
1520s, "miscellaneous collection," humorous coinage from Latin omnium "of all" (genitive plural of omnis; see omni-) + Latinized form of English gather.
omnivore (n.) Look up omnivore at
1890, formed from omni- on model of carnivore (see omnivorous).
omnivorous (adj.) Look up omnivorous at
1650s, from Latin omnivorus "all-devouring," from omnis "all" (see omni-) + vorare "devour, swallow" (see voracity). Related: Omnivorously; omnivorousness.
omo- Look up omo- at
before vowels om-, word-forming element meaning "raw, unripe," from Greek omo-, comb. form of omos "raw," from PIE root *om- "raw, sharp-tasting" (cognates: Sanskrit amah "raw, uncooked, unripe," Old Irish om, Welsh of).
omophagous (adj.) Look up omophagous at
1857, from omophagia (1706), from Greek, literally "eating raw flesh," from omos "raw" (see omo-) + phagein "to eat" (see -phagous).
omphalo- Look up omphalo- at
before vowels omphal-, word-forming element meaning "navel," from Greek omphalos (see omphalos).
omphalos Look up omphalos at
also omphalus, "sacred stone," 1850, from Greek omphalos, literally "navel," later also "hub" (as the central point), from PIE *ombh-alo-, from root *nobh-/*ombh- "navel" (see navel). The name of the rounded stone in the shrine at Delphi, regarded by the ancients as the center of the world. Related: Omphalic.
omphaloskepsis (n.) Look up omphaloskepsis at
1925, from omphalo- + Greek -skepsis, from skeptesthai "to reflect, look, view" (see scope (n.1)). Also omphaloscopy (1931), and used in the sense of "navel-gazer" were omphalopsychic (1892), omphalopsychite (1882).
on (prep.) Look up on at
Old English on, unstressed variant of an "in, on, into," from Proto-Germanic *ana "on" (cognates: Dutch aan, German an, Gothic ana "on, upon"), from PIE root *an- "on" (cognates: Avestan ana "on," Greek ana "on, upon," Latin an-, Old Church Slavonic na, Lithuanian nuo "down from"). Also used in Old English in many places where we would now use in. From 16c.-18c. (and still in northern England dialect) often reduced to o'. Phrase on to "aware" is from 1877. On time is from 1890.
on-looker (n.) Look up on-looker at
"spectator," c. 1600, from on + agent noun from look (v.).
on-site (adj.) Look up on-site at
also onsite, 1959, from on + site. Originally in reference to Cold War military inspections.
onager (n.) Look up onager at
Asiatic wild ass, mid-14c., from Latin onager, from Greek onagros, from onos "ass" (related to Latin asinus, but the ultimate source is unknown) + agrios "wild," literally "living in the fields," from agros "field" (see acre).
onanism (n.) Look up onanism at
"masturbation," also "coitus interruptus," 1727, from Onan, son of Judah (Gen. xxxviii:9), who spilled his seed on the ground rather than impregnate his dead brother's wife: "And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother." The moral of this verse was redirected by those who sought to suppress masturbation.
onboard (adj.) Look up onboard at
1966 as one word, from on + board (n.2).
once (adv.) Look up once at
c. 1200, anes, from ane "one" (see one ) + adverbial genitive. Replaced Old English æne. Spelling changed as pronunciation shifted from two syllables to one after c. 1300. Pronunciation change to "wuns" parallels that of one. As an emphatic, meaning "once and for all," it is attested from c. 1300, but this now is regarded as a Pennsylvania German dialect formation. Meaning "in a past time" (but not necessarily just one time) is from mid-13c.

Once upon a time as the beginning of a story is recorded from 1590s. At once originally (early 13c.) meant "simultaneously," later "in one company" (c. 1300), and preserved the sense of "one" in the word; the phrase typically appeared as one word, atones; the modern meaning "immediately" is attested from 1530s.
once-over (n.) Look up once-over at
"inspection," 1913, from once + over.
onco- Look up onco- at
word-forming element meaning "bulk, mass," especially in medical use, "tumor," from Latinized form of Greek onko-, comb. form of onkos "bulk, size, mass, body."
oncogene (n.) Look up oncogene at
1969, from onco- + -gene, from root of Greek gignere (perf. genui) "beget," from PIE *gen- "produce" (see genus). Related: Oncogenesis (1832).
oncology (n.) Look up oncology at
1857, coined in English from onco- "tumor" + -logy "science or study of." Related: Oncologist; oncological.
oncoming (adj.) Look up oncoming at
1844, from on + coming, present participle of come (v.).
one (n.) Look up one at
c. 1200, from Old English an (adjective, pronoun, noun) "one," from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (cognates: Old Norse einn, Danish een, Old Frisian an, Dutch een, German ein, Gothic ains), from PIE *oi-no- "one, unique" (cognates: Greek oinos "ace (on dice);" Latin unus "one;" Old Persian aivam; Old Church Slavonic -inu, ino-; Lithuanian vienas; Old Irish oin; Breton un "one").

Originally pronounced as it still is in only, and in dialectal good 'un, young 'un, etc.; the now-standard pronunciation "wun" began c. 14c. in southwest and west England (Tyndale, a Gloucester man, spells it won in his Bible translation), and it began to be general 18c. Use as indefinite pronoun influenced by unrelated French on and Latin homo.

One and only "sweetheart" is from 1906. One of those things "unpredictable occurrence" is from 1934. Slang one-arm bandit "a type of slot machine" is recorded by 1938. One-night stand is 1880 in performance sense; 1963 in sexual sense. One of the boys "ordinary amiable fellow" is from 1893. One-track mind is from 1927. Drinking expression one for the road is from 1950 (as a song title).
one-horse (adj.) Look up one-horse at
"small-scale, petty" 1853, American English, colloquial, in reference to towns so small they only had one horse.
one-liner (n.) Look up one-liner at
"short joke, witty remark," 1969, from one + line.
one-of-a-kind Look up one-of-a-kind at
adjectival phrase attested from 1961.
one-off (n.) Look up one-off at
"single example of a manufactured product," 1934, from one + off. Later given figurative extension.
one-shot (adj.) Look up one-shot at
1907, "achieved in a single attempt" (original reference is to golf), from one + shot (n.). Meaning "happening or of use only once" is from 1937.
one-sided (adj.) Look up one-sided at
1833, "dealing with one side of a question or dispute," from one + side (n.). Related: One-sidedly; one-sidedness.
one-upsmanship (n.) Look up one-upsmanship at
1952, from noun phrase one up "scoring one more point than one's opponent" (1919).
one-way (adj.) Look up one-way at
1906, in reference to travel tickets; 1914 in reference to streets; 1940 in reference to windows, mirrors, etc.; from one + way (n.).
Oneida Look up Oneida at
Iroquois tribe of upper N.Y. state, who later moved in part to Wisconsin, 1666, named for its principal settlement, from Oneida onenyote', literally "erected stone," containing -neny- "stone" and -ot- "to stand."
oneiric (adj.) Look up oneiric at
1859, from Greek oneiros "a dream" (see oneiro-) + -ic.
oneiro- Look up oneiro- at
before vowels oneir-, word-forming element meaning "dream," from Greek oneiros "a dream," from PIE *oner- "dream."
oneirocritic (n.) Look up oneirocritic at
"a judge or interpreter of dreams," 1650s from Greek oneirokritikos "pertaining to the interpretation of dreams," from oneirokrites "interpreter of dreams," from oneiros "a dream" (see oneiro-) + krites "discerner, judge" (see critic).
oneirocritical (adj.) Look up oneirocritical at
1580s, from oneiro- + critic + -al (1).
oneiromancy (n.) Look up oneiromancy at
1650s; see oneiro- + -mancy. Greek had oneiromantis "an interpreter of dreams." Related: oneiromantic.
oneness (n.) Look up oneness at
1590s, from one + -ness. A re-formation of Middle English onnesse, which vanished by 13c.
onerous (adj.) Look up onerous at
late 14c., from Old French onereus, honereus (14c., Modern French onéreux) and directly from Latin onerosus, from onus (genitive oneris) "burden" (see onus).
oneself Look up oneself at
1540s, one's self. Hyphenated 18c.; written as one word from c. 1827, on model of himself, itself, etc.
ongoing (adj.) Look up ongoing at
also on-going, 1877, from on + going (see go).
onion (n.) Look up onion at
early 12c., from Anglo-French union, Old French oignon "onion" (formerly also oingnon), and directly from Latin unionem (nominative unio), colloquial rustic Roman for "a kind of onion," also "pearl" (via notion of a string of onions), literally "one, unity;" sense connection is the successive layers of an onion, in contrast with garlic or cloves.

Old English had ynne (in ynne-leac), from the same Latin source, which also produced Irish inniun, Welsh wynwyn and similar words in Germanic. In Dutch, the ending in -n was mistaken for a plural inflection and new singular ui formed. The usual Indo-European name is represented by Greek kromion, Irish crem, Welsh craf, Old English hramsa, Lithuanian kremuse.

The usual Latin word was cepa, a loan from an unknown language; it is the source of Old French cive, Old English cipe, and, via Late Latin diminutive cepulla, Italian cipolla, Spanish cebolla, Polish cebula. German Zwiebel also is from this source, but altered by folk etymology in Old High German (zwibolla) from words for "two" and "ball." Onion ring is attested from 1952.

Onion dome attested from 1956; onion grass from 1883; onion skin as a type of paper from 1892. Onions, the surname, is attested from mid-12c. (Ennian), from Old Welsh Enniaun, ultimately from Latin Annianus, which was associated with Welsh einion "anvil."
oniony (adj.) Look up oniony at
1838, from onion + -y (2). Related: Onioniness.
online (adj.) Look up online at
in reference to computers, "directly connected to a peripheral device," 1950 (originally as on-line).
onlooker (n.) Look up onlooker at
c. 1600, from on + agent noun from look (v.).
only (adj.) Look up only at
Old English ænlic, anlic "only, unique, solitary," literally "one-like," from an "one" (see one) + -lic "-like" (see -ly (1)). Use as an adverb and conjunction developed in Middle English. Distinction of only and alone (now usually in reference to emotional states) is unusual; in many languages the same word serves for both. German also has a distinction in allein/einzig. Phrase only-begotten (mid-15c.) is biblical, translating Latin unigenitus, Greek monogenes. The Old English form was ancenned.
onnagata (n.) Look up onnagata at
in Kabuki and similar drama, a man who plays female roles, 1901, from Japanese, from onna "woman" + kata "figure."
onomastic (adj.) Look up onomastic at
1716, from French onomastique (17c.), from Greek onomastikos "of or belonging to naming," from onomastos "named," verbal adjective of onomazein "to name," from onoma "name" (see name).
onomastics (n.) Look up onomastics at
"scientific study of names and naming," 1936, from onomastic; also see -ics.
onomatopoeia (n.) Look up onomatopoeia at
1570s, from Late Latin onomatopoeia, from Greek onomatopoiia "the making of a name or word" (in imitation of a sound associated with the thing being named), from onomatopoios, from onoma (genitive onomatos) "word, name" (see name (n.)) + a derivative of poiein "compose, make" (see poet). Related: Onomatopoeic; onomatopoeial.
onomatopoeic (adj.) Look up onomatopoeic at
1860, from French onomatopoéique or else from onomatopoeia + -ic.
Onondaga Look up Onondaga at
tribe in the Iroquois Confederacy, 1684, named for its principal settlement, from Onondaga onontake, literally "on the hill."