polymerase (n.) Look up polymerase at Dictionary.com
1866, coined by Berzelius (1830) from Greek polymeres "having many parts" (see polymer).
polymeric (adj.) Look up polymeric at Dictionary.com
1829, from polymer + -ic.
polymerization (n.) Look up polymerization at Dictionary.com
1866, from polymer + -ization.
polymerize (v.) Look up polymerize at Dictionary.com
1851, from polymer + -ize. Related: Polymerized; polymerizing.
polymorph (n.) Look up polymorph at Dictionary.com
"organism of several forms," 1828, from Greek polymorphos "of many forms" (see polymorphous).
polymorphism (n.) Look up polymorphism at Dictionary.com
1839, from polymorph + -ism.
polymorphous (adj.) Look up polymorphous at Dictionary.com
1785, from Greek polymorphos "multiform, of many forms, manifold," from poly- "many" (see poly-) + morphe "shape, form" (see Morpheus). Related: Polymorphic; polymorphously; polymorphousness.
Polynesia (n.) Look up Polynesia at Dictionary.com
1758, Latinization of French polynésie, coined 1756 by French writer Charles de Brosses (1709-1777) in "Histoire des navigations aux terres australes, contenant ce que l'on sait des moeurs et des productions des contrées découvertes jusqu'à ce jour" (and first in English in a review of it), coined from Greek polys "many" (see poly-) + nesos "island" (see Chersonese). Related: Polynesian.
polynomial Look up polynomial at Dictionary.com
1670s (n.), 1704 (adj.), irregularly formed from poly- + stem of binomial.
polyp (n.) Look up polyp at Dictionary.com
c. 1400, "nasal tumor," from Middle French polype and directly from Latin polypus "cuttlefish," also "nasal tumor," from Greek (Doric, Aeolic) polypos "octopus, cuttlefish," from polys "many" (see poly-) + pous "foot," from PIE root *ped- (1) "a foot" (see foot (n.)). Etymological sense revived 1742 as a name for hydras and sea anemones (earlier polypus, early 16c.). The Latin word is the source of French poulpe "octopus."
polypeptide (n.) Look up polypeptide at Dictionary.com
peptide built from a large number of amino acids, 1903, from German polypeptid; see poly- + peptide.
polyphagia (n.) Look up polyphagia at Dictionary.com
1690s, "eating to excess," medical Latin, from Greek polyphagia "excess in eating," from polyphagos "eating to excess," from polys "much" (see poly-) + phagein "to eat" (see -phagous). Attested from 1890 in sense "feeding on various kinds of food." Nativized as polyphagy. Related: Polyphagic; polyphagous.
Polyphemus Look up Polyphemus at Dictionary.com
name of a Cyclops ("Odyssey," IX), also used as the name for a one-eyed animal; the name is literally "many-voiced" or else "much-spoken-of" (see poly- + fame (n.)).
polyphonic (adj.) Look up polyphonic at Dictionary.com
1782, formed in English from Greek polyphonos (see polyphony).
polyphony (n.) Look up polyphony at Dictionary.com
1828, "multiplicity of sounds," from Greek polyphonia "variety of sounds," from polyphonos "having many sounds or voices," from polys "many" (see poly-) + phone "voice, sound," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say" (see fame (n.)). The meaning "counterpoint" (1864) is perhaps a back-formation from the adjective.
polyploidy (n.) Look up polyploidy at Dictionary.com
1922, from German polyploidie (1910), from polyploid, from Greek poly- (see poly-) + -ploid, from comb. form of ploos "fold" (see fold (v.)) + -oid.
polyrhythm (n.) Look up polyrhythm at Dictionary.com
1911, probably a back formation from polyrhythmic.
polyrhythmic (adj.) Look up polyrhythmic at Dictionary.com
1883, from poly- + rhythmic.
polysemous (adj.) Look up polysemous at Dictionary.com
1884, from Medieval Latin polysemus, from Greek polysemos "of many sides" (see polysemy).
polysemy (n.) Look up polysemy at Dictionary.com
1900, from French polysémie (1897), from Medieval Latin polysemus, from Greek polysemos "of many senses," from poly- (see poly-) + sema "sign" (see semantic). Related: Polysemic.
polystyrene (n.) Look up polystyrene at Dictionary.com
1922, so called because it is a polymer of styrene.
polysyllabic (adj.) Look up polysyllabic at Dictionary.com
1650s (implied in polysyllabical), from Medieval Latin polysyllabicus, from Greek polysyllabikos; see poly- + syllabic.
polysyllable (n.) Look up polysyllable at Dictionary.com
1560s; see poly- + syllable. As a rule, a word of more than three syllables.
polysynthesis (n.) Look up polysynthesis at Dictionary.com
1837, from poly- + synthesis.
polytechnic (adj.) Look up polytechnic at Dictionary.com
1805, "pertaining to instruction in many (technical) subjects," from French École Polytechnique, engineering school founded 1794 (as École des Travaux publics) in Paris; from Greek polytekhnos "skilled in many arts," from polys "many" (see poly-) + tekhne "art" (see techno-). As a noun (short for polytechnic institution) from 1836.
polytheism (n.) Look up polytheism at Dictionary.com
1610s, from French polythéisme (16c.), formed from Greek polytheia "polytheism," polytheos "of many gods," from polys "many" (see poly-) + theos "god" (see theo-).
polytheist (n.) Look up polytheist at Dictionary.com
1610s; see polytheism + -ist.
polyunsaturated (adj.) Look up polyunsaturated at Dictionary.com
1921, from poly- + unsaturated.
polyurethane (n.) Look up polyurethane at Dictionary.com
1944, from polymer + urethane.
polyvalent (adj.) Look up polyvalent at Dictionary.com
1881, from poly- + -valent, from Latin valentem, present participle of valere "be worth" (see valiant). Coined by German chemist Emil Erlenmeyer (1825-1909), who also designed the flask that bears his name.
polyvinyl (n.) Look up polyvinyl at Dictionary.com
1930, polymer of vinyl chloride. In chemistry, vinyl was used from 1863 as the name of a univalent radical derived from ethylene, from Latin vinum "wine" (see wine (n.)), because ethyl alcohol is the ordinary alcohol present in wine.
pom-pom (n.) Look up pom-pom at Dictionary.com
"Maxim automatic gun," 1899, of imitative origin, soldiers' slang from the Boer War. For the ornamental tuft, see pompom.
pomace (n.) Look up pomace at Dictionary.com
1570s, "crushed pulp of apples," from Old French pomaz, plural of pome "cider; apple," from Latin pomum "fruit; apple" (see Pomona).
pomaceous (adj.) Look up pomaceous at Dictionary.com
1706, from Vulgar Latin *poma "apple," originally plural of Latin pomus "fruit," later "apple" (see Pomona) + -aceous.
pomade (n.) Look up pomade at Dictionary.com
1560s, from Middle French pommade "an ointment" (16c.), from Italian pomata, from pomo "apple," from Latin pomum "fruit; apple" (see Pomona). So called because the original ointment recipe contained mashed apples.
pome (n.) Look up pome at Dictionary.com
late 14c., of types of apples or apple-shaped objects, from Old French pome "apple" (12c., Modern French pomme), from Late Latin or Vulgar Latin *poma "apple," originally plural of Latin pomus "fruit," later "apple" (see Pomona).
pomegranate (n.) Look up pomegranate at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, poumgarnet (a metathesized form), from Old French pome grenate (Modern French grenade) and directly from Medieval Latin pomum granatum, literally "apple with many seeds," from pome "apple; fruit" (see Pomona) + grenate "having grains," from Latin granata, fem. of granatus, from granum "grain" (see grain). The classical Latin name was malum granatum "seeded apple." Italian form is granata, Spanish is granada. The -gra- spelling restored in English early 15c.
pomelo (n.) Look up pomelo at Dictionary.com
1858, of uncertain origin; apparently related to Latin pomum "fruit; apple" (see Pomona).
Pomerania (n.) Look up Pomerania at Dictionary.com
region and former province of Prussia on the Baltic coast of modern Poland (German Pommern, Polish Pomorze), Medieval Latin, from Pomerani, name of a Slavic tribe there, from Polish po morze "by the sea."
Pomeranian (n.) Look up Pomeranian at Dictionary.com
type of dog, 1760, from Pomerania, former province of Prussia on the south coast of the Baltic Sea.
pommel (n.) Look up pommel at Dictionary.com
mid-13c., "ornamental knob;" c. 1300, "knob at the end of a sword hilt," from Old French pomel (12c., Modern French pommeau), "rounded knob," diminutive of pom "hilt of a sword," from Late Latin pomellum, diminutive of Latin pomum "apple" (see Pomona), the connecting notion being "roundness." Sense of "front peak of a saddle" first recorded mid-15c. In Middle English poetry it also sometimes meant a woman's breast. The gymnast's pommel horse is attested from 1908.
pommes frites (n.) Look up pommes frites at Dictionary.com
"fried potatoes," 1872, French, from pomme "potato" (see pome).
Pomona (n.) Look up Pomona at Dictionary.com
Roman goddess of fruit, from Latin pomum "apple; fruit," of uncertain origin. "Possibly from *po-emo- 'taken off, picked'; *po-omo- or *pe-omo- are also conceivable" [de Vaan]. Or perhaps borrowed from a lost Mediterranean language.
pomp (n.) Look up pomp at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, from Old French pompe "pomp, magnificence" (13c.) and directly from Latin pompa "procession, pomp," from Greek pompe "solemn procession, display," literally "a sending," from pempein "to send." In Church Latin, used in deprecatory sense for "worldly display, vain show."
pompadour (n.) Look up pompadour at Dictionary.com
1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in reference to various fashions, accessories, colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.
pompano (n.) Look up pompano at Dictionary.com
ocean fish, 1778, from American Spanish pampano, a name given to various types of fish, from Spanish, originally "vine, tendril," from Latin pampinus "tendril or leaf of a vine."
Pompeii Look up Pompeii at Dictionary.com
Roman town buried by volcanic eruption 79 C.E., excavated beginning in 1755; the name is from Oscan pompe "five," in reference to its five districts. Related: Pompeian.
pompier (n.) Look up pompier at Dictionary.com
"fireman's scaling ladder," French, literally "fireman," from pompe "pump" (see pump (n.)).
pompom (n.) Look up pompom at Dictionary.com
"ornamental round tuft" (originally on a hat, etc.), 1748, alteration of pompon "ornamental tuft; tuft-like flower head," from French pompon (1725), of unknown origin; perhaps related to Old French pompe "pomp."
pomposity (n.) Look up pomposity at Dictionary.com
early 15c., "pomp, solemnity," from Medieval Latin pompositas, from Late Latin pomposus "stately, pompous" (see pompous). The sense of "ostentatious display" is from 1610s; earlier in French pomposité.