Pannonia Look up Pannonia at
ancient name of the region roughly corresponding to modern Hungary.
panocha (n.) Look up panocha at
also panoche, 1847, from American Spanish panocha "brown sugar," perhaps ultimately from Latin panucula "tuft," diminutive of panus "tuft, swelling; ear of millet" (see panic (n.2)).
panoply (n.) Look up panoply at
1570s, from Greek panoplia "complete suit of armor," from pan- "all" (see pan-) + hopla (plural), "arms" of a hoplites ("heavily armed soldier"); see hoplite. Originally in English figurative, of "spiritual armor," etc. (a reference to Eph. vi); non-armorial sense of "any splendid array" first recorded 1829.
panoptic (adj.) Look up panoptic at
1826, from Greek panoptos "fully visible, seen by all," from panopes "all-seeing," from pan "all" (see pan-) + optos (see optic). Related: Panoptical.
panopticon (n.) Look up panopticon at
1768, a type of optical instrument or telescope, from Greek pan "all" (see pan-) + optikon, neuter of optikos "of or for sight" (see optic). Later the name of a type of prison designed by Bentham (1791) in which wardens had a constant view of all inmates, and "a showroom" (1850).
panorama (n.) Look up panorama at
1796, "a painting on a revolving cylindrical surface," coined c. 1789 by inventor, Irish artist Robert Barker, literally "a complete view," from pan- "all" + Greek horama "sight, spectacle, that which is seen," from horan "to look, see," possibly from PIE root *wer- (4) "to perceive" (see ward (n.)). Meaning "comprehensive survey" is 1801.
panoramic (adj.) Look up panoramic at
1813; see panorama + -ic. Panoramic camera is attested from 1878.
pansexual (adj.) Look up pansexual at
1926 (pansexualism is from 1917), from pan- + sexual. Originally in reference to the view that the sex instinct plays the primary part in all human activity, mental and physical; this was held by his critics to be the view of Freud, therefore a term of reproach leveled at early psychology.
Panslavism (n.) Look up Panslavism at
1846, from German Pansclavismus, coined as a linguistic term by Herkel in 1826.
pansy (n.) Look up pansy at
mid-15c., from Middle French pensée "a pansy," literally "thought, remembrance," from fem. past participle of penser "to think," from Latin pensare "consider," frequentative of pendere "to weigh" (see pendant). So called because it was regarded as a symbol of thought or remembrance. Meaning "effeminate homosexual man" is first recorded 1929.
pant (v.) Look up pant at
mid-15c., perhaps a shortening of Old French pantaisier "gasp, puff, pant, be out of breath, be in distress" (12c.), probably from Vulgar Latin *pantasiare "be oppressed with a nightmare, struggle for breathing during a nightmare," literally "to have visions," from Greek phantasioun "have or form images, subject to hallucinations," from phantasia "appearance, image, fantasy" (see phantasm). Related: Panted; panting.
pant (n.) Look up pant at
"a gasping breath," c. 1500, from pant (v.).
Pantaloon (n.) Look up Pantaloon at
skinny, foolish old man in Italian comedy, 1580s; see pantaloons. As a kind of leggings, 1660s.
pantaloons (n.) Look up pantaloons at
1660s, "kind of tights" (originally a French fashion and execrated as such by late 17c. English writers), associated with Pantaloun (1580s), silly old man character in Italian comedy who wore tight trousers over his skinny legs, from Italian Pantalone, originally San Pantaleone, Christian martyr, a popular saint in Venice (Pantaleone in the comedies represents the Venetian). The name is of Greek origin and means "all-compassionate" (or, according to Klein, "entirely lion"). Applied to tight long trousers (replacing knee-breeches) by 1798; pants is a shortened form first recorded 1840.
Panthalassa (n.) Look up Panthalassa at
"universal sea," such as that which surrounded Pangaea, 1893 (Suess), from pan- "all" (see pan-) + Greek thalassa "sea" (see thalasso-).
pantheism (n.) Look up pantheism at
"belief that God and the universe are identical," from pantheist (n.), which was coined (1705) by Irish deist John Toland (1670-1722), from Greek pan- "all" (see pan-) + theos "god" (see theo-).

Toland's word was borrowed into French, which from it formed panthéisme (1712) which returned to English as pantheism "the doctrine that all is god" in 1732 (no evidence that Toland used pantheism).

Greek pantheios meant "common to all gods" (see pantheon). Other words used at various times for similar notions include panentheism, "philosophy founded on the notion that all things are in God" (1874), from German (1828), coined by Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781-1832).
pantheist (n.) Look up pantheist at
1705, see pantheism + -ist.
pantheistic (adj.) Look up pantheistic at
1732, from pantheist + -ic.
pantheon (n.) Look up pantheon at
c. 1300, from Pantheon, name of a temple for all the gods built in Rome c. 25 B.C.E. by Agrippa (since 609 C.E. made into the Christian church of Santa Maria Rotonda), from Greek Pantheion (hieron) "(shrine) of all the gods," from pantheion, neuter of pantheios, from pan- "all" (see pan-) + theios "of or for the gods," from theos "god" (see theo-). Sense of any group of exalted persons is first found 1590s.
panther (n.) Look up panther at
early 13c., from Old French pantere "panther" (12c.), from Latin panthera, from Greek panther "panther, leopard," probably of Oriental origin. Folk etymology derivation from Greek pan- "all" + ther "beast" led to many curious fables.
panties (n.) Look up panties at
1845, "drawers for men" (derogatory), diminutive of pants; meaning "underpants for women or children" first recorded 1908. Panty raid first attested 1952.
pantisocracy (n.) Look up pantisocracy at
"ideal Utopian community in which all have equal rights," 1794, literally "equal rule of all," from Greek pantos, genitive of pan "all" (see pan-) + isocratia "equality of power" (see isocracy).
pantomime (n.) Look up pantomime at
1610s, "mime actor," from Latin pantomimus "mime, dancer," from Greek pantomimos "actor," literally "imitator of all," from panto- (genitive of pan) "all" (see pan-) + mimos "imitator" (see mime (n.)).

Meaning "drama or play without words" first recorded 1735. The English dramatic performances so called, usually at Christmas and with words and songs and stock characters, are attested by this name from 1739; said to have originated c. 1717. Related: Pantomimic; pantomimical.
pantomime (v.) Look up pantomime at
1768, from pantomime (n.). Related: Pantomimed; pantomiming.
pantothenic (adj.) Look up pantothenic at
denoting a B-complex vitamin acid, 1933, from Greek pantothen "from all quarters, on every side," from panto-, comb. form of pantos, genitive of pan "all" (see pan-) + -ic. So called because it was found in so many sources.
pantry (n.) Look up pantry at
early 14c., from Anglo-French panetrie (Old French paneterie) "bread room," from Medieval Latin panataria "office or room of a servant who has charge of food" (literally "bread"), from Latin panis "bread," from PIE root *pa- "to feed" (see food). Sense in English has evolved so far that its roots in "bread" are no longer felt.
pants (n.) Look up pants at
trousers, 1840, see pantaloons. Colloquial singular pant is attested from 1893. To wear the pants "be the dominant member of a household" is first attested 1931. To do something by the seat of (one's) pants "by human instinct" is from 1942, originally of pilots, perhaps with some notion of being able to sense the condition and situation of the plane by engine vibrations, etc. To be caught with (one's) pants down "discovered in an embarrassing condition" is from 1932.
pantsuit (n.) Look up pantsuit at
1966, contraction of pants suit (1964), from pants + suit (n.).
pantyhose (n.) Look up pantyhose at
1963; see panties + hose (n.).
pantywaist (n.) Look up pantywaist at
"weak or effeminate male," 1936, from a type of child's garment with short pants that buttoned to the waist of a shirt; see panties + waist.
panzer (adj.) Look up panzer at
1940, from of German Panzerdivision "armored unit," from Panzer "tank," literally "armor," from Middle High German panzier, from Old French panciere "armor for the belly," from pance "belly, stomach," from Latin pantex (genitive panticis) "belly" (see paunch).
pap (n.1) Look up pap at
"soft food for infants," late 14c., from Old French pape "watered gruel," from Latin pappa, a widespread word in children's language for "food" (Middle High German and Dutch pap, German Pappe, Spanish, Portuguese papa, Italian pappa), imitative of an infant's noise when hungry; possibly associated with pap (n.2). Meaning "over-simplified idea" first recorded 1540s.
pap (n.2) Look up pap at
"nipple of a woman's breast," c. 1200, first attested in Northern and Midlands writing, probably from a Scandinavian source (not recorded in Old Norse, but compare dialectal Swedish pappe), from PIE imitative root *pap- "to swell" (cognates: Latin papilla "nipple," papula "a swelling, pimple;" Lithuanian papas "nipple").
pap (n.3) Look up pap at
"older man," 1844, shortening of papa.
Pap test (n.) Look up Pap test at
1963, short for Papanicolaou (1947) in reference to George Nicholas Papanicolaou (1883-1962), Greek-born U.S. anatomist who developed the technique of examining secreted cells to test for cancer.
papa (n.) Look up papa at
"father," 1680s, from French papa, from Latin papa, originally a child's word, similar to Greek pappa (vocative) "o father," pappas "father," pappos "grandfather." The native word is daddy; first use of papa was in courtly speech, as a continental affectation, not used by common folk until late 18c.
papacy (n.) Look up papacy at
late 14c., from Medieval Latin papatia "papal office," from Late Latin papa "pope" (see pope). Old English had papdom in this sense.
papal (adj.) Look up papal at
late 14c., from Old French papal (late 14c.) and directly from Medieval Latin papalis "pertaining to the pope," from papa (see pope).
paparazzi (n.) Look up paparazzi at
1961, from Italian Paparazzo (plural paparazzi) surname of the freelance photographer in Federico Fellini's 1959 film "La Dolce Vita." The surname itself is of no special significance; it is said to be a common one in Calabria, and Fellini is said to have borrowed it from a travel book, "By the Ionian Sea," in which occurs the name of hotel owner Coriolano Paparazzo.
paparazzo (n.) Look up paparazzo at
see paparazzi.
papaw (n.) Look up papaw at
1620s, variant of papaya (q.v.), used from 1760 to designate the papaw tree.
papaya (n.) Look up papaya at
1590s for fruit, 1610s for tree, from Spanish, probably from Arawakan (West Indies) papaya.
paper (n.) Look up paper at
mid-14c., from Anglo-French paper, Old French papier "paper, document," from Latin papyrus "paper, paper made of papyrus stalks" (see papyrus).

Meaning "paper money" attested from 1722. As shortened form of newspaper, first attested 1640s. In plural, "collection of papers to establish one's identity, credentials, etc.," it is attested from 1680s. Paper chase is British slang from 1932.
paper (v.) Look up paper at
1590s, "to write down on paper," from paper (n.). Meaning "to decorate a room with paper hangings" is from 1774. Related: Papered; papering. Verbal phrase paper over in the figurative sense is from 1955, from the notion of hiding plaster cracks with wallaper.
paper (adj.) Look up paper at
1590s, from paper (n.). Figurative of something flimsy or unsubstantial from 1716. Paper tiger (1952) translates Chinese tsuh lao fu, popularized by Mao Zedong. Paper doll attested from 1849; paper plate from 1723.
paper-weight (n.) Look up paper-weight at
"heavy object used to hold down papers," 1858, from paper (n.) + weight (n.).
paperback (n.) Look up paperback at
1899, from paper (n.) + back (n.). Adjective paper-backed attested from 1888.
paperless (adj.) Look up paperless at
1938 of cigarettes; 1967 of banks; 1971 of offices, from paper (n.) + -less.
paperwork (n.) Look up paperwork at
1580s, "things made of paper," from paper (n.) + work (n.). Meaning "work done on paper" is from 1889.
papier-mache (n.) Look up papier-mache at
also papier mache, 1753, from French papier-mâché, literally "chewed paper," from Old French papier "paper" (see paper (n.)) + mâché "compressed, mashed," from past participle of mâcher, literally "to chew," from Late Latin masticare "masticate" (see mastication).