proceedings (n.) Look up proceedings at
"records of the doings of a society," by 1824; see proceeding.
proceeds (n.) Look up proceeds at
"results, profits," 1660s, from proceed (v.) on the notion of "that which proceeds" from some event or activity.
procerity (n.) Look up procerity at
"tallness," 1540s, from Latin proceritas, from procerus "high, tall," from pro- (see pro-) + -cerus, from stem of crescere "to grow" (see crescent).
process (v.1) Look up process at
1530s, "begin legal action against," from Middle French processer "to prosecute," from proces (see process (n.)). Meaning "prepare by special process" is from 1881, from the noun in English. Of persons, "to register and examine," by 1935. Related: Processed; processing.
process (n.) Look up process at
early 14c., "fact of being carried on" (as in in process), from Old French proces "a journey; continuation, development; legal trial" (13c.) and directly from Latin processus "a going forward, advance, progress," from past participle stem of procedere "go forward" (see proceed).

Meaning "course or method of action" is from mid-14c.; sense of "continuous series of actions meant to accomplish some result" (the main modern sense) is from 1620s. Legal sense of "course of action of a suit at law" is attested from early 14c.
process (v.2) Look up process at
"to go in procession," 1814, "A colloquial or humorous back-formation" from procession [OED]. Accent on second syllable.
procession (n.) Look up procession at
late Old English, "act of marching or proceeding," from Old French procession "procession" (religious or secular), 11c., and directly from Late Latin processionem (nominative processio) "religious procession," in classical Latin "a marching onward, a going forward, advance," noun of action from past participle stem of procedere (see proceed).
processional (n.) Look up processional at
"book of hymns for use in processions," mid-15c., from Medieval Latin processionale, from noun use of neuter of processionalis "pertaining to a procession," from Late Latin processio (see procession).
processional (adj.) Look up processional at
"pertaining to a procession or processions," 1610s, from procession (n.) + -al (1).
processor (n.) Look up processor at
1909, agent noun in Latin form from process (v.). Data processor is from 1957; word processor is from 1973; food processor in the kitchen appliance sense also is from 1973.
proclaim (v.) Look up proclaim at
late 14c., proclamen, from Latin proclamare "cry or call out," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + clamare "to cry out" (see claim (v.)). Spelling altered by influence of claim. Related: Proclaimed; proclaiming; proclaimer.
proclamation (n.) Look up proclamation at
late 14c., "act of making public," also "that which is proclaimed;" from Old French proclamacion (14c., Modern French proclamation) and directly from Latin proclamationem (nominative proclamatio), noun of action from past participle stem of proclamare (see proclaim).
proclitic (adj.) Look up proclitic at
1846, from Medieval Latin procliticus, formed on analogy of encliticus from Greek proklinein "to lean forward," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + klinein "to lean" (see lean (v.)).
proclivity (n.) Look up proclivity at
1590s, from Middle French proclivité or directly from Latin proclivitatem (nominative proclivitas) "a tendency, predisposition, propensity," from proclivis "prone to," literally "sloping, inclined," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + clivus "a slope," from PIE *klei-wo-, suffixed form of *klei "to lean" (see lean (v.)).
proconsul (n.) Look up proconsul at
late 14c., "governor or military commander of an ancient Roman province," from Latin proconsul "governor of a province; military commander," from phrase pro consule "(acting) in place of a consul," from pro- "in place of" (see pro-) + ablative of consul. In modern use usually rhetorical, but it was a title of certain commissioners in the French Revolution, was used in English for "deputy consul," and was used again of U.S. administrators in Iraq during the occupation. Related: Proconsular.
procrastinate (v.) Look up procrastinate at
1580s, a back formation from procrastination or else from Latin procrastinatus, past participle of procrastinare "to put off till tomorrow; defer, delay" (see procrastination). Related: Procrastinated; procrastinating. Earlier verb was procrastine (1540s), from French.
Do not put off till tomorrow what can be put off till day-after-tomorrow just as well. [Mark Twain]
procrastination (n.) Look up procrastination at
1540s, from Middle French procrastination and directly from Latin procrastinationem (nominative procrastinatio) "a putting off from day to day," noun of action from past participle stem of procrastinare "put off till tomorrow, defer, delay," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + crastinus "belonging to tomorrow," from cras "tomorrow," of unknown origin.
procrastinator (n.) Look up procrastinator at
c. 1600, agent noun in Latin form from procrastinate (v.).
procreant (adj.) Look up procreant at
"fruitful," 1580s, from Latin procreantem (nominative procreans), present participle of procreare "to beget" (see procreation). As a noun from c. 1600.
procreate (v.) Look up procreate at
1530s, a back formation from procreation or else from Latin procreatus, past participle of procreare "to beget, bring forth" (see procreation). Related: Procreated; procreating.
procreation (n.) Look up procreation at
late 14c., "process of begetting offspring," from Old French procreacion (14c., Modern French prócreation) and directly from Latin procreationem (nominative procreatio) "a begetting, generation," noun of action from past participle stem of procreare "bring forth" (offspring), "beget, generate, produce," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + creare "create" (see create).
Procrustean (adj.) Look up Procrustean at
1846 in figurative sense, "violently making conformable to standard," from Procrustes, mythical robber of Attica who seized travelers, tied them to his bed, and either stretched their limbs or lopped of their legs to make them fit it. The name is Greek Prokroustes "one who stretches," from prokrouein "to beat out, stretch out," from pro- "before" (see pro-) + krouein "to strike."
proctalgia (n.) Look up proctalgia at
"pain in the ass," 1811, from medical Latin proct-, Latinized form of Greek comb. form of proktos "anus" (see proctology) + -algia.
proctology (n.) Look up proctology at
1896, from Greek proktos "anus," from PIE *prokto- + -logy "study of." Related: Proctologist (1897).
proctor (n.) Look up proctor at
late 14c., contraction of procurator (c. 1300) "steward or manager of a household;" also "a provider" (see procurator). From late 14c. as "one who acts or speaks for another; spokesman, advocate;" early 15c. as "business manager or financial administrator of a church, college, holy order, etc."
proctor (v.) Look up proctor at
1670s, from proctor (n.). Related: Proctored; proctoring.
procumbent (adj.) Look up procumbent at
"leaning forward," 1660s, from Latin procumbentem (nominative procumbens), present participle of procumbere "to fall forward, fall prostrate," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + -cumbere "to lie down" (see succumb). Related: Procumbently.
procurable (adj.) Look up procurable at
mid-15c., from procure + -able. Related: Procurability.
procurator (n.) Look up procurator at
(c. 1300) "steward or manager of a household;" also "a provider" (late 13c. as a surname), from Old French procuratour "attorney, agent, proxy, spokesman" (13c., Modern French procurateur) or directly from Latin procurator "manager, overseer, agent, deputy," agent noun from past participle stem of procurare (see procure). Related: Procuracy; procuration; procuratory.
procure (v.) Look up procure at
c. 1300, "bring about, cause, effect," from Old French procurer "care for, be occupied with; bring about, cause; acquire, provide" (13c.) and directly from Late Latin procurare "manage, take care of;" from pro- "in behalf of" (see pro-) + curare "care for" (see cure (v.)). Main modern sense "obtain; recruit" (late 14c.) is via "take pains to get" (mid-14c.). Meaning "to obtain (women) for sexual gratification" is attested from c. 1600. Related: Procured; procuring.
procurement (n.) Look up procurement at
c. 1300, "use of improper influence," from Old French procurement "management, stewardship" (13c.), from procurer (see procure). Meaning "process of bringing something about" (by the action of another) is from c. 1400. Military use by 1949, American English.
procurer (n.) Look up procurer at
late 14c., "advocate, spokesman," from Anglo-French procurour, Old French procureur (13c., Modern French procureur), from Latin procuratorem (see procurator). Meaning "contriver" is from mid-15c. Specifically of one who supplies women to gratify the lusts of another from 1630s. Fem. form procuress is shortened from Old French procureresse.
Procyon (n.) Look up Procyon at
bright star in constellation Canis Minoris, 1650s, from Latin, from Greek prokyon, from pro "before" (see pro-) + kyon "dog" (see canine (n.)); so called from its rising just before the "Dog Star," Sirius. By Roman astronomers, sometimes Latinized as Antecanis.
prod (v.) Look up prod at
1530s, "to poke with a stick," of uncertain origin; possibly [Barnhart] a variant of brod, from Middle English brodden "to goad," from Old Norse broddr "shaft, spike" (see brad), or perhaps imitative [OED]. Figurative sense is recorded from 1871. Related: Prodded; prodding.
prod (n.) Look up prod at
1787, "pointed instrument used in prodding;" 1802, "act of prodding;" from prod (v.).
prodigal (adj.) Look up prodigal at
mid-15c., a back-formation from prodigality, or else from Middle French prodigal and directly from Late Latin prodigalis, from Latin prodigus "wasteful," from prodigere "drive away, waste," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + agere "to drive" (see act (v.)). First reference is to prodigial son, from Vulgate Latin filius prodigus (Luke xv:11-32). As a noun, "prodigal person," 1590s, from the adjective (the Latin adjective also was used as a noun).
prodigality (n.) Look up prodigality at
mid-14c., from Old French prodigalite (13c., Modern French prodigalité) and directly from Medieval Latin prodigalitatem (nominative prodigalitas) "wastefulness," from Latin prodigialis, from prodigus "wasteful" (see prodigal).
prodigious (adj.) Look up prodigious at
1550s, "ominous," from Middle French prodigieux and directly from Latin prodigiosus "strange, wonderful, marvelous, unnatural," from prodigium (see prodigy). Meaning "vast, enormous" is from c. 1600. Related: Prodigiously; prodigiosity.
prodigy (n.) Look up prodigy at
late 15c., "sign, portent, something extraordinary from which omens are drawn," from Latin prodigium "prophetic sign, omen, portent, prodigy," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + -igium, a suffix or word of unknown origin, perhaps from *agi-, root of aio "I say" (see adage). Meaning "child with exceptional abilities" first recorded 1650s.
prodromal (adj.) Look up prodromal at
1717, from Modern Latin prodromus "a running forward" (see prodrome) + -al (1).
prodrome (n.) Look up prodrome at
1640s, from French prodrome (16c.), from Modern Latin prodromus, from Greek prodromos "a running forward, a sally, sudden attack," from pro- "forward" (see pro-) + dromos "a running" (see dromedary).
produce (v.) Look up produce at
early 15c., "develop, proceed, extend," from Latin producere "lead or bring forth, draw out," figuratively "to promote, empower; stretch out, extend," from pro- "forth" (see pro-) + ducere "to bring, lead" (see duke). Sense of "bring into being" is first recorded 1510s; that of "put (a play) on stage" is from 1580s. Related: Produced; producing.
produce (n.) Look up produce at
"thing or things produced," 1690s, from produce (v.), and originally accented like it. Specific sense of "agricultural productions" (as distinguished from manufactured goods) is from 1745.
producer (n.) Look up producer at
1510s, "one who produces;" agent noun from produce (v.). Of entertainments, from 1891; in political economy, opposed to consumer, from 1784 (Adam Smith).
product (n.) Look up product at
early 15c., "mathematical quantity obtained by multiplication," from Medieval Latin productum, in classical Latin "something produced," noun use of neuter past participle of producere "bring forth" (see produce (v.)). General sense of "anything produced" is attested in English from 1570s.
production (n.) Look up production at
c. 1400, "a coming into being," from Old French production "production, exhibition" (13c.) and directly from Medieval Latin productionem (nominative productio), from past participle stem of Latin producere "bring forth" (see produce (v.)). Meaning "that which is produced" is mid-15c. Colloquial sense of "fuss, commotion" is from 1941, transferred from meaning "theatrical performance" (1894).
productive (adj.) Look up productive at
1610s, from French productif (16c.) and directly from Medieval Latin productivus "fit for production," from Latin product-, past participle stem of producere (see produce (v.)). Related: Productively; productiveness.
productivity (n.) Look up productivity at
1809, "quality of being productive," from productive + -ity. An earlier word for this was productiveness (1727). Economic sense of "rate of output per unit" is from 1899.
proem (n.) Look up proem at
late 14c., proheme "brief introduction, prelude," from Old French proheme (14c., Modern French proème), from Latin prooemium, from Greek prooimion "prelude" to anything, especially music and poetry, from pro- "before" (see pro-) + oimos "way" or oime "song."
prof (n.) Look up prof at
colloquial shortening of professor, attested by 1838.