shuffler (n.) Look up shuffler at Dictionary.com
"shifty person," 1620s, agent noun from shuffle (v.).
shufty (n.) Look up shufty at Dictionary.com
also shufti "a look, a glance," 1943, from Arabic shufti "have you seen?"
shul (n.) Look up shul at Dictionary.com
"synagogue," 1874, from Yiddish shul, from German Schule (see school (n.1)).
shun (v.) Look up shun at Dictionary.com
Old English scunian "to shun, avoid; abhor; desist, abstain; to hide, seek safety by concealment," of uncertain origin; not found in any other language. Perhaps ultimately from PIE root *skeu- "to cover, to hide." Related: Shunned; shunning. A shun-pike (American English, 1911) was a road constructed to avoid tolls.
shunt (v.) Look up shunt at Dictionary.com
early 13c., "to shy, start," perhaps from shunen "to shun" (see shun), and altered by influence of shot or shut. Meaning "to turn aside" is from late 14c.; that of "move out of the way" is from 1706. Adopted by railways from 1842. Related: Shunted; shunting.
shunt (n.) Look up shunt at Dictionary.com
1838, in railway use, from shunt (v.). By technicians in the sense of "electrical conductor" from 1863. Medical use dates from 1923.
shush (v.) Look up shush at Dictionary.com
1921, imitative of the command to be quiet (1904), an expansion of sh. Related: Shushed; shushing.
shut (v.) Look up shut at Dictionary.com
Old English scyttan "to put (a bolt) in place so as to fasten a door or gate, bolt, shut to; discharge, pay off," from West Germanic *skutjan (cognates: Old Frisian schetta, Middle Dutch schutten "to shut, shut up, obstruct"), from PIE *skeud- "to shoot, chase, throw" (see shoot (v.)). Related: Shutting.

Meaning "to close by folding or bringing together" is from mid-14c. Meaning "prevent ingress and egress" is from mid-14c. Sense of "to set (someone) free (from)" (c.1500) is obsolete except in dialectal phrases such as to get shut of. To shut (one's) mouth "desist from speaking" is recorded from mid-14c.
shut up (v.) Look up shut up at Dictionary.com
c.1400, "keep from view or use," from shut (v.) + up (adv.). Meaning "cause to stop talking" is from 1814; intransitive meaning "cease from speaking" is from 1840.
shut-eye (n.) Look up shut-eye at Dictionary.com
colloquial for "sleep," 1899, from shut (v.) + eye (n.). Hans Christian Andersen's "Ole Shut-eye," about a being who makes children sleepy, came out 1842; "The Shut-Eye Train" popular children's poem by Eugene Field, is from 1896.
shut-in (n.) Look up shut-in at Dictionary.com
"person confined from normal social intercourse," 1904, from the verbal phrase, from shut (v.) + in (adv.).
shutdown (n.) Look up shutdown at Dictionary.com
also shut-down, 1884, of factories, etc.; 1911 of machines; from shut (v.) + down (adv.).
shute (n.) Look up shute at Dictionary.com
1790, "channel, trough," dialectal combination of chute and shoot (n.1).
shutout (n.) Look up shutout at Dictionary.com
also shut-out, 1889 in baseball sense, from verbal phrase shut out "exclude from a situation" (late 14c.; from 1881 in the sports score sense), from shut (v.) + out (adv.). Middle English had a verb outshut "to shut out, exclude," mid-15c.
shutter (v.) Look up shutter at Dictionary.com
1826, from shutter (n.). Related: Shuttered; shuttering.
shutter (n.) Look up shutter at Dictionary.com
1540s, "one who shuts" (see shut (v.)); meaning "movable wooden or iron screen for a window" is from 1680s. Photographic sense of "device for opening and closing the aperture of a lens" is from 1862.
shutter-bug (n.) Look up shutter-bug at Dictionary.com
"enthusiastic amateur photographer," 1940, from shutter (n.) + bug (n.) in the "enthusiast" sense.
shuttle (n.) Look up shuttle at Dictionary.com
Old English scytel "a dart, arrow," from Proto-Germanic *skutilaz (cognates: Old Norse skutill "harpoon"), from PIE *skeud- "to shoot, to chase, to throw, to project" (see shoot (v.)). The original sense in English is obsolete; the weaving instrument so called (mid-14c.) from being "shot" across the threads. Sense of "train that runs back and forth" is first recorded 1895, from image of the weaver's instrument's back-and-forth movement over the warp; extended to aircraft 1942, to spacecraft 1969. In some other languages, the weaving instrument takes its name from its resemblance to a boat (Latin navicula, French navette, German weberschiff).
shuttle (v.) Look up shuttle at Dictionary.com
1550s, "move rapidly to and fro," from shuttle (n.); sense of "transport via a shuttle service" is recorded from 1930. Related: Shuttled; shuttling.
shuttlecock (n.) Look up shuttlecock at Dictionary.com
1570s, from shuttle (v.) + cock (n.2).
shy (adj.) Look up shy at Dictionary.com
late Old English sceoh "timid, easily startled," from Proto-Germanic *skeukh(w)az "afraid" (cognates: Middle Low German schüwe, Dutch schuw, German scheu "shy;" Old High German sciuhen, German scheuchen "to scare away"). Uncertain cognates outside Germanic, unless in Old Church Slavonic shchuti "to hunt, incite." Italian schivare "to avoid," Old French eschiver "to shun" are Germanic loan-words. Meaning "lacking, short of" is from 1895, American English gambling slang. Related: Shyly; shyness.
shy (v.1) Look up shy at Dictionary.com
"to throw (a missile) with a jerk or toss," 1787, colloquial, of unknown origin and uncertain connection to shy (adj.). Related: Shied; shying.
shy (v.2) Look up shy at Dictionary.com
"to recoil," 1640s, from shy (adj.). Related: Shied; shying.
Shylock (n.) Look up Shylock at Dictionary.com
"usurer, merciless creditor," 1786, from Jewish money-lender character in Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" (c.1596).
shyster (n.) Look up shyster at Dictionary.com
"unscrupulous lawyer," 1843, U.S. slang, probably altered from German Scheisser "incompetent worthless person," from Scheisse "shit" (n.), from Old High German skizzan "to defecate" (see shit (v.)).
si Look up si at Dictionary.com
"yes" in Italian, Spanish, Portuguese; from Latin sic "so" (see sic).
sialo- Look up sialo- at Dictionary.com
before vowels sial-, word-forming element meaning "saliva," from comb. form of Greek sialon "saliva."
Siam Look up Siam at Dictionary.com
name of Thailand before 1939 and from 1945-48, from Thai sayam, from Sanskrit syama "dark," in reference to the relative skin color of the people.
Siamese (adj.) Look up Siamese at Dictionary.com
"of or pertaining to Siam," 1690s; see Siam + -ese. Also from 1690s as a noun meaning "native of Siam." the original Siamese twins (exhibited from 1829) were Chang and Eng (1814-1874), Thai-Chinese natives of Siam who settled in the U.S. Hence Siamesed (adj.) "joined in the manner of Siamese twins" (1830). Siamese cat is attested from 1871.
sib (n.) Look up sib at Dictionary.com
short for sibling, attested from 1957.
Siberia Look up Siberia at Dictionary.com
region in northwestern Asia, the name said to come from Sibir, ancient Tatar fortress at the confluence of the Tobol and Irtysh rivers. As a typical place of miserable banishment, it is attested from 1841. Related: Siberian.
sibilant (adj.) Look up sibilant at Dictionary.com
1660s, from Latin sibilantem (nominative sibilans), present participle of sibilare "to hiss, whistle," possibly of imitative origin (compare Greek sizein "to hiss," Lettish sikt "to hiss," Old Church Slavonic svistati "to hiss, whistle"). Related: Sibilance; sibilation (1620s).
sibilant (n.) Look up sibilant at Dictionary.com
"speech sound having a hissing effect," 1772, from sibilant (adj.).
sibilate (v.) Look up sibilate at Dictionary.com
1650s, from Latin sibilatus, past participle of sibilare "to hiss, whistle" (see sibilant (adj.)). Related: Sibilated; sibilating.
sibling (n.) Look up sibling at Dictionary.com
"brother or sister," 1903, modern revival (in anthropology) of Old English sibling "relative, kinsman," from sibb "kinship, relationship; love, friendship, peace, happiness," from Proto-Germanic *sibja- "blood relation, relative," properly "one's own" (cognates: Old Saxon sibba, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch sibbe, Old High German sippa, German Sippe, Gothic sibja "kin, kindred"), from PIE s(w)e-bh(o)- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic sobistvo, Russian sob "character, individuality"), an enlargement of the root *swe- "self" (see idiom). Related to the second element in gossip.
The word 'sib' or 'sibling' is coming into use in genetics in the English-speaking world, as an equivalent of the convenient German term 'Geschwister' [E.&C. Paul, "Human Heredity," 1930]
In Old English, sibb and its compounds covered grounds of "brotherly love, familial affection" which tended later to lump into love (n.), as in sibsumnes "peace, concord, brotherly love," sibbian (v.) "bring together, reconcile," sibbecoss "kiss of peace." Sibship, however, is a modern formation (1908). Sib persisted through Middle English as a noun, adjective, and verb expressing kinship and relationship.
sibyl (n.) Look up sibyl at Dictionary.com
"woman supposed to possess powers of prophecy, female soothsayer," c.1200, from Old French sibile, from Latin Sibylla, from Greek Sibylla, name for any of several prophetesses consulted by ancient Greeks and Romans, of uncertain origin. Said to be from Doric Siobolla, from Attic Theoboule "divine wish."
sibylline (adj.) Look up sibylline at Dictionary.com
1570s, from Latin sibyllinus, from sibylla (see sibyl).
sic (adv.) Look up sic at Dictionary.com
insertion in printed quotation to call attention to error in the original; Latin, literally "so, thus, in this way," related to or emphatic of si "if," from PIE root *so- "this, that" (cognates: Old English sio "she"). Used regularly in English articles from 1876, perhaps by influence of similar use in French (1872).
[I]t amounts to Yes, he did say that, or Yes, I do mean that, in spite of your natural doubts. It should be used only when doubt is natural; but reviewers & controversialists are tempted to pretend that it is, because (sic) provides them with a neat & compendious form of sneer. [Fowler]
Sic passim is "generally so throughout."
sic (v.) Look up sic at Dictionary.com
"to set upon, attack;" see sick (v.).
sic transit gloria mundi Look up sic transit gloria mundi at Dictionary.com
c.1600, Latin, literally "thus passes the glory of the world;" perhaps an alteration of a passage in Thomas Á Kempis' "Imitatio Christi" (1471).
siccative (adj.) Look up siccative at Dictionary.com
1540s, from Late Latin siccativus "drying, siccative," from Latin siccatus, past participle of siccare "to dry, make dry; dry up," from siccus "dry, thirsty; without rain," from PIE root *seikw- "to flow out" (cognates: Avestan hiku- "dry," Greek iskhnos "dry, withered," Lithuanian seklus "shallow," Middle Irish sesc "dry," Sanskrit sincati "makes dry"). The noun is first recorded 1825.
sice (n.) Look up sice at Dictionary.com
"a roll of 6 in dice," late 14c., from Old French sis, from Latin sex (see six).
Sicily Look up Sicily at Dictionary.com
island off the southwest tip of Italy, from Latin Sicilia, from Greek Sikelia, from Sikeloi (plural) "Sicilians," from the name of an ancient people living along the Tiber, whence part of them emigrated to the island that was thereafter named for them. The Greeks distinguished Sikeliotes "a Greek colonist in Sicily" from Sikelos "a native Sicilian." Related: Sicilian.
sick (v.) Look up sick at Dictionary.com
"to chase, set upon" (as in command sick him!), 1845, dialectal variant of seek. Used as an imperative to incite a dog to attack a person or animal; hence "cause to pursue." Related: Sicked; sicking.
sick (adj.) Look up sick at Dictionary.com
"unwell," Old English seoc "ill, diseased, feeble, weak; corrupt; sad, troubled, deeply affected," from Proto-Germanic *seukaz, of uncertain origin. The general Germanic word (Old Norse sjukr, Danish syg, Old Saxon siok, Old Frisian siak, Middle Dutch siec, Dutch ziek, Old High German sioh, Gothic siuks "sick, ill"), but in German and Dutch displaced by krank "weak, slim," probably originally with a sense of "twisted, bent" (see crank (n.)).

Restricted meaning "having an inclination to vomit, affected with nausea" is from 1610s; sense of "tired or weary (of something), disgusted from satiety" is from 1590s; phrase sick and tired of is attested from 1783. Meaning "mentally twisted" in modern colloquial use is from 1955, a revival of the word in this sense from 1550s (sense of "spiritually or morally corrupt" was in Old English, which also had seocmod "infirm of mind"); sick joke is from 1958.
sick (n.) Look up sick at Dictionary.com
"those who are sick," Old English seoce, from sick (adj).
sick-bay (n.) Look up sick-bay at Dictionary.com
"forepart of a ship's main deck used as a hospital," 1580s, from sick (adj.) + bay (n.2), from the notion of a recessed space.
sicken (v.) Look up sicken at Dictionary.com
c.1200, "to become ill," from sick (adj.) + -en (1). Transitive sense of "to make sick" is recorded from 1610s. Related: Sickened; sickening. The earlier verb was simply sick (Old English seocan) "to be ill, fall ill."
sickening (adj.) Look up sickening at Dictionary.com
"falling sick," 1725; "causing revulsion, disgust, or nausea," 1789, present participle adjective from sicken. Related: Sickeningly.
sickish (adj.) Look up sickish at Dictionary.com
1580s, from sick (adj.) + -ish.