transact (v.) Look up transact at
1580s, back-formation from transaction, or else from Latin transactus, past participle of transigere "to drive through, accomplish, bring to an end, settle." Related: Transacted; transacting.
transaction (n.) Look up transaction at
mid-15c., "the adjustment of a dispute, a negotiated agreement, management or settlement of an affair," from Old French transaccion "exchange, transaction," from Late Latin transactionem (nominative transactio) "an agreement, accomplishment," noun of action from past participle stem of transigere "stab through; accomplish, perform, drive or carry through, come to a settlement," from trans- "through" (see trans-) + agere "to drive" (see act (v.)). Meaning "a piece of business" is attested from 1640s. Related: Transactions; transactional.
transaxle (n.) Look up transaxle at
1958, from transmission axle.
transceiver (n.) Look up transceiver at
1934, from a merger of transmitter + receiver.
transcend (v.) Look up transcend at
mid-14c., "escape inclusion in; lie beyond the scope of," from Old French transcendre "transcend, surpass," and directly from Latin transcendere "climb over or beyond, surmount, overstep," from trans- "beyond" (see trans-) + scandere "to climb" (see scan (v.)). Meanings "be surpassing, outdo, excel; surmount, move beyond" are from early 15c. Related: Transcended; transcending.
transcendence (n.) Look up transcendence at
c. 1600, from transcendent + -ence, or else from Medieval Latin transcendentia, from Latin transcendentem. Related: Transcendency.
transcendent (adj.) Look up transcendent at
mid-15c., from Latin transcendentem (nominative transcendens) "surmounting, rising above," present participle of transcendere (see transcend). Related: Transcendently.
transcendental (adj.) Look up transcendental at
1660s, from Medieval Latin transcendentalis, from Latin transcendentem (see transcendent). Related: Transcendentally. Transcendental meditation attested by 1966.
transcendentalism (n.) Look up transcendentalism at
1803, in reference to Kant, later to Schelling; 1842 in reference to the New England religio-philosophical movement among American followers of Schelling; from transcendental + -ism.
transcendentalist (n.) Look up transcendentalist at
1803, from transcendental + -ist.
transcontinental (adj.) Look up transcontinental at
also trans-continental, 1853 (in transcontinental railroad), American English, from trans- + continental.
transcribe (v.) Look up transcribe at
1550s, from Latin transcribere "to copy, write again in another place, write over, transfer," from trans- "over" (see trans-) + scribere "write" (see script (n.)). To do it poorly is to transcribble (1746). Related: Transcribed; transcriber; transcribing.
transcript (n.) Look up transcript at
"written copy of a document," c. 1300, from Medieval Latin transcriptum, neuter past participle of Latin transcribere (see transcribe).
transcriptase (n.) Look up transcriptase at
1963, from transcription + -ase.
transcription (n.) Look up transcription at
1590s, from Middle French transcription, from Late Latin transcriptionem (nominative transcriptio), noun of action from past participle stem of transcribere (see transcribe). Biological sense is from 1961. Related: Transcriptional; transcriptionist.
transduce (v.) Look up transduce at
1949, back-formation from transducer. Related: Transduced; transducing.
transducer (n.) Look up transducer at
1924, "device which converts energy from one form to another," from Latin transducere/traducere "lead across, transfer, carry over," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + ducere "to lead" (see duke (n.)).
transduction (n.) Look up transduction at
"act of leading or carrying over," 1650s, from Latin transductionem/traducionem (nominative transductio) "a removal, transfer," noun of action from transducere/traducere (see traduce).
transect (v.) Look up transect at
"to cut across," 1630s, from Latin trans- "across" (see trans-) + sectus, past participle of secare "to cut" (see section (n.)). Related: Transected; transecting.
transept (n.) Look up transept at
"transverse section of a cruciform church," 1530s, from Medieval Latin transeptum, from Latin trans- "across" (see trans-) + saeptum "fence, partition, enclosure" (see septum). Rare before 1700. Related: Transeptal.
transeunt (adj.) Look up transeunt at
variant of transient (adj.), usually in a sense of "operating beyond or outside itself" (opposite of immanent).
transexual Look up transexual at
see transsexual.
transfer (v.) Look up transfer at
late 14c., from Old French transferer or directly from Latin transferre "bear across, carry over, bring through; transfer, copy, translate," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + ferre "to carry" (see infer). Related: Transferred; transferring.
transfer (n.) Look up transfer at
1670s, "conveyance of property," from transfer (v.).
transferable (adj.) Look up transferable at
1650s, from transfer (v.) + -able.
transferee (n.) Look up transferee at
1736, "one to whom a transfer is made;" 1890s as "one who is transferred;" from transfer (v.) + -ee.
transference (n.) Look up transference at
"act of transferring," 1680s, from transfer (v.) + -ence. In psychoanalytical sense it is recorded from 1911, translating German übertragung (Freud).
transferor (n.) Look up transferor at
1875, legalese form of transferer (1807); agent noun in Latin form from transfer (v.).
transfiguration (n.) Look up transfiguration at
late 14c., from Latin transfigurationem (nominative transfiguratio) "a change of form," noun of action from past participle stem of transfigurare (see transfigure). In English, originally "the change in appearance of Christ before his disciples" (Matt. xvii:2; Mark ix:2,3). The non-Christian sense is first recorded 1540s.
transfigure (v.) Look up transfigure at
early 13c., from Old French transfigurer "change, transform" (12c.), and directly from Latin transfigurare "change the shape of," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + figurare "to form, fashion," from figura "to form, shape," from figura "a shape, form, figure" (see figure (n.)). Related: Transfigured; transfiguring.
transfix (v.) Look up transfix at
1580s, "pierce through, impale," from Middle French transfixer (15c.), from Latin transfixus "impaled," past participle of transfigere "to impale, pierce through," from trans- "through" (see trans-) + figere "to fix, fasten" (see fix (v.)). Figurative sense of "make motionless or helpless, as with amazement, terror, or grief" is first recorded 1640s. Related: Transfixed; transfixing.
transfixion (n.) Look up transfixion at
c. 1600, noun of action from transfix.
transform (v.) Look up transform at
mid-14c., "change the form of" (transitive), from Old French transformer (14c.), from Latin transformare "change in shape, metamorphose," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + formare "to form" (see form (v.)). Intransitive sense "undergo a change of form" is from 1590s. Related: Transformed; transforming.
transformation (n.) Look up transformation at
c. 1400, from Old French transformation and directly from Church Latin transformationem (nominative transformatio) "change of shape," noun of action from past participle stem of transformare (see transform).
transformational (adj.) Look up transformational at
1857, from transformation + -al (1).
transformative (adj.) Look up transformative at
1660s, from Latin transformatus, past participle of transformare (see transform) + -ive.
transformer (n.) Look up transformer at
c. 1600, "one who or that which transforms," agent noun from transform (v.). Meaning "device to reduce electrical currents" is from 1882.
transfuse (v.) Look up transfuse at
"to transfer by pouring," early 15c., from Latin transfusus, past participle of transfundere "pour from one container to another," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + fundere "to pour" (see found (v.2)). Related: Transfused; transfusing.
transfusion (n.) Look up transfusion at
1570s, "action of pouring liquid from one vessel to another," from Middle French transfusion and directly from Latin transfusionem (nominative transfusio) "a decanting, intermingling," noun of action from past participle stem of transfundere "pour from one container to another" (see transfuse). Sense of "transfering of blood from one individual to another" first recorded 1640s.
transgender (adj.) Look up transgender at
by 1988, from trans- + gender (n.). Related: Transgendered.
transgress (v.) Look up transgress at
late 15c., from Middle French transgresser (14c.), from Latin transgressus, past participle of transgredi "to step across, step over" (see transgression). Related: Transgressed; transgressing.
transgression (n.) Look up transgression at
late 14c., from Old French transgression "transgression," particularly that relating to Adam and the Fall (12c.), from Late Latin transgressionem (nominative transgressio) "a transgression of the law," in classical Latin, "a going over, a going across," noun of action from transgressus, past participle of transgredi "step across, step over; climb over, pass, go beyond," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + gradi (past participle gressus) "to walk, go" (see grade (n.)). Geological sense is from 1882.
transgressive (adj.) Look up transgressive at
1640s, "inclined to transgress," from transgress + -ive. Related: Transgressively.
transgressor (n.) Look up transgressor at
early 15c., from Anglo-French transgressour, Old French transgressor (14c.), and directly from Latin transgressor, agent noun from transgredi (see transgression).
transience (n.) Look up transience at
1745, from transient + -ence. Related: Transiency (1650s).
transient (adj.) Look up transient at
c. 1600, "transitory, not durable," from Latin transientem (nominative transiens) "passing over or away," present participle of transire "cross over, go over, pass over, hasten over, pass away," from trans- "across" (see trans-) + ire "to go" (see ion). Meaning "passing through a place without staying" is from 1680s. The noun is first attested 1650s; specific sense of "transient guest or boarder" attested from 1857. Related: Transiently.
transistor (n.) Look up transistor at
small electronic device, 1948, from transfer + resistor, so called because it transfers an electrical current across a resistor. Said to have been coined by U.S. electrical engineer John Robinson Pierce (1910-2002) of Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, N.J., where the device was invented in 1947. It took over many functions of the vacuum tube. Transistor radio is first recorded 1958.
transistorize (v.) Look up transistorize at
1953, from transistor + -ize. Related: Transistorized.
transit (v.) Look up transit at
mid-15c., from Latin transitus, past participle of transire "go or cross over" (see transient). Astronomical sense is from 1680s. Related: Transited; transiting.
transit (n.) Look up transit at
mid-15c., "act or fact of passing across or through," from Latin transitus "a going over, passing over, passage," verbal noun from past participle of transire "go or cross over" (see transient). Meaning "a transit of a planet across the sun" is from 1660s. Meaning "public transportation" is attested from 1873.