African (n.) Look up African at Dictionary.com
Old English Africanas (plural), from Latin Africanus (adj.), from Africa (see Africa). Used of white residents of Africa from 1815. Used of black residents of the U.S. from late 18c., when it especially meant "one actually brought from Africa," and sometimes was contrasted to native-born Negro. As an adjective, by 1560s; from 1789 as "of or pertaining to black Americans."