introspection (n.) Look up introspection at Dictionary.com
1670s, "action of inspecting or examining," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin introspicere "to look into, look at, examine, observe attentively," from intro- "inward" (see intro-) + specere "to look at" (see scope (n.1)). Meaning "action of searching one's feelings or thoughts" is from 1807.