jaundice (n.) Look up jaundice at Dictionary.com
c. 1300, jaunis, from Old French jaunice, earlier jalnice, "yellowness" (12c.), from jaune, jalne "yellow," from Latin galbinus "greenish yellow" (also source of Italian giallo), extended form of galbus, which is probably from PIE *ghel- "yellow, green" (see Chloe).

With intrusive -d- (compare gender, astound, thunder). Figurative meaning "feeling in which views are colored or distorted" first recorded 1620s, from yellow's association with bitterness and envy (see yellow). As a verb, from 1791, but usually in figurative use. Related: Jaundiced.